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SIMFOlRD-WlVERSnY-OBRAKY 


i 



Sussey Hrcbaeolootcal Society* 



SUSSEX 
Hrcbajological Collections. 

HISTOBT AND AMTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY. 



^be SuBset flrcbitolooical Soctctt?. 




VOL. XLIV. 



LEWES: 
PAKNCOMBE « CO., LTD., PRINTERS. 



691862 



•• • . 






CONTENTS. 



List of Officers 



EULES 



PAOB 
IZ 

Zl 



Eeport of the Committee foe the Yeae 1900 xiv 

Statement of Accounts foe the Yeae 1900 xvii 



Additioxs to Museum and Libeaet 



List of Honoeaey Members, with Dates of Election .... xx 
List of Membees, with Dates of Admission to the Society . . xxi 

COERESPONDINO SOCIETIES XXxiii 



On a Hoard of Roman Coins Found near Eastboubhs m 
1899. By F, Haverfield, M.A.y F,S,A., Hon.F.S.A. Scot. 

Pre-Eeformation Vicars of Cuckfield and The Elizabethait 
ViCAES OF Cuckfield. By the Bev. Canon J. H, Cooper^ 
Vicar of Cuckfield 

Fonts in Sussex Churches. By /. Lewis Andri, F,8.A. 
(Illustrated) 

The Services of the Barons of the Cinque Ports at the 
Coronation of the Kings and Queens of Enoland, and 
the Precedency of Hastings Port. By Charles Dawson, 
F.S.A,, Ac. {Illustrated) 

Inventories of Gk>0Ds of the Smaller Monasteries and 
Friaries in Sussex at the Time of their Dissolutioit. 

TTATtn TTAif Church, and Its Early Paintinos. By Philip 
Mainwaring Johtiston. (Illustrated) 

Notes on the Family of Chaloster of Cuckfield. By 



1 



9 



28 



45 



55 



73 



Lieut.-CoL F. W. T. Attree, B,E., F.S.A 116 



Note on the Sussex Domesday. By /. H. Hound, M.A., 
Hon, Item, , , , , •••• •••• 



140 



• 



VI. CONTENTS. 

A Tebribb fob the Yioaraoe of Westdean, with Bindertox 
AiriTEZBD, 1615. OoMMUNiCATED BY JB. Gavraway Bice, 
F.S.A 144 

Notes on an Ea&lt Map of Athebinoton Manor, with Some 

BSICABKS UPON THE AnCIENT ChAPEL ATTACHED TO BaIUE's 

Court. By Philip Mainwariiig Johnston {Illustrated) . 147 

Extracts from the Churchwardens' Accoxtnts of St. Peter's 
THE Less, Chichester. By Rev. F. H. Arnold^ M,A., 
LL.D., F.S.A 167 

The Play Acted by the **Tipteers" at West Witterino, 

m 

Chichester. Contributed by James I. C. Boger^ M.A.. . 178 

Some Notes on the Life of Saint Eichard of Chichester. 
By the Bev. Canon J. H. Cooper^ Vicar of Guckfield. 
{Illustrated) 184 

Notes and Queries: 

Mural Paintings in Stissex Churches. {Illustrated) .... 204 

Ford and Its Chu/rch : Addenda and Corrigenda 206 

A Pre-Beformation Vicar of Cuckfield 208 

MSS. Belating to the See of ChicJiester in C.C.C. Library, 

Cambridge 208 

Presentment of the Churchwardens of Woollavington, 1681 209 

Poll for the Election of Two Barons to Bepresent the 

Town an^ Port of Seaford, Taken 25th March, 1761 . 210 

Sussex Fonts : Addenda 211 

Obituary 213 

Index {General) 215 



< 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



FoxTs IN Sussex Churches — MoumrFiBLD Page 31 

Salehurst 33 



COATES AND EUSTINOTON .. 
LiNDFIELD AND WaBBLETON . 
WlLLINODON AND COWFOLD. . 



LURGASHALL 



»> 



>> 



»> 



>> 



}> 



Barons of Cinque Forts Bearing Canopy oyer 
Kino James II. at His Coronation (PL B.) . . 



Hardham Church, from the North (PI. 1) 



>} 



>> 



>> 



n 



)i 



>» 



J9 



»9 



»» 



99 



99 



>> 



S. Door of Nave 



Anchorite's Squint 



}» 



II 



II 



II 



II 



II 



II 



II 



35 



38 



40 



41 



Cover Crane, Warminohurst „ 44 
Bells of Coronation Canopies (PI. A.) to face Page 45 



50 



73 



„ Plan of Page 74 

„ Window, N. of Nave „ 75 



76 
79 



Painting on East Wall of Nave 

(PI. 2) .^. to face Page 85 

« 

Painting, E. Wall of Nave, 
Southern Half, Upper Tier 
(P1.3) „ „ 88 

Painting, North Wall (PI. 4). . „ „ 91 

Window in N. Wall of Nave Page 93 



Fordington Church, Dorset, Bas Belief over S. Door. ... ,, 



99 



Hardham Church, Painting, W. Wall of Chancel, 

Southern Half (PI. 5) to face Page 104 



▼HI. LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

HimpwAif Ghuscb, PAnrroro, 8. Sn>B of W. Waix of 

Chahckl Pago 106 



ft »» 



Wdidow, N. Wall OF Chakckl „ 108 



„ „ Padoiso, £. Wall of Chakcel, 

Tpfkr Tier (PL 6) to face Page 110 

ATHSKorarox ICatob, Early Map OF (H. 7) „ „ 147 

IxAOS Brackkt, Cltmpixo Church Page 1^2 

Athsrixotox Maxor, Portion of Map (PI. 8) to face Page 154 

ATHRRnroTox Chapel, Plax of Page 1^0 

„ „ Carved Capitals v^Pl. 9) to face Page 157 

„ „ WixDow rx N. Wall Page 1^8 

DncHLiXQ Church, Carted Capitals (PI. 10) to face P^ige 158 

Athrrixgtox Chapel, Sbctiox Looking East Page 160 

St. Bichard^Fac-simile OF Old Book Title ^^ 11}.. to face Page 184 

t, Mural Paixtixo Page 204 



J-TTXilT, 1901 



Su88ey Etcbseolootcal Society. 



LIST OF OFFICERS. 

Presftient : 

THE MARQUESS OF ABERGAVENNY, K.G., LORD LIEUTENANT 

AND GUSTOS ROTULORUM. 

lJtce^Pre0ttient0 : 

THE DUKE OF NORFOLK, E.M., K.G. 

THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, K.G. 

THE DUKE OF RICHMOND AND GORDON, K.G. 

THE EARL OF ASHBURNHAM. 

THE EARL OF CHICHESTER. 

THE EARL OF MARCH. 

THE EARL OF SHEFFIELD. 

VISCOUNT GAGE. 

VISCOUNT GOSCHEN. 

THE LORD BISHOP OF CHICHESTER. 

LORD COLCHESTER, F.S.A. 

LORD HAWKESBURY. 

LORD ZOUCHE. 

THE HON. SIR WILLIAM GRANTHAM. 

BRIGADIER-GENERAL SIR HENRY FLETCHER, BART., C.B., M.P. 

THE REV. SIR GEORGE CROXTON SHIFFNER, BART., M.A. 

THE REV. E. B. ELLMAN, M.A. 

THE REV. JOHN GORING, M.A. 

GERALD W. E. LODER, ESQ., M.P. 

HERBERT CURTEI8, ESQ. 

C. DA VIES GILBERT, ESQ. 

ROBERT HENRY HURST, ESQ. 

F. A. INDERWICK, ESQ., K.C. 

FRANCIS BARCHARD, ESQ. 

f^onotarg fiectetatg: 

H. MICHELL WHITLEY, The CasUe, Lewea. 

STteasurer: 

Major H. P. Mouxiux, F.G.S., Old Bank, Lewes, 

fftittors of Collections: 

Rbv. W. Hudson, F.S.A. , 15, Hartfield Square, Eastbourne, 
H. Mxchbll Whitlby, Trevella, Eastbourne, 

l^on. Curator anty Etiirartan : 

J. H. A. Jbnxbr, F.E.S., School Hill, Lewes. 

%m. Pl^otograpl^er : 

J. C. Stbnitino, Oakfleld, Beckenham, Kent. 



X. 



LIST OF OFFICEEB. 



SlctUli ff nnbcTi tX Counctl : 

Rbt. W. D. PAmisH, M.A. (Chairman), 



J. Lmwu AxMi, £•«., F.S.A. 
Lnrr.-OoL. F. W. T. Attemm^ R.E. 

W. Pdwsll Bbeach, £«q. 
RiT. Caxox J. H. Cooram. 
RxT. T. S. Coorn, F.S.A. 
£. H. W. DrxKxx, Ec«q. 

PbECT 8. GODMAX, £0Q. 

Rkt. Caxox Goodwtx. 



£. Uectt, Esq., F^.A. 



Rbt. W. Hrii0ox, F.S.A. 

P. M. JoucsTox, Esq. 

Mjliok U. p. MoLcnrx, F.O.8. 

Cattaix Xoblx, F.R.A.8., F.R.M.S. 

Lattu Pabswxs, Esq. 

W. A. RAPsm, Esq. 

R. Gak&awat Ricb, Esq., F.S.A. 

J. C. iynxxxxc^ Esq. 



W. Haxiltox Hall, Eim^« F.S.A. 

Clcrfc anil Collcttur: 

Mr. C. G. Trmxuu The librazr. Lewvs Outle. 

ITJbo is «iUAorufd to rtetir€ Smbsetipiions, and to wckom all eomummnieatiims 

rtjjuch'iiy StA^eripHoms amd the deiirtry of Voimmut shomid be addmwed. Attend^ 

ones vtl^ M gittn ai ike lAbmarjf on Tme^daift from Fomr tUl Six. 



LOCAL HON. SECRETARIES. 

K. C. HoLXKs EiQ Artmdei. 

A. F. Gsimni. Esq. 59, Jicmtpeilitr Road^ Bri^htom, 

€kitki%ttT, 
Rvr. F. H. AsxvtLm LL.D., FJ^JL famrortA. 

Csckfcl^ 
BsT. CA2n»t J. H. CWmt CmckMd. 

H. M. EaiKT. Esq 

Cast ^nmstca^ 



V. CkAKB. Esq. 



^Etsttmfs. 



St. 



lintkfrl^ 



The ISark^ HemikMd, 



P. S. GoioouLsc Em. 



A. P. FtfT^wff. E»4.. F-R.G.S., 
Kbt. H. L. 



iCiATikMi^'it finur, Set^drd. 



Cixkimf. MiikMni. 



K».. F.S.A C 



Pic, 



■TKiraxSl^ ii|«. 



;S 



t\ji^ RitmL W^9thim§^ 




1 . The Society shall be (tailed the " Sussex Archaeological Society," 
and shall avoid all topics of religiouis or political controvemy, aod shall 
remain independent of, though willing to co-operate with, eimJlar 
societies by friendly communication. 

2. Every candidate for admission shall bo proposed by one Mei^bsr, 
and oeconded by anotlier, and elected by the Committee by ballot at 
any of their meetings. Oue black ball in five to exclude, 

3. The Committee shall have power to elect as an Honorary Member 
any person (including foreigners) likely to promote the interests of the 
Society, Such Honorary Member shall not pay any entrance fee or 
subscription, shall not eiercisu the privilege of an ordinary Member 
as to voting at the meetings or the proposal of candidates, and shall 
be subject to re-election annually. 



I shall be ten shillings payable on 
the Ist day of January in each year. 
1 lieu of the annual subscription, as a 



4. The annual suhstriptio 
admissiou, and afterwards on 
Eight jxmnds may be paid i 
composition for life. 

5. All Members shall on their election pay au entrance fee of ten 
shillings. 

6. Every new Member shall have his election notified to him by the 
Clerk, and shall be required to remit the amount due from him to the 
Treasurer, Major H. P. Molineux, F.O.8., Old Bank, Lewes, within one 
month of his election. A copy of the Rules of the Society and a List 
of Members shall be sent to each Member on announcing to him his 
eleotion. 

7. No Member shall participate in any of the benefits of the Society 
until he shall have paid his subscription, and, if a new Member, his 
entrance fee also. 

8. If the sum due from a new Annual Member under the preceding 
Rules bo not paid within one month from the date of his admission, ijf 
he be in tlie United Kingdom — or if abroad, within two months — the 
Committee shall have i>ower to erase his name from the list of Members; 
but they shall have power to reinstate hlui on his justifying the delay 
to their aatisfuution. 



• • 



XU. RULES. 

9. In the cm$e of an j Member failing to par his annual subecription, 
due on the 1st Jannair, before the 2oth March, the Treasurer shall 
applj to him for the same, and if the subscription is not paid on or 
belbre the 1st of August, if the Member shall be resident in Great 
Britain oar Ir^and« or within one month c^ his retunu if he shall have 
been abroad, the Committee shall have power at its discTetion to erase 
his name fran the li$t ctf members^ Anj Member int«iding to with- 
draw his name from the Society shall give notice, in writing, to the 
Cletk on or before the Ist of January of his intention to do so, other- 
wise he shall be liable fi»' the current year*s subeciipdon. 

10, As the payment c^ his sub^'^ription will <Hititle a Member to 
enjvMT ereiy benedt of the Society, 9<^ it will distinctly imply his sub- 
mkekn to the Rulet!^ fv*- the time being in forve for the goTemment of 
the Socierr. 

U. Twv" Genend Meetings of the Society shall be held in each year. 
T^ie asAual ge&eral meeting shall be held on the Wszukssdat rmBCZDoro 
Larx Djit jlt Lxws^ at 12,A\ niien ihe Comminee ^hall pseeent their 
Aigitmsi Repoit and A^xvunts f^^ the pa$c year, and not lees than 12 
abeoibec^ $hall be el^-ted to a^'t on the Cocirriiite^ fsr the sacreeding 
T^MT, aaT rcvKM^ aheradon of the Rulet> ^jhall be ctoBsideied. and 
ocMr V«sbLeiit«^ shall be iruisaArted. The L«.xml Secxecariei^ shaQ also 
K^ ew^-«ed asLnmally a: this Me^^^ix^sr- The seixxsd g^»ez«l meeting 
sdjul K? ^!e»i ix Jrxx, Jn.T oc Arvr^jx, a: souse f^*e rendered ivMRSt- 
ia^ by i%s> aac>tas|«:t£e«s^ or hi;$so(md a:s^v£atso(K^ 

12. A S^^'LsI Geftecal Meecsg r::Ay b^ $:tzixx^ 
SiKnca;M$< as jiKh p^v as the Cce^siitsee s:d»y deceraune, oe the 
s^^bsSMB^ isL wri^ia^, of F^tv MecsLberiv oc oc" tie Psee»Jettt» or Two 
TV^KlSwawoLis sMirtfria;^ the subject ^? S? bcvH«ht fjrwaid for 
iMinBiMrssktt a; smc^ SEMecio^, aata t^t :i«Vj^*$ ooly ^aU be then 



:^ A^ jlI M^Mcb^ of the S^vtecy cr c< tb:!e CVvnjiiitsee ^e leeolm- 

I^ X*7 aJ>*cas»a s&dhll Ve zixdide i:t th<^ Kxl<^ exv*ei?c as the Gesoal 
M-Mcznc ui Mjbxh. N? rrvocv^ ahvnt^J>lt sOdC Sf v'VQiaiMced vnkes 
tar-w iiiiit:3t^^ TOrrauH» siocxv t2:<cw£. ix wrtia^, sassH iaT* Vnem gmn 
w tau GnmiKsaw, X,* s«i>>?%:5 s^aII V vcs5citt${«^ sijc^ tha& omce in 

j£ jaflHiitt»^ 3UT W Uii aft :»fe:h tatti^ a»i |Macw » ^b» O 



16. All tlie affairs of the Society eliall be managed by a Committee. 

a. Thfi Committee shall tonsist nf the PreeideDt, Vice-Preaideuts, 
the Honorary Secretaries, the Treasurer, the Honorary Curator and 
Librarian, the r^ocal Honorarj' Secretaries and not leas than 1 2 Members 
(who shall lie t-leeted at the Qenerol Meeting in March). A month's 
notice should be ^ven of the intention of any Member to nominate a 
gentleman as a Member of Committee, and the namea of those pro- 
posed placed in the Library, together witli that of the ^iroposer and 
Beconder. Notice of such nominations to be sent to all Members of 
the Committee. 

b. The Committee shall meet at Lewes (or at any other place in the 
County that a majority of the Committee shall determine) on the 
Wednesdays inmiediatelj' preceding the first three usual Quarter Days 
in every year, also on Wednesday in the week before Christmas week, 
and at such other timea aa the Hon. Secretary or Hon. Secretaries may 
determine. Three Members of the Committee ahall form a quorum. 

c. The Committee shall, at their first meeting after the Annual 
Meeting in March, appoint a sub- committee to manage tlie financial 
deiiartment of the Society's affairs. Such suh-conimittBo shall, at each 
quarterly meeting of the General Conmiittee, submit a report of the 
liabilities of the Society, when cheques signed by three of the Members 
present sliall be drawn on tlie Treasurer for the same. The aceounts 
of the Society shall be submitted annuaUy to the examiuation of two 
auditors, who shall be elected by the Committee from the general body 
of the Members of the Society. 

d. The Committee shall, at their first meeting after the Annual 
Meeting in March, appoint an Editor of the Society's Volume, and 
the Editor an apiHiinted shall report the progress of the Volume at the 
Quarterly Meetings of the Committee. 

e. The Committee may ajipoint any Member Local Secretary for the 
town or district where he may reside, in order to facilitate the collection 
of accurate information as to objei'ta of local interest; suci Local 
Secretaries shall be ex-officio Members of the Committee. 



REPORT FOR 1900. 



In presenting their Annual Eeport to the Members of the Sussex 
Archaoolog^cal Society, the Committee has to record another year of pros- 
perity and success, and the prospect of continuous vitality in the future. 

The Annual Meeting was held on March 21st, at the Town Hall, 
Lewes. At this Meeting Papers were read on (Ist) '* Ford Church," 
hy Mr. P. M. Johnston ; (2nd) ** Pevensey Records," by the Rev. W. 
Hudson, F.S.A. ; and (drd) *' On the Norman Shafts recently found at 
Lewes Prioi^*," by Mr. A. P. Boyson, F.Z.S. 

Penshurst and Tunbrid^e Wells were visited on the occasion of the 
Autumn Meeting, held on Wednesday, August 15th, when about 250 
Members and their friends attended. Fortunately the weather was 
beautifully fine, which materially added to the success of the Meeting. 

The first halt was made after leaving Tunbridge Wells at Penshurst 
Place, where the building and the most interesting objects of art were 
described by Mr. G. Payne, F.S. A., Hon. Sec. of the Kent Archeeolog^cal 
Society. Penshurst Church was then visited and some interesting notes 
relating to the same were read by Mr. R. Garraway Rice, F.S.A. After 
lunch in the Pump Room, Tunbridge WeUs (under the presidency of 
the Rev. Canon Cooper), a drive was taken to Eridge Castle, which was 
kindly thrown open by our President (the Marquess of Abergavenny), 
who also kincQy entertained the Members and friends to tea. 

The thanks of the Society are due to the Marquess of Abergavenny, 
Mr. G. £. Macbean (his Lordship's Steward), also to Mr. G. Payne, 
Mr. R. Garraway Rice and the Rector of Penshurst. 

Evening Meetings were held during the winter months. At East- 
bourne, on Tuesday, March 27th, when the following Papers were read: 
" On a 17th Century Churchwarden's Account Book of Eastbourne 
Parish," by the Rev. Canon Goodwj-n ; on ** Some Encaustic Tiles and 
other Objects recently discovered at Lewes Prior}-," by Mr. A. P. 
Boyson, F.Z.S. ; and ** The Early History and Connections of the 
Manor of Eastbourne," by the Rev. W. Hudson, F.S.A. An Evening 
Meeting was also held on November 27th, at Midhurst, under the 

5 residency of Lieut.-Col. Hollist, when a Paper was read by Mr. P. M. 
ohnston on the ** ArchaBolo^ of Midhurst and its Neighbourhood," 
illustrated by Photographs, Drawings, &c. 

The most important event in connection with the Archieology of the 
Coimty that has taken place in the year has been the foundation of a 
Sussex Record Society, which was initiated by the Committee. It had 
been long felt that there were numerous Records relating to the County 
full of interest to the Genealogist and the Historian, for which it would 



KEPOKT FOK 1900. XV. 

be impossible to find room ta our CoUectionB, and that therefore a 
separate Society, whose object would be the publication of such 
Documents, was essential if this most useftd n-ork was to be undertaken. 

Already about one hundred Members have been enrolled and the 
Committee, whilst cordially co-operating with the new Society, wish it 
a long and useful career. 

The way having been cleared, through the courtesy of Mr. Blaker 
(the Owner) and Mr. Courthope (the Lessee), for further excavations 
at Lewes Priory, the Committee, at the suggestion of Mr. W. H. St. 
John Hope, M.A., undertook the work of searching for and clearing 
ont the foundations of the Infiimary Buildings, which lie to the east of 
the ruins of the Cloister and Dormitory. This has resulted in most 
interesting disfuveries, the Infirmary Chapel has bpen found, and the 
interior cleared of superincumbent earth, which waw in sorae places nine 
feet in deptli. The oast end consists of a square-ended Chancel, with 
two short north and south aisles, terminating in semi-circular Apses. 

The original Altar stands almost intact in iho Chord of the North 
Apse, and the footpace and base of the High Altar wero found in the 
Chancel, together with two good cross slabs of marble. Not the least 
interesting feature is the cruel way in which the building was wrecked, 
tlie massive walls having been undercut and overthrown exactly in the 
mauner described in the letter of John Fortiuari to Cromwell. 

It is intended to resume these excavations thin Spring. They are 
T>eing carried out by the Secretaries, with the advice and under the 
vnperriaion of Mr. St. John Hope, who will in due course write a full 
description of the ruins, but in ordpr to clear them effectually a 
further sum of money will be required and it is hoped that a liberal 
response will be made to the appeal which the Committee intend to issue, 

The Society has been indebted to Mr. St. John Hope for so many 
acts of kindness, assistance and advice in matters relating to ihe 
Archdoology of the County, so freely and coui-teously given, that the 
Committee felt it would be a graceful act to present him with a 
piece of plate to show in some measure their appreciation of all he haa 
done for the Society. 

The Sub-Committee on Mural Paintings has completed their first 
'Seport, consisting of a list of Mural Paintings now or formerly exist- 
\ing in Susses Churches, which was publiBhed in Vol. XLIIT. A 
iflub-Conunittee to enquire into and report on the present state of the 
Kemains of the Monastic Buildings in the County has been ap[Kitnted, 
eouBisting of Mr. J. Lewis Andr6, F.8.A., Mr. \V. H. St. John Hope, 
H.A., Mr. P. S. Godman, Mr. P. M. Johnston and the Hon. Secretary. 
Their first Report will, it ia hoped, bo completed in time for publication 
an the Volume of the "Collections" for 1902. 

The desirability iif cataloguing the Church Plate of Sussex, as well 
.as preparing a list of all Ancient Painted Olass at present existing in 
Churches, is also engaging the attention of the Committee, and it 



ils,. 



XVI. REPORT FOR 1900. 

is hoped that it will be possible in the near future to arrange for this 
being commenced. 

Volume XLIII. was duly issued to the Members in the summer, 
and it will be found to compare favourably with its predecessors, 
abounding as it does with illustrations and containing many valuable 
papers. 

It is a matter for congratulation that the Society is well able to 
afford the publication of an annual volume, although the Members 
must not expect that such a costly one as that last issued can be 
placed in their hands every year. Volume XLIV. is well advanced 
and will be published in the simimer. The steady increase in the 
roll of Members, which has been such a marked and satisfactory 
feature in the history of the Society for the past few years, has again 
distinguished 1900. 

It will be seen by the Statement of Accounts that the financial 
condition of the Society is healthy, and the receipts are increasing year 
by year, with the corresponding increase in the number of Members. 

The G-ovemment having issued a Circular asking for information as 
to the best means of preserving Ix>cal Records and rendering them 
more readily accessible, the Committee carefully considered the Keport 
of the Society of Antiquaries, and their representatives attended the 
Conference of Archroological Societies, when the suggestions were duly 
considered and a final Report adopted. The Conmiittee concur in this 
Report and trust to see its suggestions carried out in the County. 

The roll of Members at the commencement and termination of the 
year stood as follows, viz. : — 

Ordinary. Life. Hon. Total. 

On the Books Dec. 31st, 1899 ... 519 ... 81 ... 7 ... 607 

1900 ... 541 ... 83 ... 7 ... 631 



i> i> >» 



Showing a clear gain in the year (after deducting all losses by death, 
withdrawal, &c.) of 24 Members. There were in all 38 new Members 
elected during the year. 

The number of Visitors to the Castle during the year was 5,744. 

In accordance with the almost invariable custom of the Archaeological 
Societies of Great Britain and Ireland, the Committee recommend the 
word "Council" be subsituted for ** Committee" in the Rules, and 
" Committee " for ** Sub-Committee " wherever it occurs. 

In closing this Report the Committee much regret the loss by death 
of Major Sir W. G. Barttelot, Rev. E. W. Foley, M.A., Rev. T. Bacon, 
and Messrs. G. Meadows, N. Tyacke and W. Harries. 



Balance at Bank, 1 
General Fui 
Special Fun 

Petty Cash in the ' 



fi 



tt 



Suhscriptious recef 
Annual . . . • i 
Entrance . • 
Arrears . . . • . 
In Advance 
LifeCompoi 

Sale of Books and 
Dividend on ConjM 
Visitors' Fees— A( 
Miss Simmons, 

Septemher, I 
B. Cx>oke, Rent 

September, 1 




Audited and f oi 



4th Februfl 



STATEMENT OF ASSEl 



LIABILITIES. 

To Special I^ind invested in General Account 

„ Subscriptions Paid in Advance 

„ Mrs. C. Morgan — Commission 

, , Sundry small Accounts (including proportion of B< 
the Castle and Castle Lodge), estimated at ... 

„ Balance on Account of Printing Vol. XLIII. . . . 

Balance 



N.B. — In addition to the above the Society possesses 

Lewes Ca 



ff 



?S AND LIABILITIES, DP^CEMBER .SIst, 1900. 



£ s. d. 
1 9 9 

6 1 

6 18 6 

ant of 

10 

64 11 2 

1159 OJ 



£1238 o\ 



ASSETS. 

£ 8. d. £ s. d. 
By Balance at Bank, 3l8t December, 1900 : 

GeneralFund 81 16 11 

Special Fund I 9 9 

83 6 8 

„ Cash in the hands of the Clerk 5 9 6^ 

„ ,, ,f Mrs. Morgan 5 

10 9 6i 

„ Volumes of the Societj^s Collections in Stock 448 9 4 

Life Compositions Invested, £679. Ids. Id. at 97^ Value, 
alst December, 1900 660 14 11 

Arrears of Suliscriptions (£40), estimated to realise 35 

£1238 5i 



a very Valuable Collection of Antiquarian Objects and Books in their Museum and Library at 
stle, to which additions are constantly 1)eing made. 



H. MICHELL WHITLEY, 



Hon, Sec. 



SUMMARY OF ADDITIONS TO MUSEUM AND LIBRARY 

DURING THE YEAR 1900. 



Print of the Coronation Treat in Dripping Pan, Lewes, 1837, pre- 
sented by J. C. Stenning, Esq. ; Framed Map of Ashdown Forest and 
quantity of Deeds, presented by Miss Wolfe ; Photograph of Sir 
Nicholas Pelham, presented by the Earl of Chichester; fragments of 
Pottery, &c., found at the Wallands, Lewes, presented by B. Blaker, 
Esq. ; Norman Capital and Carved Stones, found near the County 
Hail, Lewes, presented by the East Sussex County Council ; Chased 
Candlestick, found at Heathfield (purchased) ; Gk>ld Coin (Crown, 
Charles I.), found at the Wallands, Lewes (purchased) ; Nuremberg 
Tokens, found at the Priory, Lewes, presented by A. B. Blaker, Esq. ; 
Silver Coins (Edward I.), found at the Priory, presented by A. B. 
Blaker, Esq.; Old Glass from Bolney, presented by A. B. Blaker, 
Esq. ; Portion of Urn, also a Saxon Axe Head and Sword, discovered 
during alterations at County Hall, presented by J. H. A. Jenner; 
Framed Engraving of an Early Velocipede, presented by Mr. W. 
Banks; Visitations of Surrey from 1530 to 1623, presented by W. 
Bruce Bannerman, Esq. ; ** Glimpses of Old Worthing," presented by 
H. E. Sue win, Esq. ; " Edburton Parish Eegister Book," Second 
Volume (purchased) ; Budgeu's Map of Sussex, presented by J. 
Ellman Brown, Esq. ; " Gundrada De Warrene, Notes on," presented 
by Sir G. Duckett, Bart. ; Pedigree of ** Greene of Lewes," presented 
by E. Greene, Esq. ; " Sussex," by F. G. Brabant (purchased) ; 
Various Coins and Old Documents, presented by Mrs. J. Miles. 

J. H. A. JENNER, 

Honorary Curator and Librarian. 



HONORARY MEMBERS 



1872. Arnold, Rey. F. H., ll.d., f.s.a., Hermitage, Emsworth, Hants. 

1895. Duckett, Sir George F. , Bart. , f.s. a. , Oxford and Cambridge Club, London. 

1885. Hoffman, Dr. W. J., Smithsonian Institution, U.S. Consul, Waunheimy 
Oermanj. 

1883. Hope, William Henry St. John, Esq., m.a., Burlington House, 
Piccadillj, w. 

1896. Read, Charles Hercules, Esq., f.s. a., Secretary s.a. Lond., 22, Carlyle 

Square, Chelsea. 

1896. Round, J. Horace, Esq., 31, Alfred Place, West, s.w. 

1889. Tupper, Mr. Richard, Bignor Pavements, near Pulborough, Sussex. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS. 

(Bcvised to July, 1901.) 



1883. 'Abadie. Major-Gen. H. R., c.b., United Serrice Club, Pall MaU, London, 

Abbott, OiMrgr, Esq., h.h.c.b., 33, Upper GroBvenor Road, Tuubridge 
Wella (Hon. Seu. Tunbridge Welln Natural lii^torj- and Anticiiuu-mn 
Society). 
Abergaveiiiif, The Right Hon. the Marquess of, k.o., Eridge Castle, 
Tunbridge Wells. 
1901. Adam, Rer. T. W., Rectory, Holliugtou, St. Leonards- on -Sea, 
1901, AdamB, J., Ebq.. Rye, Sussei. 
1896. Alderton. WUliam Miohell, Esq., Head Master, Municipal School ot 

Science and Art, Grand Parade. Brighton, 
1860. ■Alexander. W. C, Esq.. Aubrey House. Camden Hill, Kensingtou. 
IBBB. AUftey, MSm K. E., Frtston. Wmy Common Road, Rt-igiite. 
1874, "Andj^. J. L.. Eaq.. f.b.a., SnrcelleM, Hurst Koad, Horebam, Susaex. 
1899. AndrewF, J., Esq., lOd, Marine Parade, Worthing. 
Apedaile, E. G. S., Esq., Honbam, fiuAsex. 
•Irbuthnot, W. U., Esq., Plaw Hatch, West Hoathly, SuRsex. 
Arnold, Mward. Esq., Wliite Hall. Cliicheater. 
1»00. Amold, H. H.. Esq.. Park View House, Park Road, St. Leouarda-on -Sea, 
]88fl, Ashbumbnm, Right Hon. Earl of, AHbbumbam Place. Battle, Susmx. 
IBBT. Ashdown, Charles H.. Esq.. r.r.s., r.a.a.K., Monastery Close, St. Albans. 
IBM. Atlionsum CTttb (Secretary), PaU Mall, London, s.w. 
2900, •Attre«. C. J., Esq., 7, East Street. Horsham, Sussex. 
'187B. •Attree. Licut.-Col. V. W. T.. h.b., i',s.a.. Springflcld House, Worthing. 
1898. Attree. O. F., Esq., 8, Hanover Creacent, Brighton. 
1901. Aylwood, Captain A., o«, Cambridge Koad, Hove. 



0877! 



The Lindens, Sydenham Road, 

Croydon, 
Barchard, Francis, Esq., Horsted Place, Uckflvld, Sussex, and 19, Denmark 

Ternuie, Brighton. 
Barharo, G., Esq.. Dauehurst, Hampsteud, s.w. 

1879. *BuTon,E. J. ,E8ri.,p.B.A., 10. EndsleighStretit, Tavistock Square, London. 
1857. •Borttelot, Brian B.. Esq., Uitton, Torquay, Devon. 

1900. Bnrttulot, Sir Walter B., Bart.. Stopham House, Pulborough. Sussex. 
1867. Barwell. Rev. Prebendary A. H. S,, ?,».a., Clupham Rectory, Worthing, 

1891. Box, Alfred Ridley, Esq., f.s.a., Ivy Bank, Haverstock Hill, Hampstead. 

1863. •Baxter, Wynne E., Esq., k.o.h.. v.h.q,'!,, 9. Albion Street, Lewes. 

1898. Bealc, W. E., Esq^, Folkitigton, Polegate, Sussex. 
1871. Beard, Stcyning, Esq., Rottingdean. Sussex. 

1800, Beatson, Surfteon-Oeneral, Vicanwrange, Eostbonme. 

1899. Beckett. A, W.. Esi^., Anderida, 23, Hartfleld Road, Eastbourne. 
Bedford, E., Esq., Iiewhaven. Sussex. 

IS90. Bc<dford, Edward J.. Esq.. Anderida, Gorringe Road, Eastbourne. 
1893. Bellman. Rev. A. F.. HtapleSeld Vicarage, near Crawley, Knssex. 

1880. Bennett. Iter. Prebendary F. G.. The Prebendal House, Chichester. 

1900. Benson, G. Vere. Esq., 5, St. Anne's VUlaa, Lewes. 



XXU. SUSSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

1900. Beriin Rojral librarj, per Medsn. Anhei k Co., 13, Bedford Street, 

Londoii, w.c. 

1899. Beran, BeT. R. A. C, Bectoiy, Hnzstpierpoint, Snasex. 

1893. Beran, Richard Alexander, Esq., Horsgate, Cockfield, Sussex. 

1895. Beres, Major Edward Ledie, Redcroft, Dyke Road, Brighton. 

1901. BickneU, A. S., Esq., Barcombe House, Baroombe, Sussex. 
1877. Bigg, E. F., Esq., The Hjde, Slaugham. near Crawlej, Sussex. 
1897. Birmingham, City of, Free Library (per A. O^U Shaw, Esq.). 
1882. Bishop, M. H., Esq., Mailing Street, Lewes. 

1894. Blaauw, Mrs., Heathlands, GroTe Road. Bournemouth, Hants. 
1882. Blaker, Arthur Becket, Esq., 13, Rothesay Road, Bedford. 

1900. Blaker, R., Esq., 6, Wallands Crescent, Lewes. 

1887. Blaker, Frederick, Esq., Warwick Street, Worthing, Sussex. 

1871. Blaldston, Very Rer. Ralph Milbum, p.s.a. , The Deanery, Hadleigh, Suffolk. 

1901. Blencowe, Mrs., Bineham, Chailey, Susi^ex. 

1873. Blunt, W. S., Esq., Crabbet Park, Worth, Three Bridges, Sussex. 

1895. Boger, J. I. C., E^., m.a., 77, Marine Parade, Brighton. 

1896. Borradaile, Charlei$, £^., 3, Norfolk Terrace, Brighton. 
1863. •Borrer, Lindfield, Esq., Henfield, Sussex. 

189-1. Borrer, Major Gary, 57, Brunswick Place, Hotc. 

1899. Borrer, Miss, Brookhill, Cowfold, Horsham. 

1882. Bourdillon, F. W., Esq., Buddington, Midhurst, Sussex. 

1897. Bowden, Rev. Jame:}, Rector of Ardinglv, Sussex. 

1899. Bowyer, P. A., Esq., Maskeliya, Brigstock Road, Thornton Heath. 

1892. Box, Stephen, Esq., Eldon House. Eldon Road, Eastbourne. 

1899. Boxall, W. P. Gatwicke, Esq., Ivories, Cowfold, Sussex. 

1897. *Boyson, Ambrose P., Esq., f.r.g.s., p.z.s.. Blatchington House, Seaford. 

1899. Brant, Commander J., South View, Burgess Hill, Sussex. 

1889. Bray, John, Elsq., Laufranc House, St. John's Road, St. Leonards-on-Sea. 

1890. Breach, William Powell. Esq., Newham House, Steyning, Sussex. 
1852. *Bridger, E. K., Esq.. Berkeley House. Hampton, Middlesex. 

1900. Briggs, H. Grisbrooke, Esq., 15, Bedford Grove, Eastbourne. 

1892. Brighton Corporation ^care of F. J. Tillstone, Esq., Town Clerk, Town 

Hall, Brighton.. 

1882. Brix, Mons. Camille de (Conseiller a la Cour d* Appel), 13, Rue Victor 

Hugo, Douai, France. 

1892. Broad, John. Esq., Ashford, Kent. 

1888. Brooke. Edwaid, Esq., Ufford Place, Woodbridge, Suffolk. 
1{$96. Brown, Edward Harley, Esq., 57, Carlisle Mansions. London, s.w. 
1863. Brown, J. Ellman, Esq., Buckingham Lodge, Shoreham, Sussex. 
1873. Browne, H. Doughty, E^., Tilgate Forest Lodge. Crawley, Sussex. 
1894. Brydone, Reginsdd ilarr, Esq., Petworth, Sussex. 

1899. Buchel, C, Esq., 9, Stanford Avenue, Brighton. 

1898. Buckell, A. E.. Esq., m.d., 32. North Street, Chichester. 
1897. Buckwell, G. W., l-^jq.. Board of Trade Offices, Simderiand. 

1892. Buckwell. John C, Esq., North Gate House. Pavilion, Brighton. 

1897. Bull, William, Esq., 75, St. Aubyns, West Brighton. 

1896. Burdon, Rev. R. J., The Vicarage, Arundel, Sussex. 

1898. Bum, W. A., Esq., The Froyles, Lindfield : and 2, 3iiddle Temple Lane, 

London, e.c. 

1900. Burrell, Sir M. Raymond, Bart., b.a., Knepp Castle. Horsham. 

1893. Burt, Henrv, Esq.. London Road, Burgess HiU. Sussex. 

1894. Burt, Rev. Emile, S. Philips, Arundel, Sussex. 

1877. Burton. Alfred H., Esq., St. Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex. 

1897. Bury, Pullen Horace J., Esq., Rectory House, Sompting, Sussex. 

1899. Butts, H. H., Esq., Easeboume, Midhur^^t. 

1897. Campbell, Mrs. Finlay, Brantridge, Cuckfield. 

1870. Campion, W. H., Esq., Dannv P^, Hurstpierpoint, Sussex. 

1863. Card, Henry, Esq.. 10, North Street, Lewes. 

1895. Cash, Joseph, Esq., Stanmer, Church Road, Hove, Brighton. 



LIST 01' Mi^MUKjut. xxm. 

189T, Catci, T. Batlcr, E*j., u.i... f.l.b.. 20, titauley Crcsoeut, Notting HiU, w. 

1900. Cntt, Newnh&oi R., Ki*q., Ucirtou Hall, Beading, Siuwcs. 

1891. 'Cave, Charles, Esq., Ditcham Park. Pi'tersfield, Hanl^. 

1897. Cawthoin. F. T.. E«q., 57. 1'wBhfleld Road, Brigliton. 

IHflO. Chambers, (i. F., Esq., f.b.a.h., Northfield Grange, EaHtboume. 

1898. Champloii, C. Ooble, Esq., Deutu Fliu^, AUnaton, Sussex. 
1S97. Champion, F. C. Gumej, Esq., 83, Terminus Koad, Enstbuurue. 

1901. Chon-uigton, U. W., E«q., St. Helens, 23, Park Crescent, Brighton. 

1900. Chuul, H., Jiin., Esq., yi, 8haft«8buTy Road, Brighton. 

1852. "Chetwynd, Hon. Mrs. Charles, Cissburj, Aecot Heath, Berkshire. 

1896. Chkhe«ter, the Right Rev. The Lord UUbop of, The PaUce, Chicheeter. 

1888. Chichester, the Right Hon. the Earl of, Stanmer, Lewes. 
1852. CbicbestoT library Society (Secretary), Chichester. 

1901. ChUvcr, Miss A., West Lnvingtoii HiU, Midhimit, Sussei. 

1894. Chipplndall'Healcy, Captain John Hemr, Tbe Old Mill House, Bed- 

nampton, Havant. 

18B7. ChriBtie, A. h., Hrq., Taplej Park. Inctow. N. Devon. 

1881. Churtoo, Kev. Theodore T.. Icklesham Vicarage, Rye, Sursci. 

1878. Clark, J. C. Esq.. B4, Middle Street, Brighton. 

I81W. Clarke, Charles, Esq., Boltro Road, Hayward's Heath. Sussei. 

1895. Clarke, Mrs. BtepheneOD, Brook Hoa^e, Hayward's Heath, StiBsex. 
1895. »aarke, R. Stepbenson, Esq. , Borde Hill. Uayward's Heath, Sussex. 
1894. Clarke. Mre. Cecil Somew, 5, Montpellier Terrace. Brighton. 

1898. Clarke, Ronald Stanley, Esq., r.u.D.H., River House. Tillmglon, Petirorth. 

1860. •Clarke, Sonfers, E»q., f.b.ji.. 15, Dean's Yard, Westmineter, h.v. 

1879. Clayton, Charles E., Eaq., 152, North Sbeet, Brighton. 
1898. CookbuTn. W. H., Esq., 1, Duke Street, Brighton. 

1889. CodringtOD, Rev, Prpbeudary H. H,, o.u,, 54, South Street, Chichaster. 
lgS8. Colchester. Lord, f.>.a., 49, Eat^n Place, London, s.w. ; and Carlton Club. 
1898. Cole, C. W., Esq.. U.K., Normaston, Cloudesley Road. St. Leonards. 

1900. Coleridge, U. J., Esq., Poynings Urange, PoyningB, 
1858. •Coles, J. H. C., Esq., Devonahire Place, Eastbourne. 
1889. Collet. Golding B., Esq^, Shelley House, Worthing. Sussei. 

1901. Columbia University, U.S.A., per G. E. Stechert, Esq., 2, Star Taid, 

Carey Street, Loudon, v.c. 

1898. Combe, Uiurcy T. B., Esq., OaklandH, Seddlescombe, Battle. 

1900. *Cotnber, J., Esq.. Abermaed, near Aberystwyth. 

1901. Constable, A. J., Esq., The Lodge, Littlehampton. Susser. 

1898. Oonway. E. P., Esq., The Knoll. Hollington, Hastings. 
1699. Cook. Miss B., The Hall, Nutley. Sussex. 

1899. Cook, Miss F.. The Halt. Kutley, Sussex. 

'1890. Cooper. Rer. Canon James Hughes, CuckHeld, Sussex. 

18B0. Cooper. Rev. T. B., f.b.a.. Holmbury, Eartboiirae. 

leSB. Corbctt. .1. R., Esq.. More Place, Betchworth, Surrey. 

3885. Cotching, Alexander. Esq., West Lodge. Horsham, Sussex. 

1S88. Cote^wortb, W. G., Esq., Rocheath. Chuley, Sussex. 

1889. Couchman, J. Edw^i Esq., Down Hoiise.Hurstpierpoint. Hassocks, Sussex. 

I8T3. CouUng, H., Esq., 1, Grand Avenue Mansions, West Brighton. 

1802. Courthope, F. G., Esq., Southover, Lewes. 

1846. Courthope. G. J., Esq.. WhUigh, Hawkhnrst, 

1899. Cow, J., Esq.. Elflnsward, Hayward's Heath, Sussex. 

1877. 'Cowan, T. W., Esq., r,i,.s., f.o.s., i-.b.k.s., Pacific Grove. Calitomia, 

U.S.A. 

1886. Cowcll. Samuel, Esq., 16, Alexandra Villas. Brighton. 

1892. Croko. William Vandeleur. Esq., Highland Cottage, Essendcn Road, St. 

Leonards -on -Sea. Sussex. 

1B90. Crawturd, Robert Payne, Esq., East Court, Ea«t Grinuteod ; and Seaford. 

1898. Crick. Rev. W., The Vicarage, Oving. Chichester. 

'1894. *Cripp8, EMwBid, Esq.. High Street, St^iyning. Sussex, 

1892. CrippB, F. ».. Esq., 71, King William Street. London, i.e. 

2896. Cripps, John Morten. Esq., T, Hilltop Rond, West Uampetead. 

1889, Crotskoy, Hn. Itol>ert, Caiitlc House, Lewes, Sussex. 



XXIV. SUSSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

1886. Conllffe, Edwud S., Em., 66, The Drive, West BrighUm. 

186S. ^Curiing, George, Eeq., Elgin House, Addieoombe Road, Croydon, Surej. 

L860. Coziey, £. C, Esq., Mailing Deanezy, Lewes. 

[886. Corrie, Very KeT. £. K., Dean of BatUe, Deanery, Battle, Snasez. 

1896. CoiteiB, Herbert, Esq., Windmill Hill Place, Hailsham, Snasez. 
1890. Corwen, Eldied, Esq., Withdean Court, Bri^tcm. 

L899. Dalton, BeT. W. E., The Vicarage, Glynde, Sussex. 

1894. Danby, Mrs. T. W., The Crouch, Seaford, Sussex. 

1863. •Daniel-lessen, A., Esq., m.a., 59, Priory Road, West Hampstead. 

L899. Darby, Miss C. C, Knowla Tooth, Hurstpierpoint. 

1901. DaTie, W. Galsworthy, Esq., p.iui.b.a., 2, Royal Terrace, Warrior Square, 
Hastings. 

1870. Darey, Rct. H. M., m.a., p.o.s., p.s.a., Cawley Priory, Chichester, Sussex. 

1871. *DaTies, Miss, S, South Eaton Place, London, s.w. 
[886. Dawes, William, Esq., Wannock, Rye, Sussex. 

[892. Dawson, Charles, Esq., p.o.s., p.s.a., Uckfield, Sussex. 

[891. Deane, Rct. I^bendaiy, m.a.. Vicar of Ferring, Worthing, Sussex. 

[878. Dearsly, Rer. W. A. St. John, SwaiEham Prior, Cambridge. 

L890. Deedes, Rct. Canon Cecil, 2, Clifton Terrace, Brightcm. 

[857. Delves, W. Henry, Esq., 23, Mount Sion, Tunfaridge WeUs. 

[894. De Mey, Madame, Park House, Eastbourne. 

[882. Denman, S., Esq., 27, Queen's Road, Brighton. 

1897. Denne, Cwt. A. B., Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. 
[898. Dennett, Mrs., Champion House, South wick, Sussex. 

L895. Deronshire, His Grace the Duke of, k.g., Compton Place, Eastbourne. 

[862. Dixon, Miss M. M., North Highlands, Havward*s Heath, Sussex. 

1901. Dobell, R., Esq., 110, Cannon Street, Lonidon, i.e. 

L898. Downey, Mrs. M., Woodrille, Shoreham, Sussex. 

1898. Downs^ Mrs., Hamsey Cottage, Blatohingttm, Seaford, Sussex. 
[900. Drace, G. C, Esq., RaTenscar, The Downs, Wimbledon. 

[873. Dunkdn, E. H. \\ ., Esq., 70, Heme Hill, London, s.b. : and The Heath, 

Fairlight, Hastings. 

L901. Dumford, Miss, Midhurst, Sussex. 

L899. Dusart, G. C, Esq., 21, Alexandra Villas, Brighton. 

[898. Eade, A. F. W., Esq., York Lodge, Shcveham, Sussex. 

[897. Eastbourne Town Council (care of H. W. FoTargue, Esq., Town Oe^}. 

[874. *Easton, E., Esq.. 7, Delahay Street, Westminster, s.w. 

[851. *Eden, Rct. Arthur, m.a.. Vicarage, Ticehurst, Hawkhurst. 

[900. Edwards, H. Powell, Esq., NoTingtou Manor, near Lewes. 

L881. £gg«r. T.. Esq.. Moungameries, 30. Bnm^wick Road, Hore, Brightcm. 

[857. Elliott, Robert, Esq., Uttle Hothfield. Ashford. Kent. 

[896. Ellis, GeoffreT, Esq., High Mead, Brittany Road, St. Leonards-cn-Sea. 

1893. Ellis, Mrs.. Walstead, School Hill. Lewe^. 

[890. EUis, William Jenner, Esq.. HoUington Croft. Battle Road, St. Leonards- 

on-^ea, Sussex. 

[850. Ellman, Rer. E. B., m.a.. The Rectory, Berwick. Sussex. 

[861. Eli^iinstone, Sir Howard W., Struan. Augusta Road, Wimbledon Pfeik, 

Suney. 

[888. EL^. William, Esq., 52. King's Road, Brighton. 

[870. *Elwe«, D. G. C, E^., p.s.a., care of Rev. Dr. Robinson, 83, Unden 

Gardens, London, w. 

[871. Elwes, H. T., Esq., Fir Bank. West Hiiathly. Sussex. 

[850. Emarr, H. M., Esq., Perensey Road. Ea^jctboume. 

[881. Esdaiie, J. Kennedy. Esq., Haielwood. Horsted Keynes, Sussex. 

[899. Eustace. G. W., Esq., m.a., m.d., Oirieton House. Arundel, Sussex. 

[S97. Erans, J. Meredyth, Esq., HoTe Pari: Villas, Hore. 

L;j73. *Erans, Sir J., k.cb., LL.n., d.c.l., f.r.s., t.p.s.a., Xash SCDsy Hemel 

Hempstead, Herts. 

18M. Erery, John Hcmiy, Esq., Tlie Croft, Rotten Row, Lefwea. 



LIST Of ME.MBKKB. XXV. 

Famcombo. Jomph, E!i<q., Snltnood, ijpcncer Rood, Eaatbourue. 
Famcombe, l[Jubiud,EHq., IH3, Belgrava 8trtiet, Bal^all Heath, Birmmgham. 
Fantcumbe, MIse, 183, Belgrave tjtrL«t, BobaU Heath, Biimiogbam. 
FamcMube, Edgar Leononl, Eeq., 133. Bclgruvc Street, BuUall Heatb, 

Birmmghum. 
Foinuit, Sir B., Kockhiirst, West Hosthlj, Suf^ei. 
Pelton, W. v., Esq., Sandgate, Pulborough. 
Fibbous, CharlnB, Esq., Kowlands Road. Worthing, 
Field, Ker. S. B., Patchmu Vicarage, Brighton. 
Hsher, H. C, Esq.. Hill Top, Midhurat, Saeeei. 
Fisher, Ker. Kob^, Uroumbridge Vicarage, Sussex. 
•Fishw, Samiwl Tiinhte!!, Esq., i. Park Ptospecl, Old Queen Street, 

WeBtminster, a.w. 
Fite-Hugh, MaJor-(ienerQl Henry Teniuk, Strent Place, Huratpierpoint. 
•Fletcher, Rev. F. C. B., llundham Vicarage, Cbicheater. 
Fletcher, iiir Uen^, Bart., e.H., n.v., Uom Blanor, Angmering, Sussex. 
•Fletcher, W. H. B., Esq., AJdwiclc Manor, Bognor, Sussex. 
Foneet, F., Esq., Becchwood, Hastlngn. 

•Foyxtcr, liev. I'rebeudary H. B., m.a,, St. Cleinent'B Itectory, Ha^tingx. 
•FoTster, Itev. G. A., h.a.. All Saints, Haxtiugs. 
Franklaud, Col. CoItUIo, 07, Uruaswick Ploc*, Hove ; and Junior Unit^ 

Serrice Club, Londnn. 
Froser, Kev. James, u.a,. Hector, EaAtergste, St. Ucorge, CUchuetcr. 
■Freshlield, Edwin, Esti., t.I'.s.a., 5, Bank Buildings, London. 
•Frost, G., Esq., Chesterfield, Meads, Eastbourne. 
FuUct, Iter. A., k.a., The Lodge, Sydenham Hill, b.e. 

Uadsdon, C. R., Gt^., Ashbrook Piirk, HoUington, St. Leonards. 

Gage, The Right Hon. VUcount, Firle Park, Lewes. 

Gainer, U. Dent, Esq., FairmL'ad, The Gd3h, Ea»tboumc. 

Garuham, Colonel, Densworth Uou»e, Chichester. 

Gates, William. Esij., School Uill, Lewes. 

Gibeon, Rev. R. D., Rectotj, St. Aano's. l^wes. 

Gilbert, C. Daries, Esq., Manor Houac, Eastboiiruu. 

(iilbert, D., Jun., Esq., 52, Seaside Road. Eastbourne. 

Gillett, F,, Esq., Waratah, Compton Street, Eastbourne. 

Gleuuie, Rev. A. H., Lavant Rectory, Chichester. 

Glo»et, J. Oower, Esq., 24, Vicawge Drive, Eastbourne. 

Godfrey, Captain Goodbart, Ir; Hatch, Horsham, Soxsex, 

•Uodman, Charles B., Esq., Woldriugfold. Horsham, Sussex. 

(iodman.F.du Cane, Esq., I'.ii.s., South Lodge, Cowfold, Horsham, Swbbcx. 

(todman, Major-Ueneral It. Temple, Highdeu. Pulborough, Sussex. 

•Oodman, P. S., Esq., Munthun, Horsham, Sussex. 

(i^gs, W. J., Eflq., Netbeicote, Polworth Road, Streatham, h.w. 

Ooodwyn, Rev. Cuion, The Vicarage, Eastbourne. 

Gordon, Rev. A. P., Rectory, Newtunber, Huwtpiprpoint, Sussex. 

Goring, Rev. John, m.a., Wiston Park, Hurrtpierpoint. Sussex. 

OoBchen, Viscount, 69. Portland Place. London, w. ; and Seacox Heath, 

Flimwell, Hawkhurst. 
Grace, Colonel ShefBeld Hamilton, Knole, Frant, Sussex. 
•Grantham, The Hou. Sir WiHiam, Barcombe Place, Lewes. 
Oravelj", Riehard, Esq., Newtek, Sussex. 
Graves, A. ¥., Esq., S, Cissbury Rood, Brighton. 
Omy, F., Esq., Pqipinrford, Uckfleld, SuRsex. 
Gray, G. G., Esq., 33, noU^gton Square, Hastings. 
Grsy, Heurv, Esq., Qoldmnith's Estat*^, East Acton, w. 
Greene, R., Esq., The Shelleys, Lewes. 

Greenwood, J. Anderton. Esq., Funtington Hou»e, near Chichester. 
Greg, T. Tyliiton, Esq., u.a., r.s.A., T, Ciimden Hill S(|uare, KenaJagton. 
•Gregory. Herbert E., Esq., Boaraeil, Hurstgreen, SusBtai. 
Grifflii. W. W.. Esq., M.O., 88, Brunswick Place, Hove. 



XXVl. SUSSEX ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

1886. Griffith, A. F., Esq., 59, Montpellier Road, Brighton. 

1886. Griffith, Key. C. H., 4, Belmont, Dyke Koad, Brighton. 

1876. Griffith, Henry, Esq., f.s.a., 2, Eaton Villas, Hove. 

1878. ^Gwynne, J. £. A., Esq., p.h.a., Folkington Manor, Polegate, Sussex. 

1898. Gwynne, R. SackvOle, Esq., Folkington Manor, Polegate, Sussex. 

1899. Hack, D., Esq., Fir Croft, Withdean, Brighton. 

1900. Haines, C. R., Esq., Meadhurst, Uppingham, Rutland. 
1880. Haines, John, Esq., 24, Hampton Place, Brighton. 
1898. Hales, Captain E. G., 6, St. George's Place, Brighton. 
1862. •Hales, Key. Richard Cox, 27, Cambridge Road, Brighton. 
1900. Hall, D. B., Esq., Burton Park, Petworth. 

1864. •Hall, J. Eardley, Esq., Barrow Hill, Henfield, Sussex. 

1884. Hall, William Hamilton, Esq., f.s.a., f.k.hxst.s., Fordcombe, Tunbridge 

Wells. 

1893. Hall-Hall, C. A., Esq., Culverwood, Crose-in-Hand, Sussex. 
1897. Halliwell, Mrs., 5, Walpole Road, Kemp Town, Brighton. 
1858. Halstead, Mrs. C. T., Chichester. 

1897. Hamsworth, E. J., Esq., The Chantry, Storrington, Sussex. 

1879. •Hannah, Rev. I^bendary John Julius, m.a.. Vicar of Brighton, The 

Vicarage, Brighton. 

1894. •Harben, Henry Andrade, Esq., Wamham Lodge, Horsham, Sussex. 

1894. Harben, Sir Henry, Wamham Lodge, Horsham, Sussex. 

1888. Harbord, Rev. H., Rectory, East Hoathly, Sussex. 

1898. Harker, W. H., Esq., Norman Villa, Shoreham. 
1900. Harley, J., Esq., m.d., 9, Stratford Place, London, w. 

1889. Harris, H. E., Esq., Elm Lea, Littlehampton, Sussex. 

1889. Harrison, Widter, Esq., d.m.d., 6, Bnmswick Place, Hove, Brighton. 

1878. ♦Harting, J. Vincent, Esq., f.s.a, 24, Lincoln^s Inn Fields, London, w.c. 

1891. Haslewood, Rev. Frederick Geo. , ll.d. , d.c.l. , Chislet Vicarage, Canterbury. 

1900. Hassell, R. E., Esq., Tanners Manor, Horeham Road, Sussex. 

1885. ♦Haverfield, Frank J., Esq., m.a., f.s.a., Christ Church, Oxford. 

1897. Haviland, Francis P., Esq., Warrior Square, St. Leonards -on -Sea. 

1900. Hawes, G. C, Esq., Lindfield, Sussex. 

1871. •Hawkesbury, The Right Hon. Lord, f.s.a., Kirkham Abbey, York. 

1877. ♦Hawkshaw, H. P., Esq., f.s.a., 58, Jermyn Street, London, s.w. 

1891. Head, Francis, Esq., Buckingham, Old Shoreham, Sussex. 

1895. Heath, R. W., Esq., The Martyrs, Crawley, Sussex. 

1889. Henriques, Alfred G., Esq., 9, Adelaide Crescent, Hove, Brighton. 

1870. Henty, Major C. Percival, Avisford, Arundel, Sussex. 

1894. Henty, Edwin, Esq., f.s.a., Ferring, Worthing. 

1894. Henwood, Roger, Esq., Carfax, Horsham, Sussex. 

1898. Hiersemann, Karl W., Esq., 3, Konigsstrasse, Leipzig, Germany. 
1875. Hillman, Aubrey, Esq., Saxonbury, Lewes. 

1901. Hills, Miss R., High Street, Littlehampton, Sussex. 

1897. Hobbs, E. W., Esq., m.a., 41, Dyke Road, Brighton. 

1892. Hobbs, James, Esq., 62, North Street, Brighton. 

1896. Hodgson, Rev. Edward Ernest, Grammar School, Lewes. 

1867. Hogg, Robert, Esq., ll.d., 99, St. George's Road, Pimlico, London, s.w. 

1900. Holcroft, Rev. T. A., The Vicarage, Bolney. 

1898. Holgate, C. W., Esq., Knowles, Ardingly, Sussex. 
1898. Holman, Mrs. C. E., High Street, Lewes. 

1895. Holman, George, Esq., The Rowans, Wallands Park, Lewes. 

1865. •Holmes, E. C, Esq., Brookfield, Arundel, Sussex. 
1865. Holmes, G. P., Esq., Arundel, Sussex. 

1897. Holmes, Richard, Esq., The Parade, Arundel, Sussex. 
1874. Hoper, Mrs. H., 15, Cudlow House, Rustington, Worthing. 
1897. Hordem, Rev. H. M., Singleton Rectory, Chichester. 
1895. Hounsom, W. A., Esq., New Church Road, Brighton. 

1873. ♦Hovenden, R., Esq., Heath Cote, Park Road Hill, Croydon, Surrey. 

1897. Hove Free Public Library, care of J. W. Lister, "Esq. 



LIST OF MEaCBEBS. XXVU. 

Howard. Alfred J., Esq., Scatdugbsm, Mesda, EastbDume. 
Howard, H., Esq., c.k., v.k.i.. m.s.a., Towd Offices, Littlehamptou. 
Hewlett, J. W., Enq,, 8. Ship Street. Briglitfln. 
Hubbiod, William Egerton, Esq., Seleburst, Uonbom, SaitGez. 
UudsoQ, Kev. W., f.s.a., Canesford, 15, Hart£elil Squurc, Eiustbounit'. 
Hn^pna, Cbarlcs Lang, Exq.. Hsdlow Gmnge, Biucted, neiir Uckfluld. 
Humble -Crofta, Rev. W. J., Waldrou Eeotory, Hawkhurat. 
Uuret, C. J. B., Esq., 4, Temple Oanleni), London, e.c. 
Hurat, Kobert Ilenij, Esq,, The Park, Horeham, SuBsex. 



1890. Ind, Major, Court Place, Iffley, Oxford. 

ISTI. Inderwick, F. A., Esq., k.c, f.h.a., Marit«au Houm, WiucholBca, Suasei ; 

and S, Waiwick (iquBre, London, b.w. 

1871. Infield, H. J., Esq., Hyhau Lodge, Brighton. 

1890. Ingram, lieut, -Colonel Robert Bethune. Stoyaing, SuHsex, 

1H57. Ingram, Ilev. H. M., Soutbover, Lowes. 

1875. Ingram, Mre. W. H., Colwell, Hayward's Heath, Suhbci. 

1879. Ingram, Uiss, 22, Emperor's Uate. Loudou, s.w. 

18D8. Ingtam, Mrs. E. S., 20, Uomwatl Gardens, Queen's Quit, London, b.w. 

1900. Juckaou, RpT. A. A., Aahurst Rectory, Steyninjr. 
1897. Jamef. William, Esq., West Dean Park, Cbicheater. 
Itl3a. Jay, Kev. W. P., St. Aime'a Vicarage, Eastbourne. 

1895. Jenner, J. H. A., Eaq., f.b.s., Bcbool Uill, Lewes. 

1896. Joad. Mrs. L. C, Patching, Worthing. 

1897. Johnston, Philip M., Esq., 31, Da Creapigny Park, Denmark Hill, London. 

1889. Kelly, Kev. W. W., Aldingboume, Cbichester. 

1871. Kemp, C. 11., E»q.. Bedford Lodge, Lcwe^. 

1884. Kemp, Captain William. Lymimttrr House, near Anmdet, Suswui. 

1877. Kemps, C. E., Esq.. Old Place, Lindlidd, Sussei ; and 28, Nottingham 

Place, London, w. 

1888. Kempe, C. MnrshiiU, Esq., Chantry Houw, Bhorehnm, SuBnex. 

189T. Kempson, Anguatus, Esq., 17, Arundi;! Road, Eastbourne. 

1896. Keywr, CharleB E.. Esq., m.a., f.s.a., Aldermaston Court, Ifeuding ; and 

15, Uroeveuor Pla(^e, London, ».w. 

1899. King. Major H., Isfleld Ilace, near UckfleW. 

I89B. King, J. Goo<lwin, E«i., Stonelands. West Hoathly. 

1887. Knipe, Heniy R., Esq., 9, Linden Park, Tunbridgu Wells. 

1901. Uicaitu, C. C, Esq., Sclbam House, Kelham, near Pctirorth. 
1886. Lombe, U., Esq., BUtebington, Seoford, Sussex. 

1853. Lane, Henry C, Esq.. MiddleUin. Hasfiocke, Susnex. 

1901. Lone, Mrs., Daugstein, Petersfield. 

1899. Latham, C. A., Esq., Wbidmill Lodge, &lill Road, E^stbnunic. 
1861. 'Leach, lliss, Apsley, Upper Bridge Road. Redhill, Surrey. 

1893. Leodam, W.W.,E»q.,»i.ii., 167, OloncesterTerrace, Hyde Park. Iy»udou,w. 

1900. Lodger, Rev. C. O.. m.a., Ht. John's Vicarage, HoUington, Hastings. 

1888. Lee, Arthur, Esq., Weetfield House, Lewes. 
1879. Legge, C. E.. Esq., Ashling House, Cbichester. 

1898. Legge. W. Heneage, Esq., Riugnier, Sussex. 
18S3. ■Lealie, C. S., Esq., II, Cbanoniy, Old Aberdeen. 
1898- Levy, LewlB, Esq., 39, Jeviugton Oardene, Eastbourne. 

1897. Lewm, Commander H. W.. R.N., Haaelcroft, Frant, Sussex. 
1853. I.«wes PitKroy Memorial Free Library, Lewes. 

1892. Lewis, John, Esq., c.t., f.s.a., Fairholme, Maresfield. 

1870. Library Congress, Waj-hiugton, U.S., care of E. (i. Allen, American 
A^nCf , 28, Henrietta Strout, Covont Garden, Loudon, w.t. 



XXVIU. SUSSEX ▲HCU.£OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

876. •Linington, O. E., Edq., Stagsdene. Buckhunt Hill, Essex. 
899. Linton, W., Esu., The Wallands, Lewes. 

870. Lister, John J., Esq., Waminglid Grange, Hajward's Heath, Sussex. 

889. Llojd, Alfred, Esq., f.c.s., p.b.s., The Dome, fiognor, Sussex. 

894. Loder, Gerald W. E., Esq., m.p., Abinger House, Khig*s Boad, Brighton ; 

and 48, Cadogan Square, s.w. 

863. London Corporation Library Committee (Librarian), Guild Hall, London. 
886. London Library (C. T. Haf berg Wright, Librarian), St. James* Square, w. 
899. Lorebaud, Ber. W., m.a.. Vicarage, Ifield, Crawley. 

888. ^Lucas, C. J., Esq., Wamham Court, Horsham, Sussex. 

898. Lucas, J., Esq., Foxhunt Manor, Wsldron, Sussex. 
893. Lucas, Mrs., Castle Precinct^*, Lewes. 

877. ^Luttman-Johnson, J. A., E«q., 13, Delahay Street, Westminster, s.w. 

899. Luxford, J. S. O. Robertson, Esq., Higham House, Bobertsbridge, Sussex. 

886. Maberly, Major Thomas A^tley, Mytten, Cuckfield, Sussex. 

899. 3iacartuey, Kev. S. P., m.a., Shalesbrooke, Forest Bow, Sussex. 

883. Macfarlane, J. B., Esq., 49, East Street, Brighton. 

886. Maiden. Major Henry Charles, Copse Edge, Godalming. 

893. March, The Bight Hon. the Earl of, Goodwood, Chichester. 

876. Margesson, Miss, The Hayes, Northiam, Sussex. 

876. Margesson, Miss H. A., Bolney Lodge, Hayward's Heath, Sussex. 

901. MarshaU, Miss D. E. G. Don, Chithurst, Sussex. 

901. Marshall, Bev. W., m.a., llie Bectory, Ewhurst, Hawkhurst. 

881. Martin, Charles, Esq., llie Watch Oak, Battle, Sussex. 

890. Martin, W. F., Esq., Bingmer, Sussex. 

892. Martindale, William, Esq., 10, New Cavendish Street, London, w. 

852. Martineau, E. H., Esq., 30, Weymouth Street. PortUmd Place, London, w. 

898. Masters, J. N., Esq., High Street, Bye. Sussex. 

899. Mathews, H. J., Esq., Upper Bock Gardens, Brighton. 
890. •Matthews, Miss M. E., 4, Medina Terrace, West Brighton. 

890. May, F. J. C, Esq., c.b., 25, Compton ATenue, Brighton. 

899. McAndrew, J.. Esq., Holly Hill, Coleman's Hatch, Tunbridge Wells. 

898. Meadows, B. F., Esq., Tywardieoth, Buckhurst Boad, BexhUl, Sussex. 
901. Measures, B. 1., Esq., The Limes, Uckfield ; and Cambridge Lodge, 

Flodden Boad, Camberwell, s.e. 

893. •Mee. Mrs.. The Chantry, W^estboume, Emsworth, Hants. 
879. •Mehille, Robert, Esq., 8, Argylc Boad. Kensington, w. 

864. Merrifield, F., Esq., 24, Vernon Terrace, Brighton. 

899. Miles, J., Esq., High Street, Lewes. 

868. *Milner, Bct. J., 116, Elgin Boad, Addiscombe, London, w. 

858. Mitchell, Bev. H., m.a., f.s.a., Bosham, Cliiehcster. 

873. ♦Mivart, St. George, Esq., f.u.s., 77, Ivemess Terrace, London, w. 

886. Molineux, Major H. P., f.o.s., Old Bank, Lewes; and 44, Carlisle Boad, 
Eastbourne. 

900. Monk, Mrs., High Street, St. Anne's, Lewes. 

899. Montgomery, J., Esq., The Grammar School, Uckfield, Sussex. 

892. Moore, H. H., Esq., Southgate. Chichester. 

895. Moore, Joseph, Esq., Culross, Fay Gate, Horsham. 

900. Moore, T. B., Esq., 49, Seaside Boad, Eastbourne. 

893. Moro. His Grace the Duke de, Norton Manor House, Norton Mandeville, 

Ingatestone, Essex. 

897. Morris, Cecil H., Esq., School Hill, Lewes. 

897. Morris, H. C. L., Esq., m.d., f.k.o.s.. Gothic Cottage, Bognor. 

891. Mortlock, Bev. C. F., South Bersted Vicarage, Bogrnor, Sussex. 
873. Mount, Ven. Archdeacon F. J., m.a.. Burpham Vicarage, Arundel. 
899. Mullens, W. H., Esq., m.a.. Westfteld Place. Battle, Sussex. 

899. Murray, W. Hay, Esq., 53, Upperton Gardens, Eastbourne. 

851 . Napier, Bev. Prebendary C. W. A. . m. a. , Bectory . Wiston, Steyning, Sussex. 

895. ♦Ncwiugtou, Mrs. C, Oakover, Ticehurst, Sussex. 



LIST OF SIEMItKiiS. J 

■Nicholls, II., E«q., n.A., Itmwiiing*. Biilinffphuret, Siiasex. 
Nightingale, Itev. W. it., The VicarHAe, Kaat Di^au, lilastbouruc. 
■NoakcB, Kredaric, Esq., St. Uarf'R Villas, Battle, Sussex. 



Ogle, Ri'T. J. L., M.*., Aecen Oill, Foreat Itow, Sussex. 

Orme, Rev. J. B., m.a., Rectory, Angmeriiig, Safsex. 

Urmerod, Arthur L., Esq., 51, linmawiuk I'lnce, Brighton. 

Ovieu, R. K. W,, Esq., H.*., Bighfield, Upper Uaa? HUl, St. Leouards- 



Packbuni, Arthur fi., Esq., II, Caledoniau Itoaii, Brighton. 

Padwick, Henrr, Esq., u.a.. Manor House, Horahoin. 

Pogden, Alisft F. A., Aifiuton, Sussex. 

PankhuTHt, Walter, Esq., HI, Montagu? •Squiire, Loudan, n. 

l*anuett, A. R,, Esq., Church Road, Haj-ward's Heath. 

ParU, G. de, Esq., 58, Brunswick Plaee, Hove. 

Parish, Key. W. D., Selmeston, I'olegate, Suwex, 

■Parkin, Thoma?, Esq., u.A., r.u.o.s., Fairseat, High Wickham, Hastings. 

Parrington. Rev. J, W., East Dean Vicaragu, Eastbourne. 

Farsons, lAtt«r. Esq., LonRmead, F.astbourac. 

Parsons, John, Esq.. King Uenrf's Road, the Wallonds, Lewes. 

Parsons, Thomas, Esq., Yokehurst, Eaat C'hiltiiigton. Lewes. 

Patching, E. C, Esq., Belfort, Liverpool Gardens, Worthing, Sussex. 

PAtvblng, F. W., Esq., West House, Shelley Itoad, Worthing. 

I'atching, John. E^sq., 139, Ditchling Itise, Brighton. 

Faxon, Arthor, Esq.. iy. Montague llan^ious, I'ortman Square, lyjudon, w. 

Peaooy, Rev. Preb., The Vicarage, Hove. 

Peacbey. Miss B, SI., Birdbam. Chichester. 

Peacock, Thomas F., Esq., f.s.a., Sprlugmeiid, SIdcup, Kent. 

'Peckham, Rev. Harry J., Nutler vicarage, Uckfield, Sussex. 

Peel, E. L., Esq., 12, Hans Rood, London, s.w. 

Femberton, Mrs. Leigh, Abbots Leigh, Hayward's Heath. 

•Penfold, Hugh, Esq., k.*., Buatington, Worthing, Sussex. 

Penney, S. lUckmou, Esq.. Larkbarrow, Dyke Road Drive, Urigbtoii, 

Periing, R. U., Esq., Vernon Lodge, Spencer Road, Eastbourne. 

Pbillipe, Mrs. C. T., 40, Tissbury Road, Hove, Sussex. 

IHckiud, T. W., Es<i., Glynde. Lewes. 

Fimioek, Harris Nicholas, Esq., Lucustes, Hayward's Heath, Sussex. 

llper. Alderman, (lakwood. Cbesswood Road. Worthing. 

Plummer, A., Esq., Povenhill, Eastbourne. 

Podmore, E. Boyce, Esq., Miuior House. ICingston-by-Sea, Sussex. 

Poland, Rev. Eustace R., Aucklauds. Lltclehampton, Sussex. 

Popley, W. Hulbert, Esq., 13, Partlion Buildings, Brighton. 

FoU«r. Walter, Esq., NorthcUSe, Stamford Road. Brighton. 

Powell, E. C, Esq., Red Lodge, H6, Drayton Uardeus, Loudon, m.w. 

Powell. Rev. Clement. Rectory, Newick, Sussex. 

•PowoU, C. W., Esq., Speldburat. Timbridge Wolle, 

PoweU, J. C, Esq., Selsfield. KAat Orinsteod, Sussex. 

PowcU. Hubert John, Esq., Hill Lodge, St. Ann's, Lewes. 

Powell, James D,, Esq., High Hurst, Nowick, Sussex. 

Powell, W. W. Richmond, Esq., Old Dover House, Canterbury 

Price, David, Esq., M, West Street, Horsham. Sussex. 

Pntt, J. C, Esq.. Highfleld, Seddlesconibe, Sussex. 

PutUck, Rev. J., Rectory, Kingston -by-Sea, Sussex. 



XXX. SUSSEX ARCH^OLOOICAL SOCIETY. 

1888. Ramsbotham, Major John, Stonjr Uojrd, Ilklej, Yorkshire. 
1882. Randall, Mrs. H. L., Cocking Rectory, Midhurst, Sussex. 

1900. Randall, Rev. H. L., The Rectorj, Cocking, Midhurst, Sussex. 

1894. Randall, Very Rev. R. W., Dean of Chichester, The Deanery, Chichester. 
1872. Raper, W. A., Esq., Battle, Sussex. 

1896. Read, John, Esq., Grove Villa, 44, High Street, Tunbridge Wells. 

1882. Rendell, Rev. Arthur Medland, St. Margaret's Vicarage, Leicester. 

1893. Renshaw, Walter C, Esq., ll.m., k.c, Sandrocks, near Hayward's Heath, 

Sussex ; and 39, Queen's Gardens, Lancaster Gate, London, w. 

1899. ^Renton, J. Hall, Esq., Rowfield Grange, Billingshurst, Sussex. 

1877. Rice, R. Garraway, Epq., f.s.a., 23, Cyril Mansions, Prince of Wales* Road, 

London, s.w. ; and Carpenter's Hill, Pulborough, Sussex. 

1901. Richards, Miss M. E., Snow Hill, Midhurst, Sussex. 
1901. Richardson, F. R., Esq., 10, Vernon Terrace, Brighton. 
1870. Richardson, Rev. W. £., Langbank, The Wallanos, Lewes. 

1893. Richmond and Gordon, His Grace the Duke of, k.g. , Goodwood, Chichester. 

1899. Rickard, Rev. H., Westgate, Chichester. 

1884. Rickman, John Thornton, Esq., Mailing Lane, Lewes. 

1876. Ridge, L. W., Esq., 5, Verulam Buildings, Gray's Inn, London, w.c. 

1889. Rigg, Herbert A., Esq., m.a., f.s.a., Wallhurst Manor, Cowfold, Horsham, 

Sussex ; and 12, Stanhope Place, Hyde Park, London, w. 

1892. Robertson, Percy Tindal, Esq., 51, Lansdowne Road, Netting Hill Gate, w. 

1896. Robinson, J. J., Esq., Managing Editor, West Sussex OoMetUf Arunded. 
1901. Rodmell, G., Esq., 22, Stanley Street, Hull. 

1893. Roemer, Baron C. H. von. Lime Park, Hailsham, Sussex. 

1882. Ross, Mrs., 7, Venner Road, Sydenham, s.s. 

1897. Royal Institution of Great Britain, Albermarle Street, London, w. 

1890. Roystou, Rev. Peter, Rectory, Orton Longueville, Peterborough, Northants. 
1901. Runtz, £., Esq., Manor House, Kingston, Lewes. 

1858. Rush, Mrs., Leigh ton, Hatherley Crescent, Sidcup. 

1898. Russell, W. C, Esq., Haremere, Etchingham, Sussex. 

1866. Rutter, Joseph, Esq., m.d., Codrington House, Western Road, Brighton. 

1898. Salmon, E. F., Esq., 28, Victoria Road, Shoreham. 

1896. Salzmann, L. F., Esq., Downford, Hailsham, Sussex. 

1883. Sanderson, Rev. Edward, Rectory, Uckfield, Sussex. 

1900. Sands, H., Esq., Graythome, Tenterden, Kent. 

1895. Sankey, Percy E., Esq., Down Lodge, Fairlight, Hastings. 
1882. •Sawyer, John, Esq., 12, Sudeley Street, Kemp Town, Brighton. 

1894. Sayer-Milward, Rev. W. C, Fairlight Place, Ore. 
1898. Sayers, E., Esq., Terringes, WortMng. 

1896. Scarlett, Harry, Esq., ll.b., Preston House, Firle, Lewes. 

1895. Scobell, Rev. John F., St. John Villa, St. Leonards -on-Sea. 
1898. Scott, Rev. H. vou Essen, South Lynn, Eastbourne. 

1891. Scrase-Dickins, Charles Robert, Esq., d.l., Coolhurst, Horsham, Sussex. 
1900. Seligman, Mrs., Shoyswell Manor, Etchingham, Sussex. 

1869. Selmes, James, Esq., Lossenham, Newendeu, Ashford, Kent. 

1898. Sergison, C. Warden, Esq., Cuckfield Park, Cuckfield. 

1899. ShfiSlis, Rev. J. Lemaire, The Vicarage, Burgess Hill, Sussex. 

1900. Shaw, Rev. W. F , West Stoke, Chichester. 

1878. Sheffield, the Right Hon. Earl of, Sheffield Place, Fletching, Sussex. 
1875. Shenstone, F. S., Esq., Sutton Hall, Barcombe, Sussex. 

1846. Shiffner, Rev. Sir G. Croxton, Bart., m.a., Coombe Place, Lewes. 

1898. Simmons, Miss, High Street, Lewes. 

1852. Simmons, H., Esq., The Crouch, Seaford, Sussex. 

1899. Slade, W., Esq., Walcot Lodge, Blacklauds, Hastings. 
1898. Slaughter, A., Esq., Jarvis, Steyning, Sussex. 

1901. Smith, Gregory D., Esq., Fair Haven, Burwash, Sussex. 

1900. Smith, H. M., Esq., 13, South Street, Worthing. 

1870. Smith, J. Maxfiela, Esq., Hill House, Lewes. 

1868. Smith, O. A., Esq., Hammerwood Lodge, East Grinstead, Sussex. 



LIST OK MEMBERS. 



Smtth, W. J., Eaq.. North Stnjet, Brighton. 

dtnitb, Aldermoa WilUain, Ivy Bank, St. John'B, Ch)clieBt«r. 

Bmith, Mian Hoskctt, Trouaell. Goudiiurxt, Ki'nt. 

Snewin, H. K., Ksu., Park tload. Worthing, Sti^eci. 

•Somerset, A, i'., Esq., Caatle Uoring, Worthiug. 

Bouth. F. W. B., Esq., Springfield Terrace, .St. Leounrds-on-Sea. 

Houth KBarington Miweum, Science and ,Vrt Department [per Si-oretary). 

'Sperling. Rev. J. H., m.a. 

Sprallej, J. S.. Esq., 153, CarapbrU Rood, Bow Road, London, e. 

Sprlngett, Edmunds.. Esq., Ashtield, Uawkburst. 

tiprott, H., f>q.. Sillwood Plai», Crawborough. 

SpurreU, H,, Een., Gildredge Kr»d, Efistboume. 

Stoggall, Sins., The Croft, Southover, Ijewes. 

*Stenning, A. H., Eiiq., Kaift Grinstead, Sussex ; and St. Stephen's Club, 

WcBbninster. ».\\: 
Stenumg, J. C. Etq.. Oukfleld. Btickenham, Kent. 
StephonB, Vcrr Hcv. Dean W. H. W.. f.b.a.. The Deanery. Wiiifheater. 
Stephenson, Jllll, Esq., f.s.a., U, Ritherdon Road, Tooting, f.w. 
StevenH, ti. F., Emj., 4, 'rrofiilgar Siiuare, London, w. 
StillweU. Major E W.. Thome HoUfe. Hundcomb, Hutings. 
Stone, F- W., E«i., Charlton Lodge, Tnnbridge Welle. 
StreatfeUd, K. J., Esq., The Boekw. UckBeld, Snsaei. 
StreatteUd, Mrs, C. N., Groomhridge Place, Kout. 

Streatteild, Rev. W. C, M.t,, Amb^rley Vicanig?, near Anmdel, Suasez, 
Stn*t, E. E., Esq., St. Martin's House, Chiobe^ter. 
Stricklund, W.. Esq., Hailuham, Siusei. 
Stmng, Pr. H. J., Colonnftde House, Worthing. 
•Sturdy, William, EHq., PaxhUl Pm1(, Lindlleld, Sussex. 
Snllivau, Michael, Esq., School of Art, Brasseir Institute, Hosting?. 
Sutton, Ven, Arohdeacon R,, m.a., The Vienmge, Pevensey, Hastings. 
Sutton, ThoniBD, jun., Esq.. Sonth Street, Eaetboume. 
Swainson, Rev. A. J,, Vicarage, Forest Kow, Susses. 

Taylor, Henry Herbert, Esq., 10, Bmnawicfc Place, Hove, Brighton. 

Tt'iUou. Kev. Canon J. S., The Close, Pnlknt, Chichester. 

Thomoa, W. Hrodrick, Esu., ,'52, Wbnpolo .Street, Loudon, w. 

Thomas, Darid. Esij., 15, Buckingham Place, Brighton. 

Thomas, Rev. S. Webb, m.a., Soutbeajie. Lewes. 

Thompsou. Rev. W. Uswell, l.i, Eaton Uacdcns, Hove. 

•Thornton, Robert litwrence. Esq,, High Cross, Franilield, Sussex. 

Tipp, H. P., Esq., 6, Hiudou Street, Belgravia, I^ondon, «,«. 

Towuer, John Chisholm, Esq., 3, Biirlin^on Place, Eaetboume. 

'rree.PhilipH.,Esq.,Leckhampton,HollingtonParl<,St. Ijeonui'ds-on-Sea. 

Triat, G. A., Esq., Prestwood, Ifleld, near Crawley. 

Tubbs, Sits. L. C.. Caple-ne-feme, St. Leonards -on -Sea. 

Tuppennej', F., Esq., La Haye. Latin Road. Hastings. 

Tumor, Mrs. Montague, Wooderoft, Cnckfleld. Susaei. 

Turner, Richard, Esq., 56, Clarendon Villas, Hiive. 

Ullathomu, William G., Esq., Colinton, Vineyard Hill Road, ■Wimbledon 

Park, London, s.w. 
Urlin. R, Deuny, Esq., r.s.s., The Grange. Rustington, near Worthing ; 

and 2'2. Stafford Terrace, Phillimore Gardens, London, n-. 

Voai*y, Jlre., Haflsets, Scaynea Hill, Liudfleld, Sassex. 
VemiB, W., Esq., Famcorabe Rood. Worthing, 
Vilian, Captain C, Ford Bank, St. Leonards -Ml -Sob. 



4 



XXXU. SUSSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

1897. Walker, C. R., Esq., m.d., v.u.o.s., 15, Sackville Rotid, Hove. 
1896. •Walker, Charles W., Esq., Holmshiirst, Burwash, Sussex. 
1861. Walker, Rev. G. A., m.a., 28, Selden Road, Worthing. 

1898. Wallifl, W. L., Esq., The Wish, Eastbourne. 

1871. Warren, John, Esq., ll.m., b.a., Handcross Park, Crawley, Sussex. 

1858. Warren, Reginald A., Esq., Preston Place, Worthing, Sussex. 

1896. Warren, Captain A. R., Warrenfleld, Emsworth, Hants. 

1879. Watson, Col. W. H., Capron House, Midhurst, Sussex. 
1857. Waugh, Edward, Esq., Cuckfield, Sussex. 

1899. Wedgewood, R. W., Esq., m.a., Slindon, Arundel. 

1886. Weekes, Arthur, Esq., Mansion House, Hurstpierpoint, Sussex. 

1846. Wellesley, Lady Victoria Long, West Stoke House, Chichester. 

1900. West, G. H., Esq., St. Christopher's, Eastbourne. 

1899. Weston, R., Esq., Sunnycroft, Wallauds, Lewes. 

1897. Wheeler, F., Esq., Sussex Ixxlge, Horsham, Sussex. 
1893. White, Edmund, Esq., Rectory House, Hamsey, Lewes. 

1895. White, James, Esq., Capital and Counties Bank, Worthing. 

1891. Whitfeld, F. B., Esq., Old Bank, Lewes. 

1892. Whitfeld, Mrs. G., Hamsey, Lewes. 

1888. Whitley, H. Michell, Esq., Trevella, Eastbourne. 

1901. Whiteman, C. L., Esq., High Street, Lewes. 

1898. Whittome, J., Esq., Stanford House, Preston Park, Brighton. 

1900. Whittome, T., Esq., Cromer Lodge, Preston, Brighton. 

1896. Wightman, George John, Esq., The Wallauds, Lewes. 

1893. Wilkinson, Rev. Henry Noel, m.a.. Thatched House Club, St. James* 

Street, London, w. 

1885. Wilkinson, Thomas, Esq., 30, Brunswick Place, Hove, Brighton. 

1901. WUlett, E. J., Esq., 27, Cromwell Road, Hove. 
1901. Willett, H., Esq., Barbican House, Lewes. 

1846. Willett, Henry, Esq., f.o.s., Arnold House, Brighton. 
1898. Willett, 31rs., Cudwells, Hayward's Heath. 

1880. •WiUett, Rev. F., Cudwells, Lindlield, Sussex. 

1901. Wilson, Miss M. W., Capron House, Midhurst, Sussex. 

1896. Wink, F. Wallace, Esq., Pluscardine, Belsize Road, Worthing. 

1890. Winton, E. W., Esq., Etherton Hill, Speldhurst, near Tunbridge Wells. 

1872. ♦Wisden, Lieut. -Col. Thomas, The Warren, Broadwater, Worthing, Sussex. 
1901. Wisden, Captain T. F., Cudwells, Hayward*s Heath, Sussex. 

1872. Wood, H. T., Esq., Hollinghurst, Hollington, St. Leonards -on-Sea. 

1886. Wood, John, Esq., 21, Old Steine, Brighton. 

1881. Woodman, Thomas C, Esq., ll.d., f.k.s.l., 2, Cambridge Road, Hove. 
1898. Woodroffe, J. T., Esq., Compton Lea, Horsham, Sussex. 

1896. Woods, Sir Albert William, k.c.m.o., k.c.b., f.s.a., 69, St. George's Road, 

London, a.w. 

1859. Woods, J. W., Esq., Chilgrove, Chichester. 

1892. Woollett, Capt. W. C. , 8, Rutland Gardens, Charlton Road, Blackheath, s.e. 

1892. Worms, Baron de, f.s.a., 27, Adelaide Crescent, Hove, Brighton. 

1898. Worsley, R., Esq., Broxmead, Cuckfield, Sussex. 

1897. Worthing Corporation Public Library (per R. W. Charles, Esq.). 

1898. Wright, J. C, Esq., 6, Bedford Grove, Eastbourne. 
1868. Wright, Robert, Esq., a.l.s., Hurstmonc^ux, Sussex. 

1897. Wright, William, Esq., Momington Villa, Millbrook Road, Southampton. 

1847. Wyatt, Rev. J. I. Penfold, m.a., Hawley Parsonage, Blackwater, Hants. 
1897. • Wyatt, Hugh R. Penfold, Esq., assbury, Worthing. 

1901. •Wyatt, J. I. Penfold, Esq., Horsfield Manor, Wisborough Green, 

BilUngshurst, Sussex. 

1901. Wynne, Rev. H., m.a., Yapton, near Arundel, Sussex. 

1892. Young, Edwin, Esq., County Hall, Lewes. 

1887. Yoimg, Rev. W. E. A., Pyecombe Rectory, Hassocks, Sussex. 

1873. •Zouche, Lord, Parham, Pulborough, Sussex. 



CORRESPONDING SOCIETIES, &c. 



The Societj of Antiquaries of London. 

The Rojal Societj of Antiquaries of Ireland. 

The Societj of Antiquaries of Scotland. 

The Rojal ArchsBlogical Institute of Gi-eat Britain and Ireland. 

The Rojal Institution of Cornwall. 

The Rojal Yorkshire Archeeological Societj. 

The British Archseological Association. 

The Bristol and Gloucestershire ArchsBological Societj. 

The Cambridge Antiquarian Societj. 

The Chester Archaeological and Historic Societj. 

The Derbjshire Archaeological Societj. 

The Essex Archaeological Societj. 

The Kent Archaeological Societj. 

The Historic Societj of Lancashire and Cheshire. 

The London and Middlesex Archaeological Societj. 

The Societj of Antiquaries of Newcastle -upon -Tjne. 

The Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Societj. 

The Powjs-land Qub. 

The Somersetshire Archaeological Societj. 

The Surpej Archaeological Societj. 

The Shropshire Archaeological and Natural Historj Societj. 

The Smithsonian Institute, U.S. America. 

The Thoresbj Societj, Leeds. 

The United Architectural Societies of Yorkshire, I^colnshire, Northampton, 

Bedfordshire, Worcestershire and Leicestershire. 
The Academj of Historj and Antiquities, Stockholm, Sweden. 
The Woolwich District Antiquarian Societj. 



The Record Office. 

The College of Arms. 

The Lambeth Palace Librarj. 

The Rojal Institute of British Architects. 



The Committee of the Sussex Archceological Society desire 
tluit it should be distinctly understood tJuit the Society, as a 
body J is not responsible for any statements or opinions expressed 
in the ''Collections,^^ the Authors of the several Communications 
being alone answerable for the same. 

The Editors request that any Papers for publication in the 
Society^s '* Collections " may be sent to them not later than the 
Slst December in each year. 



Susser Hrcbajolooical Societig. 



ON A HOARD OF ROMAN COINS FOUND NEAE 
EASTBOTJENE IN 1899, 

Bv F. HATEKFIELD, M.A., P.S.A., Hon. F.S.A. Scot. 



f 
I 



In May, 1899, a large hoard of Roman coins was 
discovered on the ground known as Bullock Down, 
about three miles west from the town of Eastbourne 
and near, thougli slightly inland from, Beachy Head. 
A furze fire, I am informed, had laid bare the spot, 
and a carter named William Jones, who was passing, 
detected the coins lying in a heap, as if once contained 
in a bag which had rotted away. These coins, or some 
of them, to the number of 2,073, passed into the 
possession of tlio landowner, the Duke of Devonshire, 
and he with a wisdom worthy of wide imitation, 
presented them to the two principal local museums, that 
of the Sussex Archseological Society at Lewes Castle 
and the Caldecott Museum at Eastbourne. By the 
kindness of the Council of the Archseological Society 
and of the Caldecott trustees, the two parcels of coins 
were submitted to me, and have now been catalogued 
for me by Mi-. H. St. G. Gray, assistant in the Pitt 
Rivera iluseum, with occasional assistance from Mr. 
C. W. Oman, M.A., F.S.A. The difficulty of cata- 
loguing was increased by the fact tliat the coins are, 
for the most part, in a bad state of preservation. 

The hoard is a good specimen of a numerous class of 
hoards. It consists wholly of "Third Brass," minted 
between the accession of Valerian (a.d. 253) and the 



2 BOBCAN COISB FOUND NEAR EASTBOURNE. 

death of Probus (a.d. 282). Many hoards of almost 
identical contents nave been found in our island and in 
northern France — ^for details I may refer to M. Blanchet's 
lately published work, Les Tresors des monnaies romaines 
— and it is probable that they were buried or lost durinj 
the troublous years between the death of Probus an< 
the accession, five years later, of Carausius as Emperor 
in Britain. More of them, perhaps, were buried than 
lost, but it is not easy to say which was the case with 
the example now under consideration. The following 
list shows the Emperors and others represented in the 
hoard and the number of coins of which are present : 

Valerian (a.d. 253-260) 3 coins 

Gallienus 232 „ 

Saloninus 2 ,, 

Salonina 31 ,, 

Postumus 36 ,, 

Victorinus 479 „ 

Claudius Gotliicus 251 ,, 

Tetricus, father 602 „ 

jy son 142 ,, 

Marius 4 ,, 

Quintillus 11 ,, 

Aurelian 6 ,, 

Tacitus 3 ,, 

Probus (a.d. 276-282) 2 „ 

It may be interesting to compare with this another 
hoard found just twenty years earlier, in July, 1879, in 
nearly the same locality. It was discovered *^in one of 
the valleys between Beachy Head and Birling Gap " 
by labourers digging flints, at a depth of two feet 
below the surface. The coins were contained in a rude 
earthenware urn and had presumably been buried on 
purpose. The whole or part of them, to the number of 
681 or 682, passed into the possession of the landowner, 
the Duke of Devonshire, and 148 were given by him to 
the Brighton Museum, where they are still preserved. 
An account of the find and of these 148 coins was 
published in these ^^Collections," Vol. XXXI., pp. 201-2, 
and a list of the 148, by the Rev. Thos. Calvert, was 
printed, but not publishea, at Brighton in 1880. Of the 
rest the Caldecott Museum at Eastbourne now possesses 



ROMAN COINS FOUND NEAR EASTBOURNE. .5 

373, and, by tlie courtt3sy of the Trustees, I was able 
lately to look through these. As no account of these 
has ever been issued, it may be convenient to give the 
following details, sufficient for a comparison with the 
hoard which is the proper subject of this paper. The 
hoard found in 1879 consists, like the other, of "Third 
Brass " and reaches from Valerian to Aurelian (died 
A.D. 27ii), It may therefore have been deposited a few 
years earlier than the other; on the other hand, there 
may have been one or two coins of Probus among the 
part of the hoard of which no record eurvivoa. The 
Emperors and others represented are as follows : 

KMI'KKOIt, BkIOIITUS'. EUTBOl'llKB. 

Valerian (a.d. ■2.i3-260) 

Qallieaus 



Saloi 



I 



Saioniua 

Postumue 16 

LaelianuB 2 

Uarius 1 

TioUirinuB , 11 

Clftudius Gothicua 42 

Quintillus 7 

TetriouB, father and son H 

Aurelian (a.d. 270-275) 2 

Fi-oin some notes on the packets in which the East- 
bourne coins are preserved, I incline to think that there 
were in the lioard originally at least 197 of Victorinus 
and 210 of tho Tetrici. I may add that the Eastbourne 
coins of Victorinus include 20 Pietas Avg, 16 Virtus 
AvG, 50 Pax Avg, 32 Invictvs, 37 Salvs Avg and 16 
Pbovidentia Avg, while the coins of Tetricus the Elder 
include 40 Pax Avg and 36 Laetitia Avg. The Brighton 
coins of all the Emperors are all different types. The 
coins are, on the whole, well preserved. 

The catalogue of the recently discovered hoai-d, which 
I now append, is in tho main a list of the "reverses" 



with references to MM. Cohen and Feuardent's Dejscr 



■f- 



tion hutorique ties monnaies frappHes soua V empire 
roTnain (second edition, 188.5-6) and statistics of the 
numbers of coins of each type. I have had the two 
parts of the hoard catalogued separately, because it was 



4 ROBCAN 00IN8 FOUND NEAR EASTBOURNE. 

not inconyenient to the cataloguer and it seemed likely 
to be convenient to those who have care of the coins. 
£ denotes the Eastbourne (Caldecott Museum) portion, 
L the Lewes Museum portion. 

The hoard, like most of such hoards, contains a few 
new varieties, which will be found under Postumus, 
Victorinus, Claudius, Gothicus and Petricus the Elder, 
but, so far as I can judge, none of them are of the least 
importance. It will be noticed that occasionally *yp^s 
have been grouped together under one heading. This 
has been done partly to save space, but very often it is 
inevitable, for with ill-preserved coins it is often easy to 
assign a specimen to a general type, such as Pax Avg 
represents, but very hard to identity the precise variety 
of the type to which it belongs. The differences between 
these varieties are in some cases very slight and dirt or 
wear or fracture may easily obliterate the distinguishing 
marks while leaving the general attribution of the coin 
fiairly certain. 

Valkriax (3 Coins). l e 

FELICTTAS AYGG. Cohen 53 1 1 

0EIEN8 AVGG. C. 140 1(2) —(1) 

Galliexvs (232 Coins). 

ABVNDANT and ABVNDANTL\ AYG. (four, 

field B). C. 1, 5 3 3 

AEQVITAS AVG. (field VI.). C. 24 — 2 

AETERN and AETERXITAS AVG. (three, field 

<r ; two, exergue MT). C. 35, 38 5 1 

ANNONA AYG. C. 56 and ? 60 — 3 

APOTJiTNI CONS. AVG. (two, exergue M, two Z). 

O 72 73 2 fi 
DIANAe' cons. AYG.* (exei^ue € ] V, XIL). 

C. 153, 154, 158, 165 14 15 

FIDES MILITYM (field N). C. 246 1 i 

FORT. REDVX (exergue MS). C. 261 2 — 

FORTUNA RED. and REDVX (nine, field S; 

one, exergue S). C. 265, 269, 279 9 6 

GENYS AVG. (field Q). C. 296 — 2 

HERCVLI CONS. AYG. (exergue €). C. 317 .. — i 

10 VI CONS. AVG. (exergue S). C. 342, 344 .. 3 3 

lOVI CONSERVAT. (field N). C. 361 4 1 

10 VI PROPYGNAT. (field XI.). C. 382 — 3 

lOVI VLTORI (field S). C. 402, 408 3 _ 

LAETITIA AVG. C. 423 2 5 



HOMAK COINS FOUND NEAR EASTBOURNE. 5 

LIBEEO P. CONS. AVG. (exergue B). C. 586 . 1 7 
LIBERT, and LIBERTAS AVG. (three, field XI.). 

C. 594, 596 / 2 3 

MARTI PACIFERO (field A or H or X). C. 617 6 2 

NEPTVNO CONS. AVG. (exergue N). C. 667.. 2 1 

0RIEN8 AVG. C. 690 3 — 

0RIEN8 AVG. (field Z). C. 699 — 3 

PAX AETERNA AVG. (field A). C. 718, 719.. 1 1 
PAX AVG. (field T or V or 8). C. 727—9, 739, 

747 7 10 

PIETAS AVG. and AVGG. (field S or X). C. 786, 

791 3 — 

P.M. TR.P. Vn. COS. (one, exergue MP and two 

MS). C. 819, 824, 826 2 1 

PROVI. and PROVID. AVG. (one, field M, one X ; 

one, exergue MP). C. 854, 859, 862, 864 4 6 

SALVS AVG. (one, field P; one, exergue MP). 

C 928 932 2 1 

SECVRIT.' PERPET.* (nine,' field H).* ' C." 96 i !.' ! ! 4 7 

8ECVR. TEMPO, (one, exergue MS). C. 949 . . 1 1 

SOLI. CONS. AVG. (exergue N or A). C. 979, 983 8 1 

VBERITAS AVG. (one, field C, nine c). C. 1008 6 6 

VICTORIA AET. (field Z). C. 1071 4 3 

VICTORIA AVGG.? — 1 

VIRTV8 AVG. C. 1221 1 — 

VIRTVS AVGG. C. 1301 — 1 

VIRTVS AVGVSTI (field X). C. 1322 1 1 

Undecipherable 11 (117) 6 (115) 

Saloninvs (2 Coins). 

CONSECRATIO? 1 — 

PIETAS AVG. C. 41 1 (2) — (0) 

Salonika (31 Coins). 

AVG. IN PACE (exergue S or MS). C. 17 . . . . 1 1 

FECVNDITAS AVG. (field A ). C. 39, 40 2 7 

rVNO AVG. (exergue MS). C. 55 2 1 

IVNO CONSERVAT. (one, field H and two N). 

C. 56 1 2 

IVNO REGINA (two, field Q). C. 60, 67 3 1 

IVNONI CONS. AVG. (exergue A). C. 70 .... — 1 

PIETAS AVG. C. 79 1 1 

PVDICITIA (one, exergue VI.). C. 92, 94 2 1 

VENVS GENETRIX. C. 121 1 1 

VENVS VICT, (exergue MS). C. 127 — 1 

VESTA. C. 143 1 (14) — (17) 

PosTVMVs (36 Coins). 

A COS. m. ? variety of Cohen 14. . — 1 

CONCORD. EQVITVM. C. 21 — l 

COS. in. or nn i — 



b ROMAN COINS POUND NEAR EASTBOURNE. 

L £ 

008. V. 0. 32 1 — 

FELICITAS AVG. 0. 39 1 — 

FIDES EQVIT. (exergue P). 0. 60 2 — 

IMP. X. 008. V. C. 144 3 1 

lOVI STATORI. 0. 159 — 1 

lOVI VIOTORI. 0. 161 2 3 

LAETITIA AVG. 0. 167 — 1 

MONETA AVG. 0. 199 1 2 

ORIENS AVG. 0.213 1 — 

PAX AVG. (field P). 0.215 2 4 

PAX EQVITVM (exergue T). 0. 228 1 1 

P.M. TR. P. COS. II. PP. 0. 243 1 1 

PROVIDENTIA AVG. 0. 295 — 1 

VTRTVS AVG. 0. 419 — 1 

VIRTVS EQUIT. 0. 441 2 (18) — (18) 

VicrroRiNVS (479 Ooins), 

AEQVITAS AVG. 0. 8, 9, 10 — 4 

FIDES MIUTVM. 0. 36 4 3 

INVIOTVS (field *). 0.49 47 49 

PAX AVG. (field V. and »). 0. 79 41 41 

PAX AVG. (one, field V. and *). 0. 83 3 3 

PIETAS AVG. 0. 90 24 21 

PROVIDENTIA AVG. 0. 101 36 28 

SALVS AVG. 0. 112 21 22 

SALVS AVG. 0. 118 31 28 

VrOTORIA AVG. 0. 126 1 1 

VIRTyS AVG. 0.131 31 17 

Undecipherable 6 15 

VIOTOKIA AVG. Victory to right. Apparently 

a new type — I 

.1 OOMITI AV(G.)— perhaps Serapidi 

Comiti Aug, Apparently a new type 1 (246) — (233) 

Marivs (4 Ooins). 

SAEO FELIOITAS. 0.13 I — 

VIOTORIA AVG. 0. 21 — 2 

VIRTVS AVG. 0. 22 1 (2) — (2) 

Tetricvs Senior (602 Ooins). 

OOMES AVG. 0. 17, 18 34 30 

OONOORDIA AVG. 0.22 1 — 

FIDES AVGG. ? Apparently a new type 1 — 

FIDES MILITVM. C. 37, 43 8 6 

HILARITAS AVGG. 0. 54 36 45 

LAETITIA AVGG. or AVG. N. 0. 71, 75 .... 57 53 

PAX A VG. . 95, 96 56 49 

PRINO IWENT. Apparently a new type, a 

variety of 0. 131, with legend IMP. 0. 

TETRIOVS, &c 1 — 



ROMAN CX)INS FOUND NEAR EASTBOURNE. 7 

PRINC IWENT. ? 0. 131 — 1 

PROVIDEN . . Apparently a new variety of C. 133 

or 134, with legend IMP. TETRICVS, &c. . . 1 — 
SALVS AVGG. Apparently a new variety, with 

head of Tetricus to left — 1 

SALVS AVGG. 0. 153, 164 29 33 

SPES PVBLICA. 0. 170, 172 17 17 

VICTORIA AVG. C. 185, 187 12 — 

VICTORIA AVG.? — 1 

VIRTVS AVGG. C. 207 22 23 

Barbarous 1 — 

RBIS (exergue 1). Probably Pocator orfrw, 

a 89 — 1 

lUegible 46 (322) 20 (280) 

Tetricvb Junioe (142 Coins). 

COMES AVG. C. 5 1 1 

PAX AVG. C. 34 6 6 

PIETA8 AVGG. or AVGVSTOR. C. 48, 53, 59, 60 16 20 

PRINC IWENT. C. 62 6 6 

SALVS AVGG. (one barbarous) — 3 

SPES AVGG. C. 88 55 50 

SPES PVBLICA. C. 97 26 24 

Barbarous 1 — 

lUegible 11 (122) 12 (120) 

Clavdivs Gothicvs (251 Coins). 

ADVENTVS AVG. C. 3 — 1 

AEQVITAS AVG. (two, field S). C. 6, 7, 10, 12 . 12 9 

AETERNITAS AVG. (field N). C. 16 — 1 

ANNONA AVG. (four, field A). C. 21, 22. .... . 8 9 

ANNON A AVG. ? Apparently a new variety, with 

legend DIVO CLAVDIO 1 — 

CONCORD. EXER. C. 35 1 — 

CONSECRATIO (one barbarous). C. 41, 43, 46, 

50, 52, 54 14 25 

DIANA LVCIF. ? C. 69 1 — 

FELIC. TEMPO (one, exergue T). C. 74 I 1 

FELIC. TENPO. C. 77 1 — 

FELICITAS AVG. (four, field B). C. 79, 80 ... . 6 4 

FIDES EXERCI (field XI.). C. 84, 86, 87 ... . 2 6 
FIDES MILIT. a7id MILITVM (two, exergue 8 ; 

two, field €). C. 88, 92 3 3 

FORTVNA RED. C. 98, 106 2 — 

GENIVS AVG. (field F). C. 109 2 — 

GENIVS EXEROL C. 114 2 4 

lOVI STATORL C. 124 2 1 

lOVI VICTORI. C. 129 7 8 

LAETITIA AVG. C. 138 3 — 

LIBERALITA8 AVG. C. 144 3 3 



8 ROMAN COINS FOUND NEAR EASTBOURNE. 

LIBERT, and LIBERTA8 AVG. (one, field X.). 

C. 150-2 1 7 

MAES VLTOR and ? VICTOR, (field H). C. 159, 

160 2 4 

ORIENS AVa. C. 186 1 — 

PAX AVG. (one, field H, two nr ; one, exergue nr). 

C. 197?, 198, 202 4 4 

PAX AVaVSTI. C. 204 2 — 

P.M. TR. P. n. COS. P.P. C. 214 — 2 

PROVID. or PROVIDEN. or PROVIDENT. AVQ. 

(field Xn., once S ; two, exergue XII.). C. 220, 

223, 227, 230 7 10 

SALVS AVG. C. 262, 265 3 3 

SECVRIT AVG. (field XI.). C. 268 2 — 

SPES AVG. (field V.). C. 276 1 1 

SPES PVBLICA (exergue P). C. 284 2 4 

TEMPORVM FELI. (field P). C. 285 1 1 

VICTORIA AVG. (two, field A). C. 293, 294, 303 2 7 
VIKTVS AVG. (two, field e, one a, one B). C. 313, 

315,318 9 4 

Undecipherable 12 (120) 9 (131) 

QviNTiLLVs (11 Coins). 

CONGO. EXERC. C. 8 — 1 

FIDES MILITVM (field €). C. 28 2 1 

PAX AVGVSTI (field A). C. 52 — 1 

PROVIDENT. AVG. (one, field S). C. 59 — 2 

SECVRIT. AVG. (field XI.). C. 63 — l 

VICTORIA AVG. (field f). C. 70 1 _ 

VTRTVS AVG. (field B). C. 73 1(4) 1 (7) 

AvRELiAN (6 Coins). 

CONCORD. MILIT.? — i 

MARTI PACIF (field X.). C. 131 — i 

PANNONIAE. C. 166 1 _ 

RESTITVT. ORIENTIS. C. 201 1 _ 

SECVRIT. AVG. C. 225 — i 

VIRT. MILITVM. C. 261 — (2) I (4) 

Tacit vs (3 Coins). 

MARS VICTOR (field B or *). C. 57 — 2 

TEMPORVM FELICITAS. C. 144 1 (i) _ (2) 

Probvs (2 Coins). 

COMES AVG. (field A). C. 105 _ i 

VICTORIA AVG. (running type) 1 (i) _ (i) 

Emperor's Name Undecipherable 74 95 

Totals 1,047 1,026 



PmREFORMATION VIC.^EJi OF CUCKFIELD. 



By the Rev. CANON J. H. COOPER. Vkar 



In our "S.A.O.," Vol. XL., p. 183, is printed the Agi-ee- 
ment between St. Uichard and the Priory of Lewes for 
the "Erection" of the Vicarage of Cut'ktield, as given in 
a transcript made by Thomas Vicars, Vicar of Cuckfield 
1622 to 1638. At that date the original was probably 
in the Biwhop's Registry, to which, as the son-in-law of 
Bp. Carleton, he would have free access ; it has long ago 
disappeared. In the Collections of Bp. Rede, c. 1400, is 
fortunately preserved (E. f. 220) the first sentence of the 
"Ordinatio Vic. Cokefeld," from which it is clear that 
the name of the first vicar was Wai'necamp. This name 
shows the transition from the Wamechara of Dome.sday 
Book to the Wamingcamp of to-day. In the Subsidy 
Roll of 1412 John Warnecamp belci lands in Arundel, 
&c., and was himself a Commissioner of the Subsidy 
("S.A.C.," Vol. v., pp. 130, 137). 

In 1279 Archbishop Peckham instituted on " 12 Kal. 
Jan. at Coppcford Walter Vicar of Cokefeud to Cheiham 
[Cheam] by ApostoHc mandate" (Registrum Epistolarum 
Jo. Peckham ed. Martin, Vol. Ill,, p. 1014), and in 1292 
" 16 Kal. Sept. at Mortlake Will de Bosco to the Church 
of Clieham Winton Dioc. vice Walter late Hector deceased 
in the Archbishop's Patronage" (ditto, p. 1012). 

I am indebted to the Rev. J. L. Booker for references 
in the De Banco Hulls to two Vicars of Cuckfield not 
mentioned in the papej- on the Pre- Reformation Vicars 
("S.A.C.," Vol. XLIII., p. 51). In 1306 Walter, Vicar 
of Cukefeld and Warden of the priests (prcsbytororum) 
of Wyndeham, complains that Richard de Boys and Henry 
de la More had carried off liis cattle ;' as the defendants 

upecioUy entile. Hence Uio 



10 PRE-REPORMATION ^^CARS OP CUCKFIELD. 

did not appear, Richard was to be arrested by Robert the 
Chapman and Richard Dygon, and Henry by Richard 
atte Wode, and Robert Grulbe.* Walter .... was 
Warden' (Gustos) of the Hospital of St. Edmund at 
Wyndham, founded in 1260 as a home for sick clergy* 
by Simon de Bosco of Alboume, Nigel, son of Ralph de 
Brok, and others, who made over certain lands in Sher- 
manbury to John [of Cl}Tnping], Bishop of Chichester, 
and his successors, for this purpose. In Bp. Rede's 
Collections^ is the '* Ordinatio Hospitalis Scti Edmundi 
de Wyndeham de patronatu Epi. Cicest." The lands 
and buildings of this Hospital were taken by Bishop 
Sherburne, in order to found one of his Wiccamical 
Prebends at Chichester.* A home for sick and infirm 
clergy in such a charming spot would be of still greater 
advantage in the twentieth than in the thirteenth century, 
and it seems allowable to regret Bp. Sherburne's action — 
which at this distance looks rather like a robberj^ of Peter 
for the benefit of Paul. Is it unreasonable to hope that 
the ancient revenues hiay be restored to their original 
purpose V 

Mr. Booker has also shown me an interesting entry in 
the De Banco Roll of 1311, referring to another Vicar, 
John Springam, It states that John Filiol and Paulina 
his wife complain by Michael Piccube, their attorney, 
that John Springam, Vicar of Cokefeld, executor of the 
will of Katherine, w4fe of William do Echingham,® had 

« De Banco. No. liil. :U Edw. I.. Mkh.. m. 31U*«. 

» The Cu^tos is stvlwl **The Abbot of Wmclham" in the Shermanbuix Manor 
Court RoUof 1373." 

* In sustacionem debilium clericorum. 
» E. f. 233. • 

* In Bp. Sherbtirne's* Resist or ^C, f. 32' occurs the entrr of the Collation in 
1521 of the first oi these l*rtbendiirie? : Thomas Spyre to the Prebend of 
Wrndhaiu, '* jam uuper erectam." 

T The lands are now known as Abbey lands, and are in the poeeeeeion of the 
Rev. John Goring. There are no remains of the buildings. Information kindly 
given by the Rev. H. W. Htuit. 

* In 1307 WiUiam de Echinpham surrendered for £100 a corrody, which gare 
him the right of being hot^pitably entertained at Lewe? Priory four times a 
yeiir. when he retireii thither on the iinpv>rtant ixvju-^ii>n of hi« quarterly blood- 
letting. John Filol i> a witness to this surrender v"5>.A.C.," Vol. II.', p. 15; 
IX.. p. 311,. 



I'RE-REFORMATION VICARS OF CDCKFIELD. 



U 



not paid the £20 due to them. As he did not appear 
the sheriff was ordered to attach John [Langton], Bishop 
of Chichester, that ho niiglit bring up tlie said John, his 
clerk. The sheriif is to attach the Bishop by Liic. de 
Suth, and William his brother ; they are to distrain on 
the Bishop's lands and make him produce his clerk." 
Springain was Vicar in 1333, as appears from a Feet of 
Fines. Before Will, de Hayle, John de Stonore, John 
de Cantabiygg, and other Justices at Westminster, Robert 
Queeche ot Clayton, and John Springam, parson of the 
Church of Cokefcid, agi-ce that John should recognise 
the right of Robert to one messuage, one virgato of 
arable land, five acres of pasture, 3D acres of wood, 20 
of furze, and a rent of six shillings and five pence in 
Cokefeld, on the payment by Robert of 100 marks of 
silver, ^^ 



THE ELIZABETHAN VICARS OF CUCKFIELD. 

(Cmttimud from Vol. XLIII., p. 58.) 



The Princess Anne of Cleves died in 1557, and the 
Church property allowed to her for her life reverted to 
the Cro^vn. In tlie 2nd of Elizabeth the rectory of 
Cuckfield" (tota ilia rectoria nostra, et ecdesia nostra de 
Cokefeld) was sold with that of Sutton in Ashford, Notts, 
and an estate at Hardingston, near Northampton, to 
"James Hardewyke of Hardewyko in the County of 
Derby Esquire" tor £410. los. Od. The so-called grant, 
,a lengthy document, exists in the Patent Rolls of 1559.^ 

He Boiico. Ko. 181. 4 Edw. II., HU., ni. 222. 
F*et of Fine?, Sussei, 7 Edw. III., Nq. 113. 

i.e., lliat pDrtiim of the ftucicnt CDdownient given by the Eatle of Wnrrennt' 
letomed bj Luwea I'riorr, not the amallcr portion rcBttred bj St. Rithurd for tlic 
View. 

i* P»t. Hot., 2 ElU,, pnrt H, m. 6: ■' Jacobo Hardwyck, Ann. I{ect<)rima de 
ikefeld, et alln in com. Nottinfr." I have had a corrected copy math and stored 
Uie Vortry chest at Cuckfltld.-.l. U. C. 



12 ELIZABETHAN YICABS OF CUCKFIELD. 

In the Memoranda Rolls of the next year is the following 
Inspeximus, which contains the gist of the matter : 

*' We have inspected the Eoll dated at Weetminster 10 Dec. 2 Eliz., 
1559, which is as follows — Know all men that we for £410. 15 paid 
by James Hardwick of the county of Derby, armiger, have granted 
him and his heirs all that our rectory and church of Cokefeld in the 
county of Sussex late in the tenure and occupation of John Savage, 
late parcel of the possessions of the late Lady Anne of Oeve defunct, 
for the term of life granted her by King Henry 8." " 

James Hardwick was the brother of " Bess of Hard- 
wick," who survived him and inherited the Hardwick 
estate. She married Sir William Cavendish ; ** their 2nd 
son, William, was created Earl of Devonshire, and became 
the direct ancestor of the Dukes of Devonshire. The 
annual value of the *' property " is set forth in the grant 
thus: 

£ 9. d. 

Rectory, &c. of Cuckfield 30 6 

„ * „^ Sutton" 7 8 6 

Farms at Westcotton and Hardington 3 10 

Tenement at Houghton in Skaresdale^ 17 

£42 1 6 

The bells and the lead (save that in the gutters and 
windows I) and also the advowsons of the two parishes 
were exempted from the grant and reserved to the 
Crown : 7s. 4d. was to be paid annually to the Bishop 
for Procurations, and £4 to the Vicar of Cuckfield ''pro 
stipend io $hk\' The other parishes, Sutton and Houghton, 
are near Hardwick, and the rector^' of the former is still 
in the pi>ssosi>ion of the Cavendishes : why Cuckfield was 
included it is nut easy to conjei*ture, unless as a specula- 
tion. Anvhow in a few weeks it was sold again, and this 
time to a Cuckfield man. An agreement was made before 
the Justices at Westminster in October, 1560," by which 

^ Mem^^nuuia Ki>ll. Loni Trt^iswir^s Rtmimbr^nctr, Trin., S Elix., f. 14. 

** l^ne of Henrr's Ov.>iiiiiiissiiv>iier5 fv>r Sup|«i»isin^ Maiufcs««i»- 

** Fv>nnorlT in the j^ws^^sion of Thurptft«Mi PrioiT. 

** FonxK-rlT beloiiging to Ham{>eT.^Ie l>iv^, \\>rk. 

" Fert of Fiiu^ i Fill,, lUl. No, l.>^, Su5swx. In those dj^rs ffilmiy Tenn 
eaikd o& St. liiUirV I^t, F^K 13. 



ELIZABETHAN VICAKS OF CUCKFIELD. 

James Hardvryke, Knight, and Elizabeth his wife graated 
to John Hussey, Esq., the rectory and church of Coke- 
felde, a messuage, barn, garden, and 30 acres of land, on 
payment of £40 sterling. 

On the death of Savage Hugh Mellers became Vicar, 
as appears from Bishop Barlow's Register:^* 

1561. " VI Mali ttdmissua ot inatitutiis fuit hugo Mellera ad vicariam 
de Cukefelde per mortem Magiatri Jo. Savaggo Toouam."" 

At the same Bishop's Visitation, held Sept., 1564, at 
St. Mary's Westout, there were cited : 

Cuckfelde — Das Imgli MoUora vie. JehoB Huso, rector. Johea 
Brytt, Thomas Bun-ell, John Holinwoode, William Blundell." 

Only one more record of this Vicar has been found — 
that of his holding once the court of his manor ; 
"Curia. Hugome Mellor. Novemb' 16. An' Elk. 5°." 

In 1568 Bishop Barlow died, and after two years the 
Dean of Chichester, Richard Curteys, a Lincolnshire 
man, of St. John's, Cambridge,*' was appointed to the 
See on the strong recommendation of Arclibishop Parker, 
whose chaplain he was. He was consecrated on Trinity 
Sunday, 1570, "gratia," i.e., without payment of fees. 
He presented his brother Edmund to our vicarage, and 
about the same time to the Prebend of Thorney. The 
29th Oct., 13 Eliz., 1571, is the date given in the Index 
to the Composition Books. Edmund had been at Clare 
Hall, and was ordained*' by Bishop Coxe, of Ely, "a 
judicious patron of deserving young men," at Trinity, 
1566, the examining chaplain being Dr. (afterwards 

" Bp. Barlow'8 Reg., P., t. 19. 

'• Cookteld v., Hugo Mellers, 9 Jan., 1&81. " Indei to Compoaitioua," Seriw 
., Vol. 3. 

" "Bichud Curteys, pntrit LtucolnieaFis, AcademU Ciuitab. PresHter Becularis 

,e.T.P. consecr. 9 Maii. 1570." " Laaaduwiie US." (Bp. Kennett'e), B82, f. 21. 

^The Dftme U spelt Curl«is, Cortoye, C<iorte«8e. CoortiBe. The arme of the Bialiop 

~~en "2 pallets on a chipf patty of 4 parted bsiinwaies ia the upper part 

tnartleta " (" Idiisdowne 318.," S82. f. 21). " Paly of six or oud at. on a tesa 

tiequy or. and sa. 3 martlete or" ["Ath. Cant.," p. 458 ; Berry's " Encyclopwdia 

ienldica" for Curtoys, LioiMilnntdre) ; engraved m Archbishop Parker's '' Anti- 

[uitates Rritancica- ," "S.A.C.," Vol. X., p. 54, 

>i " Edmuud Curtia, aulie Clarcni: ;" ordained priest 3G May (Ely Kegistere). 



14 EUZABETHAK VICARS OF CUCKFIELD. 

Archbishop) Whitgift ; he remained at Qimbridge seven 
years as "minister of S. Gyles,"" until Lord Keeper 
Bacon gave him the living of Yaxley, Hunts, and very 
soon after the Bishop of Ely presented him to Swavesey, 
Cambs.** He was there in January, 157}, as appears from 
a will case in the Bishop's Court, the record of which 
described him as " dns Edmundus Curteys, clericus, 
Vicarius de Swavesye, ibidem moram trahens per spacium 
unius anni, oriundus apud Ha}niton in com. Lincoln 
^tatis 26 annorum vel circiter." He signs his deposition 
" Edmundus Cortesse." He remained at Swavesey for a 
year and on 3rd Feb., 1571, was admitted to the vicarage 
of Cuckfield.** On 25th May, 15 Eliz. (1573), "Edmund 
Coortis then Vicar did elect and choose Ninian Chaloner 
and George Board coadjutors to the school."* His 
removal to Cuckfield was not for his happiness; he fell 
out with the Squire, Henry Bowyer (a successful iron- 
master, who had bought Cuckfield Park in 1564),* 
apparently in consequence of a rebuke he thought it 
his duty to give him for misbehaviour with one of his 
servants. The first document relating to this trouble is 
the following Petition of the Parishioners to the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury [Grindal], dated 24th May, 1576.*' 

** We whose names are subscribed are able to wytneea and testify 
iinto your Grace that M' Edmunde Coortesse, Yicar of Coockfelde, ham 
been lame and sickelye since his first coming hither, who notwith- 
standing hathe by hymself so farre fourthe as his infirmitie would 
suffer hym, and also by others, procured this parishe so well to be 
served that we have good cause to think well of the reale and behaviour 
of the sayd M' Edmunde Coortesse in discharging his dewtie in his 
callinge, and also of his diligence in procuring service to be trulie and 
dewlie said according to the Queen's Majestie's lawes. Moreover 
because of his infirmities and sickness he is not able to take such 
paynes in reading and preaching as we hope that yf it please GK>d to 
restore h^-m to his healthe he wolde do, yet notwithstanding, and these 
are to certifie ^-^ grai^e that of late the said M' Edmunde Coortesse 

** He was there at the Visitation in 1567. 

» Instituted to Swavesey 21 Jan.. 15f||. 

** Bishop Curteys' Register, F., f. 35. A blank is left for the name of the 
last Incumbent. 

* Foundation Peed of the Cuckfield Free Gnunmar School. 

» " S.A.C./' Vol. XUI., p. i6. 

» State Papers, Dom., Elii. 



I ELIZABETHAN VICAltS OF CUCKFIELD. 15 

kimself hath preached to the gorily and zealous Bormona at divers 
tTmee amongst ue. 

Signed Mistrees Jone by vie Nynyan 

Michell, wydowe." CItalorter, gent." 
Per vie Georghitn Boordm, gent. 
Edmunds Chaloner, gent." 
Jotm Chaloner, gent."' 
Robert Burrell, gent. 
John Bonyface, 
Franiiia Billj-nghuret. 
Richard Staub ridge." 

And others, including 21 " yeomen " — in fact, nearly all 
the principal inhabitants of the parish. 

Among tlie State Papers is tlio Vicar's appeal to tlie 
Lord Chief Justice and " the rest of the llonourable 
Bench" from the East Sussex Quarter Sessions of the 
previous October; it is dated 20 Jan., 1578, and states 
that " your orator (i.e., petitioner) since the time whilest 
he hath continued Vicar hath emjiloyed his studie to the 
profiting of Christos flock comytted to his charge in 
preaching and teaching, and also hath ledde his life in 
such honest sort as dotho best become his vocation by 
■which his diligence and conversation he liathe wone the 
harte of most part of his paiisliioners," in proof of which 
he encloses " the testimonye " sent by them to the 
Archbishop. It continues, that "Henry Boyer together 
■with his complices hath been the persecutor of y' said 
orator by the space of these six yeares working by all 
means to impaire the good name of tlie sayde orator and 
so get him deprivid of his lyvinge, and liath linked 
himself in league with such parishioners as have found 
themselves agrievod with him for charitablie admonishing 
them of dissolute life. And have indicted y' said orator 

" Widow o( Edmund Miuhell, of Ockenden. Sbi' died iu 1580, huving survived 
hot buabaud '22 yetire. 

" Nlnion Chaloner proved n most faithful friend of the Vicar's, nua goiufj to 
niKin on hia beliidf with Thouuu Michell. He was tbo eldmt sun of WtUiain 
CWoner, u( Holmtt^, aud married the Michell's duughter Cicelj. The CuokSeld 
Begirteruf Durinlshas : " IliOS. Sept. 26. NmlonChaloner,g«iitill. being almott 
of the age of 4 tieore years." 

" " Edmund Chaliuor gent and senior a bachelor of famous memorie aired 73 " 
Buried 1611. Dee. 3 (BegiaterJ. 

■> John Cbalinorof Bramaiapfl, buried 1G07, Nov. lit, " bachelor who was about 
J score nud 10 years of age " (Cuckflcld Register). 



16 ELIZABETHAN VICARS OF CUCKFIELD. • 

as a common Barrettor"" with "the countenance of 
cei-tain Justices, Sir John Pelham," George Goring 
esquyer,** Henrie Barkley esquyer^ and Doctor Overton, 
who are known to be open enemies of Richard Bishoppe 
of Chichester y' orator's natural brother. . . . May yt 
therefore please y' good 1/ and this honorable Oorte 
favourablie to admit this his complaint and answeres 
made to their pretended articles granting to y' saide 
orator such space and tyme of proofe with redress of his 
griefs as by law and favorable justice may be admitted. 
And y said orator shall be bounden both he, his wife and 
poore children, to praye unto God for the dmlie exercise 
of y' L^ honor with prosperous success in all y* honors' 
affairs. Lastlie he beseecheth y* honors to grant unto 
him a commission both to examine the articles whereof 
he was indycted and also the rest of his lyfe, for he 
reserveth himself to be tryed by his parisnioners and 
other parishes adjoining. 

'' By y most humble and poore orator 

'' Edmunde Coortesse."*' 

Bowyer had now enlisted on his side, by some means 
or other, Elizabeth's unscrupulous minister, Sir Francis 
Walsingham,** then in the height of his power, and a 
letter was written by him to Curteys' brother, the Bishop 
desiring him to deprive the Vicar(apparently without trial) 
and to give the liN-ing to a nominee of his. It is endorsed: 
'"^ 6 March 1578.^ To the bushoppe of chichester for the 

* Or barrator, a quarrelsome persim. brawler, rowdj; or, aa a law term, 
** one who from malioioii:>ues6 raises discord between neighbours ** (** Muiraj's 
Dietionarv**-. 

» Sir John Pelham, of Lau^hton. M.P. for Sussex, died 1580. 

•* CJeorge Goring, of Lewes and Dannr, *• Terr well thought of for exequeutyng 
the office of peace ** ,»' S.A.C./* Vol. XL. p. 64 ; IL, p. 59}. 

•* Or Bartlett, son of Robert Bartlett. of Stopham. 

* William Overton, 1>.D., IVeb. of Hore, 1561. Treasurer of Chichester 
Cathedral. 1567— 15S0 ; autht>r of ** A Godly Elxhortation to the Justices of Sussex 
at the As:>izes there." 1578. 

^ State Paper*. Domestic, 1-Uizabeth, Vol. CXXIX., Xo. 16. 

* He died in 158v*<, '* ruined in fortune and wearr of ungrateful sernoe," for 
though he stoi>i.K>il to the meanest devices on behalf of the Queen, she rewarded 
him onlv with the contempt he deserx'ed. 

» State Papers, Dom., Vol. 130, Xo. 1. 



removing of the ill vicaire of Cuckfield and placying one 
Robinson in his roome," and is as follows ; 

Having of lute received a very Iiard iniormation against tlie 
vicaire of Cuckfeild not only for kie inBufEcieneie in knowledge for 
the charge of that great flock, but also for his unworthiness to have 
anie auca pastoral charge at all in the church, his ignoranoo being so 
great and his lyfe so vjle, I was bo much the more grieved with the 
Bayde information as I underatoode this ill miniflter to be neere to y' 
' ' Wood and kyndred : and yet as well for that I am assured that 
never so tyed to you in nature you will preferre the care of the 
ohurche before all natural respects as also for the love I bears yo' L : 
I thought good to let you understand what I have heard not doubtying 
but that you will have that care w" is requisite for the removing ol ao 
great offence not only from the good gentlemen, and people of that 
pariflhe, w"" as I heare be in number BOO comunicantB," but also clenre 
from all ecclesiastical function within yo' diocease. But because it is 
.gh to remove the evil except there be a care lykewyse to 
plant some good and fitt man in liis place, I have been moved to 
recoffiend unto you one Robinson" a baeheler in divinitie of verie rare 
gyftea as weU in knowledge and utterance as in conversation of lyfe 
to be preferred to the said Vicaridge, whom yf it shall please yo' L: 
to admitt to that roome after the removying the Incumbent that nowe 
is, you shall not only doe a verie acceptable thing to that whole 
pnnnhe, and cnmendable to y' self, but prevent also such ill rumors as 
peradrenture by the comon enemies of our profession, the papists I 
meane, to spread of y' L ; for sufferyng so unmete a minister to have 
anie pastoral chardge. And thus hopying you will accept this my 
writyng as a token of my unfayned good will" enforcing mee to let 
you knowe both what I have heard, and what I wish to be by you 
done in this case. I coiiiend yo' L : most hartely to God. 

From the Court the 6 of Marche 1S78. 

To' L : loving and assured frond." 

Appended to the letter is : 

"A note of the lewd vicar of Ouokfield. The number of com- 
municants there 800. The people well affected to rehgion. The living 
Buftlcient for a learned preacher. The pastor now Idolum, voyd of aU 
learning and discretion, a prophanor or the Sacraments, a depraver of 
preachers, a scoffer at singing of psalms ... a qitareUer, convicted 

ike "houHelUag prople," of the eorlier years of the 
lot so much antuiu commuaicalits, as persoiiK of an age, 
adult pATishionera, and aneweni to our modem use at 
the word " eool"." 

ti A John Itobinson matriculated at Pembroke Hall in 15.50, woh President of 
Bt. John*a College, Oxford, from 1564 to 15T2, when he was appointed Precentor 
of Lincoln: be died Rector of Somersham in 1597, 

•" Notwithstftndinif these very civil words, Walningham seems to have given 
great provocation to the Bishop oiJy a year before, for he writes to th? Council in 
April, 1377 : " As mj dealing in temporal cau,seH bod bred offence 1 heff to be 
cuTUMid such bnsinasB hereafter that 1 may better attend my proper onicu of 
{ireaabing itnd pisfet " {t^lat« Faper», Dom., EJiz., Vol. XXV.). 

XUV. o 



18 ELIZABETHAN YICASS OF CUCKFIELD. 

for a oommon baratter . . . and a contemner of her Majesties' 
Lawee."« 

The Vicar's answer to these charges is contained in a 
letter to Walsingham, dated 31 May, 1579,** endorsed : 

** Prom the Vicar of Ouckfield to my verye friend secretarie 
Walsinghame at the Court or els where gpive these. 

I was made mjnyster by the bishoppe of Ely xyi years ago being 
then Student in Saint John's CoUidge in Cambridge, and I was then 
thought mete to be in the mynysterye by the said right reverend 
father, and also by M' doctor Whytgyft^ at that time being his positor 
bothe for my learning and religion, and also for conversation and good 
behaviour and I continued therein vii years minister of 8^ Qyles being 
parish church to Magdalen's CoUidge. After that I was preferred to 
a benefice by my L^ keeper [Nicholas Bacon] late deceased a parish of 
great worshippe called Yaxley, and from thence by my L^ feishoppe 
of Mye to a benefice called Swavesey. All this time my eood name 
was never called into question though myne enymyes of late in all 
these places have searched my lyfe. And my conversation is no other 
now than it was then which I doubt not to prove by the testimonials 
of mine honest neighbours yf I might obtain a commission for the 
trial of my behaviour, and not upon the false information of myne 
enymyes upon for^d articles be condemned. Indeed the cause of all 
my trouble ys for that I have sought the punishment of oertaine wicked 
men w** have two wyves a pece now alyve. . . . Wherefore I beseech 
y' honor to suspend your judgment imtill I have tryed myself by Lawe. 

From Cuckfield the last day of Maye 

by y' honor's most humble orator 

Edmunde Coortesse. 

As touching the talk w** my Lord Buckhurst^ had with me concerning 
resignation of my vicarid^e these are to advertise y* honor that I 
cannot resign as he wolde have me without committing symonie. As 
both Doctor Forde and other learned men have certifyed me which 
thing I told my L : when I talked with him. And thereupon he willed 
me to take a fortnight's deliberacion to ask my counsaile. Wherefore 
seeing I could not do so I beseech y' honor that I may sett a learned 
preacher under me to serve the cure and preach." 

Strype*'' tells us that ^^ the Vicar was summoned before 
the Commissioners,*® and as yet no sentence was passed 

^ **A hideous character of a Clergyman, if there were not malice at the 
bottom" (Strype, ** Annals," n., 17). 

** State Papers, Dom., Elizabeth, Vol. CXXXI., No. 18. 

** Professor of Divinity, 1563 : ** positor " for appositor, examiner. 

^ Thomas Sackville, created Baron Buckhurst, 1564. 

« " Annals," IL, 17. 

^ The Ecclesiastical Commissioners were appointed in July, 1559, in compliance 
with 1 Eliz., c. I., 17 (they were 19 in number), for enforcing the Acts of 
Supremacy and Uniformity (c/. " Blunt*s Reformation," II., p. 352 ; ** Caldwell's 
Doc. Annals," I., p. 223). 



ELIZABETHAN VICARS OF CDCKPIELD. 

upon him but be remained still in his place : whereat 
several of his parishionerK gentlemen there resorted unto 
the Lord Treasurer [William Cecil, Lord Burghley], for 
the removal of so scandalous a person. That lord was 
moved by their complaints to send again to the Bishop 
to suffer him no longer to abide in his living. The 
Biffhop answered {30 March, 1579) that his causes had 
been heard before Archbishop Parker and Bishop Sandes,*" 
and yet the cause depended before the liign Commis- 
eioners in S. Pauls, and that from thence an inferior 
judge could not well recall the same." But the Council 
■were not going to let the matter drop, and at their meet- 
ing on 16 Jan., 1580,'*' they directed that a letter should 
be written "to M' Doane of Paules [Nowell] M'' Deane 
of the Arches [Aubrey]], M' Mullins Archdeacon of 
London, and Doctour Hamon [John Hammond] with a 
certain complaint exhibited unto their Lordships against 
one Edmund Curtes, Vicar of Curffield [sfcj requiring 
them that calling the said Curtes before them they would 
heare the said cause, and understanding what proofes 
&c maie bo alleged against him, to certifie their Lord- 
ships what they shall liave founde therein, and what 
their opinion is that further order maie be taken accord- 
ingly." The next month the matter is again before the 
Council" with the result that a letter is written "to the 
Lord Bishop of London and the Commissioners Eccle- 
aiasticall that whereas a certain complaint being exhibited 
unto their Lordships against Edmund Curtes, Vicar of 
Curkfielde their Lordships having referred the same to 
M' Deane of Paules, M' Doctor Clerke the Archdeacon of 
London,** and M' Doctor Hamond, were enformed that 

" Edwin 8(uid;e, BUhop of Londou, 1570, Archbishop of York, 1377. 
*> The Coimcillora present were: The Lord Chauncclor (Sir Thos. Bromlej), Lord 
idminl (Edwud Lotd Clinton, created Earl of Lincoln in 1572). Erie of Warwick 
' nbroM Dudley), ErleotfLeycester (Robert Dudley), LoTdHundon, Mr-TKaaurar 
the Hontohold. Sir P. Knollys) . Mr. Comptroller (Sir Jbs. Crofts), Ur. Secretary 
Taialngbnin, and Hr. Chaunceler of the Exdiequier (Sir TboRioa Mildmaj). 
" Acta of the Privy Council, Fab., IS80, In addition to the Councillors prsKut 
at the lonner nteeting there were Mr. Vice -Chamberlain (SirThomas Heneaffe) , Erie 
«IB«lford(Franci«Ruseel],2ndEarl). and the other Secretaf7(Dr.Thomaa Wilson). 
•> At this time Archbishop Grindal was suspend«l. A letter of his in 1379 is 
j|ddr«Mod " to my loring friends H' D' Aubrey, and M' If W. Clerk now exorcining 
fte inriadiotion of the See of Canterbury " (" Parker Society, Grindal," p. iot). 

2 



20 ELIZABETHAN VICABS OF CUCKFIELD. 

in the year 1576 he was eon vented before the Commis- 
sion Ecclesiastical!, and also the last yere presented to 
the Bishop of Chichester's Chauncelour for sundrie his 
misdemeanours, considering the enormitie of the faultes 
which are sufficiently proved against him, and whereof 
there is no hope of amendment, for avoyding of further 
offence and slander, his Lordship [Bishop Aylmer of 
London] and the rest are required to proceade to the 
deprivacion of the said Vicar both from his vicarage, and 
also from exercising any function ecclesiasticall in the 
ministerie elsewhere." Accordingly Curteys was deprived 
of his Vicarage and Prebend of Thomey by the Bishop 
of London, 5 Jan., 1581. 

Curteys, however, declined to leave the Vicarage- 
house, and on 28 Feb., 1581, at the Council meeting, 
another letter was written : 

" To Docter Barckley, Walter Covert, and John Apseley, esquires," 
that whereas upon complaint heretofore exhibited by the parishioners 
of Guckfield against Edmond Curtese their late Vicar for sundrie his 
demeanures, the cause having been brought befor the Comissioners 
Ecclesiasticall, and by them judiciallie heard, and the said Ourtese 
deprived as well of that Vicarage as of his functyon in the ministerie, 
and whereas in respecte of his povertye, and that he was unprovided 
of convenient mayntenance, he hath been suffered sythence the tyme 
of his deprivacion being a whole yere, to continue in the Vicarage 
house, and to enjoy the benefitt of the glebe land : for as muche as m 
consideracion of his necessitie there is nowe farder gplven unto him : 
by wage of charitye xl" to be paid unto him by the parishioners, and 
oerten fruites of that Vicarage sequestered in the tyme of the contro- 
versie depending, and thereuppon it is ordered with his own assent, 
that by v^ of the next month he shall deliver into the hands of the 
nowe Incumbent, as well the said Vicarage house, as also shall voyde 

•■ Pedigree showing the relationship of the persons mentioned in this letter : 
John Apsley. ^a.ne Michell, William Barttlelot, John Covert.=j=Eliz. Cooke. 



d. 1587. 



of Cuckfield. of Stopham. d. 1558. 

b. 1504. d. 1601. 



William. Mary.=j=Robert Barttelot. Richard.=y:Anne Henley. 



d. 1592. 



b. 1576.T ' d. 1579.T 

I I 1 ^ 

Richard.^^ary, Sir Walter, 

b. 1503. I m. 1584. o. s.p. 1031. 

d. 1614. ^ , 

Walter, M.P. for Bramber. 

b. 1585. d. 1640. 

It will be noticed that in a sabsequent letter Covert is called the father of Dr. 
Bartlett. 



ELIZABETHAN VICAES OF CUCKFIELD, 21 

hU cattel oute of the glebe land, and shal] farder make deliverie of all 
BUth evidences as are reraayning in lus handes appertayning to the 
said Vicarage, they are required, in case he shall faile of the accom- 
plishing this order by the daie prefixed, that then by authoritie hereof 
thpy doe remove him from the poesession of the said howse and glebe 
Land fore aoeing that he fulfill the poiotes contained in the said oiSer." 

Mr. Cui'teis' friends at Cuckfield do not seem to have 
taken the " removal" of their Vicar without some sort of 
protest, and the Privy Council had again to interfere. 
On2nd July, 1581, " Nicholas Chaloner, Thomas Mitchell, 
and John Hcnslowe, gentlemen inhabiting the Parishe of 
Cuckfield, being sent for by a Pui-suivant, have this day 
made their appearance, and were connnanded to give 
tlieir attendance from time to time until they shall be 
discharged." On the 10th of July, 1581, was ordered ; 

" An open letter for Ninion Chaloner, Thomas Michell"* to make their 
repaire and apparance before their Lordships by the lij"' of this present 
for the answeringe of their contempt in the charge given unto theni 
(beinge of late licensed to return into tho countreye) that they should 
behave themself honestlie, and not deale anie further in the matter 
of the Vtcaridge of Cuckfelde, havinge notwithstandinge at the late 
Aasizes holden in the countieof tSusaex preferred certaine indictnientes 
againet Honrie Boyer, Husseye,** and others about those matters." 

"A letter to the Justices of the Axmzea in the eoiinties of Sussex 
and Surreye that whereas their I/jrdshipa ai'e infonnod that at this 
last Assizes by them holden in the countie of Sussex there w^re 
eertaine bills of indictiuentes preferred against certaine gentlemen 
concerning some matters in controversie about the Vicaridge of Cuck- 
felde for as much as their Lordships, having heretofore sent for the 
parties and thought to have taken for the time sufficient order betweene 
them, doe mind to take some final order therein as their leasure will 
serre them, they are required in the meane time to forbeare to admitt 
anie such endictmentes which maie be admitted against anie of them, 
and to stale all proceedingee uppon anie suche endictment, com- 
mandinge the parties which shall finde themselves aggrieved to attende 
upon their Lordships where they shall receave such justice as the 
goodness of the cause shall deserve,"" 

This interference with the Quarter Sessions seems liigh 
handed indeed; still more what follows in the records of 
the next Council meeting on tho 1 6th of July : 

•* BTotherB-iii-law. Thomna, son of the Widow Joan Mitchell. 

•• Johii HuBBey. o( PorncB, Cuctfleld, bought "the Etectory" in 1537 ; married 
Joan, daughter nf .lohn Mitchell and first cousin of Thoma* Mitchell. 

" COaucil at Grenewich: Lord Chauncellor, ErleB of Warwick, Bedford and 
Lc7imt«r, Hr. Truodiirer, Kir Hcnrj* Sidney, Mr. Vicechombeilaiu {.Sir Thoa. 
Ucnaige), &tr. Boorctary Woliiughain. 



^2 EUZABETHAK VIGABS OF CUCKFIELD. 

'^Ninion Chaloner, and Thomas Michell, being sente for bj their 
Lordships' warrant of the x^ of this present to answer wherefore 
contrary to order g^ven unto them here for their good behaviour in 
the matter of the controversie for the vicaradge of Cuckfield they had 
caused Henry Boyer and certen others to be endited at the last Assizes 
holden in the county of Sussex made this day their appearance and 
were commanded to attend from time to time until they shold be by 
their Lordships dismissed. 

'*The said Ninion Chaloner and Thomas Michell were, upon the 
hearing of the matter committed for their contempt to the custody of 
the Knight Mareshall." 

The imprisonment of our Vicar's faithful firiends was 
of only a week's duration, for the record of the next 
Council on 26th July states that : 

''Ninion Chaloner and Thomas Michell heretofore committed by 
their Lordships unto the prison of the Mareshalsea uppon their sub- 
mission and promis not to entermeddle herafter in the matter of the 
Yicaredg of Ouckfeld, were with some good lessons to behave them- 
selves more dutifully herafter, dismissed and sett at libertye.*' 

Once more the Privy Council give their attention to 
Cuckfield affairs : 

"A Council at Grenewich, 1581 xvij July, present Lord Chauncellor 
(Bromley) Lord Threasurer (Burleigh) Erie of Leyceeter (Dudley) M' 
Threasurer (KjioUys) M' Comptroller (Crofts) M' Secretary Walsing- 
ham, sent a letter to M' Doctor Barttelet and M' Covert with an 
information enclosed exhibited unto their Lordships by Edward Cartes 
[stc] late Vicar of Cuckfelde containinge some matter wherewith the 
witfe of Henri e Boyer, esquiour, is charged who is very desirous to 
clear herself, forasmuch as their Lordships are enformed that the said 
M' doctor Barttelet, and his father M' Covert had the examination of 
the matter at such times as the fact was don, and that the writinges 
concerning the same are rema}'ning in the said M' Coverte's handes, 
they are required that iindiug upp such writinges and examinacions 
as were then taken, trulie and particularlie to enforme their Lordships 
wliat was then don in that matter to th' intent that thereuppon their 
Lordships maie take such further orders as shal be thought meet.** 

Bishop Curtoys reinstated his unlucky brother in his 
old Prebend of Thorney in 1585,^ and seems to have 
thought of consoUng him still further by making him a 

*^ In a letter of Edmund Coort<»s6e to Sir F. Walsingbam, which is without a 
date, he bogs the Soon^tiiry *' to write to D' Woorley ' ' [fiemy Worley , Chancellor 
of the l)iixv8t\ 1567-88] ** to place mc again in mv prebend being six pounds a 




thiB complaint of the Bishop's bn^ther. 



ELIZABETHAN VICAKS OF CUCKI'IELD. 2^ 

Residentiary of the Cathedral ; at any rate, the Dean 
and Chapter were ao alarmed that they " sett downe 
certeyn reasons to the Bishop of Chichester against the 
admitting of W Coortesse sometime Vicar of Cuckfield 
to be Residentiarie in that Church." A copy of this 

Iiaper, sent to the Privy Council, is preserved among the 
Btters of Robert Ueal,» Clerk of the Council, 1569—1590. 
There is, unfortunately, no date. It says : 

" Imprimie, that by the statutea of thia churcti there can be no mo 
but four reaidentiariea beside the Dean, which number is already 
supplied, and to those statutes the B., the l)ea,n, and any of the 
Cl^pter in their admission are aworne. Thia Statute is thus Tetbatim 
aa followeth— Sept" Septembr 1574. Whereas the revenues of this 
Cathedral Church are very small, and by reason of the multitude of 
residentiaries the profitts being divided and dispersed into many 
hands, the old laudable hospitality is not, nor can be, kept up of any, 
whereby is grown at thia day a contempt of the State, Therefore it is 
Bl^reed and ordered that there shall be no more reaidentiariea alter 
thia time but iiij besides the Dean. 

5. Item, that the said M' Coortisse in not meet for this place, for 
certeyn special reasons, first for that ho is thought to be very con- 
tentious and unquiet, and was of late deprived of bis living for certayn 
causes notorious in this countray, for which he cAnnot be in this church 
vitliout grate disquiet to the same. 

6. Item, He bath no house in this Church to kepo hoapitalitie 
amongst us what the residenliaries must have and kepe. 

7. Item, he is no preacher to supply the duties of a residentiarie 
neceeeario in the Church." 

Poor Edmund Curteys, it seems, lived on in his old 
parish, a i)roof may we not hope of his innocence of the 
ffrosser charges brought against Iiim ; at any rate, he 
died hero, and the last notice we have of him is in the 
Register : 

" 1605. The 17"" of May was buried M' Edmond Coortiae sometime 
Vicker of Cuckfield." 

In the meantime another " controversie about the 
Vicaridge of Cuckfeld" called for the interference of 
the Privy Council. The story is told in the State Papers 
aa follows : ^ 

" British MuBcum, EgerKin MS.. 1693, £. 127. 

<• Dom., Elii., 140. No. 78. 9 July, 15S1. "■ Stat* of the ciiae between ClogBc, 
and Ales. Southwirk aa to right of Ineiunbencj- of the VEcumge of CuclOScld. 
ftendulent proceediOKB of ti. Clowe. No. 19. H tlarch, l^t<0. Htasans why 
an appMl ahould not oe permitted to George Closse in eapport of his induction 
]iltD toe Vicarid^ of Cuckfield alreadf held hj Alex. Soutnwick." 




^4 ELIZABETHAN VICARS OF CUCKFIELD. 

<* Edmund CuitiB was deprived from tlie vicaridge of Cookfield in 
the month of Februaiy 1580, and thereby the same vicaridge was 
voyde. 

The Bushopp of Chichester being patron of the said vicaridge did 
under his seal of office oonferre the same vicaridge the 14*^ day of 
March 1580 to [Alexander] Southwick, and did wright also his mandate 
ad inducendum to the Archdeacon to induct him, being dated the 14 
day of March who was by virtue thereof inducted, whereby the said 
Vicarage became full of the person of the said Southwick. 

George Closso in June last suggesting the said vicaridge to be still 
void, w^ in truth was full, procured himself to be presented by colour 
of advowson to the Ajchbishopp of Canterbury [Grindal] to the said 
vicaridge, and by suggestion untruly affirming the same to be then 
void, and fraudidently suppressing that it was then fuU of the person 
of Southwick, procured an Institution of M' Aubrey my L. of Ouiter- 
bury his Chanc^or. 

The said Closse by colour of that Institution . . . did proceed to 
Cuckfield, and did his endevor to be inducted. Hereuppon the said 
Southwick made his complaints to M' Aubrey, and informed him by 
shewing his authentick instrument of Collation . . . and made 
request to have the later institution to be revoked. 

The said M' doctor Aubrey refused to do yt extra- judicially, but 
sent for the said Closse, and admonished him to bringe in his letters 
of institution, and to shew cause why the same should not be revoked, 
and declared voyde. 

Wlien the day came which was prefixed Closse did appear by his 
procter in open Court, and shewed no cause, and Southwick did e:diibit 
the same authentick instrument . . . wherebie his title did appear. 
And thereupon the said Aubrey revoked the institution of Closse, and 
did exhibit nim that he should no longer deale in the said vicaridge." 

In Griiidars Register occurs the entry : 

''(George Close haviug signed the articles agreed on at the Synod of 
London [1562] in presenile of M^ Aubrey, ana swome to acknowledge 
the royal supremacy in Eci-lesiastical causes was instituted." 

In the Index to the Composition Books (I., 2) we find : 
^'Cookefield, Georgius Close, 24 June 23 Eliz."«^ But 
an Inhibition wa^ issued by the Archbishop's Court to 
the parishioners of Cookefeld, requiring them not to pay 
some (aliquas) tithes to George Closse, inasmuch as it 
had been proved that at the time of his institution the 
Vicarage was full (plena) by the person of Alexander 

*• **CVx»befwld 14 die mentis Junii 1581. Instimtio mag. Georgii Closee, 
deiici ad rio, occlio. p«roch de CVxikefpeld. Crcwtr. Dioc. ncioiiis TisitBtioilis 
[Aivhepwcopi] in diet. IMoc. per nrivHtkuiem ult. Tiearii racant'* (Grindal's 
Register, Uuubeth. f. lif> ; Ducan^r^ *' Index to Grindid^s Reinster." Vol. I., 
f. 318). 



ELIZABETHAN VICARS OF CUCKFIELD. 

Southwick. The Privy Council" sent for Close "by a 
warrant under II' Secretar}''8 hand for the answering of 
Home matter concerning the Wcaridge of Cuckfield," and 
on July lat he made his appearance and was commanded 
from time to time to give his attendance until he be 
discharged, or otlierwise licensed by their Lordships, 
The Archbisliop's Register contains a certificate"* from 
the Cliancellor Aubrey to the Barons of the Exchequer, 
dated 14 Sept., 1582, which states "that George Closse 
had been nominated on 14 June in the Queen's brief to 
the perpetual Vicarage of the parisli church of Cookfield 
which was said to be then vacant, but had been deprived, 
OS before his admission one Alexander Southwicke had 
been instituted by the authority of Ricliard, Bishop of 
ChichcBter." 

The unhappy reasons for tlie vacancy, and the arch- 
episcopal visitation of the Province, seem to have favoured 
the audacity of Close in getting himself instituted by 
Grindal's officials. Great must have been the surprise 
of the parishioners when they found two rival Vicars 
claiming " the Vicaridge." They had a fortunate escape 
when Close was ordered to attend the Privy Council, as 
four yeai-s after his conduct again attracted its notice : 

" On Sunday 6 March 1585, 6 Ijp preiw^hod at S. Paul's Cross againet 
th«f Lord Mayor for mal-admiiiistratiun of justice. The L'' M' aud 
Aldermen comiilained to Archbishop Whitgift who directed Close to 
Apologise in his sermon on March 27 at the same place. As his 
apology was not considered sufRcient an appeal was made to the Privy 
Oounoil who referred the matter to a CommiBeion."" 

Under July 17, 1586, the Acts of the P.C. record " A 
letter to the L* Bishop of London how that their Lordships, 
finding by the letter of the commissioners to whom they 
committed the hearing of the matter, that the said Close 
did much misuse the L* Maior being so publyke a magis- 
trate both in liis first and second sermons, doe think it 
meete that he should be by his L'^sliip being his Diocesan 
suspended from anye publicke preaching within his diocese 

" Act# of the Priry CouuitU. 15M1. 



26 ELIZABETHAN VICABS OF CUCKFIELD. 

for the space of one year, and that he should never here- 
after be admitted to preach at the Cross more. 

South wick did not remain many weeks at Cuckfield^* 
and another Vicar was appointed the next September. 
Bishop Curteys' Register has these entries : 1581, " Sept. 
25, John Waterhouse was admitted to the perpetual 
vicarage of the parish church of Cuckfeilde by Richard, 
Bishop of Chichester, vacant by the resimation of 
Alexander South wicke, the last incumbent;""* and on 
Dec. 22nd of the same year, "John Waterhouse was 
collated and admitted by Giles Fletcher, doctor of laws 
to the perpetual vicarage of Cuckfield vacant by the 
resignation of George Close the last incumbent.""* He 
commenced his ministrations at Cuckfield on Christmas 
Day, 1581, being then a B.D., and for 25 years laboured 
diligently and acceptably. He came of an old Yorkshire 
family, the name being originally ab aquae domo, and the 
arms gu. 3 fountains barry wavy of 6 arg. and az^^ 
His first court as lord of the manor is recorded : " Curia 
1' Johis Waterhouse Apr. 10 Anno Elizab. 25"* ; " and his 
last, ^^ April 20. Jacobi 5" a.d. 1607." 

^^ He built y*' hall and y* chamber over it at y* 
Vicarage." ^® W hat more is known of him is to be found 
in a warm eulogy written by the Parish Clerk, John 
Patching, in the earliest remaming volume of the Church 
Registers : 

"At Nativitie 1581 M' John WaterhouBe, batchelour of Divinitie, 
came to be Vicar of Cuckfield. The 11'** of August anno Domi. 1607 
annoque quinto Kegni Hegis Jacobi was buried M' John Waterhouse 
Batcheller of Divinitie, pastor and preacher of God's holy word, and 
ancient verities of famous memorie : who after he had been Vicar of 
Cuckfield above xxv yeares. To performe the secret purpose of the 
AInughty, his desire was to be buried in Yorkshire, and to spend his 

« State Papers, Dom., Eliz., Vol. 183, No. 59, Oct. 27, 1585. Alex. Southwick 
to Widsingham, says that he '* obtained M^ Knewstub^s good will for him to 
depart. ' * Knewstub was Vicar of Cockfield, in Suffolk, and a leader of the Puritan 
party. 

M Chic. Reg., Vol. F., f. 42, b, and f. 43. 

^ A John Waterhouse, of a plebeian Sussex family, matriculated at Hart 
Hall, Oxford, in 1579, being then 20 years of age, and was Rector of Birdham, 
1586—1603. 

«■' Papworth-Waterhouse, York. 

« Church Book, f. 77. 



ELIZABETHAN VICARS OF CUCKFIELD. 27 

last breath in the public ministerie of God's word, which was either 
BO or the next step thereto ; for in July 1 607 he went from Cuckfield 
with his wife and daughter being their only child to see their worship- 
full friends. And being in Yorkshire at Harthill where he was borne, 
and there on the Sabbath the ix^ of August preaching twice that day, 
as he did almost every Sabbath day at Cuckfield . . . there in the 
pulpit he fainted, as he had don often before at Cuck£eld,^ and the 
next day being Monday he dyed and was buried at Harthill. That 
ancient graduat might have been Docter of Divinitie above 20 yeares 
agoe, but was not, he refusing ; yea, this ancient father and M*^ buylder 
in the church of God who through the zeale he had for the glory of 
Qodj and the strength of love . . . did often in the public ministerie 
of the word in praier and sacraments weep and lament, and also divers 
times fainted, and was carried from the church to his house yea to his 
bed." 

The register of his burial at Harthill (near Sheffield) is : 

" 1607 M' John Waterhouse was buried y® 11'** day of August. A 
most rare and excellent preacher, greatly admired for his ze^ous and 
godly speech, and for his painfull endeavour and modest Behaviour 
being Bachelor of Divinitie, and Vicar of Cuckfield in Sussex."^ 

I am indebted to the kindness of the late Sir C. L. 
Peel, G.C.B., Clerk of the Council, for the extracts given 
in this paper from the Acts of the Council; he took 
the greatest trouble in making researches himself and 
obtaining copies of all the proceedings narrated in the 
preceding pages. 

• The fervour of Mr. Waterhouse's preaching may account for the need of 
providing a new cushion for the pulpit. A note on the cover of the Church fiook 
says : ** Receaved of George Alfraie, yeo. and churchwarden, Jan. a.d. 1605 one 
grene cushen for the pulpit.'* 

w Kindly copied by the Rev. B. Darley, Rector of Harthill, who informs me 
that there exista no monument to our Vicar, or to any of his family, in or about 
Harthill Church. 



FONTS IN SUSSEX CHUECHES. 



By J. LEWIS ANDEE, F.S.A. 



Among the fittings which have been preserved in our 
ancient parish churches there is not one which can vie in 
interest with the font, and the presence of one of these 
vessels often appeals to the sympathies of the antiquary, 
the artist, or the Christian — the first by its antiquity, 
the second by its varied form and ornamentation, and the 
third by the remembrance of the countless generations 
who have been brought to it for the rite of baptism. 
There is a feature pecidiar to the history of the font, 
namely, that whilst a church may have been entirely 
rebuilt, so as to obliterate all former features, the font 
has been almost invariably retained, a fact which renders 
it probable that many of the so-called Norman fonts, 
especially those of a plain character, may boast of an 
earlier origin and be the work of our Anglo-Saxon 
forefathers. Many also of the fonts discarded at the 
Cromwellian period have been subsequently rescued 
from profanation, replaced, and restored to their original 
use. 

Probably no article in the varied list of " Instrumenta 
Ecelesiastica " has proved a fitter subject for architectural 
design and ornament than the font. In form also it has 
assmned every shape consistent with its purpose — around, 
square, octagonal, or manv-sided — ^it has offered ample 
scope for the designer in Cliristian art, and although in 
Sussex we have none of those quaintly carved Norman 
fonts which are met with elsewhere, we have many which 
jwssess much interest by their varied outlines, and, if 
in later Gothic work our examples cannot compare in 
richness with those in East Anglia, we have some curious 
Perpendicular fonts of a local tj-pe, and there are one or 
two curious post-Reformational specimens. 



FONTS IN SUSSEX CIIUECnES. 



29 



sculptured work examples are of extreme rarity 
ou Sussex foutH, the only one showing groups, or even 
single figures, being at Brighton. Foliage work occurs 
at Bury, Etehingham and >Iountfield; animals at Sale- 
hurst and Slaugham ; at Denton and Lewes the fonts 
have elaborate basket-work oniamentation, whilst Yapton 
has crosses, and the emblems of the Passion are seen at 
St. Clement's, Hastings. Heraldry appears on fonts at 
Burwash and Mountfield. 

Although the great majority of the Norman fonts to 
be found in Sussex have square bowls, a few words will 
first bo said on those of circular outline, and for this 
reason, namely, that in all probability the round form is 
the most ancient of the two and was no doubt selected 
from its being the nearest approach possible to that of a 
■well or fountain, so as to symbolise that from the font 
flowed the waters of life given in baptism and suggested 
by the texts in Rev. vii. 17 — "The Lamb . . . shall 
lead them unto living fountains of waters," and that 
in xxi. 6, "I will give unto him that is athirst of the 
fountain of life freely." A confirmation of the above 
theory is furnished by an example to be met with in the 
cloisters of St. John Latenin, Rome, where there is a 
circular fountain of sixth century date which is exact in 
its resemblance to a tub-shaped Norman font, being 
ornamented with bands of circles sejjarated by a fillet 
of interlacing work, with crosses under round-lieaded 
arches, such as may be noticed on the tub-shajied Nonuan 
font at Yapton. 

The circular fonts of early date may be divided into 
two classes, the tub-shaped or tumbler, and the cup- 
shaped. Of these the fii-st-named may he the oldest in 
BOrae cases and we have examples at Bignor, Brighton, 
Burton, Denton, North llundham, Selham, West Witter- 
ing, Yapton and formerly at East Wittering. Of the 
above the font at Brighton demands a special notice, as 
it is without doubt the finest wo possess in Sussex and, 
as before stated, the only one in which figure sculpture 
is introduced. It has been i^o fully described in our 

Collections" that little that is new can be said about it. 



30 FONTS IN SUSSEX C?HURCHES. 

The subjects comprise the Baptism of Our Lord, the 
Last Supper and some of the miracles of St. Nicholas of 
Myra. 

As regards the first scene it may be noticed that 
Christian iconography was so imperfectly known in the 
eighteenth century that Gosse and Astle in their "Anti- 
quarian Repertory" (Vol. III., p. 185) say of this 
sculpture that the whole represents perhaps "the baptism 
of some great men newly converted to Christianity." 
The treatment of our Saviour's baptism here given 
agrees with that of the same event in the " Benedictional 
of St. JEthelwold," a work of tenth century date, and in 
both the waters of the river Jordan are seen risen to the 
waist of our Lord, in accordance with an old legend 
founded on some passages in the Old Testament, one 
from Exodus xv. 8, " The floods stood upright as an 
heap," and another from Joshua iii. 16, ^'The waters 
which came down from above stood and rose up upon an 
heap;" also one from Psalm xxxiii. 7, " He gathereth the 
waters of the sea together as an heap." Many more 
recent works show this miraculous rising of the waters, 
as on the fifteenth century font at Stalham, Norfolk. 
On the Brighton example and in the '^Benedictional" 
an angel holding our Lord's vesture is seen to the right 
hand of the Redeemer, an incident introduced in similar 
representations of later date, as in the one at Stalham. 
Of earlier date it appears on a panel of the eleventh 
century, forming part of the door of St. Paul's, outside 
the walls, at Rome ; also on the Norman font at Porchester, 
Hants. 

The Lord's Supper is a subject rarely met with on 
baptismal vessels, but is found on the font at North 
Grimstone, Yorkshire; also a twelfth century example. 
The elaborate draping of the table cloth as here seen 
was a frequent feature and occurred on a fifteenth century 
painting on a north wall at Horsham Church. 

The fonts at Denton and at St. Anne's, Lewes, are 
beautifully carved and are almost identical in shape and 
details. They have often been engraved, and appear in 
the thirteenth volume of our " Collections." At West 




[pun ^bowl 

-'^ 9 f >! 9 



PLAN at PANELS. 



SCALE. 

MOUNSFJEliD. 



32 FONTS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

Thomey the font has incised arcading and chevron 
patterns,^ and at Yapton it has long crosses under round 
arches. Circular bowls of cylindrical outline exist at 
Cuckfield, Cold Waltham, (?)Coombes, Fernhurst, Mount- 
field and North Mundham. Of these circular bowls the 
most noticeable is the one at Mountfield ; it is of large 
size, and although at first sight it appears to be a late 
fifteenth century work, it is in reality a Norman one. 
There are on it panels in plain square frames filled in 
with coarse foliage, fleurs-de-lis and armorial bearings, 
and the font resembles in shape and size that at North 
Mundham, and it is a good example of the custom of the 
later mediaeval period, of altering plain Norman fonts to 
suit the taste of that epoch. The alterations sometimes, 
as here, took the form of covering perfectly plain early 
font bowls with carved ornamentation, and of which 
examples occur at Banwell, Somerset, and Fryerning, 
Essex. At other times the square bowls of Norman date 
were converted into octagonal ones, of which instances 
can be cited at Ingoldesthorpe and Warham, All Saints, 
Norfolk, and Clielvey, Somerset. The font at North 
Mundham is a strikingly dignified one, consisting of a 
circular bowl, measuring three feet three inches in 
diameter, with a depth of one foot eleven inches, and 
quite devoid of ornament, with the exception of a slight 
ovolo moulding. 

At Berwick the font is a plain circular mass, resembling 
the base of a pillar, and one at Bepton is equally 
unadorned. 

Of cup-shaped Norman fonts we have examples at 
Cocking, Hurstpierpoint, Lodsworth, Salehurst, Sompting, 
Tortington and Woolbeeding. There was also one at 
Walberton, now superseded by a modern font. In the 
above list the Hurstpierpoint example deserves a passing 
notice, as the perfectly plain bowl has been recently 
enriched with paintings, in sober colouring, of scenes 
connected with baptism. This is quite in keeping with 

1 This tub-shaped font is engraved in the thirty-second yolome of the " S. A.C.," 
p. 11 ; but I am informed that the print gives a very poor idea of its beauty, as 
the ormunentation partakes more of carved than incised work. 



FONTS IN SUSSEX CnURCHES. 



33 



I niediieval practice, and many fonts were decorated 
with colour and gilding, as at Acle, Broke, and Gresham, 
Norfolk. Armonal bearings were probably always so 
treated. 

Salehurst is remarkable for the eniichmont of the base 
of the font stem with a cordon formed of images of that 
imaginary beast tlie salamander, a reptile which is mot 
with also on the font in Winchester Cathedral, also of 
Norman workmanship. Swan, a seventeenth century 




S/iuehui^sB. 



writer, says of this mysterious creature that it "is a 
email venimous beast — and for his constitution so cold 
that (like ice), if lie do but touch the fire he puts it out. 
They be common in India, in the Isle of Madagascar, as 
Mr. Purchas alledgeth.'"' Chambers, in his '* Dictionary," 
published in 1752, tells us that Salamander's Blood is a 
term which chemists give to the red vajjours which, in 

* " Speculiim Mundi," p. 487. 



34 FONTS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

distilling spirit of nitre, rise towards the latter end and 
''fill the receiver with red clouds." Formerly asbestos 
was supposed to be the wool of this creature and was 
called linum vivum ; also that a cloth was made from it, 
but this, however, Marco Polo found out was manufactured 
from a fibrous mineral. The presence of this chimera 
on a font was probably to suggest that as the salamander 
quenched natural fire, so the waters of baptism put out 
the flames of concupiscence. 

A very pretty example of a cup-shaped bowl exists at 
Tortington. It is surrounded by arches carried alter- 
nately by a f oliaged bracket and a pillar, and a similar 
range of arches occurs on the round font at Winterbourne 
Stapleton, Dorsetshire. Lodsworth and Woolbeeding 
have examples whose outlines resemble those of ale 
glasses. 

As before observed, by far the largest number of 
Norman fonts in Sussex have square bowls and the 
choice of this shape was no doubt suggested by symbolical 
reasons, this figure being considered in Saxon and Norman 
times the emblem of perfection in geometry, an idea 
founded on Rev. xxi. 16, which speaks of the heavenly 
Jerusalem as being a ''four square" city, besides whicn 
other passages of Scripture were cited to the same effect 
and consequently the square enters largely into the 
designs of Norman bxiildings, as is conspicuously the case 
in the church at Steyning. 

Square font bowls occur at Aldingbourne, Amberley, 
Appledram, Barnham, Battle, Bishopstone, Burpham, 
Coates, Easeboume, Felpham, Ford, West Grinstead, 
West Hoathly, Ifield, Lancing, Lyminster, Midhurst, 
Pagham, Piddinghoe, Pulborough, Rodmell, New Shore- 
ham, Old Shoreham, Sidlesham, Slaugham, Wamham, 
Wiggonholt, Wisborough Green and Worth. A large 
number of these quadrangular bowls are of local marble 
and are ornamented with slightly sunk arcades, as at 
Aldingbourne, Battle and Coates; whilst Lancing has 
simply square panels on each face, and the ornamentation 
of the font at Sidlesham is too indistinct to allow of the 
elucidation of its meaning. 



36 FONTS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

Slaugham has arcaded work, but on one side, instead 
of this, is an incised figure of a fish, the well-known 
emblem of Our Lord, and also of Christians in general. 
It is of great antiquity and is frequently met with in the 
Catacombs, and bears allusion to the call of the Apostles 
and to the miraculous draught of fishes described in the 
Gospel. 

Tne basins formed by the bowls of fonts are in general 
of circular form ; but m North Somerset, where there is 
a large number of small four-sided Norman bowls, the 
basins are also square in shape, as at Locking, Portbury 
and Portishead. 

Many quadrangular bowls are supported by a central 
and four angle shafts, all circular, and the central one 
larger than the rest. This arrangement has been supposed 
by some to symbolise Chiist and the four Evangelists. 
Examples are very numerous, and there are good ones at 
Battle, Coates and Warnham. Pulborough originally 
had five pillars, and Ifield has the outer columns provided 
with slightly carved capitals, but in general they are 
quite plain cylinders, or with very simple caps and bases. 
In some cases the inner shaft is of sandstone, the outer 
ones of marble, as at Ashurst. 

Two Norman fonts of lead remain in Sussex — at 
Edburton and Piecombe — and will be found described in 
our twenty-second volume of '^ Collections." 

Many lonts are so unadorned in character that they 
possess no feature by which their age may be determinea, 
and thus Norman vessels may be mistaken for Jacobean 
ones and vice versa. In such cases the only test as to 
age exists in the appearance in many Norman examples 
01 traces of the iron staples by which their lids or covers 
were fastened down, as at Burton for instance. 

The Norman font at Worth is supposed to be formed 
of two bowls, the upper one being placed on a reversed 
one of more ancient date ; this may be the case, and there 
is a parallel example at Cornelly, Cornwall, where one 
basin is of thirteenth century date and the other of the 
fifteenth. These instances indicate how strong was the 
desire in mediaeval days to preserve an original font. 



FONTH IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 



3t 



i AHhuret and Buxted are two very similar fonts of 
thirteenth century date. Both have pointed arches round 
square bowls, and central and angle shafts, but the Buxted 
example has a continuous arcade, the anglcK of the bowl 
being rounded off for that purpose. Fernng and Iford 
lossess excellent Early English specimena with circular 
>owIs on five shafts, and at Heyshott the caps of the 
angle pillars form part of the bowl, being worted out of 
a single stone, which is also the case witTi regard to the 
circular bowl at Cuekfield, but the jiillars seem to be 
a restoration. At Maresfield the font formerly in the 
free chapel was probably of the same style, being 
described as circular, and that "the under part shows 
that when in use it was supported by six pillars forming 
a part of a central shaft." 

The font at Oving seems to be a 1st P. one, having a 
round bowl and plain pillars, and at Sutton there is one 
of octagonal foi-m, with sunk arches, and carried by no 
less than eight shafts. The eight-sided form is unusual 
until tlie fifteenth century, when in many parts it became 
almost universally the shape of font bowls, as in East 
Anglia for example. 

Of the 2nd 1*., or Decorated style, there is a good 
example at Etchingham and of winch an engraving will 
bo found accompanying a description of the beautiful 
church in our ninth volume, p. 351. As at Sutton, it has 
an octagonal bowl carried on eiglit shafts, which have 
elegantly carved foliage capitals. At Lindfield there is 
curious font with an irregularly shaped bowl on a 
square chamfered sliaft, both being jianelled ; whilst at 
I'oynings is one of tub-shaped foi-m with eight jianelled 
feces, and the leaden example at Parham is of this 
jwriod, with a circular bowl. 

Sussex has many 3rd P., or Perpendicular fonts, though 
they are mostly very plain in character, and, as before 
Btatcd, of fifteenth century fonts the majority of them 
are octagonal in outline, though other forms are met 
with, some being round, others square. The eight-sided 

• "S.A.a." Vol. ES-.p. w. 



FONTS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

esaiiiples may be divided into two classes, those which 
have panelled fideK and those having perfectly plain 
oncM. Of the foniier instances occur at Burphara, Biu-y, 
ClynipinjS, Cowfold, West Dean (Chichestei'), Fittleworth, 
Harttield, Hastings All Saints, Hastings St. Clement, 
Horsham, Patching, Portslade, Rogate, Rothertield, Sher- 
manbury, Sullington, Thakeham and Westham. As a 
rule these octagonal fonts are much higher than earlier 
ones. 

The font at Cowfold has some peculiar ornamental 
panelling, similar to that on those at Sherraanbury and 
Thakeham, and sugf^esting that all throe arc of the same 
or nearly the same date, 1481-3, a fact shown by the 
following extracts from the churchwarden's accounts of 
Cowfold for that year: "Solvere, for the maseyn for 
makyiig of the-fonte v' for cariage of stone viii" for lym 
iv*" and for fecliiug i''." " It for helpeng of mortar and 
other stuf ii'*." 

The font at Clymping is an elegant example of a 
panelled font and forms Plate XXVIII. in the second 
volume of Brandon's " Analysis of Gothic Architecture." 
Sometimes the bowl, stem and base arc all panelled, as 
at Thakeham. 

Perfectly plain-sided bowls of this period exist at 
Eastergate, Horsted Keynes, Singleton and Tillington, 
and at Henfield the octagonal bowl has the sides curiously 
chamfered so as to combine effectually with a central 
and four supporting shafts. 

In 3rd P. work the faces of pillars and of fonts are 
sometimes curved inwards in late examples, or, to use 
an heraldic term, they are "invected." An instance is 
furnished of this at Burwash, where the curved faces of 
the font bowl bear shields charged with the famous 
badge — the Pelham buckle. 

At Trutton the font takes a circular form and is perhaps 
of early fifteenth century work. Sunilar examples, 
undoubtedly of that date, occur at Wadhurst and 
Warbleton. 

A peculiar and local form of font is met with in the 
eastern division of Sussex, and of wliich there aie 



FONTS IN SUSSliX CHURCHES. 



41 



instances, more or lews alike, at Alfriston, Bai-combo, 
Beddinghani, West Dean, Eastbourne, Hurstmoneeux, 
Jevington, Soutbease, and Willingdon. A glance at the 
drawing here given of the last named will give a better 
idea of the characteristics of this kind of font than can 
be conveyed I)y the pen. It is a purely local type and 
the Willingdon example is an elegant one. 

Of sixteenth ceiiturj- fonts, I know of no examples in 
Sussex, but of the succeeding period tliere are a few 
which mostly date after the Restoration, and replacing 
those which had been destroyed dunng the interregnum, 
when the destruction or the banishment of fonts fi'om 
churches must have been lamentably common, as in 
1846 there were three ancient ones in the garden of the 
Shakespeare Amis Inn, at Stmtford-upon-Avon. When 
not destroyed some fonts appear to have been re-intro- 
duced at the churches from which they had been expelled, 
which probably accounts for the present weather-beaten 




42 FONTS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

appearance of those at Appledram and Sidlesham. There 
are curious fonts of the period at Lurgashall and North- 
chapel ; both are of local marble and of the same original 
and unusual design, and the former bears date 1661. At 
Mayfield there is an example dated 1666, and which 
supplies us with an instance of that love of our Gothic 
style of arcliitecture, which appears never to have been 
quite extinct in England, for in this font an attempt to 
reproduce a mediaeval one is clearly evident. Ashburnham 
possesses a seventeenth century font, and at Warming- 
hurst is one of very small size, probably dating early in 
the eighteenth, ana at Glynde it is on record that at the 
rebuilding of the church in 1763 a marble font was 
provided at a cost of £20. 4s. Od. 

In modem times many fonts have been shifted from 
their original positions, as at Horsham, where this vessel 
is placed at the south side of the tower ; whilst in 1854 the 
font at Lancing stood under the canopy of the founder's 
tomb in the north wall of the chancel. Anciently the 
font always occupied a conspicuous position, and in large 
churches frequently stood in the central passage down 
the nave, whilst in order that processions should pass 
freely round it the benches on either side were shortened, 
as may be seen at the Norfolk Churches of Calthorpe and 
Sherringham. 

The platforms on which the fonts stood appear to have 
been formed of one or two perfectly plain steps, as at 
Etchingham and Salehurst, and the plinth thus made was 
quadrangular. Many fonts have no steps whatever, but 
it is not unlikely that in many cases they perished when 
the fonts were discarded at the Cromwellian period and 
not replaced. 

In East Anglia great dignity is given to the font by 
placing it on several steps, which in many cases are 
enriched with panel work, and sometimes bear inscriptions 
recording the donors, as at Acle, Norfolk, and Orford, 
Suffolk. 

In 1287 Bishop Quivel of Exeter required that in each 
parish church of his diocese there should be " Baptis- 
terium lapideum bene seratum," or a stone font securely 



KONTS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 



43 



locked, and iulike niauner in 1305 Archbishop Winchelsey 
ordered "fontem cum serura," a font with a lock. The 
HtaplcK for these locks estill remain in some cases, as at 
Stophani, and fastened down a flat lid. Canopied covers 
do not appear to have l>ccn introduced until the fifteenth 
century, of which period many tine examples still exist, 
the noblest being probably the one at Ewelme, in Oxford- 
sliii-e. In Sussex there was at Patching in 1854 a very 
pretty canopy, now, alas! destroyed. It was eight-sided, 
with moulded angle ribs curving inwards and ending in 
a richly foHaged finial. Later in date is a somewhat 
similar cover at liattle, but of ogee sliape with crockets 
to the angle ribs, and at Sompting there was, in tho 
middle of the last centurj', a good plain pyramidal one. 
Kach of these examples was movable. 

At Ticehurst is a magnificent font canopy with eight 
upright sides, each of which is elaborately ])anelled with 
Flamboyant tracery within and without. It is of fifteenth 
century date and stands permanently on the font, four of 
the siaes being hung on hinges, so as to open when the 
rite of baptism takes place. These pennanent covers are 
rare in England, but there are two in Norfolk, one being 
atTerrington St. Clement, and the other at Knapton, the 
latter dated as late as 1704. Rothei-ficld now possesses 
a rich canopy, composed of old and new work, and is 
ornamented with the numerous armorial bearings of the 
house of Neville, having been given by Henry. Earl of 
Abergavenny, in 1816. West Grinstead and Nuthurst 
appear to I'etain portions of original eighteenth century 
covers. 

At Warniinghurst there is a very small late seventeenth 
centuiy font, now without a cover, but a quaint crane of 
ironwork for the suspension of a canopy still remains. 

Dm*ing the first half of tho ninetecntli century a 
Wedgwood porcelain basin was often placed within the 
font, or in other cases formed tlie sole baptismal vessel, 
In 1854 one of these stood inside the font bowl at 
Wedhurst, but of late years these articles have entirely 
disappeared. They were made especially for baptisms 
and liad three little panels charged respectively with the 



44 



FONTS IN SUSSEX CHUBCHES. 




pons GOV€R CRAJ^fe. 



emblems of the Three Persons of the Holy Trinity — a 
hand, a cross and a dove. 

At the present day there is a praiseworthy custom of 
commemorating a departed friend or relative by the 
presentation to a church of a stained glass window, or 
some article of ecclesiastical furniture, a new font being 
a favourite gift. Unfortunately, to carry out this bene- 
volent design, many excellent but plain fonts have been 
discarded to give place to new ones, the original vessels 
in some instances being sent elsewhere, as was the case 
with the font at Chichester Cathedral, now in a church 
at Worthing, whilst the one at West Tarring now adorns 
the cathedral at Melbourne. At Westbourne in 1863 the 
old font bowl was ^' decently buried in the churchyard" 
{'' S.A.C.," Vol. XXII., p. 85). 

In conclusion, it maybe observed that sometimes modem 
fonts are of remarkable character. Thus at Rayleigh, 
Essex, there is one large enough for a pulpit, wnilst at 
Somerleyton, Suflfblk, another is so delicately carved that 
to preserve it from injury it is enclosed in a wirework 
structure, exactly like a gigantic poll-parrot's cage. 



k 

i 

1 
1 

n 1 

i« 

|i' 

8 i 
dl 

w ■ 
pa :^ 

1 
1 


^^Q 


II 

lip 

ill 

lf|i|i".= 
iipl 

iilii 


«^^—- 

i^#* 











TBR SERVICES OF THE KAI; 


■ 


PORT^ AT TUE Coi: . 


^^^1 


UF THE KINGS AND QtTEENS <•' 


s^H 


AM) IKE PRECEDKNCY (»K HASTINw^ 




Bt 0HAKLB8 DAWSOX, F.aJL. «# 


In Volutno XV. of the " f'ollortioiu" iil 


Utc Mr. T. Rofw UoA given a rvry iuum' 


.f ^B 


the Coronation Scrriues of tlic'llEiroD^ 


o ^^^1 


Porte, which ho cliiofly extTHcted fri- 
wid Whito Books" of tli.i Pnrt-.' Tli. 


''^^H 


h ^H 


wore in uffcot thu' Minol'- I' ■- '' ■■ ' 


e ^^^1 


Courts knowo as ''Tlir H; 


' ^^^1 


iimntion jwrtivulani, in iii. . 


" ^^^1 


sonrittm of thf IluronH ai iniu • 


<v ^^^1 


and Qaoeii "f Kmjiand, from thv-' 


11 ^^^1 


to Ihatof (U-.nr.. IV 


^^^1 


The prf-M : . ' ! with flu- wir.-!. 


^ 


history ul n rv-iced. 


1 


The uii' i-tok kimwii 


1 


Book of tl„ 


^^J 


priviInjri>M ■ ■ 


1. ^^H 


proved, anl 

IJI. and yu.-.'ii r.k-at. "luv-Lr, . 


r ^^^1 


^^^1 


namely : 


^^1 


"The Uamns of the < . ''ti-^ 


■ ^^^1 


King wherever ho wt-tit tl.- 


r ^^^1 


squoru, nurnh', su)>por1.-.i : 
four little Hilver-Kin hflls. , 


'*' ^^^1 


•1 ^H 


to every spear, acoordin{f to tht 


ts^^H 


' 'Hm Kriirtn^l nianuxuript from 1U3 It iii W 


• "t^^^l 




• "tSinrtiWu. nnd M.-^ii'-rUlj «I lire«t Itril* 




ISM. V«I. JI., p, TM, 


^ 



TBE SERVICES OF THE B.\EONS OF THE CINQUE 

PORTS AT THE CORONATION 

OF THE KINGS AND QUEENS OF ENGLAND, 

AND THE PRECEDENCY OF H.ASTINfiS PORT. 



Bv CHARLES DAWSON, F.S.A., &c. 



In Volume XV. of the " Collections" of this Society the 
late Mr. T. Ross has given a very interesting account of 
the Coronation Services of the Barons of the Cinque 
Ports, which he chiefly exti-acted from the " Black 
and White Books" of tho Ports.^ These books, which 
were in effeet the Minute Books of the Meetings of the 
Coui'ts known as "The BrodhuU" and the " Guestling," 
mention particulars, in more or less detail, relating to the 
services of the Baronw at each Coronation of the King 
and Queen of England, from that of Richard II. down 
to that of George IV. 

The present paper deals with the earlier phases of the 
himtory of these Barous' services. 

The ancient precedent -book known as "The Red 
Book of the Kxchequer "" clearly states the nature of the 
privileges of the Barons of the Cinque Ports, as claimed, 

1)roved, and allowed to them at the Coronation of Henry 
11. and Queen Eleanor of Provence in the year 1236, 
namely : 

" The Barons of the Cinque Porta carried over the 
King wherever he went the silken cloth (pannum) four 
square, purple, supported by four silvered spears with 
four little silver-gilt bells, tour Barons being assigned 
to every spear, accoi-ding to tho diversity of the Porta 

' The (irifctQEil maiiitec'ript from 1433 U in tho Cinque Ports Record Chest at 
Ronmej. Copies an> in my popseiieioD. 

■ " Cbronidea aad Meraoriala of Qreat Britnin." No. 90. Itecord Serlet. 
WW, Vol. II.. p. 735. 



46 BARONS OP THE CINQUE PORTS 

lest port should seem to he preferred to port.^ Likewise 
the same (barons) bore a silken cloth over the Queen 
coming after the King, which said cloths they claim as 
theirs of right, and they obtained them at Com-t, although 
the Marchers of the Welsh Marches, John Fitzalan, 
Rudolph Mortimer, and Walter de Clifford in the name 
of the Marches, claimed that it was the right of the 
March to find and bear those spears, but it was reputed 
in a sort frivolous. And moreover the Barons of the 
Cinque Ports claimed as theirs the right of sitting at the 
King's table, the same day, on the right hand of Our 
Lord the King. And they did so sit."* 

The first indication of the existence of this privilege 
is ff leaned from the account of the Coronation of Richard 
1. (Coeur de Lion). The account of that Coronation is 
given in considerable detail by Roger of Hoveden.* On 
this occasion a canopy of silk on four lofty spears was 
held above the King s head by four Barons. 

We should be in doubt as to who these Barons were, 
if a contemporary chronicler, a monk of Christ Church, 
Canterbury,* had not in a letter written about September, 
IISO,*^ mentioned ^' that a certain pall which belonged by 
ancient custom to the Barons of Dover and the Cinque 
Ports on the Coronation of a King, was offered up by 
the said Barons on the altar of Christ (at Canterbury) 
for an eternal remembrance." Among later records® we 
find that it was the custom, after the Coronation, for 
Dover and the Eastern Cinque Ports to take possession 

« ** Assignatis ad quamlibet hastam quatuor, pro diversitaU portuum, ne videtur 
partus portui praferri,*^ 

* This should be compared with the record of the same custom in the Custumal 
of Rye, folio 51, and in that of Winchelsea, folio 37 (Latin) . See '' Jeake's Cinque 
Porte' Charters," p. 130. The Custumal of Rye was penned in 9 Elizabeth and 
that of Winchelsea in 10 Henry IV. 

• See his ** Annals ** under date 1189. 

^l^^ ;; Memorials of Richard I.," Vol. II., p. 308, Ed. Dr. Stubbs. Eecord 
Edition "Chrons. and Memorls. of Gt. Brit." EpistolaB Cantuariensea Tempore 
Baldewim. * ' Dedit autem dominus rex domino archiepiscopo, qui cum eo ipeo die 
comedit, corau ebunieum mir» magnitudinis, quod comes WiUehnus ei prsaen- 
taverat, quod et archiepiscopus per sacristam beato Thom» misit, pallium etiam 
quoddam quod barones Dovori® et Quinque Portuum, quod de consuetudine 
antiqua m coronationem regis habuerunt, ab ipsis baronibua super altare Christl 
oblatum est in memonam wtemam." 

» After September 17th. e » Black " and "White " Books. 



AT THE COHONATIONS. 



one canopy, and Hastings and its members, being the 
Western Cinque Ports, to keep the other, as aiTanged 
among them, that is to say, wliore the two canopies were 
used on the occasion of both a King and Queen being 
crowned together. When the Sovereign alone was crowned 
the Cinque Ports arranged the division of this canopy- 
between themselves. It seems to have been an early 
practice for the Eastern Cinque Ports to present theirs 
to Canterbury Cathedral, while the Western Ports (being 
Hastings and her members) pi-esented theirs to St. Richard 
of Chichester (Chichester Cathedral)." In later days, at 
all events, this practice ceased. Many arrangements 
were made at the HrodhuU meetings as to the possession 
of the canopy at the next Coronation, so that the Ports 
might obtain it in succession, but these rules were 
repeatedly forgotten or ignored by the same assemblies, 
and of later years the canopy was frequently broken up 
and divided or sold for the benefit of all the Ports. The 
division of the canopies and their fittings was always 
left to the decision of the Ports themselves, and was 
never prescribed by the King or the Lord High Stewaixi. 
On several occasions the privilege of the Barons of 
the Porta has been questioned and too often ignored. It 
cannot be doubted that on the occasion of tlie second 
Coronation of Richard I., after his release from captivity, 
the services of the Cinque Ports Barons were dispensed 
with, for we read in "Roger of Hoveden's Annals"'" 
that a canopy of silk, supported on four lances, was 
earned over the King by these four Earls, namely, 
Roger Bigot, Earl of Norfolk, William Earl of tlie Isle 
of wight, the Earl of Salisbury and the Earl Ferrers. 
The privilege is not mentioned in the accounts of the 
first Coronation of John in 1199, nor again in those of 
the Coronation of tliat King and his Queen Isabel in 
1200, nor, indeed, again in 1201 ; but it will be borne 
in mind that the descriptions of all tliese Coronations 
are extremely meagre, 

* Se« Rje aiid WincheWa CmtmnalB Dsd "Whitt:" ond " Block" Books of 



48 BARONS OF THE CINQUE PORTS 

Among the Royal Charters to the individual Cinque 
Ports in the sixth and seventh years of King John^^ the 
one addressed to the Barons of Hastings alone mentions 
the right of the privilege there called '' their honours at 
our Court," and I think that this is mentioned for the 
first known time, in direct terms. There can scarcely 
be any reasonable doubt, however, that such custom 
existed with respect to all the Cinque Ports many years 
before. 

The privilege of the ^^ honours at Court" was con- 
firmed by Edward I. and several succeeding Sovereigns 
to all the Cinque Ports. The first Coronation of Henry 
ni. (1216)" took place when the kingdom was in a state 
of invasion. It is not therefore probable that the strict 
details of the usual ceremonies were carried out or 
preserved. 

No actual mention is again made of the privilege at 
the second Coronation of Henry III. in 1220, but at the 
Coronation of the same King and Queen Eleanor of 
Provence (1236) we have a very clear account by Matthew 
Paris, the chronicler. It is stated by him that the 
Guardians (Barons) of the Cinque Ports carried the pall 
or canopy over the King, supported by four spears, but 
that the claim to the service was not undisputed, as will 
be seen above in the '^Red Book."^* It appears from 
this account by Matthew Paris that in connection with 
this Coronation a large number of claims to the then 
existing hereditary privileges and offices were made, 
^' and in order that tne nuptial festivities might not be 
clouded by any dispute, saving the right of any one, 
many things were put up with for the time, which they 
left ibr decision at a more favourable opportunity. The 
same chronicler also mentions that '' all the offices 
connected with the King are ordained and assigned in 
the Exchequer." We have accordingly to look to the 
records of that Court for the full statement of the Ports' 
privileges and we find that the judgment of the Court as 

" 1205-6 Charter RoUs. M. 11. "See Charter 6, Edwaid I. (17 June). 

" See page 46 ante. 



AT THE CORONATIONS. 

to the claim was diily recitrded in its book of precedentH 
(the "Red Book")," as we have already seen above. 

How, in the face of sucli a precedent as that of the 
Ked Book/* the Port of Hastings mana^'ed to obtain 
pre-eminence over the other Cinque Ports is most 
■difficult to account for. Lord Coke, in his fourth book of 
luBtitutes,'" mentions the precedence of Hastings, above 
the other Ports, as acknowledged in his time, and in the 
Royal Charter of Incorporation of Soaford in the 35th 
year of Henry VIH." Hastings is described, when men- 
tioning the Cinque Ports, as "one and (he greatest of 
the most ancient towns of our Ports aforesaid." 

I do not attach so much importance as Lord Coke"' 
does to the order of sequence in which Bracton'^ mentions 
the Ports in his precedent for the writ of summons to tlie 
Court of Shepway and in which Hastings is mentioned 
first — because it liad always been the custom when 
enumerating the Cinque Ports in the most important 
and ancient Charters,^ at least, to mention the Port of 
Hastings first — and the other Ports as they occur in 
geographical order along the Coast. Such precedence 
was therefore in its initial stages rather one of order 
than of honour. It is incorrect to say that this sequence 
was always maintained in the case of the Writs to 
the Cinque Ports which are entered in the Patent 
and Close Rolls" — but in most cases a geographical 
order of some sort was maintained. It was no doubt 
necessary to prescribe some certain and definite order 
roapecting the seating of the representatives of the 
^^orts at their meeting called the "Bi-odhull" and the 

" See page i5 antt. 

» See page 41! ante. 

*• Chiip. «. p. 222. 

" Privy Seal, Ith August. " Ac villn c 

in et nuuimu de nutiqidsiiimifl vUlls porti 

» lb. 

" Vol. U,, p. 252. Record Seridf. No. 70. 

" Wincbclses wiw placed before Rye up t 

liakbeth'o Oinrter Rye k mvaHifDeA before Winchelsea, and o 

IK latt«T (irder was finally settled by the Brotherhood. 

•• Pat. RoUh, 9 John, M. 2, 27 March, 1208 : 17 John, M. 2, 12 Sl.iy, 1216 ; 
IJobn, 12 m. 

XUV. E 



" Guestling," and the order prescribed there is chiefly 
geographical. 

The presidency or the office of "Speakership" devolved 
from one Port to another in their geographical order 
along the coast, commencing with Hastings and going 
eastwards. When the Mayor or liailiff of Ha-stings 
was not "Speaker" then he sat on the right of the 
"Speaker;"'^ but with a view, it may be supposed, 
to impartiality of airangement, the head Port at the 
other extreme end of the coast-line, viz., Sandwich, was 
then given the next seat in point of honour on the left 
of the "Speaker." Dover, the only head port remaining 
of the same strength (viz., number of ships supplied), 
was allotted the next place of honour, namely, on the 
right next to Hastings, and so then the remaining seats 
were allotted among the other Ports, alternating the 
posts of honour by choosing the Ports first from the west 
and then from the east. 

At the Court of Shepway the order is said to have 
differed, as appears by an extract of the Court's proceed- 
ings in "Dr. Harris s History of Kent" (1719) ;** but 
the printed copies of these documents, there given, bear 
intenial evidence of inaccuracy," and the proceedings 
of the Court are otherwise involved in considerable 
obscurity. According to Dr. Han-is's extract, Hasting» 
was always first called to deliver in the precept and then 
the other Ports as they follow in geogi-aphical succession 
along the Coast ; but the seating of the Court is said to 
have differed from that of the Courts of the " Brodhull " 
and the " Guestling." At the Court of Shepway, where 
the Lord Warden presided, he chose first between Dover 
and Sandwich, respectively placing one of their Mayors 
on either side of him, as indeed, reckoning from his 
Castle at Dover, their ports are geographically nituate ; 
Hastings being the only remaining Port of the same 

" " White " and " Black " Books. 

» See pageB 1«4. 185, 482 ; AjipMidls;, 38, 38. 

H Compare ti^Jixiatloii with Latiu lu Apimidii:. where the pHrograph in Latin 
referring: to lIiutiugB is placed after Dotot and Sandwieh. I'robnblj' the paragraph 
commencing "Tt.st" Mould come before thoso two c-oinmenciiig " Er TiKC " 
iu the two previoufl lianBlations in the body o[ the work. 






■K aniun rairri 



HiuttiiifrK l>(*in^ tlit> only renminTng 



lining' Port of t 



t)ie I 



■ AT THE CORONATIONS. 61 

strength was then placed second on the right, and so J 
then the other Ports alternately from tho west and east I 
were seated right and left of the Warden. 

In some unrecorded manner Hasfinpi, from the time of 
James II.,** at least, has alway.s been assigned to tlie riglit- 
hand and foremost sjiear or staff supporting the canopy of 
the King and Queen at Coronations. It may be assumed 
that such a place was latterly assigned according to the 
prevailing idea of pre-eminence or precedency. It is 
probably true that in the days wlien the Cinque Ports 
na\*y assembled the ships were marshalled according to 
the geographical position of their Ports with respect one 
to the other.*' This order of marshalling was common, 
I believe, at all events, among the \and-J\/rd (or ancient 
niilitia)if not among the Ship-fyrd. The ships of Hastings 
Port would therefore, in attack and defence, bo marshalled 
against tlie enemy, to the right hand of the King of 
England or his lieutenant ; so that this arrangement 
may have governed the Port's position at the Corona- 
tion. There are also many details of history which 
would contribute towards the popular idea of pre- 
eminence in the Port of Hastings. Tlie " Saxon 
Chronicle"" (1050-52) shows that the " butse-carls" or 
BaUors of Hastings fought, long before the Conquest, as 
a separate body in the service of King Edward the 
Confessor. The mere absence of reference to the 
service of Hastings as a privileged Port in the Winchester 
'' Doomsday" arises from some obvious mistake by which 
direct mention of Hastings Castle and Port are wholly 
omitted. But, as Mr. J. H. Round {in his "Feudal 
England"**) has pointed out, the connection of the 
Cinque Ports with Yamioutli is iirst and alone hinted at 
in a Charter to Hastings in Henry Il.'a reign. The 

*» See Coronntioa RoUe. Mr. T. Ross' puiier. Vol. XV., " S.A.C." 

■ See '■ Dr. Stabbs" ConstitutionHl HiBlory," Vol. I., p. 665. 
" Thorpe's Edition, Bccord Series. No. S3. A triend ance ahowed me a 

OBUiucript note made by Mr. J. Ashbiiniham, AprQ 2iid, 1T5T, in which he 
nentlon» that the Atat CharhT grraiiifd to Uastin^ wob bj Kdward the CunteHwr 
ifn 105S. I mention thin fornhat it itworth. It U posaiblu that Mr. ABbburahara 
jtaBj have bad ejxei» to manuscripts which ore no longer eitautlO. 

■ Page 561-SA-'>, " Historii-Bl Studies on the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries, '* 
h»b., Swim t Co.. Patemoeter Square, 18115. 

B 2 



52 BARONS OF THE CINQUE PORTS 

Charters of King John, 1205-6, to the Ports separately, 
again alone mention Hastings in connection with the 
rights at Yarmouth.^ Lord Coke also mentions that, 
in his time, Hastings found two bailiffs to the other 
Ports' one, and that they paid a double allowance to 
the bailiffs when executing Royal Justice at Yarmouth. 
In contradistinction to the other Ports their representa- 
tives are styled ''Barons'' in the body of the Cnarter of 
King John and not ^^Men'*^ as in the Charters of the 
other Cinque Ports by that King. Again, the Arms of 
the Port of Hastings depicted on a seal so early as the 
13th century*^ bear the representation of a whole lion in 
the centre between two demi-lions and ships instead of the 
three demi-lions and ships of the arms of the other Ports, 
thus bringing the Hastings Arms nearer to those of the 
King than any others. There are therefore indications 
of a precedency from a very early period. 

When Edward I. established the confederation of the 
Ports in 1278 it is scarcely likely that he intended to 
prefer one Port to another, but the assumed precedency 
of Hastings nevertheless seems to have taken firm root in 
late mediaeval and subsequent times, as will be seen by a 
perusal of Mr. Ross's paper above referred to. 

The dress of the Barons at the Corcmation hsis been 
varied from time to time, and its fashion is usually pre- 
scribed at a meeting of the Brotherhood and Guestling of 
the Ports before each Coronation.®^ It is unfortunate that 
no traditional costume is known, a gala dress of the period 
having been usually adopted. At the later coronations 
a gala dress of Tudor fashion lists been worn (see coloured 
plate in Mr. Ross's paper). King James I. set the 
example of paying for the material of the clothes worn 
by the Barons. These clothes were made at the expense 
of the Barons who served, but the other personal expenses 
were paid by the Ports. 

The canopy and its bells, spears, or staves were provided 
by the Lord High Steward or Treasurer, and the canopies 

» Institutes, Fourth Book, c. 42, p. 222. 

» See description of Hastings Seals, Vol. XL., p. 263, "S.A.C." 

" See *• Black " and ** White »' Books of the Cinque Porte. 



AT THE CORONATIONS. 



53 



were of nilk or clotli of gold, or even of red cloth (as at 
Queen Anne's coronation).™ 

The llaronK do not bear the canopy into the chancel of 
the Abbey, on account of a supposed custom that whatever 
is brotight into the chaticel becomes the property of the 
Dean. When the King is crowned the Baront* imme- 
diately put on their cap.-*. Tbey accompany liim, still 
holding the canopy, to the banque ting-hall, and usually 
Kit at a table placed at the immediate right hand of the 
King's table. When they have obtained leave of departure 
from the King they make aiTangcments for the division of 
the canopy and it.s staves and bells among themselves. 

The uuml)er of Barons sent to the Coronation was in 
all thirty-two, and on some occasions the number of 
spears supporting the canopy was increased by one or 
two on either side of the canopy.*" 

The Barons should, strictly speaking, be summoned hy 
the King forty days before the Coronation to do their 
service, but for a long while the Barons had been obliged 
to petition to carry out the service, by application to the 
Court, of Claims, presided over by the l^ord High Steward 
of England. 

On the petition being presented to the Duke of Norfolk, 
who held the office at the time of Richard III., be endorsed 
a special Bill of Remembrance,** to the effect that, on 
production of such Bill, at any Coronation thereafter, the 
Cinque Ports should be allowed their services, and their 
Bill should be similarly again endorsed from time to time."* 

** A portion of thiHcunop? isut the llnatin^ JIuwiud. niid wus prcwnted bjUic 
BuoDB l4> the Ctiurdi i>f All Saints. Hnxtiiifcs. »u<l ufted nn a pulpit-rlnth. Tbat 
amdtnalivarge l.wa«uttlciwpred«i]Tcrtu«uewiUiB gulden fringe at the top, and 
poft WM giTen br the Bnruu» ot Hiwtiii^ to St. Clcment'B Church, Hosting*, as 
■ pnlpit-clotb <Bec *- Gcut'B. Mas.," Vol. LVI., p. 650). Sotue of Ihe bdLi af 
U)» later coMnatioiia were rci^entl; in the pouciwlon of the MUward familj. 

" For ffinn of canopy and b*lla, see " Saudford's Coronation of Jamet 11." 

»« " White B.K>k" or Ciuiiue Ports ("8,A.C„" Vol. XV.. p. 182). 

■ Tho Charter to tlu* Cinqoe Porte of CharlM I. (tnfir alia) recites: "Also In 
ConsUention of the most gTat4sru1 and aooeiitable serrioe whii'h the Unront of the 
'CliMlun I'ortij Qiitl Ancii-ut Towni" iitoreBaid have done to ub in mir Inauguration 
to Ibe Crowti of thin our Kln|;dotn of England ; w< rIko In times post to uur 
wogeniton*. the Kings and (^ocewi of England, at their Coronationa ren)ectivel7, 
mim all Iho time whereiit the mctnorf □( man iii not to the coutrary, have done 
■nd ought to do : and to uur Ilein and sueeeseore Kings ot England, at their 
Coranatiuu u('L-onUiig tu Ihvir privilege and honour onght lo du. . . .*' 



54 fiA&0N6 OF THE CINQUE POETS. 

The present Speaker of the Ports, namely, the Mayor 
of Winchelsea, should now soon convene a meeting of the 
Courts of '* Brotherhood" and ^'Guestling" to discuss as 
to the drawing up of a Petition with respect to the Coro- 
nation of King Edward VII. 

After June 1st, 1901, the Mayor of Rye will be the 
*' Speaker" of the Ports for one year. 

It is hoped that the services of the Barons will not be 
dispensed with, as they were at the Coronation of King 
William IV. and Queen Victoria. We may even hope 
that King Edward VII., with his usual gi'ace, may com- 
mand the attendance of the Barons, as in the olden time, 
without petition and in accord with the time-honoured 
precedent recorded in the ancient custumal of Rye. 



1N^T^'T0RIES or goods of the smaller 

MONASTERIES AND FRL\RIES IN SUSSEX 

AT THE TIME OF THEIB DISSOLUTION. 



Tranilatcd from Mini 



s, I'.li.O., ii7 ami aa Umry VIII., No. 173. 



THE SMALLER MONASTERIES. 

The Counties of Surrey and Sussex, 
Account of John Mores, ono of the ConimiBBionere of 
tho Lord Henry the eighth by tlie grace of God of 
England and Franco King, Defender of the Faith, 
Lord of Ireland, and on earth aupi-eme head of the 
Church of Ettfjitand, assigned to dissolve and suppress 
divers Monasteries ivithin the Counties aforesaid, 
Heceirer of tho monies issuing as well in respect of 
the gocHjs and chattels as of tlie debts of divers 
persons lately due and pertaining to the said 
Monasteries, now dissolved. That is to say, from the 
fourth day of February in the 27"' year of the reign 
of the King abovesaid, unto the Ze* day of Maruh 
then next following in the 28"" year of the reign of 
the same Lord the King. 

THE COUNTY OF SUSSEX. 
The Priory of Hastings. 
Of thi> price of 128 ounces of silver issuing in respect 
of tho jewels and silver vessels, of the goods of the 
same late Priory, That ia to say, of pure silver 37 
ounces, the worth of an ounce 3s. id. ; silver parcel 
gilt 22 ounces, the worth of an ounce '6s. Sd. ; and 
silver gilt 69^ ounces, the worth of an ounce 4s. ^d.; 
in like manner delivered by the said accountant to 
the Treasurer of the Court of the Augmentations of 
the Revenues of the Crown of the Lord the King, 
to the use of the same I^ord the King— 24i. 4s. IQid. 
Of the price of all the omnjuents of the Church 
thi're ; and also of the tablets, pictures and other 
things within the same Cliuri'h, so sold to divers 
persons in parcels, as appears by the said occouotant'e 
nook examined — 71. in. '2d. 



56 



INVENTORIES OP GOODS OF THE SMALLER 



Grain, 

Oiattels in Slock. 

The bells. 



Lead, 



Movable goods. Of the price of all the movable goods of the house 

there, in like manner sold to divers persons in parcels, 
beyond the beds of the Prior and Convent there 
g^ven to them by the Lord the Sling's Commissioners, 
of the same Lord the Eling's alms — 4Z. 14s. 6d. 

Of the price of all kinds of grain — Nothing. Because 
none were found here. 

Of the price of all kinds of chattels of the movable 
goods of the said late Priory, so sold to divers persons 
in parcels — 14Z. 75. Ad, 

Of the price of the bells, weighing 50 cwts, the 
worth of the cwt. 135. Ad.\ so sold to John Ipingbury, 
as appears by the Indentures thereof made between 
the said John and the said Beceiver, and remaining 
— 33Z. 65. M, 

Of the price of 13 wagon-loads, called "fothers," 
and 1500 pounds of lead found there, and delivered 
for safe custody to George West to the use of the 
Lord the King, as appears by a certain Lidenture 
made between the saia Beceiver and the said Oeorge 
West, knight, and remaining in the possession of the 
Beceiver — Nothing, because it remains to the use of 
the Lord the King, as within. 

Of the price of certain buildings there in like manner 
sold to divers persons in parcels, as appears by the 
said accountant's book examined and remaining — 
4Z. 85. 4(f. •— 88Z. 55. IQ^d. 

The Peiory of Michklham. 

Of the price of 203 ounces of silver issuing in respect 
of the jewels and silver vessels of the goods of the 
same late Priory. That is to say, of pure silver 94 
ounces, the worth of an ounce 35. Aid. ; silver parcel 
gilt 34 ounces, the worth of an ounce 35. %d. ; and 
silver gilt 75 ounces, worth 45. ^., delivered by the 
said accoimtant to the Treasurer of the Court of the 
Augmentations of the Bevenues of the Crown of 
the Lord the King, to the use of the same Eling — 
27Z. 14J^. 

Of the price of all the ornaments of the Church 
there ; and also of the tablets, pictures, stones called 
"Pavynstones," and other things within the same 
Church, so sold to divers persons, as appears by the 
said accountant's book — \bl. 135. 2d, 

Of the price of all the movable goods of the house 
there, in like manner sold to divers persons, beyond 
Goods of the Itouse. the beds of the Prior and Convent there given to 

them by the Lord the Bang's Commissioners, of the 
liord the King's alms — 7Z. I85. 2d, 



Buildinas with 
other tnings. 



Jewels and silver 
vessels. 



Ornaments of the 
Church. 



m. 2. 



MONASTKKIES AND FKIAKIES IN SUSSEX. 



' prict 



I Ihei 



:katleU in Stock. Of the price of aU kinds of chattels of the movable 
goods of the said late Priory, so Bold to Anthony 
Pelhani, us apiii'nrH by the said accountant's book 
remaining — 7Si. 5s. 

Of the jjrice of 13 waggon -loads and 1500 pounds of 
lead fijuiid there by the Lord the King's Commia- 
BionerH and by them delivered to Anthony Pelham 
and John Fawkonor to keep safely to the same 
Lord the King's use, as appears by a certain Inden- 
ture thereof made between the said Anthony and 
John and the aaid CommisBionera and remaining in 
the pogaesBion of the Keceiver — Nothing. Because 
it remains to the I»rd the King's use. 
Of the price of five bells there weighing 40 cwts. in 
like manner sold by the Lord the King's Commis- 
sioners to — Ipyngbuiy at 13*. 4<l. the cwt., as appears 
by the Indenture made and remaining with the 
Receiver— 26i. 13s. -id. 
It mth Of the price of divers buildings sold by the Lord the 
iififfa. King's ComraissionGra to divers persons, as appears 

by the said Receiver's book made, esuuined and 
remninitig — IB/. 9s. 3d. 

— 182i. id. 
The PniOHY of Ettspeh. 
nd silver Of the price of 17 ounces of silver issuing in respect 
■''•- of the jewels and silver vessels, of the goods of the 

same late Priory. That is to say, of pure silver 
8 ounces, the worth of on ounce Us. Ad. ; and silver 
parcel gilt 9 ounces, the worth of an ounce 3s. 8(?. 
So delivered by the said accountant to the Treasurer 
of the Court of the Augmentations of the Revenues 
of the Cnjwn of thi* Lord the King and to the use of 
the same Lord the King— 39s. %d. 
01 the price of all the ornaments of the Church 
there ; and iilao of die paintings, pictures and other 
things within the same Church, so sold to divers 
persons — tiOs. 
)/ ihc lioiiae. Of the price of all the movable goods of tlie house 
there in like manner sold to divers pei-sons, beyond 
the beds of the Prior and Convent there given to 
them by the Lord the King's Commissioners of the 
same Lord the King's iJms, as appears by the book 
aforesaid — 58s. 'id. 
ngi mill Of Jim price of divers buildings sold by the Ijord 
thtiigi. [jjp King's Commissi on erii to divers jiersons, as 

appears by the book aforesaid — 27/. 1 Is. \d. 



58 INVENTORIES OF GOODS OF THE SMALLER 

The bells. Of the price of two small bells there [sold] by the 

Lord the Eling's Commissioners to Nicholas Uennyns, 
besides other bells stolen, as appears by the book 
aforesaid — 20«. 

— 37Z. 95. 2d. 

The Pbioky of Tortynoton. 

Jewels and silver Of the price of 171 ounces of silver issuing in respect 
vessels. Qf ^he jewels and silver vessels, of the goods of the 

same late Priory. That is to say, of pure silver 17 
ounces, the worth of an ounce Ss. Sd.; of silver 
parcel gilt 121 ounces, the worth of an ounce 3s. Sd. ; 
and silver gilt 33 ounces, the worth of an ounce 
4s, ^., delivered by the said accountant to the 
Treasurer of the Court of Augmentations of the 
Hevenues of the Crown of the Lord the King to 
the use of the same Lord the King, as appears by 
the said Beceiver's book — 31Z. 13^. 8^. 

Ornaments of the Of the price of all the ornaments of the Church 
Church. there ; and also of the paintings, pictures and other 

things within the same Church in like manner sold 
to divers persons — 91. Ss. Sd. 

Goods of the house. Of the price of all the movable goods of the house 

there in like manner sold to divers persons, beyond 
the beds of the Prior and Convent there, g^ven to 
them by the Lord the King's Commissioners, of the 
Lord the Eling's alms, as appears by the said 
accountant's book remaining — 117«. Sd. 

Grain. Of the price of all kinds of grain there, as well 

growing on the lands as remaining in the bams, so 
sold to divers persons in parcels, as appears by the 
said accountant's book remaining — 201. 

Chattels in Stock. Of the price of all kinds of chattels of the movable 

goods of the said late Priory, so sold in parcels to 
divers persons, as by the said accountant's book more 
fully appears — 112s. 

m. 2d. Of the price of two waggon-loads and a half of lead 

found there by the Lord the King's Commissioners 

Lead. and delivered in safe custody to the use of the Lord 

Henry, Lord Mautravers, as appears by a certain 
Indenture thereof made between the said Lord 
Mautravers and the said accountant — Nothing, as 
appears within. 

The bells. Of the price of five bells there weighing between 

them 48 cwts. in like manner sold by the Lord the 
King's Commissioners to Henry, Lord Matravers at 
13s. 4^. the cwt., as more fully appears by a certain 
Indenture made between the said Lord Matravers 
and the Commissioners — 32 Z. 



MONASTERIES AND t'ltlAUIES IN SUSSEX. 



59 



i-ill' Of thp price of diver» biiiMingH sold bj- the Lord 
'"■ tliB King's Commissionors to divers jiersons, as 

appears by the said acciitiDtant's book mode and 
remoinisg — 261. 9a. 2d. 
ft. Of the mouies received by tlie said aewiuntont of 

Jolin Palmer, gentleman, in full pnj-ment for certain 
chattels by hini bought of the late Prior there, by 
the confession of the said Prior, as appears by the 
book afore8aid^l2i. IBs. 8rf. 

Hil. 123. IQid. 
Pbiory of Boxgkave. 

silver Of the price of 339 ounces of silver issuing in respect 
of the jewels anil silver vesnels of the goods of the 
same late Prioi-y. That is to say, of pure silver 20 
ounces, the worth of an ounce 3*. 4d. ; of silver 
parcel gilt HI ounces, thevorth of an ounce 3j. 8d. ; 
and silver gilt 178 onnces, the woi-th of an ounce 
4s. Jrf., deUverod by the said accountant to the 
Treasurer of the Court of the Augmentations of the 
Eovenuea of the Crown of the Lord the King, to 
the said Lord the King's use — G5i. lis. \d. 

OmtanrHii nf Die Of the price of all the i)mament9 of the Church 
Church. tj^gpg „ijii divers pareeh within the same Church 

sold to divers persons, as appears by the said 
accountant's book remaining — 23l. \3s. 2d. 

GvmU vj llie luiiini:. Of the price of all the movable goods of the house in 
like manner Mold in part>ele, beyond the beds of the 
Prior and Convent there givsn to them by the Lord 
the King's Commissioners, of the same Lord the 
King's alms, as appears by the said accountant's 
book remaining— al. 4«. 4d. 

Orm», Of the price of all kinds of grain growing upon the 

lands there, in like manner sitid by the Lord the King's 
accountant, as appears by the said accountant's book 
remaining — i'M. 6s. 8rf. 

ChaluU in Slock. Of the pri(« of all kinds of chattels there in like 
manner sold hy the Lord the King's Commissioners 
to divers persons, as appears by the said aceountant's 
book remaining— 53i. 14s. 4(/. 

Ltad. Of the price of the lend found in the said late 

Monastery — Nothing, because there waa none there. 

The UUa. Of the price of three bells there weighing 38 ewts., 

aold to the Lord La Warre, the worth of the cwt. 
13s, 4^., as appears by a certain Indentui-e made 
thereof between the said Iiord and the said Beceiver, 
and remaining — 25/, lis. Hd. 



60 



INVENT0BIE8 OF GOODS OP THE SMALLER 



Buildings with 
other things. 



Of the price of divers buildings sold by tbe said 
accountant to divers persons as in detail appears by 
the said accountant's book, made, seen, and remaining 
—161. 20d. 

— 236Z. 10s. Ud. 



Jewels. 



Ornaments of the 
Church. 



The P&ioby of Shelbrede. 

Of the price of 34 ounces of silver issuing in respect 
of the jewels and silver vessels, of the goods of the 
same late Priory. That is to say, of pure silver 10 
ounces, the worth of an ounce 3s, 4a. ; and silver 
parcel gilt 24 ounces, the worth of an ounce Ss. Sd., 
so delivered by the said accountant to the Treasurer 
of the Court of the Augmentations of the Lord the 
Eling and to the same Lord the King's use, as appears 
by the book aforesaid remaining — 61. 1 6d. 

Of the price of all the ornaments of the Church 
there ; and also of the paintings, pictures and other 
things within the same Church sold to divers persons, 
as appears by the book thereof made, seen and 
remaining — 535, 4d. 

Goods of the house. Of the price of all the movable mods of the house 

there in like manner sold in parcels, beyond the beds 
of the Prior and Convent there, given to them by the 
Lord the King's Commissioners, of the same Lord 
the King's alms, as appears by the said accountant's 
book thereof made, seen, examined and remaining — 
n08.4d. 

Of the price of all kinds of grain there — Nothing, 
because they had none. 

Of the price of all kinds of chattels of the movable 
goods 01 the said late Monastery in like manner sold 
by the said accountant, as appears by the book 
aforesaid — 35Z. I6d. 

Of the price of the lead there found by the Lord the 
King's Commissioners — Nothing, because none was 
found there. 

Of the price of four small ^ells there weic^hing lOJ^ 
cwts. in like manner sold by the Lord the Kind's 
Commissioners to William Medenwell at 135. 4^. the 
cwt., as appears by a certain Indenture thereof made, 
seen, examined, and remaining — 71. 

Of the price of all the buildings there found by the 
Lord the King's Commissioners so appraised and 
estimated — 205. 

—57/. 65. 4d. 



m. 3. 
Grain. 

Chattels in Stock. 



Lead. 



The bells. 



Buildings with 
other things. 



n-abie yoods, 
lin, arut ilock 
3/ ChatttU. 



Thk Late Priory oh Arret of Ddbford. 

Of the price of 43| ounces of atlver iBsuing In respect 
of the jewels aod silver vessels of the guoda of the 
same late Priory. To wit, of pure silver 4^ ounces, 
the worth of an ounce 3s. id. ; and of silver parcel 
gilt — 39 ounces, the worth of an ounce 3s. 8(/., in 
fiko manner delivered hj' the said accountant to the 
Treasurer of the Court of the Augmentations — 7/. 1 8s. 
0/ the Of the price of all the ornaments of the Church 
^' there ; and also of the paintings, pictures, and all 

manner of other things within the same Church, 
found there upon the disHolutinn of the same late 
Priory, in like manner sold by the said Ixjrd the 
King's Commiasi oners to some personn, as appeors 
by the said accountant's hooka thereof made, seen, 
examined and remnining—l W. 

Of the price of all the movable goods of the house 
there found upon the dissolution of the same late 
Priory, sold to divers persons, beyond the beds of the 
Prior and Convent there given to them of the same 
liOrd the King's alms. And for the price of all kinds 
of gi-ain ; and also for the price of all kinds of 
chattels of the movable goods of the said late 
Monastery, in like manner sold by the Lord the 
King's Commissioners in gross to Geoffrey Pole, 
knight, as appears by the Inventory indented made 
thereof, seen, and examined, and also remaining in 
" n of the Receiver. 



Of the jirice of five little bells there weighing 
between them 31 cwts., in like manner sold by the 
smd accountant to John Creawellor at 13s. 4a. the 
cwt., as appears by the said accountant's book thereof 
made, seen, examined, and remaining. — 20^ IDs. 4(f. 
Of the monies due by John Trybe to the said late 
Abbot in respect of the price of a certain woo<l 
bought of the said late Abbot, as appears by the 
said Beoeiver's book and the acknowledgment of the 
said John.— 20f. 

Of the price of the lead found in the said late 
Uonastery. — Nothing, because there was none there. 
9S;. 13s. \0d. 
The Late Priory ov Eabborxe. 
For the price of the jewels, nmaments of the church, 
movable goods of the house, graiu, stock of chattels, 
bells, lead, buildings, debts and nil other goods of 
whatsoever names, sorts, nature or kind they shall 
b«, to the aforetaid late Monastery in any manner 
belonging or pertaining, he does not answer, because 



62 



INVENTORIES OF GOODS OF THE SMALLER 



the aforesaid now Lord King Henry the eighth by 
his Letters Patent the date whereof is the 20^ day 
of July, in the 28*** year of the reign of the King 
aforesaid, gave and granted (amone^st other things) 
to William Fitzwilliain, Knight of the noble order of 
the Garter, Treasurer of the said most noble household 
of the Lord the King aforesaid all and singular the 
jewels, ornaments of the Church, goods of the house, 
g^ain, stock of Chattels, bells, lead, buildings, debts, 
and all other goods above specified whatsoever to the 
said Monastery lately pertaining without account or 
any other thing therefor to the said Lord the King, 
his heirs or successors to be rendered, paid or done, 
as in the same Letters Patent word for word in the 
account of the said accountant of the revenues of 
the said late Monastery in the 28*** year of the King 
aforesaid enrolled more fully is contained — Nothing. 

Sum total of all the goods movable and debts to 
the said late Monastery pertaining, with 9U. 195. 9d, 
in respect of the price of the buildings sold by the 
Lord the King's Uommissioners, beyond divers other 
buildings as yet remaining unsold — 934^. 6s. id. 



m. 3d. 
Hastings. 



Mychelham. 



THE COUNTY OF SUSSEX. 

And in money paid by the said accountant in like 
manner to four Canons being there of the Jjord the 
King's alms as well for their wages [vadiis] due 
for three quarters of a year as for their rewards 
[regardis] as particularly appears by the said 
accountant's booK where their names, with the sums, 
are more fully declared and noted — 91. lOs. 

And in money in like manner paid by the said 
accountant to the servants of the said late Monastery 
for their stipends, liveries, and rewards for three 
quarters of a year due to them, as appears by the 
said accountant's book remaining — 91. 5s. 

And in money in like manner paid by the said 
accountant to divers creditors of the said late Monas- 
tery in full payment of all debts due to them by the 
late Prior and Convent — 211. 12s. lid. 

—401. 7s. lid. 

And in money in like manner paid by the said 
accountant to eight Canons there, of the Lord the 
King's alms, as well for their wages due for a quarter 
of a year as for their rewards, as appears by the said 
accountant's book remaining — IdZ. ISs. 4d. 



MONASTERIES AND FKIAHIES IN SUSSEX. 



And in money b^ the Baid accountant paiii to the 
servants of the said Priory for their etipends, liveries, 
and rewards due for a quarter of a year ending at the 
Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary, in 
the 28"' year of the King aforesaid, aa appears by 
the book aforesaid— 24!. 17s. -id. 
And in money by the said accountant in like mauuei* 
paid to diverx creditors of the said late Monastery in 
full payment of all debts due to them by the late 
Prior and Convent of the Monastery, as appears by 
the book aforesaid— 24Z. 15a. I(/, 

—631. 6s. 9d. 
And in money in like manner paid by the said 
ai'fountant to livo Canons being there, of the Iiord 
ToBTVKOTOS. the King's alms, as well for their wages due for half 
a year as for their rewards, as appears by the book 
aforesaid — lOZ. 

And in money in like manner paid by the said 
accountant to the servants of the said late Monastery 
for their stipends, liveries and rewards, as apjiears 
by the said accouutant's book where their names, 
with the sums, more fully appear — 19i. lli/, 
And in money in like manner paid by the said 
accountant to divers creditors of the said late Monas- 
tery in full payment of all debts due to them by the 
Prior and Convent, as n])pear« by the book aforesaid 
—50^. lu;. 

—791. ISa. 4d. 
And in money in like manner paid to seven Monks 
being there, of the Ijord the King's alms, as well for 
their wages due to them as fer their rewards, as 
appears by the said accountant's book thereof made, 
seen and remaining ~ 13Z. 2s. id. 
And in monies in like manner paid to the said 
Monks for their stipends, liveries and rewards due to 
them, as appears in detail by the said accountant's 
book thereof made, seen and examined — 201. 10s. Sd. 
~S-il. 13s. 
And in money paid by the said accountant to the 
Prioress there in reword upon the dissolution of 
the same late Priory by the discretion of the Lord 
the King's Commission era, with 6(ls, given to 
Elizabeth Hayes, a nun, of the said Lord the 
King's alms, as appears by the snid accountant's 
book thereof made, sei'n, esaminod and remaining 

And in money paid to the Chaplains and servants 
of the said late Monaslery as well for their wages 



64 



INVENTORIES OF GOODS OF THE SMALLER 



Shrlbred. 



DUBFORD. 



m. 4d. 

Necessary 
Expenses. 



due at tlie Feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed 
Mary for one entire year as for their rewards and 
liveries, as appears by the said book remaining — 
SI. 68. 2d. 

And in monies in like manner paid by the said 
accountant to divers creditors of the said late Monas- 
tery in full payment of all their debts due to them 
by the late Prioress and Convent — III. lOs. 4d. 

— 25Z. 16«. ed. 

And in money in like manner paid by the said 
accountant in like manner to five Canons being there, 
of the same Lord the King's alms, as openly and 
manifestly appears in the aforesaid book of the said 
accountant — 61. 5s. 

And in money in like manner paid by the said 
accountant to the servants of the said Priory for their 
wages, liveries and rewards due to them, as particu- 
larly appears by the said accountant's book thereof 
made and remaining — SI. 9s. 2d. 

And in money paid to William Burre, formerly Prior 
there, for his pension at 12/. by the year, so granted 
to him for the term of his life by a certain deed 
sealed with the seal of the Convent there, dated &c. 
That is to say, in such allowance for half a year 
ending at the Feast of S^ Michael the Archangel, in 
the 28'** year of the reign of the King aforesaid— 6Z. 

20Z. Us. 2d. 

And in money in like manner paid by the said 
accountant to five Canons being there, of the said 
Lord the King's alms, as appears by the said 
accountant's book thereof made, seen, and remaining 
— 6Z. 3s. 2d. 

And in money in like manner paid to the servants of 
the said Monastery for their wages, rewards, and 
liveries given to them, as by the said accountant's 
aforesaid book thereof made, examined, and remain- 
ing more fully appears — SI. Ss. 4d. 

And in money paid by the said accountant to divers 
creditors of the said late Monaster}* in full payment 
of all debts due to them by the Prior and Convent, 
as particularly appears by the said Receiver's book — 
541. 9s. 4d. 68Z. 16s. lOd. 

And in the keeping and expenses of the Auditor, 
Receiver and other Commissioners of the Lord 
the King, their servants and horses, and of other 
persons intervening [and] riding with the said Com- 
missioners as they journeyed in the aforesaid Counties 
of Surrey and Sussex, being there to enquire, search 



til appere. 



le entier valew of moveable 
foodf xxxix" V* ij**, In stores 
e' f ermors nil. Debttf owing 
lo the said howse xiij" iij' vj" 



Woodes there Iz acr all above \ Debttf owin 



xx** yeres age at xiij' iiij** the 

acr=xl** 

Comon iiij" acr, Parkf, None 



as appcrit 

thereof 

Comjssioners xij" xiij' vij**. 



le entier valewe of the 
loveable goodf iiij" iij" xv" 

in stores w^ fermors nil 
)ebttf owing to the same 

Lowse nil. 



Woodes there Ix acr all above 
xx^ yeres age at x' the acre 
= xxx*^, Commen Ix acres, 
I>arkf None. 



Debtts owing by the same 
howse as apperith pticolarly by 
a book thereof made remayn- 
ing w^ the Comyssioners uij" 
x»vjd. 



above 



^he entier valewe of the ^ 
Loveable goodt xvj** xiij" vij** 
stores w' fermors nil 
3bttt own to the said howse j Comen nil Parkf nil. 



aU \ 
iii- f 



Woodes there G acres all ] Debttf owing by the same 
** yeres age at iij' 



howse as apperith pticolarly by 



iuj** the acre = xvj" xiij" iiij** f a boke thereof made remayn- 
- - j ^ ^ ^^ Ck)my88ioner8 iij" 



xuj" uij*. 



le entier valewe of the \ 



loveable goodf Iv" xiiij" iiij<* 
stores w* fermors nil, 
debttf owing to the same 
louse ix" XV* ij**. 



Woodes there iiij" acr all 



above xx** yeres age at xiij" 
■ iiij<» the acre liiin vj« viij* 
Ck>men for fourty beestf, 
parkf, None. 



Debttf owin^ by the same 
howse as appeuith pticularly by 
a boke thereof maide remayn- 
ing w^ the Ck>my88ionerB 
xxvjw ix« j<». 



rhe entire valewe 
Loveuble goods 



of the \ Woodes there C 
• • • In I above xx*' yeres . 



acr 



res w' fermors nil Debttf T worth to be 
ring to the same howse nil. ) parkf nil. 



all ] Debttf 



[destroyed] 



le entyre valewe of the \ Woodes 
lovable goodf bdij" xv« In 
)re8 w* fermors nil Debts 
ring to the same howse nil. j Parks 



[destroyed] 



the said lands as the goods ben given and granntod by the Kingf highues to Sir WyllHn 
o' Sovereign lord aforesaid. 



3n to fcrme to Thomas Shirley and Thomas Mychell for the terme of Ix 

to begyn at Mighelmas before the date thereof, yelding therfor by the yere xl". Nonne 
and women sv^ttf ij . Bellf leade and other buyldingf to be sold by nstimaodn liij* iiij^ 
xMies there C acres all above xx^ yeres age bering 



MONASTERIICS AND FRIARIES IN SUSSEX. 



65 



(Ts.) and oxamiue the MoaBures* toutliiag tlio state 
and value of the poBaeesions and goods of the 
Monagteries oforeBaid and othere not dissolved, in 
the Counties aforpsaid, according to the force, form 
and effect of diven articles annexed to the Lord the 
King's Commisaion, and touching their aceounte and 
oertifying the execution about the premises froni time 
to time to the Court of the Augmentations of tho 
Crown of the Lord the King, and after the same 
certificate to dissolve and suppress all the aforesaid 
Monasteries assigned to them, in the aforesaid 
Counties, as iiarticularly appears by the said 
accountant's book thereof made and remaining in 
the possession of the Auditor— 9^/. 9(/. 
And in money paid by the said accountant for the 
carriage of the jewels and silver vessels, with the 
money paid for the carriage of divers evidences, 
books, and other muniments &om the Monasteries 
aforesaid to London, delivered to the Treasurer of 
the Court of the Augmentations of the Eevonues of 
the Crown of the Lord the King, us appears by tlie 
book aforesaid — Si. 

Sum of the oUowanoeB aforesaid— 52-1 Z. Us. Sd. 
And he owes — ilOl. Is. %\d. 



THE COUNTIES OF 8UREEY AND SUSSEX. 
Account of John Morris, oaquire, one of the Heceivors 
of the I.ord Henry the eighth by the grace of 
God of England and France King, Defender of 
the Faith, Lord of Ireland, and on earth supreme 
head of t)ie Anglican Church, of the Revenues of 
the Augmenttttions of his Crown, of all the Lord- 
Bhi]ie, Manors, Lands and Tenements, Rectories, 
Portions, and Pensions, and the possessions whatso- 
ever latel}' pertaining to the Monasteries in the said 
Counties now dissolveil, which now are in the hand 
of the said Ijord the King by reason and authority 
of a certain Act of l)te Parliament begun at London 
on the V^ day of November, in the 21"' year of tlie 
reign of the same Lord tlie King, and therefrom 
adjourned to Westminster, and by divers prorogations 
continued until and on the 4"' day of February in 
the 27**' year of his reign, and then and there held, 
amongst other things thereby ordained and provided. 
That IS to say, as well of all and singular his recoipto, 
as of the fees, wages, and divere annuities, and of 
the chains, costs, e.tpenses and payments by him 

• Weights and Mfueurce. 



66 INVENTORIES OF GOODS OP THE SMALLER 

made and paid in his office aforesaid, from the said 
4*^ day of February in the said 27*** year of the King 
aforesaid unto the Feast of S^ Michael the Archangel 
then next following in the 28^ year of the reign of 
the King aforesaid ; from which said Feast of 8* 
Michael the Archangel in the 28'** year of the said 
King, the said John Morris is to account therefor at 
another time. 

Arrears, None, because it is the first account of the 
said now accountant to the Lord the King's use. 

Sum — None. 

County of Surrey. 

The late Priories He does not account for any sums of money received 
of Wavcrley and \yy ^}^q g^id accountant within the time of this account 
iLasborne. from the bailiffs, farmers, tenants, occupiers and 

ministers of all the lands and possessions pertaining 
or belonging to the said late Priories or Monasteries, 
because the now Lord King Henry VIII., by his 
Letters Patent under his Great Seal of England, the 
date whereof is the 20**» day of July, in the 28*** year 
of the reign of the King aforesaid, gave and granted 
to William Fitz William, knight of the most noble 
order of the Garter, Treasurer of the Lord the King's 
Household, to himself and to his heirs for ever, as 
well the soil, ground, site, ambit and precinct of the 
late Priory or Monastery of Waverley, in the said 
County of Surrey, and the late Priory of Easboume, 
in the County of Sussex, as all messuages, houses, 
manors, lands, tenements, granges, dovecotes, yards, 
orchards, gardens, pools, vivaries, lands, and the soil 
of the aforesaid late Monasteries or Priories. And 
also all and singular the Lordships, manors, lands, 
tenements, possessions, and hereditaments whatso- 
ever as well temporal as spiritual to the said late 
Monasteries pertaining or in any manner belonging, 
as in the same Letters Patent more fully is contained. 
But he is charged on the account in respect of 
III. 16s. 5ld, for a moiety of the yearly rent reserved 
to the Lord the King and to his heirs for ever in the 
same Letters Patent, in the name of his tenth, for 
the tenth part of all and singular the manors, lands, 
tenements, and other the premises, with the appur- 
tenances, in the Counties of Surrey and Sussex, 
above granted, at 231. I2s. lO^d. by the year for all 
other services, exactions and demands whatsoever, 
as in the said Letters Patent more fully is contained. 
That is to say, in such charge of the yearly rent 
aforesaid for half a year ending at the Feast of S* 
Michael the Archangel within the time of this account, 



MONASTKRI?:^ AND FRIARIES IN SUSSEX. 



according to the tenour of the Letters Piiteut aforesaid, 
Bfi above. 

Sum— Hi. I6s. 5i(f. 

The Codnty of SraaEX. 

I Tlu late Prioriet He does not answer for anj profit issuing or grotrinff 
^f^f^" ii respect of the isHues ..* lOJ and singular the 

I Skiifbred, Rxaptr LordHhipa, Manors, lands and tenements b« other 
Hiulyngfs. ' posseBsionB and hereditameute, as well spiritual as 
liirfuham and tem[>oraI, to the said late Monasteries or Priorica in 
ToTtynglon. any manner peitaining or belonging for an entire 
year ending at the Feast of S' Michael the Arch- 
angel within the time of this account, because the 
said issues, profite and revenues of all and singular 
the Manors, lands, tenements and other premises were 
expended by the late Abbots and Priors of the said 
late Monasteries or Priories and the Convents of the 
same in and about the necessary and ordinary 
expenses of the house aforesaid of the late 
WocaBtories some time before the dissolution or 
suppression of the same. Which said Monasteries 
were dissolved at and about the Feast of the 
Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, in the 
28"" year of the King aforesaid. That is to say, by 
the space of half a yeor after the time or close of 
this account as by the several accounts by the said 
Oovernors thereof made and examined remaining in 
the possession of the Auditor more fully may appear. 

Sum— None. 
Nor does he answer for an^ 
by the said accountant witi 
■ from the bailiffs, farmers, tenants, occupiers and 
ministers of all the lands and possessions to the said 
late Priories pertaining or belonging, because the 
now Lord King Henry the eighth by his Letters 
Patent under his Great Seal of I^gland. the date 
whereof is the 20"' day of July, in the 28"' year of 
his reign aforesaid, gave and granted, amongst othei 
things, to William Fitz Williams, knight of the most 
noble order of the Garter, Treasurer of the said Lord 
the King's Household, as well the whole site, ground, 
ambit and precinct of the late Priory of Easbome, 
in the County of Sussex aforesaid, as all messuages, 
houses, buildings, bams, granges, dovecotes, yards, 
orchards, gardens, pools, vivaries, lands, and the soil 
of the same late Priory ; and also all and singulai 
the Lordships, Manors, lands, tenements, jwsaessio 
Bud hereditaments whatsoever, as well temporal 
^ritual, to the aforesaid late Priory pertaining 
I belonging, an in the same Letters Patent in the title 
B 2 



68 



IKVENTORIES OF GOODS OF THE SMALLER 



Charge upon the 
account. 



Fees and wages. 



of "Waverley," before recited in this aooount, more 
fully is declared. 

Nor does he answer for any profit arising in respect 
of a moiety of the tenth part or yearly rent of all 
and singular the Lordships, lands and tenements and 
other possessions to the said late Priory pertaining or 
in any manner belonging amongst other things in 
the Letters Patent to the Lord the King reserved at 
23Z. 128. lO^d. by the year, because the said tenth 
or yearly rent aforesaid is answered for in the title 
"the late Monastery of Waverley " before specified, 
as is there openly demonstrated. 

Sum — None. 

And for 410Z. 2s, d^d. by him received of the 
accountant himself, one of tne Lord the King's Com- 
missioners, Eeceiver of all the sums of money arising 
upon the determination of his account of the sales 
of all the jewels and silver vessels, ornaments, goods, 
chattels, grain, buildings, and debts to the late 
Monasteries or Priories aforesaid belonging so sold 
by the Lord the King's Commissioners, beyond divers 
sums of money by him paid to certain religious persons, 
servants and creditors of the said late Monasteries, 
together with the costs and expenses of the Lord 
the King's Commissioners and other being about 
the premises, as well in the aforesaid account of the 
aforesaid Commissioners or Beceivers thereof made 
and to him entirely allowed and discharged in the 
same account, as by the books of particulars seen 
and examined by the Auditor more fully may appear. 

Sum— 410Z. 25. 9ld. 

Sum total of the charge — 497Z. lOs. 4id. and half [a 
farthing]. 

The same accounts in the fees of John Mores, one of 
the Eeceivers of the Revenues of the Augmentations 
of the Crown of the Lord the King, Eeceiver of the 
aforesaid revenues in the Counties of Surrey and 
Sussex aforesaid, by force of the Letters Patent of 
the Lord the King thereof made to him during his 
life under the Great Seal of the said Lord the King, 
of his Court of Augmentations aforesaid, the 24^ 
day of April in the 28"* year of the reig^ of King 
Henry the eighth. To have, hold, enjoy, occupy and 
exercise the office aforesaid by himself or his sufficient 
deputy, or his sufficient deputies, for whom the said 
John shall be willing to answer, to the which John 
the same Lord the Kin^ by his same Letters Patent 
gave and granted for wie exercising and ooQupatioa 



M0NA8TKR1ES AKD FRIAKIES IN SUSSEX. 



69 



of the office aforesaid the fee and wages of 201 &c. 
an in tlie eatd awouatant'a account for the year nest 
following. That is to say, in nuch allowance for the 
terms of the Nativity of 8' John the Baptist and S' 
Michael the Archangel falling within the time of this 
aci-oimt, by force of the Lord the King's Lettew 
Patent aforesaid — 10/. 

tfpon Thoma* West, knight. Lord La Warre, for the 
monios hy him due to the Ix)rd the King in respoit 
of part of the pri(^e of divers chattels, groin, utenails, 
bells, buildings and other things there, by him 
bought of the Commissioners aforesaid, and as yet 
unpaid aa appears by three obligations (421. 16s. Bd.) 
the first of which js dated the T"" day of March in 
the 28"* year of the King aforesaid, to be paid within 
six weeks after the Feast of Easter which shall be in 
the year of our Lord 1638; the second (lOi), and 
the third (25i. Cg, S/i.) obligations were dated the 
9'" day of August, in the 29"" year of the reign of 
the said Lord the King, to be paid on the Brut day 
of October which shall be in the year of our Lord 
1538, as in the same obligations more fully is 
contained — ~3l. 3s. -id. 

John Ettonbury, of Maydston, in the County of 
Kent, " Brasyer,'' for the monies by him due to the 
Lord the King in respect of the price of the bells by 
him bought of the Commissioners aforesaid, and as 
yet unjiaid, as appears by his obligation remaining 
in the jiossession of the Boceivor, the date of which 
is the 9"* day of August, in the 29* year of the reign 
of King Henry the eighth, to be paid at the Feast of 
8' Michael the Archangel which shall be in the year 
of our Iiord 1536, as appears by the obli^tion 
aforesaid — 201. 

Henrj- Mautravei-a, knight. Lord Mautravers, for the 
monies by him due to the Lord the King in respect 
uf the price of divers chattels, grain, utensils, bells 
and other things there by him bought of the Commis- 
sioners aforesaid, and as yet uapaid, as appears by 
two obligations thereof made, whereof one (lOOi) ia 
dated the 8'" day of August, in the 29"" year of the 
King aforesaid, to be paid on the 1" day of May 
next to come ; the second (32/.) is dated the 8"" day 
of November, in the 29"' year of the reign of King 
Henry the eighth, to be paid on the first day of May 
and the 20"" day of October which shall be in the 
year of our Lonl 1538, by oven portions, as appears 
by the said obligations— 37f. 



70 



inveKtories op goods op the smaller 



Shelbred. 



tn. 6. 
Durford, 



William Madenwell, of Petersfeld, in the County of 
Sussex, Mercer, and Richard Bandall, of the same, 
Fuller, for the bells and other goods by them bought 
of the Commissioners aforesaid, and as yet unpaid, 
as appears by their obligation dated the 1 8^ day of 
October, in the 29*** year of the reig^ of Kins; Henry 
the eighth, to be paid at the Feast of 8^ Michael the 
Archangel then next following, &c. — 91. 6s, Sd. 

Oeo&ey Pole, knight, for the monies by him due to 
the Lord the King in respect of the price of divers 
chattels, grain, utensils and divers otner things by 
him bought of ^the Commissioners aforesaid and as 
yet unpaid, as appears by his obligation dated the 
14'*» day of August in the 29*** year of the reign of 
King Henry the eighth. To be paid on the 1"* day 
of May in the year of our Lord 1538— 8Z. ISd, 

John Crosweller, of Cicester, in the County of Sussex, 
Mercer, and Nicholas Pytt, of Hartvng, in the County 
aforesaid, Husbandman, for the beUs and other goods 
by them bought of the said Commissioners, and as 
yet unpaid, as appears by their obligation dated the 
14"* day of August, in the 29"* year of the reign of 
King Henry "NQlI., to be paid on the first day of 
May next following — 2Sl, 

— 36Z. 18d. 

[And upon] The said accoimtant in respect of his 
own arrears upon the determination of this account 
—94^. 16s. 2^. and half a farthing. 



MONASTERIES AND FRIARIES IN SUSSEX. 71 

THE FRIARIES.^ 

(Chapter House Books ^ Vol, 115.) 

The Graye Fryers of Chychester. 

This Indet makythe mecyon of all }'* stuffe of the graye fryers 
remayneyng in ye howse of Chichest"^ receyveyed by y* lorde vysytor 
und' y* lorde (ivy seale & dely^yd to Mast' Wyllyara Bradbryg^ Meyor 
there & to Mast' Ellys Bradshaw to save and order to y* kyug(> use w* 
all y* howse ptinans tyll y* kyngf plesur be forther knowyn. 

The qre. 

It at y* hey am a fayer peynteyd tabull. 

It a payer of small cadlestickf . 

It a holy waP stope. 

It iij lecPneys tymber. 

It a lampe bason. 

It in y* stepuU ij bellf. 

The aoysP. 
It fayer lafys' & a c5dyte euyng to yt. 

The VesP. 

It a sute of rede raw vellvet 

It a sute of blewe sylke. 

It a sute of sylke payneyd.* 

It a sute of sylke y* grownde grene. 

It a vestment whyte bustyd.* 

It ij other sjTigle vestmets. 

It iii lynynge auP clothes. 

It iij Surples. 

It ij gret chests. 

The Ostre. 

It ij trustellf a tabull & a forme. 
It y* ostre well syleyd. 

The pier. 
It y* pier woll sylyed & bencheyde. 

The Brewehowse. 
It a forneys w' a pan. 
It a knedeynge trowe.* 
It a bolkynge hoche. 
It a stone mort. 
It an olde frame to put in fowlys. 

1 The Inventory of the Black Friars of Chichester has been published in 
"8.A.C./' Vol. XXIX., p. 43. 

• Laratories. * A material nearly akin to velvet. 

* Of small variegated squares. ^ Trough. 



72 INVENTORIES OF GOODS OF THE FRIARIES IN SUSSEX. 

The Lyberaiy. 

It in y* Ijbrary iiij stalls & halff substacyally new made w^ dyf se 
olde bokee. 

It a goodelj new presse w* aimers* for bokes. 

All y* hoU howse new svleyde rowde abowte wyndaus & all y* 
wyndaus weU gleseyd. 

TheFrayt. 

It in the frayt yij tabulls & yij formys. 

In^ above all thys stuffe before wretyn (because y^ covet was in dett 
to the sum of ix**, besyde y* fryers & other chargf ther was solde of 
the stuffe abrode & of y* vestre at y* syght of Mast Meyer and other 
chargf w* rewardf to pore freres to the sum x" xvij", so resteythe in y* 
vysyters handp to y* xyngf use viij" viij* towarde hys chargf, and yt 
ys to be noteya that j* vysytor hathe to y* kyngf use in sylv brokyn & 
hoU to y* sum of vij" unc & one unc & y* evydens of y* howse in a 
coffer resteythe in y^ kepers handf and thus y* vysytor departethe 
payenge heys owne costf. 

By me Wyllyam Brodbryge 

Mayer of Ghychestr. 

ellys bradshawe. 

(Chapter House Books, Vol. 163.) 

Sele. 

The inventory of Sele y* xvj day of Julyy ^ceyd by Sir Raffe 
Barneys vecar ther Henry Blumers Edmund Qrene John Grenear 
and John Erlye. 

All y* stuff ther ys a spete^ a sory bell iij or iiij old formeys ij or iij 
ragyd cheeeabulls** & tenakylls* all p'cyd at iij' iij**. 

Ther ys a lytyll bell in y* pysche stepuU the whyche y* freers useyd 
but y* pysche sathe y* y* longyth to them but y* ys p'yed vj' viij**. 

Ther is iiij acars of grounde w' ye byldengf archardis & closeys y* 
whyche hathe be latyn for x' by yere. 

Ther be stallf in ye are worthe xx' thys ys all ye holl substans 
of ye howse thys howse I have sesonyed in to the kyngf handdf be cause 
I fonde no p'or ther nor n5 to serve God nor masseys ther war very 
fewe and all ys solde & gon I have assyneyd S' Kaffe Barneys vycar 
ther to kepe a chamber ther & so all thinges orderyd tyll the kyngf 
gracf plesure be forther knowyn. 

Subscribyd w* dy^se handf 

(Signature illegible.) 



• Cupboards or closed shelves. * Chasubles. 

1 Spit. » Tunicles. 



# 




A» 



HARDMM CnUIlCH, AND ITS EARLY 
PAINTINGS. 



Bv PHILIP MAINWAIiING JOHNSTON. 



In the water meadows and level pastures, through 
which the Arun flows seaward, a mile or so to the Houth 
of Pulborough, lies the tiny grey chui'ch of St. Botolph, 
Hardham, overshadowed by towering elms. Its Saxon 
dedication prepares one for architecture of possibly 
pre-Conquest date — an expectation realiHed in tlie actual 
building which belongs to a group of early churches in 
West Sussex,' all built on the simplest lines, and in plan 
and in their main features of a date within the eleventh 
century.' 

The " village," of under a hundred inhabitants, consists 
of a few scattered farmhouses and some charming old 
half- timber cottages which, with their old-fashioned 
gardens, have fui-nished many an ai-tist's study. 

A view of the little clmrch, as it appeared about the 
end of the eighteenth centuiy, occurH in " Horsfield's 
History of Sussex," Vol. II., p, 153, in which is 
shown the no longer existing yew tree of gi'eat size and 
antiquity — older, indeed, than the church. Twenty- 
seven persona, it is said, could stand together within the 
hollow trunk." 

' CoateB, Selhuni, Chithurst, llurtou, Tnngmon?, EflatergHte nnd Ford uro 
iiubuicea o! eleventh ceatuij plans in the iQcality. Other churt'lies hnve 
ori^usU; been built on the Baine tdmple plun nnd o( the Mime ^miiU diineorintu, 
bat hare beeu eo eulsTKed at TOrioug aateo a» to hare loet ueurly vvery truce of tbo 
htuoble oiiginul. Oucrs, araiu, like Tortington and Binnted, though retaining 
tht> drnple plan, are of well -developed N'ormiui work — e. 1140. 

■ DoioMdHT, ae so often bappenf, is Bilent b« to ti church at }!rriedthatn, held 
in 1085 b; the powerful Earl (toger de Montgomerie, " (iudwine. n (rrcmou, iu 
the ttiOB o( King Edward, held it," and perhupe ha was the builder of the church. 
Hour of onr undoubtedly pre-Conquent churuliw Me not menttoucd in DoDie^duy. 

• Lower, " Hint, of Sussex," Vol. I. The tree uppean to have Imtu eut down 
at i>oiu« time iifter Vi'i2 — a xhotJdng piece of landohsm. lieeideB the church nnd 
tia fanner yew, Hardham in fomouii for the lienutiful remaiui' of lU IMory of the 
Holy Cro™ tsce " S.A.C.," VoU. XI. uud XVIH,). 



74 HAKDHAM CHUUCH, AlTD ITS EARLT PAIKITOGS. 



Hardham Church consists only of nRvo, 31-ft. 6-in. by 
19-ft., and cliancel, I7-ft. by 15-ft. 6-in., with a modern 
porch. The east wall of the chancel and the west wall 
of the nave converge towards the south ; otherwise the 
setting out of the plan is quite regular. The bell-cote, 
modem in its present form, but occupying the original 
position, is placed upon the eastern gable of the nave; 
It contains two bells. The roofs are of ancient oak — 
that of the nave possibly coeval with the walls — and still 
retain some of the old " healing" of Horsham slabs with 
other tiling. The chancel roof, from the character of one 
of the tie-beams, would seem to have been restored in 
the fifteentli century. This beam, which is placed over 
the altar, has a four-rayed star, ur flower, carved on the 
soflit. 




The walls ai*c built of local sandstone and iron stone 
rubble, with (juoius of sandstone, hammer dressed ; while 
in the chancel much older material, in the shape of Roman 
tiles and bricks from a camp or station hard by, is to be 
found. Some of the tiles embedded on the face of the 
wall exhibit patterns scored in the wet clay, reminding 
one of the similar tiles to be seen at Westhumpnet Church, 



lURtlHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS, l.i 

Inear Chichester. A mass of tlie bricks in tlicii- original 
nortai' serves in place of a Htonc in tlio S.E. quoin of the 
Ichancet. For the most part the walls are still covered 
I with a thin coat of rough-cast, no doubt coeval with 
I them. 

Of the original features, one window remains in the 
[N. wall of the chancel and one each in the N. and S. 
I walls of the nave, together with a door in the latter. 
I These are qmte archaic in character, as the accompanying 
I. illustrations will serve to show. The nave windows are 
I narrow slits, 6-in. wide, slightly tapering towai-ds the 
I head, and comparing with the pre-Conquest windows at 
[ Foi-d* in the narrowness of their internal splays. Tlieir 
I external heads are rudely cut in a single stone and the 
I jambs ru:i out to the face of the wall without any 
I provision for glazing. 




"8.A.C.," Vol. SLIU,. p|). 116, \,\,m. , 
to any n( tluwi oriBimil fi'iitiinf . They hm 
nt it« innMt pari . 



riiilrly tlrfB^ed willi ti Lull 



76 HAKDIIAM CHUECH, AND ITS EAttLY PAINTINGS. 

The chancel window is furnished with a shallow rebate 
on the outaide which probably contained a board to exclude 
tho cold in winter and is more widely Bulayed on the 
inside, the jamb« being inclined towards the head. 

The doorway in the S. wall of the nave, now blocked 
up, is even more archaic in appearance tlian the windows. 
It has a sfjuare head, formed by a massive lintel tapering 
towards the ends wliich rests on plain square edged jambs 
worked m laige bbckt of stone and abo\c the lintel is 
a rougli dis(,hai(^ng arch* Fheic is not a %cstigc of 




'^•-.^n'. 



» Thpre ie a very eimiliir Miiiarp -headed door (and u Uay Siuiim window by \l) 
iu the N. wall of t!ie navu ut Burphum. h few milcB diitnut, but in tlmt wwo tliu 
lintel is .io(tgled— i.e., it is iu Ihrep piwps. the ti-ntrt rtone boing so cut m to bo 
alipporli^d by tliu uthor*. For want of tllia the Ilacdhuln liutcl ia cnu^kod. 



1 



HAEDHAM CnUKCTI, AN'D ITS EARLV PAINTINGS. 



77 



oraament or moulding. The door is blocked with 
seventeenth century brickwork. 

The chancel arch (Plate II.), a bold semi-circle slightly 
horse-shoed, is also square-edged and without ornament 
or mouldings, except a bead partially worked on the 
chamfered imposts and evidently a later attempt at 
relieving the plainness of the work." It is greatly to 
be regretted tliat at the restoration in iy66 by the late 
Rector, the Rev. J. M. Sandham, the original plaster 
was removed from the stonework of the arch — never 
intended to be exposed in all its naked roughness—the 
joints being then pointed in cement, with truly hideous 
effect. In tliis manner also the paintings covering the 
whole arch and its jambs were destroyed. 

The east window, E.E. of about 1250, replacing 
perhaps an earlier single-light window, is made up of 
two broad lancets, divided by a wide muUion, the space 
above being pierced with a small pointed oval — an early 
essay in plate tracery. The internal arch i.s a flat 
Begment. Standing up from the sill is a block, evidently 
intended to carry the altar cross. Another block or 
corbel, in the Iv.E. angle of the chancel, may have 
been one of the supports of the altar beam— the primitive 
reredos — on which stood the images and lights. 

To the same date as the eaat window may be referred 
the lancet in the N. wall of the nave, the rear-arch of 
which is also of a flat segmental form.' Tliis window was 
no doubt inserted to light a small nave altar. 

The wide pointed opening in the west wall, of 
nondescript character, would seem to belong to the 
Early English period also, and replaces an eleventh 
century window. Indeed, a close inspection shows that 
its exceptional width (about 3-ft. 8-in.) is due to tlie fact 
that it lias swallowed up one of those large circular 

' The fame Bort of thing was duue to a euiiilar forly urch at CoonibeB Church, 
near Brarabec (uf wliii^h 1 have giieii a «kutch In " H.A.C.," Vol. XLII., p. lil), 
but here small faMB were oiuTed on the plain Xormau abacun inntifad of a 
moulding. 

t 1 take it that this form of reat-ercb in connection with lancet windonn is a 
■Ign of late dtttt— in Suwei at any rate. 



78 HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

openings common in eleventh and twelfth century gable- 
ends. In this case the circular opening was prolonged 
downwards, and its head converted so clumsily into a 
pointed shape as to leave unmistakable traces of the 
original. Another wide and unsightly opening, very 
rudely formed, in the eastern part of the S. wall of the 
nave is probably of late fourteenth or early fifteenth 
century aate, and may also have had some connection 
with an altar to the S. of the chancel arch. Its external 
head is trefoiled in a peculiar fashion. From sundry 
peculiarities (such as a flat internal cill near the floor and 
appearances of a shutter-rebate) it seems probable that 
it served the purpose of what is termed a low side 
window. For a reason that will appear, there could be 
no such opening in the usual position — the S.W. comer 
of the chancel. There is no present trace of either piscina 
or aumbry in the chancel or in connection with these 
nave altars ; they may, however, be in existence behind 
the plaster. 

In the S. wall of the chancel is a two-light Decorated 
window, the existing tracery of which is a restoration ; 
and immediately to the west — visible only on the outside 
— is a feature of peculiar interest, which I brought to 
light last summer while searching for a possible low side 
window. This is an anchorite's sacrament-squint, piercing 
the wall obliquely and contracting inwards, so directed as 
to command the mediaeval altar, which probably stood a 
yard or more clear of the east wall. There can be no 
doubt that this opening served the purpose of enabling 
the occupant of a small '^ anker-hold " attached to the 
south wall of the chancel to watch the Blessed Sacrament 
and the light before it ; to join from his narrow cell in 
holy worship, and especially in the Masses offered at the 
high altar ; and through the narrow shuttered window of 
the squint to receive the Host and chalice.® 

The squint is far from perfect ; on the outside, however, 
enough remains to show that it measured 2-ft. 6-in. in 
width by about 2-ft. in height, the head being roughly 

* Recluses, whether priest or lajman, male or female, seem always to have been 
communicated in both kinds. 



HABDHAM CilllBCn, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 



79 



cut to an elliptical form, with a dowiiwai-d slope towai-ds 
the chancel, and smoothly plastered together witli the 
iambs. The floor of the cell was not more than 2-f t. 6-in. 
below the cill of the squint, necessitating a kneeling 
posture on the part of the recluse in using the latter. 
Unfortunately, the insertion of the large window adjoining 
(at about 1330) partially destroyed the squint, the worked 
stonos of its internal aperture being wholly removed and 
perhaps re-iwed in the new window, and the squint was 
then blocked up. We can thun approximately fix the 
time of the di.sUBO of the cell. 




80 HABDHAM CHIIBCH, AND ITS EAELY PAINTINGS. 

As to the date at which the anker-hold and its squint 
were constructed we can also guess with tolerable 
certainty. The character of the latter shows that it 
is not coeval with the eleventh century wall in which it 
has been pierced, for there would in that case be stone 
dressings to the opening on the side of the cell ; and if 
the squint had been pierced in the later Norman period 
we snould still probably have some trace of the style. 
Everything about the squint points to a date about 1250 
(when the windows before mentioned were inserted); 
and we are further confirmed in that date by a bequest 
in the will of the famous sainted Bishop of Chichester, 
Richard de la Wych.® 

That most excellent prelate and truly saintly man seems 
to have been a special patron of the various orders of 
Friars — he had himself been a Dominican — and also of 
anchorites ; for in his will, made probably in the year of 
his death, 1253, bequests are made to two male and three 
female recluses, among the former of which we find the 
recluse of Hardham — or Heringham^ as it was then spelt.^® 

It appears highly probable that St. Richard, who 
became Bishop of Chichester in 1245, m^ have 
performed the ceremony of ''including" the Uardham 
"anker" at some date between that year and 1253, 
and that the cell was constructed for the very recluse 
to whom the bequest is made in the will. One 
doubts if the recluse can have lived long in the enjoy- 
ment of his half marc ; for a damper spot than that 

^ Printed in extenso, with an excellent translation and very full notes, in 
"S.A.C.," Vol. I., p. 164. 

10 ** Also to Friar Humphrey, the recluse of Pageham {Paghani]^ 40 shillings. 
Also to the female recluse of Hoghton [HoughtonX half a marc (68. 8d.). 
AIho to the female recluse of Stopeham [SU^ham\ half a marc. 
AIbo to the recluse of Ueringham \Haraham\ half a marc. 
Also to the female recluse of the Blessed Mary of Westoute at Lewes 
5 shillings.'* 

It is very likely that these recluses — ^but a small proportion, probably, of the total 
number of those then to be found in Sussex — had been admitted to the order and 
** included'* by the good Bishop, who thus showed a tender interest in their 
support. Houghton and Stopham are both in the near neighbourhood of 
Hardham, while Pogham is in the remote Selsea peninsula. The probable position 
of the anchorage at both Houghton and Stopham was on the N. of the ch^oel — 
the opposite side to that at Hardham ; a little digging would soon decide, sup- 
posing the cells to have had stone foundations. 



HARDHAM CHUECn, AND ITS EAKLY PAINTINGS. 



81 



selected for his cell could not easily be found I Almost 
certainly it was only a light erection of wattlc-and-daiib, 
8omo 8 feet square internally and roofed with reed 
thatch from the river." It must have been provided 
with at least one external window, for we find in tho 
statutes of the Synod held by Bishop Richard do la 
Wych iu 1246 one relating to recluses, in wJiich their 
windows wore required to be ''naiTow and convenient.'"* 
In this ease the window would probably be towards the 
south or west, low down in the wall, fitted with a shutter 
and iron grating, and through it would be passed the 
anker's supplies of food, &c., while by the same means he 
would hold converse with such aw souglit to Idm for ghostly 
counsel; or if he were, as often happened, a priest he 
would in this way continue to hear confessions.'* The 
*'Ancren Riwle," published by the Camden Society, a 
mast curious document in thirteenth century ilnglish, 
describes the ankeress as living " under the eaves of the 
church like the night fowl." Reference is also made to 
the cell being a centre foi- village gos.sip, rivalling tlie 
mill, the market and the smithy. In the same "Rule 
for Ankers" the episcopal writer refers to the window 
looking into tlie church and strictly orders tliat no 
convei-sation be carried on thereat, but that it was to be 

" An in the cases of the auker-holda, remaiufl of which wore diBcovered at 
Beugw), Uerta, and Cliipphig Oiigar, Essex, di'ncribed iti the " Archtrologiiial 
Joiwiml." Vol. XLIV., i>. 26, aud XLV., p. -iHi. These were both on the N. side 
of the cliaJicel. which eeems ([eiierallj to have been the favourite position ; but at 
Uardiuun the auker myi and felt Uie sun. 

" De iDctusia.— Intluids etinm praw'ipimu», ne quam prraonam iu domlbUH suis 
ndpiiuit vel habeant, de <|iia Binutra suapicio orintur. Keiicstraa qiioque arctas 
hftbeant et honeatas ; eisdem etiam ilim his tJiutuinmodci personis secretum 
tnctatum habere permittemux, quarom Ki^vitaf et homesttu oiuipicioaem Don 
Mlmittit. lui'.lusis vuro mulieribus cuelodia vestiniODtorum ccelesiie non trndntur, 
(|aodsi necossitaa hoc pxegerit, ita caute, tmdi mandamns, ut non inBpiciantiir 
UMlttsw a twdeiite. — Statuta Syuodalia Iticardi Ciciwtreu. episoopL A.n. 12W.— 
WUkim' Concilia: iiuiitcd by Bloiam, " Gothio E^IusiaBtkal Architecture," 
Vol. III., p. ItW. 

" I bare gone at some lenjrth into this question in "8.A.C.," Vol. XLII,, 
pp. I74-ITH, in connection with the obvious family likeness between low side 
windows in churches and thew low, shuttered opeuings in domua inelusomm. 
HI, Wulttic, a priest (who died iu 1154], is recorded bj Koger de WendoTcr to 
hare retired to a cell attached to the Church of Hoaelbury (now Hazelbury 
Pluoknet, near Orewkeme. Somerset), and to have always held speech with men 
tbronich a ihuttcred window. He wan buried under thi* floor of his oratiiry, 
witieh still eiiEle. 



82 HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EAJ^Y PAINTINGS. 

respected on account of the Blessed Sacrament, visible 
through it. 

Probably in this and other cases, as prescribed in 
Rader's "Bavaria Sancta," there was a third aperture, 
high up (to the east in the present instance), closed with 
glass or horn for the purpose of giving light. 

It seems certain that our Hardham anker, et hoc genus 
omney entered their living tomb of their own free will, 
as a year's probation was prescribed before they were 
with much form and ceremony immured for the remainder 
of their lives." To us it seems a strange life — some 
would say a wasted one — but let us pause before we, 
living in a far diflFerent age, hastily condemn these men 
of prayers and fasts and vigils. Frayer for others was 
the ostensible object of their life-long immurement and 
in those rough times the hardship of the confinement 
and silence — the living death — would not seem so over- 
whelming as it does to us. Doubtless it is ever true that 
where the spirit is free 

'* Stone walls do not a prison make, 
Nor iron bars a cage. 

We like to imagine our recluse's bones resting under 
what was the floor of his narrow cell, beneath the eaves 
of the church, and to say our Requiescat for his soul. 

The font is a plain specimen of fifteenth century 
work; and to the same period belong the massive oak 
seats, the square ends of which are plainly moulded 
and finished with miniature buttresses. There are no 
monuments of any interest. The Communion rail and 
balustrade date from 1720. Fitted into the modem 
priest's stall in the chancel is an ancient miserere seat, 
carved with foliage, and probably of fifteenth century 
date. 

Having considered the simple little church, let us 
examine in detail the important series of paintings with 

" In the Sanim Manxial and the Pontifical of Bishop Lacy, of Exeter, services 
for the inclusion of anchorites are to be found, in which the Sacrament of Extreme 
Unction was administered and the commendatory prayer for the recluse's eoul 
offered, lest sudden death should rob him of the Church's last rites. The funeral 
service was also in part gone through and the cell solemnly sealed by the Bishop. 



■ HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 83 

I which its walls have been eiitii'ely covered, and in doiug 
I this we shall have to refer from time to time to two 
I strikingly similar series — now, alas ! destroyed — in the 
I Churehes of Plumptou and Westmeston, neai- Lewes, 
I 20 miles to the east of Hardham." 
I The Hardham paintings are without douht among the 
I oldest remaining in England, and it is safe to say that 
I they are the oldest complete series to he found in any 
■-cliurch. They are also specially noteworthy for the 
iTsriety and hrilliancy of the colours employed, for the 
■many remarkable details and for the extraordinary state 
I of preservation of parts of the work. To the building I 
I tave assigned a date between the years 1050 and 1100, 
land it will, I think, be evident on examination that the 
I paintings can hardly be mauy years later in date than 
I the latter year. 

I Though brought to light about 1866 by the late 
I Hector, the paintings were not very thoroughly or care- 
I fully uncovered, and many curious details were still 
P hidden until the summer of 1900, when I expended a 
small grant, placed by the Council of our Society at the 
disposal of ttie Committee on Mural Paintings, in .com- 
pleting, aa far as possible, the removal of the whitewash, 
I and then cleaning, sizing and varaishing tlie entire series. 
I In the earlier uncovering it is to be feared that much 
jinjury was wrought in ignorance, and much also inevit- 
Mmy by reason of the close adliesion of the whitewash 
bo the surface of the painting, which, unlike ordinary 
ftempora, has been left by tlie original artists witli a 
Tarnished or encaustic face. In addition, eight centuries 
of exposure to various destructive agencies — of which 
damp was not the least — has caused large surfaces of the 
"plaster to disintegrate and the painting to pemh with 
So durable was the process employed in the 



8.A.C.," VoIb. XVI.. p. 1, and XX 

. — thoae uncovfTcd, itod bappUf uti 

-jhhollTlioad lut the other two. iJut nol 

P Ih^UM to aaaiune for these itn earlier pei 

Btnenl mi authorit; aa Mr. C. B. Kejuer, F.. 

tnlWT. With aU reapeLl:, however, I 



un th« twelfth ceutury [see " M.A.C.," Vol. XL., p. SOU). 



p. 198. I feel l«iiipted to odd a third 
ruiniiinitif;. at Gajrton, in the naaie 
havitiK si^dcnt data at the mooieul, 
'riod than that osnigiied to thi-m by »o 
-the 1ntt«r halt of the thirteenth 
think that thvj cannot be later 



84 HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

original work, however, that even where the painting 
has practically disappeared stains and faint outlines of 
figures and architectural settings remain to indicate the 
nature of the subjects. A modern distemper dado has 
unfortunately been allowed to cut ofi^ a foot or so of the 
lower tiers of subjects in nave and chancel, but otherwise 
they remain as they were brought to light, and, with the 
hardening and binding supplied by the recent anplication 
of size and varnish, decay has been indefinitely stayed 
and the interest and visibility of the paintings restored. 

The medium used is in itself curious and very unusual. 
An enamel -like face, especially noticeable when the 
whitewash was freshly removed, seems to render it 
certain that a varnish or encaustic was originally 
employed to give a glaze to the finished paintings. 
The colour below this glaze is very thick and tough, 
several coats being applied one over another in many 
places, and over all in some cases (such as for heightening 
the efifects of faces and dresses and for the scallop-edged 
borders to the subjects) a thick white bod^-colour is laid 
on, the whole efiect being much more like that of oil- 
painting than of tempera. Indeed, it is quite possible 
that we have in realitv a combination of the two methods 
— tempera for the groundwork and masses, and oil for the 
details and finishing touches — oil, or oil varnish, or some 
encaustic process, being finally employed as a surface 
glaze. And in this connection it is noteworthy that the 
writer of an account of the discovery of the Westmeston 
paintings (of the same date and character as these at 
Hardham) says: ''The colours used are distempers and 
in one or two places there ivere traces of varnish.'' ^^ 

w " S.A.C.,*' Vol. XVI., p. 1, by the Rev. 0. H. Campion, M.A. It is impossible 
to set a limit to the antiquity of oil as a medium in painting. Probably it is at 
least as old as the Christian era ; but it seems to have come into ^neral use slowly 
and to have been at first chiefly employed for painting small articles of furniture, 
&c. , rather than large surfaces of building. Instances are on record of oil painting 
on walls in the thiitcenth century and it seems likely that in the two preceding 
centuries its use was not imknown, either alone or as a finishing proce.««s in connec- 
tion with tempera painting. Part of a consecration cross which I discovered at 
Ford Church, of eleventh century date, was varnished (**S.A.C.,** Vol. XLIII., 
p. 142). Varnish is set down among the materials used in executing paintings in 
the Royal Palace of Westminster, temp. Henry III. (sec the Accounts, piiuteid in 
" Vetusta Monumenta,'* Vol. VI., 1842). 



IlAItDIIAM CHUHCH, AND ITS EAHLV PAINTINGS. 



I 



At Hardham tlio colours employed arc, with tlie 
possible exception of one (a green), earth, or mineral, 
coloui-s. They consist in the main of a deep Indian 
red, which in some cases has a purplish cast; pink in 
various shades; a rich yellow -ochre; brown - umber, 
chiefly in outlines of features and nimbuses ; cream and 
white, the latter in heightening outlines, features and 
hands, for folds and details of costumes, lettering of 
inscriptions over the subjects and for borders and 
divisions of the paintings. 

Besides these a brilliant emerald green (probably a 
metallic colour) is used for some of the nimbuses with 
fine ellect and for touches to the dresses; Cobalt blue 
appears in one painting side by side with a hot tomato- 
red, but neither colour, so far as I can trace, is u«ed 
elsewhere. 

Let us now examine the paintings in detail, beginning 
witli the West Wall ov the Nave. Tliis is the worst 
preserved of all; only the upper tier remains, and this 
has been half desti-oyed by the later inserted windf)w. 
The subject appears to he " The Torments of Hell." 
Gigantic figures of demons in contorted attitudes are 
hacking the limbs of lost souls, the gashes and blood 
being realistically depicted. The demons are A'ery 
grotesque and bear some resemblance to those in the 
famous twelfth century painting of tlie Ladder of Salva- 
tion and the Torments of the Damned in Chaldon 
Church, Surrey — also on the west wall." The figures 
are coloured flesh-tint with a dark red background. 

The subjects painted in the upper tier on the north, 
south and east walls of the nave illustrate the Nativity 
and Infancy of our Lord, those in the lower, of which 
but little remains, being of an allegorical and legendary 
character. Taking thcui in their proper sequence, we 
coinuienee with the East Wall of the Nave (Plat^ II.). 

Here, beginning on the southern side, to the right of 
the chancel arch, we have on the upper tier — "The 



86 HARDHAM CHtJBCH, AND ITS EARLY PAIKTINGS. 

Annunciation," by far the most perfect of any of the 
subjects. On the left is the Archangel Grabriel, the fore- 
finger of his right hand emphasising the message he is 
delivering to the Blessed Virgin. His arms are crossed 
over his body to enable him to do this, and in his left 
hand is a Hly-sceptre." The Virgin— over whom the 
Holy Dove is hovering — spreads out her hands in the 
Eastern attitude of prayer. She wears a curious three- 
lobed crown, or tiara, of Byzantine character, from which 
depends a veil.^« The nimbus of both figures is of a 
peculiar irregular oval shape and a brilliant emerald 
green in colour, outlined in white and brown — in these 
particulars closely resembling nimbuses on some of the 
figures discoverea at Westmeston and Plumpton. Their 
dresses consist of a long tunic of a deep red colour, that 
of the Virgin close fitting, while the angel's is fuller 
from the waist and shorter, displa3ring an under-tunic of 
white. The tunic of the Virgin is edged with a broad 
band of white above the feet, which have pointed white 
shoes, those of the an^el being bare. Over the Virgin's 
shoulders falls a mantle of the same chocolate-red as the 
tunic, but lined with white, which shows up the figure in 
strong relief. The angel has a white under-tunic, or alb, 
bordered with a band of pink, which is crossed with red 
lines in a very peculiar fashion and edged with a white 
scalloped border. The sleeves of both figures are short 
and bell-mouthed, and those of the Virgin have a white 
lining, while the messenger's are lined with emerald 
green. The drapery folds and outlines are in a pinkish 

18 Depicted as though carved in ivory with a jewelled boss. Doubtless, besides 
its svmbolic appropriateness to this scene, such a form of sceptre was in common 
use m the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Something like it appears in the hand 
of King Edward the Confessor in the Bayeux Tapestry. The lily-sceptre is a 
traditional adjunct in paintings of the Annunciation ; it is the wand or staff of 
office of the announcing angel, but examples of its occurrence in Old English 
art are extremely rare, and we may safely say that this instance at Hardham is the 
oldest in the country. In a beautiful altar-piece, by Delia Robbia, in the South 
Kensington Museum, the sceptre is a lily stem with three flowers, treated naturally. 

" There is something peculiarly reminiscent of Byzantine art in these details 
and in the elongated figures. They suggest a comparison with the mosaics of 
Kavenna and Eastern Europe rather than with typical Western art. On the other 
hand, the cut of the dress of the Virgin is singularly like that of a female figure 
in a bas-relief on a capital «t Westminster — a fragment of the CJonfessor's or 
William Rufus's work, now prt^scrved in the Vestibule of the Chapter House. 



HAKDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS V.XIU.Y PAINTINGS. 87 

brown body-colour and are very stiffly and nonventioually 
treated. The dresses are powdered witli groups of three 
white pellets — a fm-ui of ornament which occurred at 
Pluuipton and Westmeston, where also the drapery folds 
were similarly treated. Among other peculiarities (which 
will be better understood by ref'emng to the coloured plato 
No. III.) are the wavy feathering of the Angel's wings, the 
Htyle of the hair — jiarted in tlie middle*" — the curious 
wooden expression of the faces and oblique setting of tJie 
eyes. The iris in these is light brown, with a dark pupil 
shaped like that of a cat's eye. The Dove is delicately 
painted in a cream-white colour, with pale brown outlines 
and pink beak. The little eye is minutely drawn, as are 
the crimson markings round tlie throat and black dajjijling 
on the wings. 

Both figures stand upon a golden pavement, represented 
by a diaper pattern in red upon a rich yellow ground, 
and the same yellow with a different pattern (a diamond 
scale work, having a red Una and white dot through the 
centre of each scale) forms the wall beliind the ujjper 
part of their bodies. Beneath is a dado of red edged 
with a white scalloped border, and upon this the artist 
has smeared with a wet brush some small crosses and 
fleurs-de-lys." (hi the left of the Announcing Angel is 
a trellis border formed with red lines on a pink ground, 
in the centre of each diamond being a white star. 
Perhaps we may take this to symboUse the Courts of 
Heaven. 

To the left of tliis is a Censing Angel belonging to the 
subject occupying the space over the chancel arch, 
the description of which is best taken at a later point in 
this paper. 

On the rightof the Annunciation is "The Salutation,'' 
the subjects being separated by a remarkable tower, 
perhaps intended for the Virgin's house. The lower 
part of this is painted in a trellis pattern of red lines, 
ro-crossed with pink, on a cream gi'ound, the edges 

' A InuUtioual renderiug of nrch -angelic coiffure, 

*' Jio doubt with Kfraeitce to the purity of the Blcswd Virgin and tlijit iu which 
Lit liLttli woe to eveutiiate—Itedemption tbrou£h the Ciu&o. 



88 HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

bordered with scalloped lines of white.** These borders, 
which are about an inch wide, are used throughout the 
paintings to mark off the various subjects and to empha- 
sise important parts. In the case of this tower they run 
up on either side from bottom to top, giving at a distance 
the effect of pinnacles to the angles of the roof. The 
latter is conical and shaded in alternating lines of red. 
white and pink to represent pantiles ; below is a moulded 
cornice surmounting an arcade of three tiny horse-shoe 
arches, resting on slender white shafts on a red ground, 
the effect of these together being at a distance that of 
trefoil arches and consequently conveying a false impres- 
sion as to the age of the painting. A reference to the 
coloured plate No. III. will show the true earliness of this 
little bit of architecture.** To the right of this tower 
are the figures of Mary and Elizabeth. The faces, 
unfortunately destroved by an old settlement in the 
wall, are represented by parts of the nimbuses, which 
are here yellow instead of green. The Virgin's dress is 
dark red as before, while tliat of Elizabeth is yellow, 
and both are powdered with the same white dotted 
pattern.** The figures appear to be embi'acing. They 
are bordered on the right by a pink wall (? Elizabeth's 
house), lined out with diminutive ''stoning;" and this, 
with some vertical bands of white, yellow and red, 
completes the subject. 

Running along the red border above these scenes is a 
most interesting inscription in white Roman letters, the 
forms and curious contractions of which can be gathered 
best from the accompanying plate. It is what is known 

^ These are quite ouc of the dlHtinctive features of the group of paintings we 
are considering. This sailloped Hue, or " lacing/' as it has been called, was a 
prominent chanictcrLstic of the Plumpton and Westmeston paintings. I believe it 
occurs also in another church, to which I shall presently refer — that of Clayton, 
in the neighbourhood of the other two. But I know of no other instance of ita 
use in this manner in England. It appears, however, in at least one case 
abroad — in the Abbey Church of JSt. Savin, Dept. of Vienne, France — ^but in a 
somewhat different form. 

*• These tiny horse-shoe arcades are another trade-mark of this peculiar group 
of paintings. They figure prominently in the Clayton scries, but as a conUnuoos 
balustnide. 

** The writer of the account of the paintings at Westmeston describes these 
little groups of white Hi>ot8 as buttons .' 



■.-•-Sv_fr 



HAKDHAM CUUHCIl, AND ITS EAKLY PAINTINGS. 

as a Leonine hexameter, and reads, without the contrac- 
tiouH, as followa : — 

•P VIRGO SALVTATVU - STERILIS FEEVNDA 
PRObATVR ■* — the C in '' fecunda " being sf/warc, a 
mark of early date. This form of the letter is rarely 
found after the eleventh century, Tlie minuscule b in 
the last word and the tall serpentine S in others are 
peculiar. These Leonine verKcs were a distinguishing 
feature of the destroyed Westmeston paintings, where 
tliey were painted in an exactly similar manner, i.e., in 
Roman lettering, white on a dark ground, with tlie same 
style of contractions ; the square also oceui-red. Roman 
lettering in white on a red ground — though not in Leonine 
hexameters so far as the published account goea — was 
found in the paintings so unfortunately destroyed at 
Plumpton ; one word was very distinct in the Last 
Judgment over the chancel arch — MlhAKL (Michael); 
and the white scalloped boi-der and other peculiarities 
afforded the strongest evidence of identity in date with the 
Westmestou series and with Hai-dham.'' At Westmeston 
there was a slight difference in the treatment of these 
Leonine hexameters, for instead of a plain red ground 
for the white lettei-s it was parti-coloured, a red strip and 
a yellow, the letters falling equally on Iroth. The same 
idea is found, though modified, at Hardham, where, as 
the plates show, the red text-strip has a yellow border. 

Doubtless the Hardham artist's intention was to 
inscribe a Leonine verse over each subject, but it is 
uncertain now whether the intention was fully carried 
out. Remains of two or three other insciiptions can be 
traced, but some of the red strips seem to have been 
left quite plain. At Westmeston every picture had its 
hexameter, 

•* " The Virgin is BuluUd. The biureii in proved fruitful." 
" Probably they wiiured al noiuptuii [tlm rvd bunds wew thi;ri')i bat our 
l«card of theve dcHtroyed piiintingd ii^ very nivtigie. 

" The Bftmc wiitn' described both the pointings at Westmeetoli alid Plumpton 
In "S.A.C.," VoIb. XVI. and XX. ; and while claimiug a date earl; in thetweLFth 
ceatxaj for the former, be is «trm>gely blind to this identity in vorkmanship and 
date betveen the two BerieB, for in regnrd to Plnmptnu ho opines that the paintbigB 
belong to " lUc reign of UiclKtrd (he Stamd ! " One KinUes at the perrerBity of 
Ingenuity witb which he nevkt to establieh thiii iixtraordinaiy oondusluu. 



90 HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

Coming now to the south wall of the nave, the series 
is continued in the upper tier, going westward, with 

"The Nativity, and Visit of the Shepherds" — far less 
perfect than the foregoing. The Blessed Virgin reposes 
upon a couch with a red coverlet spotted with white 

Eellets, her head resting on a richly diapered pillow ; at 
er feet Joseph is seated in an attitude of contemplation, 
partly covered by the folds of a curtain which is draped 
above and around the bed.^ Beyond, with a domed 
roof, diagonally-striped piers and other peculiar archi- 
tectural details is seen part of the Stable of the Inn, with 
the ox and the ass gazing at the Child, swaddled and 
lying in the manger. The entrance to the stable is 
being shown by a diminutive genuflecting figure who 
is apparently acting as guide to three shepherds — if not 
one of themselves. All these figures are very indistinct, 
but both the guide (? an angel) and the shepherds (who 
are very much larger in proportion) are dressed in short, 
spreading tunics, not reaching to the knee, with tiglit- 
fitting hose and long, pointed red shoes. The fifteenth 
century window has destroyed part of the subject, which 
is succeeded by one of the little early windows, set in a 
framework of painted tuiTCts and walling similar to those 
which appear m the Annunciation and Salutation. 

^^The Appearance of the Star" seems to have been 
the next subject, but it is almost entirely obliterated. 
Remains of figures gazing upwards are apparent, followed 
by a trellised tower, which separates this scene from that 

" The Magi on their Journey " — three figures on foot, 
in tunics, travelling cloaks and long hose, with pointed 
shoes. They have apparently saucer-shaped, broad- 
brimmed hats, with a button on the crown, and carry 
staves or spears. Before them is another wonderful bit 
of tower architecture, intended for Jerusalem, or Herod's 
palace, in which trellis pattern^® alternates witli coursed 

» Cf. MS. Cott. Claud., B. IV., in Brit. Mup. (date eleventh century), where the 
treatment of the bed is strikingly similar. Cf. uIho Benedictional of St. Ethelwold 
and Missal of Robert of Jumidgen, where Joseph is seen in a similar attitude at 
the bed's foot. 

»» Perhaps intended for stone diapering, or its prototyixi, opus rcticulatum. 





H ilAUDIUM L-IIURCII, AMD n> m 


H 


^^^■^niy, u liom-MhtM-archtMl ttn:>> ' 


^^H 


^^^^^b stoiunfT. 




^^^^^^^^^ttt aiid lout mbjej 1 of 


t^^^^l 


^^^^^^^^Hpiii yvxy 


^^^1 


^^^^^^^^KciSFEBBXKG WITH 1 i 


■^^^^^H 


^^^^^HBIV A tower Hdjoiiilii^- 


^^H 


^^^^HFtnctnre, in whinh » ^i 


^^^^1 


^^^^^Be out, t(>g<>thL>r witii 


«^^^^| 


^^^■rrfl b<?fnri; him. TIhm 


•^■^^1 


vind» and mitro-Uke In. 


•1 1 


■^nnji^ a white tiinit^ slr-'i 


1 


^mo and red (tliijwi, wIuIl i ^ 


1 


ncL Another |>icco of masonry wurk — UctwJ 


.H-<> 1 


-«>mpleteH thn »cenn. 


1 


Puwinf^ tu tliv upiH-T tiLT lit tmintiii;.' 


1, 1 


■•It, wo 6nd, Ix-'ginniug at tli« W. .md i : 




"The >Lloi Presenting tiuub Outs " 


1 


^lin^ ii* ffiirly di«tinct and vim\ ■ ■ 




«rfll«), tlank«.>d liy. tuiri-tn, vnlh 




■laui, iiri- NiiinHirivd bvcoluiiin.. ii 
i: '-arving: tlic i: 






1 v(<ry marked. 
1 ■ of tbi! art^he.- . . 


1 


J 


^^^^Bt), while thu ttiird kticcl •, j 
^^^■Youug CliUd and IUh MoLIk , 






^^^^B^'^'^wcr arch. 'I'lic Map i<:< 




mt^—a Himnlu Ijurid of ntt-tul - »iiiui 
fklllk)^ and Injig olosi'-fittiiiL' inwe, red ■ 




1 


while in the other. Onr lioldH a crem-ci < 




intoudod for a ea*'ket, or a "nhip" of friM 




Oljwsed Vij-friri is seated upon a Inw, ci- 
boldii thu Child u|H>n hrr tciioe, (h<- hv< < 


1 


1 


M about '• two yearn old," in ■ - 




wcrcd narrative. Bc-fori' the 1' 


1 


• Wld is B footetool. Thp Virgin 


.r 


Y«fl, and a ci-own. of wmitHr <h.i: 


i.. 11... 


iMUlllcialioii ; both figurctt arc i m i 




The pictnrp next in order i^ r.... . ,. . 


. U|.|«.l 


'•ipartDiunt undur two circular orehiv ►• 


J.-wii, 



HARDHAM CHURCH, AND 1T8 E.\KLY PAINTINGS. iJl 

manotiry, a horseshoe-arched arcade and a sort of herring- 
bone stoning. 

The next and last subject on this south wall of the 
nave ib again very indistinct. It is probably meant for 

" HhIHOD CONFEHRING WITH THE ChIEF I'rIESTS AND 

SfRiHES." A tower adjoining that last described borders 
the picture, in which a seated figure on a dais can be 
made out, together with an attendant behind, and two 
figures before him. These have staves f? crooks) in their 
hands and mitre-like head-dresses ; tne one in front 
having a wliite tunic striped horizontally with red, white 
hose and red shoes, while the other's costume is mostly 
red. Another piece of masonry work — Herod's palace 
—completes the scene. 

Passing to the upper tier of paintings on the north 
wall, we find, beginning at the W. end (Plate IV.) : — 

"The Magi Presenting their Gifts." The architectural 
setting is faii-ly distinct and very curious. Two circular 
arches, flanked by turrets, with a third turret between 
them, are supported by columns having capitals painted to 
represent carving : the Romanesque character of these 
detiiils is very marked. Two of tlie Wise Kings stand 
under one of the arches (which is much wider than the 
other), while the tliii'd kueels, presenting his gift, before 
the Young Child and His Mother, who are placed under 
the narrower arcli. Tlie JIagi have crowns of an early 
type — a simple band of metal— short tunics and outer 
cloaks, and long close-fitting hose, red in one case and 
white in the other. One holds a crescent-shaped object, 
intended for a casket, or a "ship" of fmnkincense. The 
Blessed Virgin is seated ujion a low, cushioned stool and 
holds the Child upon her knee, the latter being depicted 
as about "two years old," in con-ect accord with the 
sacred narrative. Uefore the feet of the Mother and 
Child is a footstool. The Virgin has a sort of liood, or 
veil, and a crown, of similar character to those in the 
Annunciation ; both figures are nimbed. 

The i>icture next in order is two-fold ; in the ui)per 
compartment under two circular arches is " JosErH, 



92 HAKDHAM CHUECH, AND ITS EAKLY PAINTINGS. 

Warned in a Dream." Joseph, a bearded old man, is 
lying ajsleep, an angel bending over him with outstretched 
forefinger. In the lower story are represented ^ ^ The Magi, 
Warned in a Dream," in which the three Kings are under 
one coverlet, their heads, with scull caps, resting on large 
pillows, while an angel bending over them is also 
empheisising his message with down -pointed finger.** 
There is a curious pattern upon the arches in this com- 
partment, and the capitals are painted to represent 
carved foliage, while beyond to the right is a pink wall 
lined out with miniature masonry. 

**The Flight into Egyfp." Mother and Child arc 
seated upon the ass, led by Joseph, who carries, I think, 
a lantern, but the details in this scene are very obscure. 
This subject, somewhat similarly treated, was among the 
destroyed paintings at Plumpton, only in another position 
—on the east face of the east waU of the nave — but there 
Joseph was following behind, carrying a flaming torch 
and a thick staff in either hand, while the Virgin guided 
the ass with the reins. 

There is a very singular adjunct to this scene in the 
Hardham *' Flight," of which there is no record in con- 
nection with the Plumpton painting (although it may 
well have been there, but its meaning not understood), 
nor does it occur in any other mural painting in England, 
so far as I am aware, — viz., the idols of Egypt falling 
from their niches at the approach of the Saviour of the 
world. There are four niches, two upper and two lower; 
two nude idols are still erect in the former, while in the 
latter one is seen falling headlong and the other tumbling 
on to its knees, as thougli in involuntary worship.®^ 

The single narrow-splayed early window in this wall 
follows this picture; covering its head and jambs is a 
trellis pattern in pink and white bands on a deep red 
ground. 

** In the MisHal of Kobcrt of Jumi^ges (eleventh century) — as in other earlj 
repreeentations of the Magi being warned in a dream — we see the three asleep, 
wrapped in one coverlet, with Phrygian caps on, and the Angel bending over them. 

" Sometimes this episode is found among illuminations in MS8., e.g.. Kings 5, 
f. 5, Brit. Mus. ; or in sculpture, as in a series of bas-reliefs on th«» plinth of the 
west front, Amiens Cathedral— a century and a half later than Uardham. 



HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLV PAlNTrNGS. 



93 



' The Massacre op the Innocents." Herod's soldiei-s, 
in short full-skirted tunics and long hose (pink, with 
red shoes), are realistically represented slaughtering the 
children, whose mothers are frantically striving to protect 
them. The Innocents are mostly naked. One of the 
mothers is being seized by the hair in her efforts to save 
her child. 

jHiiiiiniiitiiii'iiJilllJBII^'''''''""'''' 




op jVovb. 

The next subject, which may have been either " The 
CrRCUMCisiON " or " Presentation of Our Lord in the 
Temple," has been destroyed by the large thirteenth 
century lancet, which brings us to the East Wall of 
the Nave, where we have on its northern half "The 
Finding in the Temple." A range of pendant circular 
arches*" forms a canopy, under which ai-e the figures of 
Joseph and Mary on the left, and the doctors with the 

■ ThU (cature — sinnll circulur urthes a» a. wort cjf border or pomice to the 
[rfoturcB— occurs Dt CUijton. It was found iit I'luniplcm, mid probnbly wiis iiu 
oocompnniinent of the Westmpston paintiugs aUu, 



94 HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

Child on the right. There are some curious details of 
architecture and costume which can hardly be seen from 
below. 

Over the chancel arch was a circular medallion, which 
perhaps contained the Holy Lamb, but it is no longer 
visible. I have indicated this upon Plate II., but it is 
quite possible that "The Veneration of the Cross," 
and not the Adoration of the Lamb, was here represented. 
At Plumpton the Lamb was painted on the sof&t of the 
chancel arch, and the same sacred emblem, similarly 
placed to that at Hardham, was to be seen at West- 
meston,^ but in that case the Lamb was placed within a 
curious irregular quatrefoil, bordered with a chevron 
ornament.** In the latter painting angels were repre- 
sented as holding up to the adoration of the faithful the 
Holy Symbol, while averting their eyes from its splendour: 
but at Hardham the angels show their reverence by the 
crouching posture in which they kneel. The angel on 
the southern side is the more perfect, although both 
(and the medallion) have been cruelly injured by the 
unfortunate removal of the plaster from the stonework 
of the chancel arch. The nimbus is emerald green, the 
angel's hair being yellow, and there is something very 
sti*ange and brilliant about the colours of the dress. It 
consists of a close-fitting tunic, with a full skirt reaching 

•• **8.A.C.,** Vol. XVI., plate opp. p. 8; also, perhaps, at Maresfield. The 
Agnus Dei is found painted over the chancel arch at Vic, Indre-et- Loire ; and, 
accompanied by censing angels, in a similar position in the ancient chapel of St. 
Chef, Is^re, France — both works of the early part of the twelfth century. The 
emblem in perhaps earlier than that which it represents — the Crucifixion — as a 
subject for wall painting in churches ; but at Westmeston the two were in close 
proximity. The arran^ment of these an^s censing the Lamb (or the Holy 
Cross) is curiously remmiscent of the adoring angels carved in stone on either 
side of the chancel arch at Bradford-on- Avon — the ecclesiola built by St. Aldhelm 
early in the eighth century. 

^ The quatrefoil as an ornament — though associated popularly with thirteenth 
century and later periods — is frequently foimd in illuminations of the tenth, 
eleventh and twelfth centuries {e.g., the Benedictional of ^thelwold, c. 970, 
Ciedmon's Paraphra.Me, c. 1000, and the Missal of Robert of Jumidges, c. 1045) ; 
or, what is the same thing, the half quatrefoil forming a trefoil headed opening 
(as in the Missal of Robert of Jumi^ges and the Bayeux Tapistry). A quatrefofi 
opening in a gable occurs in an eleventh century MS. (Cott. Claud., B. IV., Brit. 
Mus.), and probably in the actual buildings of the same date such an opening 
was not uncommon. The eleventh century consecration cross enclosed in a 
quatrefoil, found painted on the N. wall of Ford Church, is another instance of 
the early use of this ornament (" S.A.C.,** Vol. XLIII., p. 142-3). 



UAEDIIAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 



95 



to the knee and having wide sleeves, one of which is pink, 
the other white with a pink border, and an under tunic 
of deep red. There is a curious edginff of pink, red and 
wliite, like bits of cloth sewn on the lieni of the upi)er 
tunic, which is apparent, though not so plainly, in Home 
of the other costumes, and was a common feature in the 
Westnieston paintings."" The upper tunic, on a close 
inspection, still shows a delicate "combing" in spiral 
pale bi-own lines on the wet colour— intended by the 
artist ttj indicate the soft folds of a silken vesture. The 
angel's wings, with wavy red feathers on a cream ground, 
compare closely with the same treatment at Westmeston 
and Phnnpton. I have never met with anything quite 
like it in wall-paintings elsewhere: there is a "sea- 
weedy" effect about it wliich is very curious. In his 
hands is a gold censer and behind is a diaper background 
with a red dado ; below a rich yellow pavement — all as 
in the adjoining scene of the Annunciation. 

Most probably among the decorations destroyed by 
the removal of the plaster from the soflSt of the arch 
were " The Signs of the Zodiac," and, on the arch- 
piers, "The Occupations of the Months."^" The 
I'ormer of these occun-ed in a like position at West- 
meston : and they also still remain on the chancel arch 
at Copford, Essex, while at ICempley, Gloucestei-shire, 
Mr. Micklethwaite found traces of them, similarly 
placed." At Hardham slight remains of the medallions 
on which were painted the Occupations of the Months 
are still vi-sible on the western face of the .southern jamb 
of the chancel arch. One of these appeal's to represent 
a man thrashing wheat. 

" PartJ -coloured clotheH were Hhown on Home of thi.- figures at WeHtmesUm, 
e.g., one leg piub aud the other white. 

" Both theue were (avourite dubjects with Itomtttieaque auulptora aud ptiintejs. 
Ttic Si^s of the Zodiac appear on uiuuy Nonaan doorways {r.g., St. Morgaret'H, 
York. Hud IMey Chnroh, OifonLihire) ; thcr olno occur ou the lute twelfth 
oeiituiy pninted ueiliug iu the uave of l*eti.'rlHiri)u>;b Cathedral, and in the curious 
niMijui'lry pnvemwtt o[ like dute in ili>- Trinity i 'Impel, Cunterhury Catliedral. 
The OMUpotiouH o( the Months iiru iiin.niviidv [■■■pn.-i'iited in the remarkably 

Jiuiat medalllonB round the outer ■imUi- .i ihi' s. jl.iur nt Burfreston Church, 
ipnt. Amour examples of eleveiitli r. utnn inlniii- iL<uriition ia France are the 
Sign* of the Zodiac in the Church of -St, Siuiii, Vifimt, 
" " Arcbfpologia," Vol. XLVI., p. ISi : piiper by J. T. Sficklethwnite, F.S.A. 



96 HABDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

Coming now to the subjects in the Lower Tier of 
THE Nave, there are, right and left of the chancel arch, 
events from the Life of our Lord. That on the left we 
can only guess at, owing to its imperfect condition ; it 
was proDably "The Circumcision of Christ;" but the 
picture on the southern side is much more perfect and 
represents ''The Baptism of our Lord." In this the 
Saviour is buried up to the armpits in the waters of 
Jordan, which are '' standing upright as an heap " — a 
common treatment in connection with tliis subject, derived 
from an ancient legend.** John is shown baptising our 
Lord, who has the cruciform nimbus, and the Dove is 
descending upon Him. Plate II. shows the general 
arrangement of this subject, but as the details are some- 
what obscure in the original, I cannot pledge myself as 
to their accuracy in the drawing. 

A series of '' Moralities," founded upon the parable of 
Dives and Lazarus, seems to have occupied the lower 
tier of the South Wall of the Nave. A rich piece of 
domed roofing, with scale-pattern tiles, over a circular 
arch, formed part of the canopy to the first scene, which 
no doubt was that of ** The Kich Man Feasting," the 
while Lazarus is *'laid at his gate, full of sores." We 
may be sure that the artist did not omit the incident of 
the dogs performing their merciful office.'® But the 
insertion at the eastern end of this wall of a large 
fifteenth century window has robbed us of the whole of 
this picture except part of the setting. 

The next scene, which, fortunately, is fairly perfect, 
represents '* Lazarus Carried by the Angels into 
Abraham's Bosom." The soul of the Beggar is painted 
as a small nude sexless figure — borne in a napkin by 

^ We have a parallel example, not far removed in point of date, among the 
carringB on the remarkable font in St. Nicholas, Brighton. See ** S.A.C.," Vol. 
XXXII., p. 49, for a drawing to scale. This ** gathering together of the waters 
as an heap,** traditionally associated with our Lord's baptism, was doubtless 
suggested by Exodus xv., 8, and Joshua iii., 13, 16. 

*^ This was an opportunity for a bit of realism that a medisBval artist never 
missed. The incident occurs frequently in the illuminations of modiaBval MBS., 
e.g., Add. 28,162, Brit. Mus. 



HARDTTAM CHURCH, AND ITS EHRLY PAINTINOS. 97 

four large angels, two above and two below.*" Tlie 
outstretched wings of the upper pair pass beyond the 
limits of the picture, through a border of boltuy di-awn 
conventional clouds. On the left is a domed tower, 
perhaps belonging to the preceding subject, the upper 
part of which is shown in a curious sort of perspective, 
while a lower stage has a pediment and horse-shoe 
arcading, similar to that in " The Annunciation." A 
[jair of smaller arcaded turrets, with high-pitched tiled 
roofs, flank the picture on the right side; these may 
perhaps represent Paradise. In the red border above 
are the very faint remainn of the inscription in white 
lettering, PAVPER ObliT. 

" Lazarus Comforted " was probably the scene between 
this and the now blocked south doorway, which latter, 
being an original feature, would most naturally form 
that "great gulf fixed," of which the parable .speaks, 
having upon its further side " Dives in Hell; " and this 
would be in appropriate conjunction with the demonology 
of the west wall ; but the plaster of all this portion has 
been so injured by one cause or another that nothing 
but traces of one or two figures, diaper work and arclied 
canopies remain. Nor is there any inscription left above 
the subject to give us a more certain clue. 

The paintings in the lower tier of the North Wall 
OF THE Nave liave also been sadly injui'ed by the widely 
splayed lancet window inserted at its eastern end and 
the modem doorway. As it is, however, we may 
congratulate ourselves in possessing in these mutilated 
fi-agments the earliest existing representation in this 
country of the legendary history of St. George of 
Cappadocia, our national patron saint." 



" The usual couventioual treatment of this subject iu mecUiETal timea. A soul, 
Ulw ■)! precioui or sacred things, ie olirajs aliown an hElil in a napkin. Compare 
iritb thU the gift which the kuceling figure in the " AdorsUon o( Che Magi " i» 
preaeating to the Holj Child. It is held iu a napkin. The beariiig of crowna, 
bo(*k>, &c., on a Cttshion in Church and State ceremonial seema to be derivad bum 
thii ancient luogc, 

*' i.e., on the walla ai buildinga. I believe that St, George figures in aa 

elrveuth oentnr^ MSH. iu the British Museum— lib. iil., f. U2, Iu the South 

K«iudugiou " Liat of liuildiugs haTing Mural Decorations " between seventy and 

tlgbty other represeutatious of St. George are recorded— none apparently earlier 

X1.IV. H 



98 HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

Among this series the combat with the dragon does 
not appear to have been paint.ed, unless, possibly, it 
occupied the space now taken up by the Early English 
window at the eastern end, or the lower tier of the west 
wall. This Dragon myth seems to have been by far the 
most popular of any of the incidents in the legend of 
the saint as a subject for carving or painting. The 
similar conjunction of St. Michael with the Dragon of 
Scripture, and of Our Lord as the Vanquisher of Satan, 
" that old serpent," or as the Deliverer ** harrowing Hell " 
— ^usually represented as a dragon or sea monster with 
wide-open jaws — ^has led to some very natural confusion 
as to a number of the representations of St. George and 
the Dragon. A large proportion of these Dragon-conflicts 
— such as those in bas-relief over some of our Norman 
doorways — may nevertheless be unhesitatingly ascribed 
to St. ^eorge.^ 

*' St. George at the Battle of Antioch" is the first 
of this lower tier series on the north nave wall (Plate IV.). 
The saint is shown as nimbed and of a youthful aspect, 
clad in a pink tunic, with a dalmatic-shaped upper vest 
of similar colour, having broad-mouthed sleeves and open 
at the neck. He has a skull cap, perhaps meant for a 
metal head-covering, and is mounted upon a large white 
horse** with a curiously small head, which he is reininj 
in with his left hand, while with the right he has impales 
a paynim knight by means of a long lance. There are 
traces of a group of armed figures at which the saint is 
riding, in attitudes indicative of fear and discomfiture, 
but unfortunately this part of the painting is very obscure. 
The lance bears at the reverse end a white four-tailed 
pennon, similar to those in the Bayeux Tapestry and in 

than the fourteenth century. April 23, a.d. 303, is the date of his Rupposed 
martyrdom. It is not generally remembered that this saint was also adopted by 
some of the German States, the Republic of Venice and other countries us their 
patron. He is called by the French ** St. Georges, le Trds-loyal Chevalier de la 
Chr6tiennet6.»* 

** e.g., at Huardean, Gloucestershire, Brinsop, Herefordshire, and Pitsford, 
Northants. A delightfully vigorous early thirteenth century rendering of the 
subject occurs among the carvings in the spaudrils of the wall -arcade in the 
Elder Lady Chapel, Bristol Cathedral. Here St. George is on foot, standing upon 
the tail of the dragon and thrusting his spear into its open jaws ; but usuiUly the 
saint is shown on horseback. *» IF/it/c, in accontonce with the legend. 



100 HASDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLT PAINTINGS. 

early twelfth century seals. With these early authorities 
also the high-cruppered saddle and kite-shaped shields — 
one with a red umbo and border on a white ground — may 
be compared. Shields of this particular shape do not 
seem to have been retained in use much beyond the first 
quarter of the twelfth century. 

Both in composition and details this painting is strik- 
ingly similar to the remarkable bas-relief of the same 
subject on the head of an early twelfth century doorway 
at Fordington Church, Dorset.** The pennon in this has 
but three tails, and it is ornamented with a small Latin 
cross upon the field, which is not, now at any rate, visible 
at Hardham ; also at Fordington the horse's harness is 
decorated with small pendant crosses. The saint in both 
representations is thrusting down a heathen warrior with 
the butt end of his lance, while the figm-es of other dead 
and doubled-up paynims attest his supernatural prowess. 
Kneeling in his rear at Fordington are two of the 
Christian knighte in whose behalf he is intervening, with 
hands uplift;ed in reverential wonderment — their kite- 
shaped shields and spears, now unneeded, being stacked 
behind them ; but this part of the subject does not appear 
at Hardham.** 

A piece of diaper, at first sight curiously like a common 
fifteenth century pattern, borders the painting on the 
left:*® on the right a masonry tower — perhaps meant for 

** Fordington Church, which is dedicated to St. George, was given by St. 

Osmund, Bishop of Sarum, to that See in 1091, '* to some few years after which 

period,** says the late Mr. Blozam, 'Hhc execution of this sculpture, as of a 

supposed miraculous incident of the time, may perhaps be assigned.** This 

Fordington door and its sculpture are curiously similar to a fragment 

nof a door head of the same peculiar outline, with a bas-relief over, 
representing the preaching of St. Bavon, in the Abbey dedicated to 
that saint at Ghent. 

^ Both Christians and paynims at Fordington closely resemble the warriors of 
the Bayeux Tapistry. They have conical helmets with nasals of precisely the 
same character as those in the famous needlework, and wear close-fitting knicker- 
bocker ** combination*' suits of (apparently) leather, covered with metal discs, 
such as figure so prominenUy in tne Tapestry. These leather or canvas suits, 
superseded for general purposes by the chain and ring mail introduced from the 
East by the Crusaders, survived into the seventeenth century in the quilted 
brigandines of bowmen and arquebusiers. 

^ Similar to the pavement in the Annunciation (Plate III.), and to a diaper 
pattern on a drawing of a pulpit in an eleventh century MS., Add. 30,337, Brit. 
Mus. 



HAKDHAM CHORCHy-'A^' ITS.-'K^T. PAINTlNfl8.,,101 

the walls of Antioch — divides this eubject froni Vhe'ne'it-' 
— "St. Gkorge before Datian." 

This (Plate IV.) has been so mutilated by the modem 
doorway that it ia possible only to guess at its meaning. 
It 18 probable that we have hei'e an incident in the 
martyrdom of St. George — his being seized and carried 
before Datian, the pro-consul, for tearing down the 
Emperor Diocletian's proclamation against the Christians. 
The nimbed figure, throwing up his hands, is being held 
by two guards who are grasping liis wrists. 

The only other subject in this lower tier that now 
remains represents another incident in the saint's 
martyrdom — "St. Geokge on the Wheel." Towards 
the eastern ond of the north wall arc the faint tmces of 
a wheel with a niml>ed figure bound upon it. The legend 
relates how that, after endm-ing other (iniel tortures for 
eight days, and having drunk unharmed of a poisoned 
cup, the saint was, at the decree of Datian, " bound 
upon a wheel full of sharp blades ; but the wheel was 
broken by two angels who descended from heaven." " 

My interpretation of the subjects of this lower tier of 
paintings is strengthened by the fact that in a will of 
15^7 a bequest is made to " Saynt George's light at 
Hardham."** And, further, there was in the strikingly 
similar Westmestou paintings a martyrdom, also on the 
north wall of the nave (on which wall St. George, like 
St. Christopher, seems to have been usually painted), 
which almost certainly was that of St. George. In the 
account of these paintings, in Vol. XVI. of our Society's 
"Collections," they are ascribed to the history of another 
early martyr, St. Vincent, but as I think without sufficient 
evidence — without any evidence at all, indeed, except 
that the words DATIANO REGI were found in wliite 

" Ure. jBmcBon'B '' Saored and Legendary Art," Vol. II., p. 100. 

•» "S.A.C," Vol. XH,, p. 'J:i. Boqiiest* to lights before inctiiru of SainU 
limineDtif occur In prc-Reformntion wtUb. BpsideB the numerous mde or cTiantry 
■Jtiua dedicated iii boonur of St. Oeorge the following churchee {out of a repuli'd 
totdl ot 16i tn England) are dedicated to that Saint in Sussex : — Trottou, Eaxter- 
(pri«, W. Brinsteirf. Huratpieipoiat and Crowhuwt. Singularly, tbo Ctowhuret 
ui Strni'j' liBB the siune dedieetioa. My friend Mr. J. I*ima Andrf haw dealt very 
ftiUy with " St. (reorge the Uartyr. in Lecciid, Ceremonial, Art, etc.," In the 
" Arobieologicul Jaumal," Vol. LVU., p. Wi. 



102 HARPHAM .QHU»C«,--4Ja5:lTO RiJiLY PAINTINGS. 

V * "- fefters^ bti a band above the central subject, and 
• DATIANVS • appeared on the ground of the painting, 
to indicate a crowned figure with a sword uplifted in his 
hand. This figure was shown seated, in the act of 
pronouncing sentence, his right hand being raised to 
emphasise his words.** Behind, and staying with upraised 
hands the blade of the sword, was another figure, evidently 
intended for the magician who, according to the legend, 
had prepared the poisoned cup for St. George to drink, 
while in front was the wall of a round tower. Also, 
above this scene was another which is said to have 
conveyed ^' the idea of a battle or struggle," as heads 
were depicted rolling upon the earth. This might well 
have been the battle scene at Antioch. The same pro- 
consul Datian figures in the legend of St. Vincent as 
well as in that of St. George — both martyrs having 
suffered in the Diocletian persecutions — but without 
distinct evidence to the contrary, we may reasonably 
conclude that it was the more popular St. Ueorge whose 
history adorned the wall at Westmeston ; and this con- 
clusion lends weight to the probability that the identically 
situated paintings at Hardham were also in lionour of 
St. George.^ 

Now the date of the siege of Antioch, at which St. 
George is supposed to have miraculously intervened in 
aid of Godfrey de Bouillon and the Christians (1098), 
makes it certam that the representation of the incident 
at Hardham cannot he older than the close of the eleventh 
century, while in all probability a little time would elapse 

*• Datian's Crown was of a very early type, consisting of three fleun-de-lys on 
a hoop of metal, with a sort of arch springing therefrom over the head, very similar 
to an example illustrated in the "Dictionnaire du Mobilier** of M. Viollet-le- 
Dnc (Vol. in., p. 308). This form of crown the learned writer refers to the 
Carlovingian era, but it would seem to have continued in use down to the eleventh 
or twelfth century. Datian's dark red dress at Westmeston was powdered with 
the three white pellets which occur so frequently at Hardham. 

^ At the time when these paintings were executed England was still under the 
protection of Edward the Confessor as patron saint, but St. George seems 
gradually to have ousted her older patron, his miraculous appearance at Antioch 
m 1098 and the vision of the martyr given to Bichard I. at Acre, nearly a century 
later, contributing to his greater popularity. It was not, however, till 1348, when 
Edward III. instituted the Order of the Garter in honour of God, our Lady, 
and St. George, that the latter was generally recognised as our national patron 
Saint. 



lUHUHAM CUUKUH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTlNCiS. I0;3 



to ullow of the miracle becoming sufficieutly notoi-ious 
to be painted on a church wall. 

Oil the other hand, both in general character and in 
their details, these Hardliani paintings are so archaic and 
peculiar, so much earlier in character than other well- 
ostablished examples of twelfth century date, that we 
might, apart from the introduction ot the miracle at 
Antioch, have referred the paintings to a date just within 
tlie preceding century- Uut as this is not allowable, we 
may justifiably conclude that they belong to the early 
years of the twelfth century ; and this conclusion is 
borne out by the details of the chancel paintings now to 
be considered. 

Chancel. 

The walls of the chancel, though lower than those of 
the nave, are similarly decorated in two tiers of paintings, 
the scheme of which is fomided upon the twin ideas of 
"The Fall" and "The Regeneration." 

On the Bouthem lialf of the Chancel West Wall, 
back to back with "The Annunciation" on the nave side 
of the arch, is the well-presei'ved picture of "The Fall" 
(Plate v.), treated in imitation ot a piece of tapestry or 
a painted cloth, sucli as were commonly imported (or 
home-made), and Imng upon the walls of houses and 
churches throughout the middle ages. This little piece 
of innocent trickerj' is veiy naively effected, the cloth 
being painted with loops in the middle and at the top 
comers, as if hanging to a rod, which in its turn is 
secm-ed by hooks to the wall. The details and colouring 
of this painting are very perfectly preserved and deserving 
of some attention. Tiie nude figures of Adam and Eve 
— their legs very much too long in proportion to tlieii" 
bodies — are painted in a warm flesh tint, with high 
lights of wliite and streaks of pink to indicate the 
muscles, &c., the outlines and features being drawn in 
dark red. Adam's hair is of a i-eddisli hue and curly, 
Eve's yellow, and they have carefully painted eyes and 
eyebrows. The drawing of the figure.'*, although archaic 
and conventional, is free and vigorous compared with 
most contemporary- native productions in carving or 



104 HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

illuminations. Indeed, the whole treatment betrays 
foreign influence; and the artist, or guild of painters, 
was possessed of no mean skill for the time when these 
paintmgs were executed. 

Our first parents stand against a pale blue background 
which shades off into white, and Eve is shown in the 
act of receiving the forbidden fruit, which the serpent 
appears to have plucked and is dropping out of his jaws 
into her outstretched left hand. With the long and 
curling forefinger of her right she is pointing over her 
shoulder at him. Adam seems to be indicating with his 
right hand a piece of the fruit in his left ; and there is 
an appropriately conspirator-like air about the pair. 

The background of the serpent is a strong tomato-red 
(the only instance of this particular colour in the church) 
and upon this is painted the Tree of Knowledge, in the 
branches of which the serpent is poised. The upper part 
of his body is more like that of a dragon, being furnished 
with paws and large wings ; and while this rests in the fork 
of the tree, his serpentine hinder part is coiled in knots 
round the stem. The head presents a mixture of dog and 
seroent, with a peculiarly evil look about the pink eye. s 

The body and wings are of a brownish yellow, relieved 
with pink and white shading and darker brown touches, 
giving the whole an iridescent appearance. The creases 
on the worm-like skin are rendered by cross lines of 
white and pink. 

From the branches of the tree depend waving tendrils, 
on which are emerald green fruits, similar to the one 
that Eve holds in her hand ; while along the right hand 
border of the picture are more branches with curious 
white flowers growing on them. The very unusual 
character of these flowers led me to search for anything 
similar in early art, and I was fortunate in lighting upon 
something almost identical in the recently published book 
of MM. Gelis-Didot and Laffillee." In this scholarly 

w * * La Peinture Decorative en France du XI« an X VP Si^cle . " It is very much 
to be desired that we in England should have a similar well-illustratod treatifle 
dealing comprt^hensivclj' with our ancient mural paintings. No such work has 
yet been prcxiuced and'meanwhile the imintings themselves, in many cases, are 
disappearmg or being destroyed without any adequate record. 



r^tif- 



HAHDHAH CHURCH, AND ITS EAHLY PAINTINGS. 

aud splendidly illuistrated work the first of the coloured 
plates is taken up with the unique series of eleventh 
and twelfth century paintings covering the entire chur(;h 
of St. Savin, Vienne, S.W. France.'* Here, in one of 
the more ancient parts (in the west porch), are rows of 
angels falling down in adoration of a central Majesty; 
and under their feet are springing up delicate little 
floweni on wavy stalks, precisely i^imilar in shape and 
treatment to those in this painting at Hai-dliani. They 
also appear in one of tlic paintings of tlic same date in 
the nave, where, in the rendering of a vision from the 
Apocalypse, other details may be found — such as a 
winged dmgon-aerpent — displaying a great similarity to 
the Hardhan) paintings. Inscriptions in white lettering on 
dark bands are placed, as at Hardham and Westmestcm, 
over the different pictures. Most of them are no longer 
legible, but the letters are of the same Roman type. 

It is remarkable that in these paintings at St. Savin 
the standard <if art in composition, iigure drawing and 
ornament is quite classical in its excellence, and is 
superior, if anj-ihing, to sirailai- work of the succeeding 
twelfth centmy in the same churcli and elsewhere in 
France.*^ The standard thus set up may have produced 

school whose traditions, models, and even guilds of 
workmen would before long penetrate even to remote 
Sussex. Tlie paintings at Hardham, it is true, look rude 
and humble by comparison, but one can detect a master 
tradition in them, and here and there a master's touch, 
which proclaim a noble parentage. 

But to return. Beneath the painting of " The Fall " 
are the remains of a subject in tne lower tier which may 

Tlii'< (rhurch, rituatrd in what waf nncipntly tlii^ provint« of Poitou. wait 
natic (Heiit'dictiiie), luid wiia rebuilt iii the ekveuth wntury, hwhUj' bet^rwru 
jnsOund 1100, uud thi? paintingB in tbeupptr oburcb niv ooevol with the biiildiiig 
(nr the mn^tt port. H. Paol U^rim^', an eioineot HUthurit}r, tcUn us that tbi^j 
go hark to the xeooiid lialf. or to the end, at the uleventb centiuy. An occmuit, 
vith good illuAtTationB, of this church, bv Mr. H. C. Corlette. A.R.I.B.A., 
VppweA iu the pagec of the " Arcbil«ctuisl IteTiew " for Aagiut, 1897. 

*■ The authore of the monumental work on French decorative pointing above 
nferred to eaj : " Some pictures cau lie placed iu the rank of chrh d'ctiivm : we 
jnny tnstnuco, among others, that where the Lord launchcK the worlds into iipnci'." 
Aud thewe were executed iu thu biirburoiu 'eleventh centurj, when lowe learned 
would have uc believe thut art wiib ualecp, if not dead ! 



106 UABDHAH CUUBCH, AND ITS EAULY PAIHTINGS. 

be called "Adam ahd Eve after the Fall." It is 
evidently founded upon the text, " The eyes of them 
both were opened, and they knew that they were naked." 
On the left is a strip of pink with a large diaper pattern, 
and between thia and the pier of the chancel arch, against 
a yellow back-ground with a smaller diaper, are painted 
the guilty pair, throwing up their hands to express shame 
and confusion of face. The greater part of Eve's figure 
is destroyed, but Adam is in better preservation. The 
figures are un a much smaller scale than those above. 







The northern half of this West Wall op the Chanckl 
was also occupied with subjects relating to "The Fall." 
In the up]>cr tier is one that I found somewhat hai-d to 



HAKDUAM CUUHLH, AND ITS EARLY PAJNTINGS. 107 

decipher. A special visit to tlie church after the greater 
part of tliis paper was in print has given me tho 
right clue. The subject is *' Adam and Eve after the 
Expulsion," and the tiguren again are conipai-atively 
diminutive. Adam appears, against the same diapered 
background, wrestling with the gnarled and thorny 
branch of a tree in illustration of the words, " Thorna 
also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee ; and thou 
shalt eat the herb of the field :" while Eve is in the act 
of milking a very antediluvian -loo king cow," in allusion 
to the remainder of the Divine sentence, " In the sweat 
of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the 
ground." It was found inadvisable to remove much of 
the whitewash that still covers this and others of the 
paintings, owing to tho tenacity with which it adheres 
to the glazed face of the old colour ; and tliis necessarily 
increascH the difficulty of deciphering some of the subjects. 
In this way the painting below the foregoing is still 
hidden; probably it belonged to the series of "The 
Fall." Adam with the spade and Eve with the distaff 
was a favourite subject in this connection with the early 
painters. The couplet in John Ball's famous haraugue 
to the labourers, — 

"When Adam delved and Eve span, 
Who was then the gentleman ?"^ — ■ 

wa.s doubtless composed with some such popular picture 
before his eyes. It occui-s frequeutly in ancient illumina- 
tions, as in Nero C. IV., an English MS. in the British 
Museum. 

But little of the detail of the remaining pictures in 
the chancel can be made out for the same reason. Gi-eat 
havoc also has been wi-ought by the inserted windows, 
and time, the weather, and injudicious scraping at the 
first discovery of the paintings have aided in obliterating 
much of tlie work. ''The Worship in Heavkn." Rows 
of saints under canopies can be distinguished— perhaps 
twelve of the Prophets of the Old Dispensation on tho 




^fjJgi^jnrmW 



JfardffOrfZ dff-. 

w:ndo„ M. WoJI cX- Cj^nce/. 



(^yr 



HARDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY rAINTINGS. 109 

western half of the north wall (upper tier),°* and the 
ApostIt!S of the Now Testament in the coiTesponding 

Eosition on the soutli wall. Some of these latter have 
ad green, others yellow, nimbusea of the oval shape 
found in '* The Annunciation," and verses, now quite 
illegible, have accompanied the pictures. 

Eastward of these in the upper tier on both sides and 
continued along the East Wall of theChancel are painted 
the Twenty -four Elders, and, flanking the original nai-row 
window ot this wall (destroyed by the present larger one 
inserted in the thirteenth century), were the Four Living 
Creatures, of which parts of two only remain.^" 

Fortunately the Elders are more perfect (Plate VI.). 
They are shown as on thi-ones against a dark red bacK- 
ground and with a pink pavement below. They are 
mostly " clothed in white raiment," with red shoes, but 
some for relief have a red mantle, and all have on their 
heads crowns of gold (Rev, iv., 4) — of the curious square 
type found in some early paintings and illuminations. 
This detail I take to be one of the evidences of the 
exceptionally early date of these Hardham paintings. 
At first sight it might be taken for a low mitre, but a 
closer inspection sliows it to be similar in form to the 
square paper cap sometimes worn by mechanics to-day." 
TTie Elders are represented as " falling down before the 
throne," all in the same stiff attitude, and each holds in 

•• The Bchenie of the upper tier bclios to have been boBed upou "' The Worship 
in Hearen," as seen bj St. John (Itcv. W.. &c.), combiued with tlie parallel idea 
of a. •• Te Deiim," the Prophets ot the Old and the Apostles ot the New Dls- 
penBatian being eonjuined with the Living Creatures and Elders in udoratiun of 
Him who aits upon the throuo uud of tJie Lamh. But it U posaible that the 
figolva in the upper tier (western halt) of the N. wall ure ueunt for individual 
saints oud niartyra. rather than the old prophets. 

" That on tlie right of the window seems to have been the one with the " faoe 
M a man," and it« companion on tliv left " the eeuond, lilce a oklf," leaving the 
Inner places round the throne to the lion-like creuture and " the Ojing eagle." 
The "six wiiig^ about him" and the halo nte visible in the right hand creature. 

" ThoMixgi in ft painting iu the Church ot Vic, Indre-et-Ixiire (date 1080—1100), 
have enwtir mmilar crowns, the idea of wliich wa* a square metal cap, formed of 
four straight sidea. M. Violiet-le-Duo gives a drawing of one under the article 
•' Conroune " in his " Dictionnnire du Jlobliec t'ranvais," tiiken from the eleventh 
ottnturj paintiugii of the west porch in the Church of St. Savin above referred to. 
He remarks on the discomfort of such a form ot head-dress. This type of crown 
Menu to have been in vogue with fiubordinalc dignitaries between a.u. 1050 and 
1150. It no doubt had un Eastitru origin. 



110 HARDHAH CHUECH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

his right hand a vial « and in his left a three-stringed 
gittem, or guitar, instead of the ^^harp" familiar to us 
in the Authorised Version/' Their faces are of the same 
curiously rigid type as those in "The Annunciation" 
and other subjects, but not so carefully painted. Beneath 
the figures is a series of bands of white, yellow and red, 
on the last of which are the remains of a verse in white 
letters, not now decipherable, but which may have been 
one of the choruses in the Apocalypse. 

The subjects represented in the lower tier of the chancel 
walls are, as might be expected, very fragmentary. They 
appear, however, to have consisted of scenes in connec- 
tion with the Death and Resurrection of our Lord. 

Beginning with the North Wall, we have, at its 
western end, ''The Last Supper." Our Lord can be 
distinguished by the cruciform nimbus ; St. John leans 
upon His bosom, while St. Peter, with tonsured crown 
and stubby beard,®® is seated on His right. These and 
the other apostles have yellow nimbuses. A golden 
chalice, of the early squat type found in eleventh and 
twelfth century representations,** and a large wafer 

" Our word ** vial " is of coarse the same in origin as phial. The Vulgate 
has, ** phiakts aureas plenas odoramentorum.^* The phials of the Elders on the 
northern side are like the metal flower-vases in common use on our altars to-day, 
while those in the hands of the flgurcs on the opposite side (Plate VI.) are shaped 
like an hour-glass or a cup with a broad foot. 

" Here, again, is a very early note. The gittem is found, instead of the harp, 
in painted or sculptured representations of the twenty-four elders of eleventh 
and early twelfth century date, and is also met with in contemporary illumina- 
tions. I cannot cite an English example to parallel this Hardham treatment in 
painting or sculpture, but in some of the early illuminations in our libraries the 
gittem is to be seen in the hands of the Apocalyptic elders. Zithem (cithara, 
French), gittem (French, guiterne)^ guitar, are til derived from one word — the 
Greek KiOafM] and in like manner the instruments bearing these names were 
evolved one from another, the harp being the original of all. What is translated 
**harp** in Rev. v. of our Authorised Version is rendered cithara in the Latin of 
the Vulgate. 

« Cf. " Mural Paintings in Sussex Churches,'* by J. Ixjwis Andr6 ("S.A.C.," 
Vol. XXXVIII., p. 16, and illustration opposite). St. Peter was commonly 
represented with the tonsure in early paintings, &c., of the Last Supper, as in 
the Church of St. Jacques-des-Gu^rets, Loir-et-Cher, France. , 

^1 Two of these are shown on shelves in an aumbry or credence, with two cruets 
below, in an early twelfth century bas-relief on one of the capitals of the porch 
at V6zelay (** Dictionnaire du Mobllier Franpais,'* I., p. 87). Both in this and in 
our paintings the artist has represented the bowl of the chalice as crescent- 
shaped, by way of indicating its circular brim. The chalice in the Last Supper 
on the font at St. Nicholas*, Brighton (c. 1120), is represented in the same 
conventional fashion (see plate, " S.A.C.," Vol. XXXII., p. 49). 



HARDHAM CHURCn, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. Ill 

marked with a cross appear on the table, and beyond 
these eastward are some pointed oval-ahaped objects that 
may represent dishes or fish. The cloth is white on the 
top, but pink in front, and looped up in folds, such eis we 
Bee in early altar-clotlis before frontals were invented."" 
In fact, the white cover may represent the "fair white 
linen cloth," and the drapetf front the coloured cloth of 
stuff in use with contemporary altars. My friend Mr. 
Andr6 has called attention to the similar draped front of 
the table in tlie bas-relief of the Last Sujjper upon the 
early twelfth century font at St. Nicholas , Bright<m," 
and he compares it with the representation of the table 
in the same subject that used to he seen in Horsham 
Chm-ch, where the cloth was looped up with roses. 

There is another subject — perhaps "The Betrayal" 
— between this and the east wall, but too indistinct to 
make out the details. 

In the lower tier of the eastern part of the South 
Wall are the remains of an angel beckoning to three 
women. Probably this is the first of two paintings on 
this wall representing "The Entomhment " and "The 
Resurrection."** The angel is nimbed and appears to 
be seated upon the open tomb witli outspread wings, 
The women are doubtless the three Maiys bringing 
spices to the sepulchre. 

It is singular, and perhajjs significant, that we have no 
representation of the Crucifixion and Ascension among 
this series of paintings. Perhaps the one was held to be 
symbolized under tlie emblem of the Holy Cross (or the 
Agnus, if it were there) over the chancel arch ; while 
the other was inferred by the great central subject on 
the east wall — the Adoration of God and the Lamb. 

I have gone at some length into the description of 
these paintings, as I believe them, imperfect as they now 

■• There is a good repruseiitotion nf such uii early altar — tiqiuire, rather thftn 
obloug, in form, ns «uch early tiltare always were. — covered with a heavily draped 
cloth, fai a baa relief from St, Uactur^'n Chapel in the ruiued Abbey of St. Bavon, 
Obent, Belgium {e. UlU) : and, among UlumiuatUms, Hiuilar examples otuur in 
Cott. MS., Nero C. IV., Brit. Mu«. 

" " 8.A.C,," Vol. XXXIl., plate opp. p. 49. 

•• A» rt Binated, c. 1140 [" S.A.C," Vol. XLIII., p. i25}. 



112 HARDHAM CHUECH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

are, to be of quite exceptional interest on account of 
their subjects, extent and extremely early date. One 
rarely finds a church, however small, entirely covered 
with paintings all of one scheme and period ; and when 
that period is the earliest of which we have any examples 
remaining — that embracing the second half of the eleventh 
to the first quarter of the twelfth century — one may be 
excused for going somewhat minutely into detail in 
describing them. 

^^The Saxon overlap" is a phrase used by some 
antiquaries to describe the period to which these paint- 
ings belong, and it seems a very good term to express 
an era of conflicting traditions in art, such as that which 
ushered in the Conquest and subjugation of England; 
but it must not be understood that the dominating 
inspiration traceable in these paintings was a native one. 
The number of distinct marks of early date which I 
have been at some pains in emphasising, taken in con- 

1* unction with the general aspect of the paintings, will, 
think, warrant my claiming for them a date within a 
few years after 1100; indeed, they might with equal 
propriety have been placed within the latter years of the 
previous century, but for the almost certainty that ''The 
Appearance of St. George at Antioch" is among the 
subjects represented. This fact limits the date to a 
period after 1098, but, as I have endeavoured to show, 
very soon after; and it seems to me, incidentally, to 
demonstrate the contemporary acceptance and wide- 
spread belief of the story of the saint's miraculous 
interposition. 

The curious similarity of the paintings at Hardham, 
Westmeston and Plumpton to eleventh and early twelfth 
century work in Western France appears to point to 
their being the work of a travelling guild who had 
inherited the traditions of the school of painters of Poitou 
and blended them with English ideas. The peculiarities 
that we notice at Hardham are certainly not the result 
of pure Saxon influence, for in the treatment of the 
faces and draperies there is little trace of the mannerisms 
familiar to us in Anglo-Saxon illuminated MSS. But 



HARDRAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTmCS. 

at the same time this gioup of paintings bears equally 
alight resemblance to the few remaining typical Anglo- 
Norman paintings scattered alwut England/" 

Until the settlement ot" England after the Conquest, 
and while as yet the dominant Norman ecclesiastics had 
found little opportunity to train up in their own art- 
traditions schools of craftsmen and painters, it seems 
certain that the need for skilled arfists was supplied 
fi'om abroad, as we know wa,s often the case during the 
previous centuries of Saxon rule. 

It is not therefore a matter for surprise that we should 
detect a strong foreign influence in this group of paintings 
inherited classical ti'adition, filtered in succession 
through Byzantine, Lombardic and Prankish channels, 
and finally, but imperfectly, blended with native Saxon 
and Norman Romanesque. They would in this be but a 
reflection of the men who caused them to be made — the 
Northmen," intrudei-s on the lauds of France, settlers 
in far-off Sicily and now invaders of the Saxon shore — 
men of roving tempei-ament and without fixed traditions, 
The very colours are un-English in their arrangement/* 
In the weirdly tall and angular figures — reminding us 
of the mosaics of Ravenna — Byzantine feeling is very 
apparent; much of the architectural detail is quite 
Italian in spirit; while French influence, grafted upon 
strains, is dominant and specially noticeable in 
some of the points above dwelt on. 

Thus, whether the artists who executed these paintings 
were foreigners or English, it seems certain tnat they 
received their training abroad ; and it is also evident 

, . Binstcd, before qunlfld ; not tar from Hardham (d. 1140) ; West 
tSultingtaa. al»o near (c. 1170); Kcmplej-, Ulouee«WrshIre (c. 1130): St. Gabriel's 
Cbnpol, in the Crj-pt, Canterbury CathednU (c. 1150). All these, imd others that 
Souu be named, have u certaiu family likenetis to each other, but tho Eardhom 



Knap haro little in comtnou with anj of them. 1 have mdicnt«d etsewhcTc ii 
ia paper n half -belief that Clajion Church should be added to tbU group. One 
Of Ibe BliiBtcdpaiiitiags forma a coloured plHt«iu"S.A.C.," Vol. XLIII., p. 234. 
Kemplef, iritb n coloured illustratiou, is ae«cribed by Mr. Micklethwaite iu Vol. 
XLVlt. uf the " Archi»il<if^. " p. IS?; nnd the Conterbuir paintings, elaborsti't; 
Blu*tmt«d, by the late Canon Scott Bobert«on, in "ArchteologiaCantiana," XIII., 

They are foand, aimilnrly applied, in the eleventh century paintings at St. 
It : n Aeep purplish red, with lighter «hade«, a strong golden yellow, yellow- 
brown, a nietallio emerald i^vea. blue, white and black. 
XLir. 



114 HABDHAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 

that they were touched with the crusading spirit — 
perhaps some may even have newly returned from the 
First Crusade, their minds stored with the strange tales 
and wonders of the East and the glories of foreign 
lands. 

The great Cluniac Priory of St. Pancras, Lewes, 
founded by William de Warrenne and his wife Gundrada 
about 1077, must alone have been the cause of importing 
a host of foreign artificers.*'' Its great stone church 
(replacing the more ancient Saxon one of wooden con- 
struction) was consecrated in the first instance somewhere 
between 1091 and 1097; but work was busily and 
continuously going on during the next century. After 
the death of WiUiam de Warrenne in 1088 his sons 
continued to act as benefactors to the priory; they 
proceeded with the building of the church and its offices, 
and much of the elaborate colour decoration (of which 
abundant traces have come to light during tne recent 
excavations carried out by our Society) was of twelfth 
century date. 

Westmeston and Plumpton (and Clayton) were among 
the lands of William de Warrenne and the church of 
Westmeston would seem to have been an early endow- 
ment of Lewes Priory. Meanwhile Hardham was in the 
possession of other Norman lords — Roger de Montgomen'j 
a great benefactor to the Church, and the family of De 
Alta Ripa — and at some date which we do not now 
know the Prior and Convent of Lewes became patrons 
of the living.*® 

*7 Archbifihop Lanfranc, the trusted adviser of William aiid Gundrada, despised 
the English as barbarians and recommended foreigners. William seems to have 
been a man of deep piety and of singularly cultured taste for his time, a great 
traveller and patron of the arts, in which latter rOle his sons followed him. He 
and his wife had a strongly marked partiality for Burgundian monks, with whom 
the community at Lewes was judiciously leavened. The peculiar expression on 
Gundrada*s tomb (now in Southover Church) is supposed to refer to this : ** Intulit 
ecclesiis Anglorum balsama morum.*' One may suppose that the rude manner of 
building and decorative art in use among the conquered Saxons would be as dis- 
tasteful to their Norman Conquerors as would be their rude manner of life and 
speech. Probably with the Burgundian monks came skilled workmen and artists 
— indeed, many of them were doubtless artists themselves — carvers, painters and 
illuminators. 

^ Their first recorded presentation was in 1430, but this does not prove that 
they had not held the patronage from a much earlier date. 



lIAItDnAM CHURCH, AND ITS EARLY PAINTINGS. 115 

We have, it wyeiuH to mu, iu tliese fact« suggestive 
hints as to when and by whom the Westmeston and 
Plumpton paintings were executed, and thus confirmatory 
evidence as to tlie date and artistic genesis of the paintings 
in Hardhani Church. 

In conclusion, the grateful task remains of expressing 
my indebtedness to many kind friends ; to the Hector of 
Hurdham, the Rev. Cecil Brereton, for much cordial 
OHsistancc rendered to me while engaged in the task of 
preservuig the paintings ; to our Hon. Secretary and 
Toint Kditor, Mr. H. Michell Whitley ; and to Mr. J. C. 
Stenning, Hon. Photographer to this Society, whose 
excellent photogi-aphs, specially taken, have proved very 
useful in the elucidation of some of the obscure details 
of the paintings. 



Note. — One of the bells at Hardham, without mark or 
inscription, is probably mediaeval ; the other is inscribed : 
"Gloria Deo in excelsis. T.B. T.P 1636. B.E." 
("S.A.C.," Vol. XVI., p. 211). 

The following (by permission, from the Rev. Geo. 
Hennossy's admirable compilation, "Chichester Diocese 
Clergy Lists ") is a list of tlie incumbents, as far as known: 

1430. John Coruewallf. 1742. Edward rrattBnton. 

1622. Edmuud Welham. 176(i. Robert Watson. 

1640. John Eayment, A.M. 184G. Jns. Munro Snndham, MA. 

1715. Eobort Jones. 1898. Oet-il Breroton, 



NOTES ON THE FAMILY OF CHALONER 

OF CUCKFIELD. 



By Lieut.-Col. F. W. T. ATTREE, E.E., F.8.A. 



During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries several 
families of the name of Chaloner were gradually 
acquiring wealth and distinction. Perhaps the most 
distinguished of these was the family which, descended 
from Madoc Crwm, founder of the Seventh Noble Tribe 
of Wales, took the name of Chaloner from Madoc de 
Chaloner in France, son of Trahaiam, who took the Lord 
of Chaloner prisoner in the wars in France and with 
the possession of his lands assumed his armorial bearings, 
viz., Arg., on a chevron sa. ; three angels adoring or} 
From Madoc was descended Roger Chaloner, of London, 
and through his grandson, Sir Thomas Chaloner, of 
Steeple Claydon, Bucks, the Chaloners of Guisbbrough, 
in Yorkshire, Baronets. Between this family, however, 
and that of our Sussex Chaloners I have been unable to 
find any connection. 

Another Yorkshire family of Chaloner, bearing as arms 
Az. ; three mascles or, a chief indented gu., was that of 
John Chaloner Reader, of Gi'ay's Inn, in 1493, and Robert 
Chaloner Reader, of Gray's Inn, in 1521, both of whom 
appear to have come from Wakefield,^ and the latter of 
whom is probably the ''Robert Chaloner squere" men- 
tioned in the following abstract of the 

Will of Thomas Chaloner, of Euspeb. 

5 March 1533 Thomas Chalenor gent— to be buried in the Church 
of Rowsper — to Marc^aret my wife freehold lands in the County of 
York also all my lands called Porters and Baldwyne in Rowsper and 

1 Add. MS., 9,864 ; Harl. MS., 1,535, fo. 87 ; Harl. MS., 2,075. 
« Vide pamphlet on a Chaloner MS. in Gray's Inn Library. 



THE FAMILY OF CHALONEK OF CUCKKIELD. 

Horaliani for life, aftor which Forters & Baldwyne to Ileiirj- Lnshoford 
Gent, Bon aud heir appsrent of Henry LaahefDrd gent nf ChsHewood 
Surrey and Mary his wife one of the " natural! dowtera & heyt'rB 
Bpparente of me the seyd " T, C. for the life of the said Henry the Son 
■nil Mary and the longer liver aud after their decease "to the heyrea 
lawfiilly engenderyd belwene the bodyen of the seyd henri- and mary." 
If no issue "off the seyd henry the soue and mary hys iiayd »-yfe" then 
to my right heire. Also to said Henry £U0 sterling. RiMiduary logutee 
and Executrix wifo Margaret. Overseer " nevewe EoBt ChaJenor 
Bquere." Proved 27 Nov Anno dni v' sup". (" Chichester Archbishop 
Peculiars," Vol. 1% fo. 79). 

Tho testator in evidently the Thomas Challoner who 
ia stated on his brass at Rusper" to have died on tho 10th 
of February, 1532, and whose wife, Margaret, is men- 
tioned thereon, together with " ther children," unnamed. 
We gather some further particulars as to the descendants 
of this Thomas ChalonLM' from the pedigree of Lechford, 
recorded in the Visitation of Surrey in 1572,* wherein it 
w stated that Henry Leeht'ord, of Shclwood, in Surrey, 
son of Henry Lechford. of Charlwood, in Surrey, married 
" Mary d. of Thomas & cossyn & heiro of Rob. Chalencr 
of Stanley in (.'uni York," and his children and grand- 
children are entered under date 9 Sept., 1572. The amis 
given as a quartering for Chulenor are Az.; a chevron 
between three ma.scles, or — viz., the arniH of the Chaloners 
of Sussex ; but tliat Mary, the wife of Henry Lasheford, 
or Lechford, was of tlie Yorkshire Chaloners is contirmed 
by the Inquisitio post mortem of RoI)ei't Chalonor, Esq., 
who died 7 Sept., 2 and ;f l*h. and M. (1555), when, by 
Inquisition taken at Doneaster, it was found that be died 
,«eizod of lands in the County of York, and that Henry 
Lassheford, aged 21, and Ursula Bristnw, aged 40. were 
his cousins and lieirs,* and liurke, in his " General 
Armory," 1878, gives as the anus of Chaloner of York- 
shii*e Az., three niasdes ov, a cliief indented gu.; which 
correspond with the arms tricked in the Chaloner MS. in 
Gray's Inn Library, of the writers of wliich our Thomas 
Chaloner, of Rusper, seems to have been a relation, aa 
Stanley, where his descendants acquired property by 

' "S.A.C.." Vol. XXIII., p. 177; Vol. XXV., p- "221. 

" " Publltalimi* ot Harl. S«.," Vol. XLIIL, p. 43. 
' "tlcnenlugiBt," New Serifs, Vol. SII., p, 139. 



118 THE FAMILY OP CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

heirship, is a Chapelry in the parish of Wakefield and 
If miles N.N.W. from that town. 

The similarity of the charges on the shield and the 
presence of Thomas Chaloner, of the Yorkshire family, 
m Sussex, may, however, indicate a connection in early 
times between the Sussex and Yorkshire families of the 
name, and perhaps we should not be far wrong in assuming 
that they were both descended from some wealthy London 
importer or manufacturer of ^'chalons,"* thence called 
**le Chaloner," and that the Sussex family, from the 
greater simplicity of its coat, was the first to assume 
arms. 

I have not, so far, been able to discover any very early 
instances of the name in Sussex; the name does not 
occur in the Subsidy Roll of the Rape of Lewes in 1296, 
printed in Vol. II. of our '' Collections," nor among the 
mhabitants of Cuckfield in 1327 and 1332 ; but in the 
Poll Tax of 1379 Richard Clialoner, the cooper, of Cuck- 
field, pays Is.,*^ and in 1420 John Chaloner and Thomas 
atte Doune, of Cuckfield, summon a neighbour of theirs, 
John Bungay, for destroying their growing crop of hay 
and doing damage to the amount of lOOs. 

From Turner's ^* Index to the Bodleian Charters, 
Sussex," p. 564, under ^* Slinfold, &c.," John Payne, of 
Cokefeld, appoints John Chalon (no doubt Chalor? in 
the original document and intended for Chaloner) his 
attorney to deliver seizin of his lands in Cokefeld. 
Dated 24 Sept., 9 Hen. VI. (1430), Charter 223. 

Among those pardoned for their participation in Cade's 
Rising, 1450, appears the name of John Chaloner, of 
Lynfeld, yoman.® 

In 1457 Thomas Chaloner was a purchaser of lands in 
Rottingdean and Balsdean, and may have given name to 
Challoners in that parish." 

® A chalon was a peculiar quilt or coverlet of woolleu or worsted, originally 
manufactiurcd at Chalons-sur-Mame, whence the name (** liardtjley's hugliflh 
Surnames"). 

f " S.A.C.," Vol. XL., pp. 196 to 198 and 205. 

« '* S.A.C.," Vol. XVIII., p. 25. 

» Feet of l^ues, Sussex, 21 to 39 Hen. VI., No. 78. 



TitE FAMILY OF CHALONEB OF CUCKFIELD. 



119 



111 1459 Robert Chaloner resigned the Vicarage of 
Mayfield,'" and in 1460 Thomas Chaloner was M.P. for 
East Grinstead." 

1463. Richard Ryker eumnions John Chaloner, late 
of Lind6eld, yeoman, and Richard Chaloner, late of 
Slaugham, yeoman, for a debt of £4, wliieh they owe 
him between them." 

In 1488 John Clialonei-, of Lindfield, Senior, was one 
of the Collectors of a Lay Subsidy for Sussex.'" 

In Harleian MS. 892, fo. '2o, and also in D 11 in the 
Heralds' College, is a pedigree of the Chaloners of 
Holmsted in Cuckfield, at the Visitation of Sussex in 
1574, which recoi-ds that John Chaloner had a son, 
Thomas," who Iiad a son, John, who by the d, and h. 
of Si]' Edward Mortimer had two sons, (i.) William and 
(ii.) Thomas ; that William by his wife Isabell, d. of 
Ralph Borell, had with one daughter, Margaret, mariied 
to Thonia.'* Turner, of Cookefeild, three sons, (i.) Neniou, 
(ii.) John and (iii.) Edmond, and that Neiiion was of 
Hampsted, in the parish of Cookefeild, co. Sussex, Ewq., 
and by his wife, Ciciley, d. of Edmund Michell, of 
Cookefeild, Esq., had four sons and four daughters, viz., 
Richttid eldest, (ii.) Francis, (iii.) Henry, (iv.) Walter; 
(i.) Marj-, (ii.) Anne, (iii.) Joan and (iv.) Ciceley. 

Harl. MS. 802, fo. 33b, also records that Nicholas 
Chaloner, by Margaret, da. of John Mascall, had with a 
second son, Nicliolas, a sun Richard, of Childington, 
CO. Suss., who married Denys, d. of . . . Okenden, 
and had issue Nicholas, s. and h., Richard, 2nd son, and 
two daughters. Joane and Elianor. This pedigree is 
also of the same date, 1574. 

Harl. MS., 1562, at fo. 37, gives us some information 
as to the children of Ninian Chaloner and Cicely Michell, 
which, as it is generally wrong, had better be disposed 

"• "8.A.C.," Vol. XXVI-. p. OS, 
" "S.A.C," Vol. XXXII.. p, 154. 
»• De Bimoo Holl, iUcha., 3 Edw- rv.. in. in dorto. 
'» '■ S.A.C.." Vol. XXVni.. p. 140. 

" Sir Thnmus Phillipa, in his privnWlj printed " Vicitntion iit Soasoi, 1570," 
ctdL) liiiu John. 



120 THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

of here. It states then that they had another son, 
Nicholas, that Henry Walter, Cicely, and Anne died 
without issue, that Maiy wats the wife of William Vindon, 
of CO. Kent, that Joane married Henry Ward, of Paynes; 
and states that Richard Challenor, the eldest son by his 
wife . . . the daughter of . . . Dickinson, of London, 
Skinner was father of two sons, Jacob, of Mawdlyn 
College, Camb., M.A., and Nathaniel, who both died 
without issue, and a daughter, Anne, heir to her brothers, 
who married Wm. Leycrofte, of London, Skinner. 

The Richard Challoner here mentioned was a citizen 
and fishmonger of London, and in his will, dated 2 Sept., 
1605, and proved in P.C.C, 17 Sept., 1605 (64 Hayes), 
mentions Nicholas Chaloner, his father (to whom he 
leaves £5), Richard Dickinsonne, his late wife's father, 
and his children, Jacob, Hanna and Nathaniel ; he 
was a parishioner of St. Olave's, Southwark. Richard 
Dyconson, of St. Stephen's, Walbroke, citizen and 
slunner, in his will in P.C.C, 1615 (30 Rudd), mentions 
his three grandchildren, Jacob, Nathaniel and Hanna 
Chaloner. The above shows that Richard Chaloner, who 
married the daughter of Richard Dickinson, was the son 
of Nicholas and not of Ninian Chaloner. We shall come 
to the will of Richard, the son of Ninian, later on. 

Between the Chaloner families of Cuckfield and Lind- 
field there was undoubtedly a very close relationship, 
and, as the earlier descents of the important family of 
Chaloner of Lindfield and it^s relation to the family 
of Chaloner of Chiltington are not shown in Berry s 
"Sussex Genealogies," the accompanying sketch pedigree 
is given to supply that omission and to show the probable 
relationship of all the families of the name to each other, 
and the evidences from which this pedigree has been 
constructed are given below. It will be seen that only 
one supposition has been made, viz., that John Chaloner 
at the head of the pedigree had, besides the son Thomas 
mentioned in Harf. MS., 892, another son, John, who 
was the ancestor of the Lindfield branch, and that this 
very feasible assumption would to some extent explain 
the reason why John in his will of 1520 made Thomas, 



THE FAMILY OK CHAI.ONElt OF CUCKFIELl). 

the son and heii- of John Chaloner, of CHiiskfield, his 
heir in the event of his (testator's) sons, Thomas and 
Nicholas, dj-ing without issue. It seems quite probable 
that Thomas is put down in the Vi^tation as 2nd son— 
although really the son and heir — because the estates 

Eassed, by failure of issue, to his brother William. We 
ave the record in the Visitation of Oxfordshire in 1634'* 
that John Corney, of Low Hall, in Pickering Lythe, 
CO. York, mamtjd "Margaret dau and heire of Tho : 
Challoner of Hohnsted in the i)ari»h of Cuckfield in 
Com Sussex," by whom he had a son, Huntingdon 
Hastings Corney, then living at Barton Steeple, co. 
Oxfoi'd. It will be seen afterwards that Margaret, tlie 
wife of John Corney, was daughter of Thomas Turner, 
by Margaret Chaloner. The names of Thomas and 
Margaret suggest a reference to the Tliomas Clialoner, of 
the Rusper brass, but, as already pointed out, he belonged 
to the Yorkshire stock. 

I will now proceed to give in chronological order tlic 
abstracts of the wills, &c., of the earlier members of 
the Chaloner family of Lindfield and Cuckfield, 

Concerning John at the head of the pedigree, I can 
find no record, but his son, Thomas, is presumably the 
Tliomas to whom tlie ensuing Inquisition refers, and his 
assumed son, John, together with his successors at Lind- 
field, have left wills proved in i'.C.C. John Chaloner, 
"who married the daughter and heir of Sir Edward 
Mortimer, has no mil, administration or In([. p.m., but 
John Cliakmei-e, of Cockfelde, is a witne.ss in 1496 (Add. 
Chart 8,103 in Brit. Mus.), and in the Rent Roll of Rusper 
Priory, A,D. 1532, is entered, " De Johaane ChaloiV do 
Homstede pro Worthe Feldc iij".'"* William's brother, 
Thomas, and his sons, Ninian and John, also do not 
appear to have left any wills or admons., while, as the 
Cuckfield Registers only commence in 1598, the previous 
Register Book having long ago disappeared, it is very 
fortunate that Ninian Chaloner in 1 574 recorded so many 
of his immodiate ancestors. 



" rubliciitioiis of the Hurltiiu; 
■■S.A.C.," Vol. V„ii. 2GU. 



iuty," Vol. v., p, 2U. 



122 THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

Inquisition taken after the death of Thomas Chaloner." 

Sussex ss. Inquisicb indentaP capP apud Estgrynsted in Com ^dict 
vicesimo die Junij Anno regni Regis Edwardi quarti vicesimo primo " 
....** Qui dicunt Jur sup sacrm suu qd Thomas Chaloner in deb bri 
noiaP fuit seit in diiico suo vt de feodo die quo obiit de certis terris et teii 
vocaf Denelond in Parpoundehurst in Com {^dco videlicet de vno TofP 
Ix acr teif x acr pHi et xx acr bosci cum suis ptinen que valent in 
omibz exiP vie* rep*s xls p annu. Et vlfius dicunt qd eadem teif et 
ten cum suis ptineii tenent' de Kicb ffenys dno Dacre p luiciu militar. 
Et vlPius dicunt qd idem Thomas nulla tenuit alia sine plura terr seu 
ten in Com jfdco die quo obiit de dno Kege in Capite in diiico nee in 
luic nee de aliqo alio. Dicunt insup iide Jui^ qd Sdcus Thom^ obiit 
tercio die Januar vltio jiPiP Et qd Johes Chaloner fili^ ipi^ Thome infra 
etatem existens est heres ppinquior euisdem Thome et etatis xx^ annor^. 
In cui' rei " &c. 

From the above we learn that Thomas Chaloner, 

Serhaps the M.P. for East Grinstead, died on the 3rd of 
anuary, 1481, seized of Deanlands, in Hm'stpierpoint, 
60 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, and 20 acres of 
wood, worth 40s. a year beyond reprisals, and that John 
Chaloner is his son and heir, aged 20 years. 

The next extract is from the will of his (presumed) 
brother, John Chaloner, of Lindfield, here partly trans- 
lated as it is in Latin : 

Will of John Chaloner, of Lindfield, Senior. 

15^** July 1491. "John Chaloner de L>Tidfel<i sen'." ** Con)U8quo 
meum sopeliend in cancett saucti Johannis Baptiste in occtia omi 
sanctorum de Lyndefeld." Eest and residue to John Chaloner my 
son, whom with Nicholas Culpeper Esq I appoint executors Proved 
29'^ Jan 149^ in P.C C. (29 Dogett). 

Although he only mentions his son John in his will, it 
will be seen from the succeeding wills that he had also a 
son Richard, the extracts from whose will follow, also 
partly translated : 

Will of Eicuard Chaloner, of Lindfield. 

19 March 1500. Eichard Chaloner — **sopeliend in ecctia prochiat 
omi 6Cor(^ parochie de lyufeld coram altare beato marie Virginia'' 
**Item lego ad tabernaculum sti Jacobi xx**' — my lands called fardin- 
gale — to have a marble stone over my burial place — to John Harshote 
3y4«i_to Beuet his sister 3y4'' — to Joan Sayer 874**— to Edward the 
parish priest S'/*!*^ — to Juan my daughter £20 and if she should die 
then to Lewys (Ledowico) my son — The residue of all my goods to 
remain in the custody of John my brother until my sons are of age, 

" Chuucery lii'i. p.m., 21 Edw. IV., Nu. 21. 



THK FAMILY OF CHALONEK Of CUCKFIIiLD. 123 

nftnr whiii to bei liivided between m_v said sons — to John Chalouer of 
Otiifyld one coat- — to my brother John my best toat — to his wife my 
deceased wife's best gown (toeaiu) All my lands ia Subhsx to my sou 
Eubert when of age, remainder to my son Lewys, remainder ti> my 
daughter Joan, remainder to my brother John and his heirs for over. 
AU my lauds in Kent to my son Lewys, remainders son Robert, 
daughter Joan, brother John. If my son Knbert claim my lands in 
Kent, then my feoffees are to give my eon Lewys all my lands in 
Hurstperpoj-nt. If brother John die before my children are of age 
then John Michell"' to manage the estate, which John Michel! with 
John Chaloner my brother I appoint executors. Proved by John 
Chaloner the executor 2 Nov 1502 in P.C.C. (20 Blamyr). 

Perhaps this may be the Richai-d Challener "which 
deceased the v day of Aprill the ycro of our Lord God a 
thousand and ccec,"'" oue c having been omitted. The 
next extracts refer to Robert, the son, and John, tlie 
brother of Richard Chaloner. 

Will of Bobebt OnALONEK, of Londos. 

Bobert Chaloner — " my body to be buried w'''in the churuhe of aeint 
Mai'y wolcburche" — "to my brother Ijewes my best Gowne and my 
beet doblett and" "my horse and harnesand my best Cote and Sworde 
and bokeler. Also I bequeth to hym fyve marcs of money Also to 
my sueter other fyve marcs. I bequeth to iche of my Maistera Silnts 
Xlt' apece. Also 1 bequeth to my maisters doughters iche of tliem 
xij'' Also I make M' cristofor more and Lewes Chaloner myne esecu- 
tours and gyve to the said M' More xxvj' viij'* " Proved in P.C.C, 
15 May 1520 by Lewes Chaloner (2 Mayuwaryng). 

Will of John CnALbsER, of Lindfield. 

23 Ilec lo'JO John ChaloSe of lyndefeld — "my body to be buried 
ia the Isle of saint John w' in the church of lyndefeld" — "to tlio 
churidie nf lyndefeld xx." tonanl the makj'ngo of a newe roode loft " 
—my executors to find a priest lu sing for my soul and for my father 
and mothers bouIh and Niuh' Chalnors*' soul — to Johane Cogger £^ 
— to John son of William Sayor 20'/ at 23 — to Lewes Chaloner my 
Goevn for all reckoning between him and me for his fathi'r's goods 
and to pray for my soul if he be contented £20 and if he be not 
contented then £20 for the wealth of my soul and for his fathers niy 
brother soul — to Johanni) my daughter £20 — to my daughter IJenet 
£40 toward her marriage — -lo my sou Nicholas the third part of all my 
cattle to be delivered to him at 23 "by the hfmds of his brother 
Thomas Esecutor to the said John Chaloft" — plate to be divided 
equally between Thomas my esec.ntor, Alii-e ray wife and Nicholas my 
Mju — Besiduary legatees and executors wife Alice and sc^n Thunms — 

" Of Ockemluu, in Cuckfield, flwi- 
» '■8.A.C.," Vol. XXIIl.. 11, lOH, 



124 THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

Overseers Richard Covert and John Thaccher — Item I will to every 
child of John a More of Wivelsfield at 23 a cow. 

Will as to lands. 

Wife Alice to have the profits of my dwelling place and lands in 
Lindfield, Blacklands, Smythes lands, Thvestyll sail, Newefiold, Brode- 
lands, two crofts late John Tynkers, Penkhurst mede, Baldings Crofts, 
parcel of land late Eichard Chaloners, parcel of land late John Tynkers, 
a tenement with appurtenances late Richard Neles, a tenement with 
appurtenances called Radcleffes, certain lands late purchased in Kent 
— the manor of Chiltyngton fferyng to son Nicholas — lands in Staple- 
hurst and Hawkhurst— Highfields in Hurstpierpoint — If sons Thomas 
and Nicholas die without issue then lands are to go to Thomas Chaloner 
son and heir of John Chaloner of Cuckfield Proved in P.C.C. 

(5 Maynwaryng). 

The next abstract is that of Alice, the widow of the 
preceding John. 

Will of Alice Chaloner, of Lindfield. 

3rd July 1521. Alis Chaloner of Lyndefeld in **pure wedowhodo " 
" to be buried in the yele of seynt John w* in the church of Lyndfeld," 
'* two Kyals^ for two tryntallis of masses the on to be songe among 
the friers of the house of lewis the other among the friers of muttonden 
w"*in the moneth also to be parformed." **To Benett a More mv 
gowne furrid w^ shanks and a kowe and her husbond an other kowe 
— to Jane Voyce my gowne furrid w' graie and iij Kyne" "to Benet 
Chaloner my gowne of london violet and a gown furi'id w' whight and 
my chamlet kirtill and all my veluet bonettis w' the fruntletts and my 
pair of Shetis" — to my son Nicholas Chaloner a fether bed and all 
belonging to it — to Johan Lewkenor ** a maser gilt so that after hir 
decesse she levo it to hir doughtor Johan" — Eesidue to son Thomas 
Chaloner whom sole executor. 

Will as to lands — My lands in Kent to my son Thomas so that he 
pay to his younger brother Nicholas Chaloner £21 at 23 and if he die 
then to an honest priest to sing for my soul — lands called " le Broke " 
** Shorrynden " and ** le found " to *' be equally deuyded betweene my 
ij doughters Johan lewkfl and Bennet a More." Proved 5 Dec 1521 
by Thomas Chaloner the executor in P.C.C. (19 Maynwaryng). 

The following is an abstract of the will of Lewys 
Chaloner, son of Richard, and nephew of the above John 
and Alice : 

Will of Lewys Chalonee, of Cuckfield. 

Lewys Chaloner— to the high awter of Kokefeld 3y4'* — of Ley 3y4'* 
— to the making of the Rode loft of Ley 3374'* — ** to the making of an 
He at the north side of the church 33y4'* " to wife half houshold stuff, 
£40, ten kine a bull and six oxen, annuity of £10 from my lands, and 
also 5 marcs yearly till my eldest son Roger is 2 1 , and all my plate for 
life, afterwards son Roger to have two goblets with a cover and two 

"^^ A Royal wus a gold piece worth lod. 



THE FAMILY OF CIIALONER OF ClICKFIELD. 



125 



Kilt pots with a cover aod " a salt n{ uiluer with a couer and hut a 
Qoseyn upongH w' maydena heds " — Tliomas my son to have two parcel 
friit i)ot« with a cover and a pit<fo parcel gilt ftud half n. dozen apoons 
with tunideoa head» — ever^' child including child my wife is now great 
with, but excepting eldest son Roger to have £40 at ^1 — my son 
Thomas to have Hellande in Bak'ombe lato John Bord's of Ouckfield, 
and Awell in Ardynge late also Borda — child my wife is great with to 
have, if a boy, lands in Cucfcfield and landa in Lindfield late Sayera, 
if " a maide " then to Thomas — Roger my eldest son to have " Rynge 
w' a TurkoB " — Anne Paay my wifes kinswoman to hare £6. 13. 4. and 
her apparel towards her ntarriage "and she doo tary till she be 
mariea to every one of my servants a black coat and to my executors 
a i^wn — executors " Maister Nicholas Saunder and my cosyn Thomaa 
Miehell" and Maister Cadhury. And my wifs father overseer" "I 
will that a preest doo singe for me vij ynre and that he be paid of my 
rents of London the which Rents is siiij" by the yere. And tlie residue 
that comyth of the house I will that it shalhe kept in the pxecutours 
handes till that the y<mge children come to age and they to haue their 
money of the rents of the house at London, the which will come to the 
sQ of two hundred and twelve meres above the fynding of the preat "" 
to " Maisf I'asy my ouerseer " 40'/ — to " Sir Richard Brown Curat of 
Kokefeld a gowne or ella 33y4''." 

"Richard Jei-hester shal haue two clothes at London at Harry 
Smyth" — "John Pecliard abal hnue £6. 6. 8. for the performance 
and fulfilling of the wille of Roger Pechard" — also I will Richard 
Jecbester and John Pechard myn apprentices be made free and to 
haue oU their apparell as it doth appere by their indenture. Also I 
owe unto Richard Jecheater all things Bi>kune<I £9. 14. The residue 
of goods to executors "to kepe an obite in the pariaho of Kokefeld 
every yere as long as the goodes will endure To this bering witnesse 
Elizabeth his wife, Sir Richard Browne Curat, Richard Jechester, 
John Pechard, Thomas holcom and William . . . w' other moo being 
present the xiij day of November" 1520. Profits of all my lands to 
be kept in my executors hands till my children come of age and then 
to be divided equally between them. Proved 15 Feb 1528 by Thomas 
Michell and Nicholas Saunder in P.C.C. (2 Jan-Kyn). 

I regret that I cannot find anything further with 
regard to Roger and Thomas, the sons of the above 
Lewyw Chaloner, but it appears from the Inq. p.m. of 
Thoma.s Ohahiner, of Kenwards, in Lindfield, that he 
obtained some of hiH property from a certain Roger 
Chaloner, gent., about 1545, and Francis Chaloner, son 
of the said Thomas, in his will 1591-1592 in P.C.C. 



» Of Worth, g^nt.. son uf John of Octenden. 
«■ As S13 mariH is over £140 it is eiidi^nt that 
brtare the ctiiMnn unme oC up.'. 
»■ Chancery Inq. ii.m., Auno I ElUiiboth, I'ort 2, No. Kil (DntQagmi), 



linP.C.C.,1551(31Bupkc), 
than ID jpiire hod to tlapw 



126 THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

(68 Harrington), mentions Thomas Chaloner, my cousin 
Roger's son. It seems evident that this ThomaB Chaloner 
waB not Sir Thomas Chaloner, son and heir of Roger 
Chaloner, Esq., of London, who died 10th June, 1650, 
as the knight was at that time over 30 years of age,*^ and 
therefore his father, Roger, must have been of full age 
in 1520, in which year our Roger, as shown in his father, 
Lewys's, will, was a minor and probably not over 10 
years of age. This Roger, son of Lewys, may possibly 
be the Roger Chaloner, Minister, buried at Lindfield, 16 
May, 1580, but there is no will or administration for him 
in r.C.C. or at Lewes. He is also mentioned as my 
cousin, Roger Chaloner, in the will of Thomas Michell, 
of Worth, gent, dated 6 June, 1551, and proved in 
P.C.C. 5 Nov., 1551 (31 Bucke). We will now revert to 
John Chaloner, of Lmdfield, whose will, dated 23 Dec, 
1520, was proved in P.C.C. (5 Maynwaryng). It will 
be noticed that he had two sons, Thomas and Nicholas. 
Of the descendants of Nicholas, the younger son, a very 
fair account is given in Berry's '' Sussex Genealogies, 
>age 73, and the descendants of John Chaloner, of 
Itantons, aged 8 in 1634, are still further continued in 
Vol. XXVIII., p. 141, of our ^'Collections," while the 
descendants of Richard, of Chiltington, aged about 20 
in 1634, migrated to Hollingboume, Kent, where the 
baptisms of many children of his son, Richard, are 
recorded in the Registers.*® 

Thomas, the elder son of John, of Lindfield, left a 
will dated 31 March, 1547, and proved in P.C.C. 21 
April, 1559 (8 Chayney), in which he desires to be 
buried in the chancel of Lindfield, where Father lies, 
and mentions his sons, Francis, John, Thomas and 
Richard, wife Alice and daughters, Dorothy and Mary. 
His wife Alice was daughter of Sir Richard Shirley, of 
Wiston, and the descendants of his sons, Francis and 
John, are given in Berry's ''Sussex Genealogies," p. 345, 
and to some extent continued in Vol. XXXV., p. 22, of 
our '' Collections." 

^ Chancery Inq. p.m., 5 Edw. VI., Port 2, No. 6. 
» ** The Story of HoUingboume, by J. Cave-Browne. 



I will tlierefore leave here the account of the Chaloners 
of Lindtield and Ghiltingtou, hoping at some future time 
to give a more detailed pedigree of that branch, and 
return to the Chaloners of Cuckfield. 

The following in an abstract of the will of WilHani, 
son of John Chalonci', of Holmated ; 

Will of William Chaloheh, op Cpckfield. 

" xv"' day of december " 1557 " I wyttm chaloner of the pyshe of 
ciiokefelde gent " " to ho buried v'^ia tbe cliurche earthe of Ciiokufylde" 
— topiwrat burial fJ'/S'' — to John Chaloner my aonne £20 — to Margaret 
Chaloner my dowghter £20 and a Cowe — to Nynyan my sonne my 
brandyrons in tbe plor and my sylver ealte and my sylver sponea after 
the death of my wife— to Edmimde Chalouer my aonne £10— The 
Besydwe to lasabell Chaloner my wiffe & Nynyau Cbftloner my eldest 
Boune whom executors. —My salt seler of sylver & gylt &, my aylver 
EponeB being aex spones to Issabi?!! my wiffe for lifo she to hare the 
cUBtodye of yt so that at any time when soever the sayd nynyan my 
eonne shall oi-cupy yt at any time ether with his brydall or <;burt;hinge 
of hia wiffe whensoefi yt shall please god to call bini to jrt the aayd 
lasabell my wiff shall delytf yt to him whensoever he shall octupye yt. 
— Issabell my wiffe flhall have here dwellinge in my howse of homsted 
with her chamber rome & ffewell suffipyent for here oucupyenge durynge 
the tyme of her wi<Iowbedd w"'owt lette of my sonne or any other 
^on — the £20 I have gyven to John Chaloner my son to be delytied 
to him at 24- Margaret my daughter ahull have at the day of her 
marriage £10 and a Cowe & the other £10 a year aftei^Edmund 
Chaloner my Houne shall have the £10 at 2^— Jamea my aervaunt shall 
have a twoyerjTige eifer within two years after my decease— Alj'ce my 
servaunt shall have Imedyatelye after ray decease 1 2'' — Nynyan burrell, 
Thomaa buiTell & Wyllm burrell my brothers in lawe shalbe otiseers — 
Witnesses Nynyan burrell, Wyhm burrell, Thomaa burrell Thomaa 
Mychell, Eychard Veiiaer, John Standen & Rowland Powell. (Ijewes 
A5. 224. No date of proof entered up, but, from datea of probate of 
accompanying wills, probably proved early in 156J.} 

BesideH tlie above brothers, not entered in Pedigree B, 
opposite page 4, of " S.A.C," Vol. XLIII., Mrs. Chaloner 
appears to have had another brother, Rauffe Burrell, of 
Old Windsor, gent., who in his will, 1.591, in P.C.C 
(85 St. Berbe) mentionH hiH brother, Nynion Burrell, and 
im "cozen" (meaning nephew) " Ednmnde Chalener of 
Cuckfeilde. Sussex." Possibly William was the William 
Burrell, of Lewes, who.se will was proved in P.C.C, 
1594 (62 Dixy). As John and Edmund, two of the sons 
of William and Iwibel Chaloner, died without isHuo, and 
the daughter, Margaret, niariied Thomas Turner, it will 



i 



128 THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

be advisable here to give particulars referring to them 
before proceeding to record the descendants of Ninion 
Chaloner, their eldest son and heir. Their burials are 
thus given in the Cuckfield Parish Registers, under the 
dates stated : \ 

1607. Nov. 19. ^'M*^ John Chaloner a batchelor who was about i 
3 score & 10 yeares of age, of bransnape." i 

This gentleman has, unfortunately, left no will or 
administration, so that no further particulars can here be 
given about him. 

1611. Dec. 10. '^Edmond Chaloner gent & sen' a bachelor of 
famous memory which was bom and baptised the 5^ of September 
1538 : : of age three score & 13. both loving & welbeloved and 
woorthey of good fame for a memoriall." 

The following is an abstract of the 

Wnx OF Edmoio) Chaloner, of Cuckfield. 

7 Dec 1609. Edmond Chaloner of Cuckfield gent — ^to the repara- 
tions of the church of Cuckfield £5 — to the poor of Cuckfield £7 ; of 
Slaugham 40/- ; of Bolney 20"/- ; to my wel beloved sister Margaret 
Turner widow my two houses in Cuckfield called Maidtmansand Breaches 
for life and £40 — to Elizabeth Gamell wife of Henry Gamell my sisters 
daughter £5 — to Margarett Corney my sisters daughter £5 — to 
Huntingdon Corney £20 — to Mary Fullam widow late wife of Edward 
Fullam my brother's daughter £10 and to her five daughters Mary 
Putnam, Elizabeth Brooke, Ellynor Brooke, Mary Fullam and Grace 
Fullam £5 apiece — to Jane Brooke £20 — to Anno Greene widow 
my brother's daughter £20 — to Jane Greene and Mary Greene her 
two daughters £5 apiece — to Richard Challoner my brother's eldest 
son my house called Golding^ in Cuckfield now in the tenure of John 
Bluett gent, and after his decease to his son Nynyan Chaloner my 
godson and his heirs for ever — to Johane Roberts the wife of John 
Roberts my brother's daughter £5 — to Walter Chaloner my brothers 
son £100 and houses called Maultmaus and Breaches after the death 
of my sister Turner — to Rachell Chaloner my brothers daughter 100 
marks to be paid in 7 years after my decease or in 3 years if she 
marry with the consent of her friends — to Richard Heaver gent £4 — 
to friend John Pilbeame £4 — to Richard Cripps the elder £4 — to 
Anthony Millam, William Jokes and Peter Cresey 40*/ each — and to 
Peter Tullett 20y— to my old servant Thomas Harte £6. 13. 4.— to my 
servant William Haseling 40y — to my servant Francis Gynner 20*/ — 
to my servant Nicholas Thomden 20"/ — to my servant Joan Burtenshawe 
40"/ — to Elizabeth Wobbe 20y — to William Wynne junior my servant 
20y — to Alice Nelson 20Y— to Thomas Standon and William Wynne 
thelder 10*/ each. Residuary legatee and executor Richard Chaloner 
my brother's eldest son. Overseers welbeloved friends and kinsmen 
Henry Ward gent, Nathaniel Hussey gent, and Nicholas Ferrall 



.••I 



■ .tl 

• i 



.D. 



f Liiidfield.^F 
inP.C.C. 



Richard Chaloner, of lindfield.^ 
Will dated 1500 and pr. 1502 in 
P.C.C. 



Joan Chaloner.=John Thatcher. 
Will 1527-8 in 
P.C.C. 



rkenor. 

Sof 
>, in 
Id. 



Robert Chaloner, 

of London. 

Will 1520 in 

P.C.C. 



Lewys Chaloner,=y=Elizabeth Paey. 
of Cuckfield. 
Will 1520-28, 
P.C.C. 



John Chaloner, of 
Horsted Keynes. 

Will 1578 in P.C.C. 

J 

ilogies/' p. 345. 
In Comey. 



I I I — I 
others. 



Roger Chaloner. 



las Comej. 



Richard Comej. 



W 



riiliam 



Joan Chaloner. 



Thomas Chaloner. 



Comey. 



Chaloner.=T= Greene. 



J 



tne Qreene. 
d. 1611. 

[ary Greene. 



Joan Chaloner. =John Roberts, 
m. 1600. 



Cicely Chaloner, 

of whom no 
farther mention. 



= William Falconer, 

of Cuckfield, yeo. 

Will 1632, Lewes. 



Walter Chaloner, 

of Bolney. 

Will 1640-1, Lewes. 



Edmund Chaloner.^ 

b. 1616. 
of Hurstpierpoint, 

gent. 
Will 1680-5, Lewes. 



Richazd Chaloner. 

b. 1623. UTing 

23 Dec., 1647. 



Mary Falconer. 



Thomas Chaloner. Walter Chaloner. John Chaloner. 



Anne Chaloner. 

b. 1633. 
d. 1723, aged 90. 



Jane Chaloner. 
b. 1636. 
d. 1641. 



Walter Chaloner. 
b. 1642. 



— r-i 
Ann, mar. at 

Henfield,4Jan., 

1668, to 

Philip Gratwick. 

Sarah, married 

before 1680 to 

Walter Ghurston. 



L 



THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUGKFIELD. 



139 



yeoman — Pj-oved -itli Fab 161i l>y Eichard Okaloner the nephew in 
P.C.C. (14 Fenner). 

16J^. " Mai^aret Turner wid. Qent. waa buried the 22" January, 
hor ago 90 years." 

The following is an abstract of her will, proved at 
Lowes: 

Will op Margaret Tchnek, of CncKFiELiJ. 

9* April 1618 I Mfti^aret Turner of Cuckfield in the County of 
Sussex widdowe — to be buried in the Churchyard of Cuckfield — to 
Margaret Corney my daughter £10, my best gowne, A soammell 
pettycoate, A black laced Oloake and A grograyne Kirtle — (Inserted 
in the original will and erased " Item I give to my Nephew Richard 
Challoner's wife i'.")— to my Cosen Nynian Challouer 10/ — unto 
Elizabeth fifawlknor tJie wife of William tfawklner and to Mary 
and Jane Page and to every of them 'I'/G' apeece — unto my Cosen 
Anne Orepne and her daughter Mary Greene eyther of them 
a'/e* — to John, Thomas and Richard Challoner ray Cosen Richard 
hia sonnoa and to William Pago my Ooaen Richard his wives 
Bonne and to every of them twelve pence — my Cosen Rachell 
Challoner 2"/6'' — vnto Huntington Corney my daughter Margarets 
eldest Bonne £20 within three months of my decease — vnto Mary 
Baker my daughter Margarets daughter, Thomas, Richard and William 
Corney my said daughter Margaret her sonnes £10 to be equally 
devided amongst them — and, yf my aaid daughter Margaret dye before 
my decease, her £10 to be equally devided amongst her younger 
children. — to my Ooaen Challoners maida Mary Terroy, Mary Langford, 
Catherine Rendlield and Anno Morley 12" — My meanyng is that all 
they that are able to make lawfull discharge to be paid within three 
months of my decease and the rest as they come to age and are able to 
invB discharge — All the rest I give and bequeath vnto my Ooaen Waiter 
Challoner whom I make my sole executor and yf these goods will not 
arise to so much as shall discharge her buriall and other expenses as 
ahalbe laid out by the executor then the executor is to deduct so much 
out of the legacies above mentioned And I hartily desire" (in original 
will " my Oosin Richard Challoner" erased) "and my coaen Thomas 
Hichell to be overseers " Witnessea Henry Michell, Nynian Challoner. 
Thomas Stonden his mark. Memorand. After her will was made vizt 
a little before the tyme of her death shee gave to Richard Challoner 
eent 10'/- to his wife 10'/- to Rachell Challoner a paire of sheets and 
A ereat Cheat and to Jane Wheeler a paire of sheeta and to Thomas 
Holland, Richard Brusher, Thomae Burtenshaw, Robert ffilkea, John 
ffunnell and Henry Wyn 12" apeece and Thomas Standen and John 
Petling &' t^eece and to John Challoner, Thomas Ohalloner, Riohitrd 
Challoner William Disley 12" apeece— to M' Henry Michell 2V— to 
Alice Nelson 2*/ — to Aune Morley Eli/abeth Millam Sara Vincent & 
Rose Wynn wife of William Wyn 12' apeecf— To Edmund Challoner 
Sonne of Walter Challoner A brasae pott. Witnes Rachell Challoner 
and Mary Page. 

Will with Codicil anne.xed proved 13 Dec 1620 by Waller Challoner 
the executor (Lewes A17. 136). Inventory £31. 3, 10, (Bo. 75). 



130 THE FAMILY OP CHALONEB OF CUCKFIELD. 

Of Ninian Chaloner, the son and heir of William and 
Isabel, though like his brother, John, he left no will or 
administration, we know a little more. First, there is 
the fact recorded in the visitation of 1514 that he married 
Cicely, daughter of Edmund Michell, of Cuckfield, Esq., 
by whom he had four sons, Richard, Francis, Henry and 
W alter, and four daughters, Mary, Anne, Joan and Ciicely . 
Then there is the bond taken in 1574 from Nynion 
Challoner, of Cokefeld, under a penalty of £2,000 not 
to found or sell ordnance without license from the 
Queen.*^ I think that the " Mr. Challoner" who worked 
the forge in Ardingly was Francis Challoner, of Ken- 
wards, while the "Mr. Challoner" who is mentioned 
with " Mr. Covert" as having one forge and one furnace 
in Slaugham was very probably Ninian. Cicely Michell 
was probably marriea to Ninian Chaloner about 1558, in 
which year ner sister, Elizabeth Michell, wa« married to 
John Attree, of Theobalds, in Wivelsfield, but though 
she. Cicely, is mentioned in the will of her grandfather, 
John Michell, dated 5 Sept., 1546,^ she is not named in 
her mother, Joane Micheli's, will, dated 1569. From the 
Visitation of 1574 it would appear that she was then 
alive, but probably died soon after, if the marriage of 
Ninian Challinor and Ursula Savage, which took place 
at St. Martin's in the Fields on 6th June, 1577,^ refers, 
as is probable, to this Ninian. To this marriage we 
may possibly ascribe the daughter, Rachel Chaloner, 
mentioned in Edmond Chaloner's will, and who may 
be the Rachel Chaloner, of Cuckfield, spinster, whose 
marriage license to marry Thomas Verrall, of Cuckfield, 
tanner, dated 30 Oct., 1620, is at Lewes. In 1581 he 
was so warm an advocate of the Vicar as against Henry 
Bowyer that he was sent to prison.*^ On the 15th Feb., 
1584, Nynyan Chaloner, of Cuckfield, gent., exhibited a 
bill in Chancery against William Welshe, gent., wherein 

w "S.A.C," Vol. II., pp. 242 and 244. 

» " S.A.C.," Vol. XXXII., p. 138 (where she is wrongly caUed Oirell for QoeU) 
and note. 

» " RegiBters of St. Martin's in the Field,*' published bj the Harleian Sodetj. 

w "S.A.C.," Vol. XLH., p. 41. 



THE TAMILV OF CHALONER Of CUCKriELD. 



131 



it is stated that the plaintiff is seized, as of iuheritance, 
of the manor of Holmestod of the yearly value of £100 
and about Candlemas last leased it to the defendant for 
10 years for £1,000, but has only received £400.^' 

Holnisted, however, came into the possession of Ninian 
Burrell about 1605,™ and Ninian Chaloner'w bmnal is time 
recorded in tlie Cuckfield Registers : 

1609, Sep 16, "Niniou Chaloner gent being almost of the age of 
4 score years, given at his burial to the poore £5. 

Of Ninian's children there is no mention of Francis or 
Cicely in the wills of their uncle, Edmund Chalonor, and 
aunt, Margaret Turner, and we may therefore safely 
assume that they died without issue before 1598. The 
son, Henry, wa* buried at Cuckfield as " Henrie," non 
of " Nynyan Challinor Jentillmfi," on the 2nd Nov., 
1603, and does not appear from this entry and from the 
above-quoted wills to have married or left any issue. Of 
the daughters (i.) Mary married Edward Fullam, and 
was left a widow before 7 Dec., 1609, with the five 
daughters mentioned in lieruncle,EdmmidChaloner'8 will; 
(ii.) Anne married . . . Greene and was also a widow 
at that date, with two daughters — Jane Greene (who was 
buried at Cuckfield 10th April, 1611, as "Jane Greene, 
daughter of Anne Greene, widow, gent., Mr, Edmund 
Chaloners brothers daughter"); and Mary Greene (who 
was living 9th April, 161S); (iii.) Joan married (as 
Jolianne) at Cuckfield 1 July, 1600, John Roberts, from 
who.se will, as of Cuckfield, yeoman, dated 25 Dec., 
1626, and proved at Lewes 5 Feb., 1639, i^ appears that 
they had no issue; and (iv.) Rachel, who apparently 
married Wm. Verrall, as above. 

It now remains to trace the descendants of Richard 
and Walter, the sons of Ninian Chaloner. 

From the Cuckfield and We.st Hoathly Registers and 
his will Richai'd, son of Ninian, Chaloner appears to have 
had four \vives : 

" Chmuery Proceedings, Elixabcth, Cc. 23, No. 36. 
" "S.A.C.," Vol. XLni., p. 9. 



132 THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

(i.) " M" Challonor wife of Rychard Challonor gent 
then of Paistie," buried 21 Dec., 1605. 

(ii.^ Under date of 27 Feb., 161f, is the following 
burial : ** Mary wife of Richard Chaloner of Brentsnape 

g3nt. (but by Francis Wyatt fix>m M' Chaloner 1649)." 
y this wi/e he was father of two sons, baptized at 
Cuckfield, as follows : 

1607. 13 Oct. ^'Bichard son of Richard and Mary Chaloner of 
pOLstye gentilL" 

1611. 14 April '< Edmund son of Richard Chaloner gen." 

As Richard Chaloner is not named in his father's will 
he probably died young some time after 1618, when he 
is mentioned in the will of his great aunt, Margaret 
Turner. The burial of the other son is thus recorded in 
the Cuckfield Registers : 

1611. 18 Dec. ' ' Edmond son of Richard Chaloner gent named by 
the aforesaid Edmond being buried" (i.e., his great uncle, Edmond 
Chaloner, who was biuried 10 Dec., 1611). 

(iii.) " Joane wife of Richard Challoner gent," buried 
29 June, 1621 (Cuckfield Registers). 

(iv.) On the 30 Dec., 1621, Richard Challoner, of 
Cuckfield, gent., was licenced at Lewes to marry Fortune 
Mascall, of East Grinstead, widow, and the marriage 
took place at West Hoathly on the 8th Jan., 162^. She 
survived her husband and left a will, proved in 1636 in 
P.C.C. (19 Pile), in which she styles herself Fortune 
Chalianor, of Horsham, widow, aesires to be buried 
there, and mentions her brothers, John and William 
Baldwin — Jane, wife of Ninian Chalianor, of Cuckfield, 
and Mary, daughter of the said Ninian Chaloner. 

By his first wife Richard Chaloner was father of the 
following children : 

(i.) Ninian, who as Ninian Chaloner, of Cuckfield, 
gent., was licenced at Lewes, 19 Dec., 1618, to marry 
Jane Page, of Bolney, at Bolney, where they were 
married on the 30 Dec., 1618. The following entries 
from Cuckfield Burial Registers refer to them : 

" Jane wif of Ninyan Chollener gen^man bueried " 8 Nov. 1665. 
" Ninian Challener gen*>nnan bueried " 28 Apr. 1673. 



THE FAMILY OF CHALONEB OF CUCKPIELD. 



133 



Neither of tlieui appeai-s to have left a will or adminis- 
tration ; their children were — 
(«) Francis Clialoner. 

(b) John Chaloner, bap. at C, 28 June, 1623. 
{c) Mary, bap. at Cuckfield, 13 Feb., 162f 

(d) Walter Chaloner, bap. at C, 9 June, 1633. 

(e) Henry Chaloner, bap. at C, 24 Apr., 1636, bur. 

there 35 July, 1638. 

(/) Charity, bap. at C, 5 Aug., 1638, bur. there 
4 June, 1641. 

{(/) Elizabeth, bap. at C, 7 Aug., 1643. 

Of these children I can discover no further traces. 
Francis may have been the Francis Challiner, of St, 
Margaret's, Westminster, gent., widower, about 45, 
licenced on the 16th April, 1666, by the Vicar-General 
of tlie Archbp. of Cauterbuiy, to marry Hannali Woolly 
of the same, widow, at St. Slargaret'a, Wcj^tminster. 

John was perhaps the father of " Susanna daughter of 
John and Susanna Chaloner," bap. at Cuckfield, 2 Sep., 
1645. 

Walter was doubtless the Walter Chaloner, of Cuck- 
field, gent, whose Mar. Lie, dated 10 July, 1665, to 
Anne Mose, of the Subdeanery, spinster, to marry at 
Subdeanery or St. Peter the Great, is among the Marriage 
Licences of the Dean of Chichester, at C^lichcster. 

(ii.) Thomas Chaloner, baptized at Cuckfield, 31 May, 
1598, and buried there 30 Oct., 1599. 

(iii.) John Chaloner, baptized at Cuckfield, 27 April, 
1600, residuary legatee and executor to his father, 1630, 
married at Balcombe, 30 Jan., 163^, Sarah Hover (Mar. 
Lie. at Lewes, dated 21 Jan., 163^, in which he is 
described as of Cuckfield, gent., and she as Sarah 
Holford,™ of Balcombe, spr.), by whom he had one child, 
John, baptized Uth June, and buried 18 June, 1634, at 
Balcombe. John himself was bmied at Balcombe, 5 June, 
1634, and administration of his goods was granted at 



r. alias HoUorU, i 



t this period. {Hce CaJoHdar 



134 THE FAMILY OP CHALONEE OP CUCKFIELD. 

• 

Lewes on the 9th June, 1634, to Henry Faulconer, of 
West Hoathly, Esq., one of the creditors, on the renuncia- 
tion of Sarah, the relict. She appears, from a Mar. Lie. 
at Lewes, dated 22 Feb., 163f, to have subsequently 
married John Garston, of Balcombe, yeoman. 

(iv.) Thomas Chaloner, baptized at Cuckfield, 23 Oct., 
1603, as son of Richard Chaloner, gent. He seems, from 
his Marriage Licence at Lewes, dated 12 April, 1632, to 
have been then a mercer of East Grinstead, out, after his 
marriage at Balcombe to Anne Bryant, of East Grinstead, 
spinster, on the 3rd May, 1632, to have resided at 
Cuckfield, at all events for a time, as three of his children 
were baptized there, as follows : 

(a) ''Anne daughter of Thomas Chaloner" 27 Oct., 
1633. She appears to be the ''Anne Chaloner 
a maiden of 90 years & upward," buried there, 
16 Jan., 1723. 

(6) "Jane daughter of Thomas and Anne Chaloner" 

28 Aug., 1636. 

(c) "Walter son of Thomas Chaloner gent and Anne" 

29 May, 1642. 

(v.) Elizabeth, whose marriage is thus recorded in the 
Cuckfield Registers, under the date of 27 July, 1615 : 
" William Faulkoner and Elizabeth Chaloner gent." 
His will, as of Cuckfield, yeoman, dated 11 June, 1632, 
was proved at Lewes, 6 July, 1632, by Elizabeth, his 
widow and exix., and in it he mentions his children, 
Richard, William and Mary, his brothers, John Falconer 
and Mr. John Challoner.®* 

Richard Chaloner, the father of the above children, 
was buried at Cuckfield on the 20th September, 1630, as 
"Richard Chaloner of Bransnape," and the following is 
an abstract of his will : 

Will of Richard Chaloner, of Cuckfield. 

Richard Challoner of Cuckfield gent — 1 Sept 6 Chas (1630) — my 
lands held of Cuckfield and Hurstpierpoint Manors to my son John if 
he pay my debts, if not to my son Thomas —to Ninian Chaloner my 
eldest son 40'/- and to his three children Francis, John and Marie £20 

»* Lewes, A 22, 37. 



THE FAMILY OP CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 



135 



apiec9 at 21 — to ray sister Anne Greene 40/ — to Elizabeth, my daughter 
wife o( William Fanlconer 10/- and to her tliree children Kiuiard, 
Mary and William 5/- apiece — tu my son Thomas £200 — to my wife 
Fortune £10 per annum — luy dwelling huuae called Brantanapp — 
Be§iduary legatee and executur son John or (itfl above) Thomas son ia 
low WilliaDi Falconer — brother in law John Baldwin and my cosen 
Edmund Attree" overseera to pach of whom 40'/- besides oxpeneos — 
Codicil dated 10 Sept 1630 overseera and exorutor to pay interest of 
£ftO for the three cnildren of my eldest son Ninian to their mother 
Jane. Proved by John Chaloner the son 26 Nov 1630 (97 Scroope in 
P.C.O.). 

From Book A 27, fo. I37b, at Lewea, the luventoiy 
exhibited amounted to £1,200. 18. 0. We will now 
return to Walter Clialoner, the other son of the Ninian 
mentioned in the Visitation of 1574, who left issue; he 
maiTied at Bolney, on the 16th Jan., 1614, as Walter 
Challenor, gent., Anne Langford, the widow of Jamea 
Langford, of Bolney, yeoman, whose will, dated 7 Aug., 
1612, was proved at Lewe.s 24 Aug., 1612,'^ and by her 
had three children : 

(i.) Walter Chaloner, who d. s.p., and an abstract of 
whose will is given later. 

(ii.) Edmund — Extract from Tranecripts of Twine- 
ham Palish Registers, 1616, "Edmund Chaloner sonne 
of Walter Chaloner baptized the first daie of December 
anno ^dict viz. 1616." He was afterwards of Hurstpier- 
point, and an abstract of his will is given further on. 

(iii.) Richard. Transcripts of Twineham Registers 
{five " 162-'l. Richard Chaloner sonne of Walter Chaloner 
gont was baptized the laat day of August anno fidict sell 
1623." This may possibly be the Richard Chaloner gent 
an entry of whose marriage at Horsham in 1654 {without 
other date) by Justice Michell to Mrs. Tecla Roberts, of 
Boluey, is made in the Cuckfield Registers and he is 
perhapH ancestor of the Chaloners of West Grinstead, to 
whom the following extracts from the Registers of that 
parish in the Burrell MSS. (Brit. Mus.) refer. 

" Ninian Chulmier, futhec of Biohiiri, uiid John Attree, dither o( F.dinund, 
tnarried Oicol; oiid Eli/abi'th Michell, duuglitvi't 
fluid, EHii- 

» AU, 4li, Ba.27(i. 



136 THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

Baptisms. 

Ann d. M' Eiohard Chaloner 10 Mch 1684 

Maryd. „ „ 27 Sept 1687 

Eliz^ d. M' E* & Ann Challoner 2 Jan 1689 



Jane d. 
Ann d. 
John 8. 
EUz"»d. 
John 8. 



1} 91 



3 Mar 1690 

5 Jan 1692 

19 Feb 1694 

27 June 1697 

21 July 1700 

E* 8. R* & Mary Challoner 11 Mar 1718 

Ann d. Jn« & Susan** „ 28 Mar 1720 

Mary d. E* & Mary „ 3 June 1721 

James 8. ,, „ „ 13 Feb 1726 

Ma&riaobs. 
John Challoner & Susan Eoffy 29 Nov 1720 

Bl7BIAI«S. 

M' E* Challoner sen' 14 Mesh 1687 

Ann & Eliz"» das. of M' E* Challoner 19 Apr 1690 

Jane d. M' E* Challoner 13 Oct 1691 

Ann d. E'" Challoner 10 June 1711 

E* Challoner gent 12 June 1714 

Ann Challoner wid 1 Apr 1715 

And the Marriage Licence at Lewes, dated 14 Sept., 
1682, for Richard Challoner, of Slaughton (? Slaugham) 
and Anne Lintott, of Lindfield, to marry at Balcombe 
probably refers to the above family. 

'^ Walter Chaloner Gentleman was buried the 29 daye 
of Maye anno ^dict scil 1624" (Twineham Transcripts). 
There is a Marriage Licence at Lewes, dated 12 Oct., 
1626, for Alan Savage, of Twineham, yeoman, to marry 
his widow Anne Challoner. The following is an abstract 
of his will, proved at Lewes. A 18, 167, B5, 169. 

Will of Walter Chaloner, of Twdteham. 

25 May 1624. Walter Chaloner of Twjmeham in the County of 
Sussex gent, to bo buried in Christian buriall at the discrecon of my 
executrix hereafter named — to the poor of Twyneham 6'/ 8** to be paid 
and distributed by my executrix — vnto Walter Chaloner my sonne and 
his heires for ever One Annuity or yearely rent charge of £18. 15. 0. 
out of certain lands of Henry Ward gent in Bolney which I purchased 
of the said Henry by the payment of £250 to be repaid at a certain 
date, which has not been done, wherefore the Annuity' is now become 
absolute, and, if Walter should die before 21 then the said Annuity to 
my Bonnes Edmund Chaloner and Bichaixi Chaloner and their heirs for 
ever— vnto my sonne Edmund Chaloner 20/- " and the reason why his 
Leg^acy is no better is for that I have surrendred certeyne Coppihold 
Lands and Tenements vnto him " more unto my son Walter CSialoner 



THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

SO"/- vnto nij' sonne Eichard Chaloner 100 markes at 14 with remainder 
to my BonneB Edmund and Walter — to my loving sister Anne Greene 
widow 20*/- per annum during her niitiiral] life — vnto Anne my loving 
wife all those lands tenementfi and hereditamcntB which I have and 
hold by lease or purchase from my cozen John Wheeler and W* are 
acituate m Ardtngly~All the rest, debts and funeral expenees paid, to 
Anne my loving wife whom sole executrix. — My brother Kichard 
Chaloner gent and my loving friende Thumae BosaU, Clarcke and 
Eichard Butcher of Newehouse in Hurst the younger in the County of 
SuBBex yeoman to be Supviso" to e^-ery one of them 20'/- over and 
above tlieir charges. In witneBB whereof to this mj' present will 
conteyning 3 eheetB of paper I have sett my hand tind to a Labell 
fixed to the head thereof I have set my aeale. Witnesses Joseph 
West the X of Joseph Langfonl. Proved by Anno the relic-t and 
executrix 19 June 1624. Inventory £221. 17. 11, 

Walter Clialoner, Walter's eldest son, apparently died 
a bachelor (he weh buried at Bolney, 28 Dec, 1640, as 
Walter Challcnor, gent.), as the following is an abstract 
of the 

Will of Waltbb CnAiAjfeK, op Bolney. 
A note of remembrance of Walter Challoner's Will by word of 
mouth made 24 Dec 1640— to poor of Bolney 40/-, of Twineham 15/ — 
toward my buriall £10 — to the ringers 10/ — to M' ffookes & the 
minister that preaches 25'/ — unto goodwife fouler ID'/- and a ehirt 
cloth — unto humfrey Dunton 6'/8'' and my frise suite — to William 
Cook 5'/- and my other best suite — unto Eichnrd Parson 57— unto 
Marj- Langford 6'/8' — Elizabeth Edwards 5*/ — unto my two god- 
daughters 20'/- apiece — goodwife Harmon 2*/ — to John Langford £7 
and to his wife and three children 20'/- apeece— unto Allen Savadge 
my brother and my sister Anne Savadge 20'/- apeece — unto Bichard 
Challoner my bi-other £200 within two years after my decease to be 
paid him by Edmond Challoner my brother whom I make my sole 
•xecutor. Witnesses John I^angfurd X "f Elizabeth Hai-man X of 
Anne ffouler. Proved bj' Edmund Challoner 12 Jan 1640. (viz. 164ff. 
' Lewes A27. 170. B7. 236). 

Edmund Challoner, Walter's second son, is identified 
with Edmund Challoner, of Hurstpierpoint, by the follow- 
ing extracts fi'om the Court Rolls of 

Olaj-ton Manor. 

20 July 22 James (1624). Thomas Geere and Houry Jenner two of 
the customary tenants proseut that Walter Challenor lying in extremis 
nirreadered Fowles tj;i Edmund Challenor his son. Edmund is 
admitted, as he is not yot of age in the person of Anno his mother. 

28 Sept 168.5. Edmund Cliallenor of Fowles near 8' John's Common 
s dead. John Challenor in his tsou and next heir and is admitted. 

18 Sept 1694. John Challoner on the 18'" April last surrendered 
Fowlee to Richard Neale and hie heirs. 



138 THE FAMILY OF CHALONER OF CUCKFIELD. 

In his will, dated 27 Sept., 1680, and proved at Lewes 
in April, 1685 (A 37, 4), Edmund Challoner, of Hurst- 
pierpoint, Gent., mentions his sons Thomas, Walter and 
John, his youngest son (to whom he leaves Holm wood, 
in Hurstpierpoint, and whom he makes his executor), 
and daughters Ann, the wife of Philip Gratwick,^ and 
Sarah, the wife of Walter Garston. I have not been able 
to trace this family any farther at present, but it seems 
likely that the son John was the John whose Mar. Lie. 
as of Balcombe to marry Jane Butcher, of Hurstpier- 
point, spinster, at St. Anne's, Lewes, dated 3 March, 
1690, is at Lewes, and that Edmund, son of Mr. John 
Chaloner, baptized at Slaugham, 3 Nov., 1694, was a son 
of that marriage; but whether this last Edmund was 
Edmund Challoner, of Cowfold, husbandman, who, in 
his will, dated and proved in 1748 at Lewes, leaves his 
brother John £2 per annimi and his sister, Mary What- 
lington, widow, £20, is a point which has yet got to be 
ascertained. It seems to me, however, from the absence 
of wills at Lewes and Chichester, and from the name of 
this Cuckfield family ceasing to be recorded in Sir William 
Burrell's '^ Extracts from Parish Registers," that either 
this family died out in Sussex through migration to some 
other county, or through failure of male heirs — or that 
the Cuckfield Chaloners, who were by no means a wealthy 
family, gradually sank in the social scale, from gentry 
to yeomen, farmers and labourers, and finally ceased to 
leave wills or administrations because they had nothing 
to leave. This last supposition is, however, very unlikely 
for so large a family, and it is preferable to believe that, 
like the citizen ana fishmonger who was anxious to claim 
them as kindred, they eventually migrated to London or 
elsewhere and did not return to their native county. 

Another branch of the Chaloner family which I am 
unable to connect with the parent stem through inability 
to discover the father of William, also resided at Cuck- 
field. On the 5th April, 1665, Licence was granted at 
Chichester for WilUam Chaloner, of Cuckfield, gent., to 

" Philip Gratwick and Aun Challouer were married ut Hcnfield, 4 Jan., 166|. 



THE FAMILY OP CUALONER OF CUCKt'IELD. 



139 



inany Eleanor Turnagain, of Ashmgton. Their children 

were all baptized at Cuckfield as follows : 

Elizabeth da. of WiUiam and Ellener Challoner 26 July 1666 
Ann „ „ „ „ 29 Jan 166| 

Walter son „ „ „ 3 Oct 1671 

Jauedaur „ „ „ 24 Nov 1675 

Williamson „ „ „ 2 Oct 1678 

Maty daughter of William Challonor lately 

deceased and EUpncr bis widow 26 June 1681 

William Chaloner, the fatlier, wan buried at Cuckfield 
lyth May, 1681, and in his will, in which he styles 
himself of Cuckfield, tailor, dated 7 May, 1681, and 
proved at Lewes 27 July, 1 681 , he mentions all the above 
children l)y name, with the exception, of course, of Mary. 

The son William apparently died a bachelor, as on the 
23rd July, 1729, Administration of the effects, &c., of 
William Chaloner, of Cuckfield, was granted at Lewes to 
Walter Chaloner, of Cuckfield, tailor. From the will of 
Walter Chaloner, of Cuckfield, tailor, dated 23rd Oct., 
1721, and proved at Lewes 20 Jan,, 1725, we learn that 

His sister Elizabeth had married . . . Smith (John 
Smith and Elizabeth Challoner were married at Cuckfield 
6 May, 1684) and had died, leaving two children, Jane 
Smith and Isaac Smith. 

Hissistcr Ann was dead, having manied . . . Winter, 
and had four children, Richai'd, John, Anno and Mary. 

His sister Jane was also deceased, leaving three children, 
Mary, William and Susan. 

His sister Mary had married Jolm Fuller and had three 
children, viz., John Fuller, Ann Fuller and Mary Fuller. 

In conclusion, I beg to express my acknowledgments 
:to the Rev. Canon Cooper, M.A., Vicar of Cuckfield, who 
oas most kindly given me much valuable assistance, both 
trom the Registers and from notes of his own. 



P.S. — Since writing the above I have discovered the 
rill of Joan Thaccher, widowe, late of Lynfelde, dated 
S4 Feb., 1527, and proved 28th Api-il, 1.528, in P.C.C. 
(30 Porch), in whicli she mentions her cousins (viz., 
nephews) Thomas and Lewys Chalinor, and Francis, son 
of the former, also Thomas ChaUnor, of Cuckfield. Her 
husband'** name was John (" Beiry's Suss. Gen."). 



NOTE ON TEE SUSSEX DOMESDAY. 



By J. H. ROUND, M.A., Hon. Mem. 



The only mention in Domesday Book of the surname 
*' de Quesnay " or de Chesnay — latinised as de CaisnetOy 
de Qiierceto, &c.y is foimd unaer Bosham, where we read : 

Huic SBCclesiae pertinebant cxii. hidac. Modo sunt foiis xlvii. Hugo 
filiuB Bannulfi tenet xxx. hidas et Hadulfiis de Oaisned xrii. liidiis 
(I. 17). 

This entry might well be supposed to refer throughout 
to Bosham itself. But it is not so. The latter part refers 
to lands lying far away at the foot of the Lewes Downs. 
The relevant entries are these : 

Hugo filius Bannulfi tenet de Willelmo [de Warene] Pluk t uwk,^ 
Gk)duinus presbiter tenuit de Goduino comite. Tunc se defendebat 
pro xxxii. nidis. Modo pro xxx. (I. 27). 

Badulfus tenet de Willelmo [de Warene] Sai.escome.* Goduinua 
presbiter tenuit de Goduino comite. In Boseham jacebat." Tunc et 
modo se defendebat pro xvii. hidis (I. 27). 

Here, then, we have proof positive that the Ralf who 
held Saddlescombe in 1086 was Ralf ^*de Caisned." 
But the very next entry in Domesday begins: ''Isdem 
Radulfus tenet de Willelmo Nivemere." Consequently, 
Newtimber also was held by Ralf ^' de Caisned." Pursu- 
ing this identification, we find that the other Sussex 
Manors held of William de Warenne by a Ralf in 1086 
were at Brighton, Street, Hamsey, and Allington in 
Newick. Of these we find that the church of Brighton 
was given to Lewes Priory by Ralf ^^de Cheisneto," 
while ^^ Radulfus vetus de Chaisneto'' gave it a hide at 
Allington ('^ Elintunam") and Ralf '^junior," his son, a 

* Plumpton. 

^ Saddlescombe Manor, in Newtimber. 

• This in a technical Domesday term. Saddlescombe, although so far away, had 
actually formed part of the group styled the *' mianor " of Bosham. 



NOTE ON THE SUSSEX DOMESDAY. 

tide at *' Bardeseia" with the mill.* The remaining two 
manors are accounted for by their being subsequently 
found in the hands of the do bay family. In the " Testa 
de Nevill" we read: " WillelniiLs de Say tenet xiiij feoda 
militum in Hammea de eodeni honore" (p. 222), the 
"same honour" being the Warenne fief. These 14 fees 
represent, in my opinion, the manors held of William de 
Warenne by Ralf "de Caisned" in Domesday, and their 
capiU was Hammes, which became known, from its Say 
owners, a.s Hamsey. In a paper on the parish it has been 
observed that " It were useless to enquire who the Ralph 
was who held ' Hame' of William in 1080" {i.e., 1086).* 
But I claim to liave shown who he was. Street, the 
remaining manor, is known to have been held by De 
Say." Saddlescombe, in which Ralf (de CaisnedJ was 
similarly succeeded by De Say, became the scat of a 
Templars' Precoptory founded by the latter, and Earl 
Warenne's confirmation of their foundation was witnessed, 
among others, by Philip de Cheney (Qiierceto).'' 

The Ralf " de Chaisueto" the older and Ralf the 
yoanger, his son, who appear above as benefactors to 
Lewes, occur together as witnesses to a charter of the 
Earl of Surrey to the Priory as Ralf " de Querceto " and 
"Ralf son of Ralf," in my "Ancient Charters" (p. 7).* 
But it is not from Sussex evidence that we are able to 
trace the devolution of the six Sussex manors. Like the 
Pereponts, Ralf " deCaisned" held in Norfolk, as well 
as in Sussex, under the house of Warenne, Rudham being 
there his chief manor in 10S6. The foundation at Cokes- 
ford, in Kast Rudham, of a Priory for Austin Canons by 
liis grandson, John de Caisneto (1146-1149), has enabled 
me to trace for the first time the descent of his entire 
holding, and to show that it passed with his two daughters, 
Alice and Kmraa, to Say and Belet respectively." The 

• Bee, for tht-ne grants. " Monaaticon," V., 14. 

' '■ 8.A.C.," Vol. X Vir., p. 73. In the name paper it ia afisniaed that all the 14 
M were in Hamfsej) iteelf, which is. of cuxirse, aa error. 

• '■8.A.C.," Vol. IV.,p. 93. 

» "B.A.C," Vol. IX., p. 235. 

■ Published by the Pipp Roll Society. 

• S«c for details my paper in '■ Genealogiflt," July, 1801. 



142 NOTE ON THE SUSSEX DOMESDAY. 

key to this descent is in the charters of the above Priory, 
but Dugdale, who cited them, was guilty of the usual 
confusion and made Emma a '^daughter and co-heir 
of John de Keynes" (sic)}^ The whole inheritance 
appears to have passed eventually to the house of 
De Say. 

Heturning now to Bosham, we have seen, firstly, that 
47 of its 112 hides were situate so far away as Saddles- 
combe and Plumpton; secondly, that these had been 
held by Godwine the priest of Earl Godwine (who died 
1053). This Godwine the priest gives us a fresh clue. 
In Hampshire (I. 43) we find this entry : 

Osbernus episcopus deExecestre tenet de regeFsRENBONS." GodwinoB 
presbiter tenuit de rege Edwardo. In aecclesia de Boseham pertinuit 
(I. 43). 

Here, then, we have another out-lying dependency of 
Bosham held by *' Godwine the priest." We cannot, 
therefore, well doubt that he was also that *' Godwine 
the priest," of whom we read in the Sussex Domesday : 

Eicardns tenet de episcopo Levitone." Goduin presbiter tenuit de 
rege Edwardo in elemosina (I. 17b). 

For this is one of the estates of which Domesday says 
that they ' ' belonged and belong to the church of Bosham 
in almoin." 

Putting all the evidence together we arrive at some 
such conclusion as this. At the earliest period to which 
Domesday takes us back there belonged in all to the 
church 01 Bosham 137 hides in Sussex and 10 in Hamp- 
shire. This vast estate was broken up under Edward 
the Confessor. Earl Godwine secured for himself 49 
hides" in Plumpton and Saddlescombe, with one hide 
in Itchenor, which was held of him by Leofwine, 50 
in all. 

Of the rest, Godwine the priest, who held of him at 
Plumpton and Saddlescombe, held also of King Edward 

w ** Baronage,** I., 614. Compare my remarks on this confusion between the 
two distinct names in ** S.A.C.,** Vol. XL., pp. 72-3. 

^^ Farringdon, Hants. 

" Said to be Woolavington. 

^ The assessment was afterwards reduced to 47 hides. 



NOTE ON THE SUSSEX DOMESDAY. 143 

the 10 hides in Hampshire and the six hides at '^ Levi- 
tone." Except for three hides at Preston, of which we 
cannot speak positively, all the rest was bestowed by- 
Edward, with the church of Bosham, on his Norman 
favourite, Osbem. Under William the Conqueror Osbern, 
becoming Bishop of Exeter, recovered all the lands of 
Bosham except those which God wine had secured. Of 
these, Plumpton and Saddlescombe were bestowed on 
William de Warenne and Itchenor on Roger de Mont- 
gomery. The fact that lands which belonged to Bosham 
had come into Godwine's hands is of special interest in 
view of the charge against him by the Abingdon chronicler, 
at his death, that he had despoiled the church of lands. 
Mr. Freeman discussed the charge in some detail, but 
appears to have been unacquainted with the Domesday 
evidence as to Bosham." 

It must be carefully remembered that Godwine had a 
large estate of his own at Bosham (which passed to the 
Conqueror) entirely distinct fi'om the lands of the Church 
of Bosham. 

w See "Norman CJonqiiest" (2nd Ed.), IL, 542-7. 



A TERRIER FOR THE VICARAGE OF WESTDEAN, 
WITH BINDERTON ANNEXED, 1615. 



COMVTJXICATBD BT 



R. GARRAWAY RICE, F.S.A. 



Westdean 
Glebeland 



The annexed transcript of an official copy, now in my 
possession, of a Terrier for the Vicarage of Westdean, 
with Binderton annexed, extracted in the year 1722 fix>m 
the records of the See of Chichester, has considerable 
local topographical interest, and seems therefore well 
worth preserving in the "Collections" of the Sussex 
Archaeological Society. 

(E Eeg'ro Ep'ali Cicestr. extract.) 

Anno Dni 1615, Westdean 1615. A Terrier for the Viceridge of West- 
September 20^ ^ean with Binderton Annexed. 

There belongeth to the Vicaridge of Westdeane in the 
Deanery of Boxgrove, A decent Vicaridge house and a 
Bame both of them well repaired by the p'sent Incumbent 
with a Garden plot and a Croft Adjoyning Oonteyning 
by Computacon half an Acre of g^und. Item a field 
of 3 Acres and a half by Computacon, Called the White 
Land. Item an other field of Two Acres by Computacon 
called the Right field. Item a parcell of ground in 
Chilgrove Adjo3ming to Broomes Farme Conteyning by 
Computacon Three quarters of an Acre called by the 
name of Chilgrove Copse. Item a Small Wast plott of 
ground in Chilgrove lying Open to the Com'on Between 
Broomes Farme and Green Land. 

Item on good Fryday every Yard-land is to pay 5 Eg^ges 
to the Vicar and every Cotland 2 Egges and an half and 
every Cottage 2 Egges and a half. 

Item on S' Markes day there is due to the Vicar all the 
Tyth Lambs of the Cotlands with all other Tythes 
Arysing from the Cotlands as Wool, Calves, &®. Item 
at the Same time certaine Garden Plotts are to pay Tyth 
Lambs unto the Vicar (viz') Downe Garden and Ridlis 
one Lamb, Cloth-holdes Garden a Lamb, the Garden by 
Bichard Wests house a Lamb, Periors Meadowe a Lamb, 



Tythes 



Lambs 



A TERRIKR FTfR THK VICARAGE OF WE8TDEAN. 14-5 

William Aylwins Two Gardens in the West end a Lamli, 
William Cobdens 2 Mc'tidows Adjoining to His house 
*ith another Qardea Plott & Meadow called Grisea, 
Three Lambs. Item There belongeth to the Vicar all 
the Tythe Calves in the Parish of Westdean. 
It«m The Church of Chichester hath time out of Minde 
and Still doth allow unto the Vicar of Westdean Weekly 
Fourteen I^oves of Church bread with Seavea Cobb 



It«m Certain Garden Plotts & Meadows payeth unto the 
Vicar Hay (vie') Dun-ne Garden and Eidlia, Cloth-holdea 
garden, Periors Medowe, William Cobdens Meadowe, 
Jotm Saundera 2 Gardens, G rises Meadow and Garden, 
Steven Weates Garden, the Meadow of Richard Treagose, 
Junior, adjoyning to the Lane that Leadeth To Singleton, 
The pond Gardfn and Earth Croft of M" Wharton, The 
Churi'h Croft Adjoyning to the Vicaridge Garden, Hoskins 
Garden with all the Garden Plotts in Chilgrove, aU which 
pay both former and after Grass. 

Item There belongeth unto the Vicar all the Tythe 
Woole of the Parsonage and all the Tythe Woole of the 
Cotlanda Wholy with half of all other Tythe Woole in 
Westdeane and Chilgrove and the other half belongeth 
unto the Pnraon, the Tythe Come of the Price Garden 
belongeth only to the Vicar. 

Item there belongeth to the Vicar all Garden Come with 
Certeyne other Uorne ariaeing from the Com'on Land 
and Cotlanda as Appeareth by an Ancient Writing called 
Urdinatio Vicarite de Weatdeane, Taken out of A Certain 
Ancient Hook Kemaining in the Kegister of the Deane 
and Chapter of Chichester, Called the White Lydger, 
which Writing beareth date Anno Dni. 1237, But this 
hath been often in Controversie and is not yet decided. 
Item There is due to the Vicar Ten Shillings yearly for 
the Tythe of the Windmill Standing upon Heydon downe. 
Item all Garden Fruite whatsoever. 
Item Ten Couple of Rabbetts out of Ellenadeane Warren 
besides Tythe Piggs & Geese &'. 

Item Mortuaries are due to the Vicar (via') if the Estate 
of A man be found £40 or Upwards he is to pay Ten 
Bhillings if hit Estate be £30 he is to pay Sis Shillings 
& Eight Pence, if £20 he is to pay Three Shillings and 
Four Pence, if under £20 he payeth Nothing. 
Item if any man or woman be bniyed in the Chancell, 
They are to pay to the Vicar Thirteen Shillings and Four 




I CopBewDod Item There is due to the Vicar Tj-the of all the C<ipHP8 
in the Pariah of Westdean and Chilgrove. 



146 A TERRIER FOR THE VICARAGE OF WESTDEAN. 

Binderton Item Binderton is annexed unto Westdeane as Appeareth 

by the Court of Au|2^entaoon in the Days of King 
Henry the Ei^th. What Tythes they are to pay unto 
the Vicar of Westdean may Appear by the Terrier of 
Binderton. 

William Biddulph^ Vicar. 

John Deerlin, his marke, John Newman his marke, 
Churchmen. 

John Phillips, Boger Hamond, Sidemen. 
Exa'i'tur p nos 

Johem Halsey. 

Johem Dear. 

The copy of the Terrier is endorsed thus : — 

Westdean. 

Vera Cop: Terrar. 

1615 



£ 8. d. 

FoL 7 0. 4. 8 

Fee 0. 2. 



0:6:8 



12«8ep' 1722 Eec^ of ) 
M' Geo. Haselor { 

P. Henry Aylward 
There is noe other Terrier. 



MANOR, 



; SOME HEMAEKS UPON THE ANCIENT CHAPEL 
ATTACHED TO BAILIE'S COURT. 



By THILIP MAINWARING JOHNSTON. 



Chartography has much to interest the antiquary, 

d to a local ArehiBoIogieal Society early maps of their 
rticular county or neighbom-hood munt always appeal 
manner. Scant attention has hitherto been 
fen by our Society to this branch of Archieology, and 
therefore make no ajjology for bringing before our 
nnbere a very interesting and early specimen of the 
ftrtogra])her's art, repi-oduced in tlie accompanying 
te. For pemiiaaion to publish this ancient ma]) our 
oka are due to Mrs, Boniface, of Ford House, in whose 
nily it has descended for several generations. 
rhe interest of this map is manifold. It was made as 
■ back as the year 1 606 by that eminent chartographer, 
'veyor and engraver, John Norden, who seems to nave 
m very busy, in the two former capacities especially, 
Sussex duiing the opening decades of the seventeenth 
itury.' Its minute accuracy is remarkable and betrays 
liand of tlie engraver. Also the very full information 
Bn as to the names of the parcels of land and their 
mpiers is of value to the student of Sussex place- 
68 and families. But what lends especial interest to 

ilu Norden i* supposed to have been bom m WUt8. in 1516. He was 
ted at Oxford, imd took there the degree of Master of Arta, in 15T3. He 
1 later on at Hendoii, iu Middlraex, and had for patroua thp all-powerful 
I Burleigh and his boo, the Earl of Saliaburj-. In 1614 Norden wac acting as 
~^or of tht King's landa. His ptincip(d work as an engrBver is lo bo found 
• "Speculum Britanniie," n description of Middlesex nud Herts, nitb a 
^^bplece and maps. He also engraved, in IU09, a view of London, introducing 
Lord Mnyor's Show. His view of Windsor Castle is also well knowu (See 

^3 V Dicticiniiry of Artlsta "). 

1.2 



148 AN EARLY MAP OF ATHERINGTON MANOR. 

the map is the fact that a great deal of the land here 
shown has been for two centuries or so swallowed up by 
the sea, including the little cluster of houses forming the 
hamlet of Atherington. 

The encroachments of the sea along this western 
portion of the Sussex Coast have been going on unceas- 
mgly, as far as we can tell, for unnumbered centuries, 
and it is not easy even to guess at the amount of land 
that has been lost since so comparatively historic a period 
as the year of the Domesday Survey, 1086. Whole 
parishes — villages, with their churcnes — have been 
swallowed up within the last three or four hundred 
years, such as Middleton, Cudlow and Kingston-by- 
Ferring, and the area of many others along the coast 
has been greatly curtailed by tnis wasting process.* 

The map is drawn upon two pieces of parchment, 
somewhat clumsily joined, measuring together 3-ft. 2^-in. 
by 2-ft. 0^-in. It is worked out to a scale of about 
16 inches to the mile, or nearly two-thirds that of the 25 
inch Ordnance Survey. The Latin title informs us that it 
purports to be a description of the parcels of lands in 
the Manor of Atherington belonging to Sir John Spencer, 
together with the date, 1606, and the Surveyor's name; 
while in the right-hand corner is a tabulated list of the 
names of the tenants and the amount of their respective 

• Traces of the submerged village of Cudlow are stated by people resident in 
the locality to be observable at the very low spring tides, in the shape of founda- 
tions of houses, welLs, &c. I am also informed by a gentleman that certain nx'ks, 
bearing the appearance of concrete, to be seen only when the sea has retired to 
an exceptional distance, are traditionally the remains of Kingston Churc*h (near 
Ferring), which has been swallowed up for two or more centuries. Old Brighton 
and Selsey are other instances of the encroachment of the sea in the western part 
of the county. In Vol. XIX. of our Society's "Collections" is a very interesting 

Siper, by the late Rev. Edward Turner, on ** The Lost Towns of Northeye and 
ydneye,** illustrated by a curious old map, of the date 1748. These places were 
cluipelries in the parishes of Hooe and WiUingdon respectively. The tremendous 
inundation of the sea, which finally destroyed Old Wiuchelsea and caused the 
rebuilding of the town on its present site, now well inland, is a well-known 
incident in mediaeval history, but, strange to say, has ahnost escaped notice in our 
** Collections." Bulverhythe, a place of some importance anciently, and, like 
Northeye and Hydneye, only a name to-day, is another instance of the destruction 
wrought by the sea in East Sussex. Our system of groining is comparatively 
modem, dating, I believe, only from the end of the sixteenth century, and not 
applied generally to the Sussex coast for at least another hundred years. It will 
be observed that the careful John Nordcn shows no groins on our map, which, 
considering the minute and accurate delineation of other features, he would be 
likely to have done, had they been in existence. 



1ioldiiigt«. I have carefully compared the map with our 
modern Government Survey, and have proved its minute 
accuracy by landmarks that still remain. 

It will be seen that East and West Cudlowe are even 
here <mly names, sliowing that the village or villages had 
by this time entirely succumbed to the ravages of the 
sea ; but Allierington, now also barely more than a 
name, is shown aw a fair-sized handct. The mouth of 
the Arun — or, as it is here inscribed " Portus do 
Arundell "— boi-ders the map on the left and from this 
we see that anciently the liver, whose trend is now 
towards the south-east, made its debouchure almost due 
south — considerably to the west of its present outlet.' 
Salt marshes, intersected by small brooks (some of which 
bear the names of tenants whose lands figure on the 
map), border the river's western bank.* "Elham Manor" 
is the name of a small isolated holding to the westward, 
with two little houses, and bordered by a curiously 
crooked lane. 

" Tattesham," a cow-pasture," and "Mill Feylde " 
adjoin the marshes ; and in the crook of the green lane 
(marked "Comon") beside the latter is drawn a wind- 
mill, still in existence, but now close upon the sea 
shore, instead of, as here, some hundreds of yards 
inland. Westward of this is a long green strip marked 
"Addrington Comon Meade," ti-avei-sed by a tiny brook, 
which branches ofi' what is to-day known a» "the Rife" 
(a West Sussex name for a small stream), but which is 
here called " l^e Wrythe " — -flowing eastward into the 
Arun. A footpath, widening out into a lane, borders this 
common and leads to the main lane that runs through 

■ 'rile Arun hilB. pcriitipB. thiingtd its bed in the up(>er reiiches Id nevcnil places 
snd ut vitrimiH limeH : uiid tlieiv vaxi be nu (luectiou that the UL-tuid outlet bus 
l*rot«bly tilt! outlet, uow (Mimparutirply eouflncd, wa* aiiuieutly u broad 
Mtuarf, coveriUK the low-lfiug atretcb ot comuoii-limd luid mi^adow Ui till' south 
Vad tiMt of Littlehiunptou. 

• Three iif thewj mnrsh-land* bei»r the iiamea ol "Inner," "Middle," and 
" Otter fouUr) Tegga," I huve not been able to necertaiu the meaning of thin 
Vurd. It muy either be equivalent to lag, ia the Hcnac of on afipendagt to other 
Innd ; or, mure probiibly, it maj have some connectlau with leg, a yaxrag sheep oE 
the tart yeta. 

* Xow pronounced Toti}ta<n. 



150 AN EARLY MAP OF ATHERINGTON MANOR. 

the Kttle hamlet of Atherington. At the junction is 
shown a small circular railed-in enclosure, which may 
indicate either a pound or a village cross. Bordering 
the principal lane are marked the plots of the various 
small occupiers whose names appear on the list and 
who would seem to have been sub-tenants of Walter 
Edmondes, who, in turn, held his lease dii-ect from Sir 
John Spencer. 

On most of these plots appear small red-roofed, white- 
walled cottages, the chimneys, doors and windows of 
which are indicated with some minuteness. In other 
respects the careful draughtsmanship of the map appears, 
sucn as in the delineation of the trees and hedgerows, 
the footpaths, timber fences and even the gates into the 
plots. 

"Le Heme" on two plots next the sea probably 
denotes an ancient heronry.® Whether *'Mave" on an 
adjoining plot ^ Shortes Mave ") has anything to do 
with mavis (old French mauvis)^ a song-thrush, is more 
than I can say. The lingering traces of the old Norman- 
French ownership, apparent in the frequent use of ^* le," 
as in ^^Le Outwardes,"*^ *'Le Playne," *'Le Parocke,"® 
renders such a derivation possible. 

*' Windes worth " — the windy farmstead® — is the name 
of a broad tract of meadow land. It may be noted, in 
passing, that the plots are bordered with colom^s, to show 
the use to which the land was put. Here green, to 
indicate that it was under grass; elsewhere orange, to 
represent a plowed field; and in the case of the small 
tenants' holdings brown, perhaps to show that they were 

° On another plot bordering the bca, on the east of the village street, is written 
in small characters, ** Buckheme Quarantina." I can only offer as a solution of 
this high -sounding title the suggestion that the male herons were segregated, or 
placed in quarantine here. Hem is still given as a current variant of ** heron** 
m dictionaries. Heme, in Kent, and Heme Hill, in Surrey, are instances of 
places so called after ancient heronries. There were many of these in Sussex in 
medifipval times, as at Bosham, in the extreme west, and Brede, Hailsham and 
Herstmonceux, in the east of the county (** S.A.C.,** Vol. XXVII., p. 110). 

' Now called Outward. 

8 ** The Pinnicks,** in modem pronunciation. The older name is obviously the 
French ** paroche ** — a parish field for some common use. 

• Pronounced Windsor to-day. Probably the derivation is the same as that of 
the name of the Koyal borough, the ancient form of which was Windleshores. 



AN EARLY MAP OF ATHERINGTON MANOR. 151 

cultivated for vegetables, fruit, &c., or else merely to 
distinguish them as sub-holdings. 

" Stroodland," wliich occurs twice, is a puzzling place- 
name. We have Strood, in Kent and elsewhere, and 
Stroud, in Gloucestershire, but I do not know that a 
meaning has ever been put foi-ward for the word. 
Probably it is derived from the Anglo-Saxon streoiman, 
to spread, scatter, or cover loosely — whence "strew" 
and "straw." It seems to have been a common name 
for farmsteads, and there are several Stroods in this con- 
nection in Sussex. Canon Cooper informs me that there 
is a small farm in Cucltfield parish called "Stroods" 
since the commencement of the sixteenth century. 

" Sherebraokes " is a name that explains itself. It 
bordered Elmere Poole (now known as The Pool), the 
stream flowing seawards, whicli formed the western 
boundary of the manor, and in which the sheep-shearing 
doubtless took place. 

Two little plots to the east of the lane that runs north- 
wai-ds to Clymping, in Walter Edmonds' lease, are 
simply called "Breade." I think we have here instances 
of tne "Holy Bread Lands," common in Sussex before 
the Reformation. There has been some dispute as to 
the precise use to whicli such lands were put, but there 
can be little doubt that they were plots of land with 
which the mother church of the parish was endowed by 
some pious person or persons, and that eitlier the rental 
obtained from them went to provide the wafer bread for 
the Eucharist, or else the "pain heni," as the blessed, but 
not consecrated bread is called, which is distributed after 
the Mass in some French Churches to this day." To 
one or other, or perhaps both, of these uses these Holy 
Bread Lands wore put, and such strips of land were very 
common in these Sussex sea-coast parishes, as for example 
in Rustington, Sompting and Noi'theye." 

*' Thia "pain-berii " U held to be a Burrival of the primitive LoTe-feaet whitli 
was Joined to tht' celebretioo of the Holj Eucharist in the eailj ehurch. 

» Soa"8.A.C.," Vol. VI.,pp. 24*. 245; Vol. XIV., p. 155; Vol. XES-.p. 1.1; 
and Vol. XLI., pp. 9 and It). I'rorif'ion i^ made iii Edward VI. 's 1st Prayer Book 
for tbe "charged of the Communion" in chapels -of- ease, "where the people hath 
not 1>evu utcuAtomed to pay uity huly breud. 



152 



AN EARLY &UF OF AHTEBmOTON MANOR. 



On the opposite side of the lane to these "Breade" 
lands a plot is shown on the map, also in the lease of 
Walter Edmondes, entitled " Lady Crofte," which I 
conjecture to have also been a religious endowment, its 
rental probably maintaining a light before the image of 
the Blessed Virgin in the mother church of Clymping — 
the saint to whom that church was dedicated. The north 
transept in Clj-mping Church is thought to have served 
as a Lady Chapel, as it is also known to have been the 
Chapel of the Bailiffs Court in Atherington ; " and a 
bracket still projects from the east wall just over the 
probable site of the altar, which we may suppose bore 
the image of the Virgin. The form of this little bracket 

Itrtoae braetiet^. 




AN EARLY MAP OF ATHERINOTON MANOB. 

is 80 unucual and elegant that I give a Kketch of it, and 
of one of the dog's tooth ornaments carved thereon. 

Of the other field-names on the map little need bo 

id. " Suwthe Woode" is now known as "The Cop»o;" 
but the original name corresponds to the similar "North- 
wood," the ancient and present-day name of an old 
farmstead two niiles to the north, in the parish of Ford. 
The names are of interest as showing tliat formerly 
there were patches of woodland in the neighbourhood, of 
which now there is hardly a trace remaining. ^' Ilm-reum 
Decernale" in the pomiKJUs designation given to the littlo 
inserted slip to the right of the title of tlie map, which 
shows the tithe-barn outside the limit of the map, on the 
road to Yapton. Opposite to it is a naiTow plot marked 
" Le Crofte.'"* " Eigliteen-Acres," "Fowrteene Acres," 
and The Eight Acres, all explain themselves, and are 
common as field-names to-day. So also those names to 
which furlong is attached, sucn as " Greenway furlonge," 

Meade furlonge," "Popple furlonge."" "WaiTenna," 
on a plot to the we.st of the main lane, indicates that here 
was an ancient ganie-prci^erve in connection with the 
manor. " Demei.snes," wliich appears on several plots, 
mostly marked " Walter Edmondes Lease," are doubtless 
Bo called from being in the demesne — or domain — of the 
feudal manor. In dominio is the Domesday equivalent." 

The name "Water Slade" (A. S. siml) that is written 
at the top of "Mill Feylde" would seem to indicate a 
flat piece of low moist ground, with perhaps a small 
stream in wet weather. It reminds us of tne famous 
Devonshire "Water-slide" in " Loma Doone." 

We now come to what is the most interesting feature 
of the map — " Baylies Court," the moated house of the 
Bailiff of the Abbey of Seez, still in existence with its 

" Croft Ib of couwe a cximmou Shiou word for u bhuiII field or holdiug in coii- 
nectiou with a hoiiw. Some other pints ou the map are lunrked " Wevte CroflcK." 

** FurloDg — i mile or 40 poteti : oil Anglo-Saxon word. 

" Neither Atherington nor the lout parish of C'ndlow iippeur hy name in 

'hamfsAAj Book. They may havp bwn known by nllemative iiiimeB at the time 

of tbe Siure.T. or incloilpd in the pariiihcit of Cl.rmpiiig and LiUlehuuiptuu. "S. 

Uartfn of Sais" (8«iez, iu Normundf) in there dated to hold " 11 hide» of the 

rl [Boger de Uontgomerie] tu alnu." 



.j 



154 AN EAELY MAP OF ATHEEINGTON MANOR. 

beautiful little thirteenth century chapel and moat. The 
chapel is shown as a small gabled building at right anglee 
to tne house in the westernmost plot. To the east of it 
are two small cottages of the servants of the bailiff and 
what appears to be a large barn or range of stables, 
together with the manorial pigeon-house, the latter still 
remaining. The other buildings have now disappeared| 
but an old resident in the neighbourhood recollects them 
as in existence sixty years ago. A number of large trees 
— perhaps an orchard — are shown near the house. The 
moat is not shown on the map — possibly as having no 

{)ractical importance ; it seems to have bordered the little 
ane leading to the Court and to have formed an oblong 
enclosure, within which all the buildings were situatecL 
Several sections of it remain, one long strip being stffl 
filled with water and arched over with ancient low- 
growing trees ; another portion (the N. W. angle) is now 
a deep dry ditch. Doubtless in the unprotected state of 
the coast the Norman bailiffs security largely depended 
on the moat. 

Owing to a mis-statement in Tanner's ^'Notitia 
Monastica," perpetuated in Horsfield's and Dallaway 
and Cartwright's '^ Histories of Sussex," the impression 
has become stereotyped that there was a small alien 
priory at Atherington, attached to St. Martin of Sees* 
The real facts do not warrant any such statement. The 
Abbey of Seez was endowed by Earl Roger soon after 
the Conquest with lands in different parts of the coasfe 
hereabout, such as in Fishbourne, Isleham, Clymping, 
Littlehampton, Lyminster, Tortington and Rustington; 
and, for the better collection of their rents and other* 
dues, they seem very early in their possession to have 
established a resident bailiff at Atherington and to hay0 
built him a house and chapel. The early date of these 
buildings is attested by certain stones still remainingr* , 
The Bailiff was tlierefore a person of some consequence^ J 
sometimes a monk, and sometimes probably a lajinaiL**] 

J* He is invariably spoken of in all taxations and other refcrencee to the hoiBi^ 
an a servant of the foreign abbey, and designated *' Balivus de Atherington'* * 
and the lauds over which his jurisdictiou extended are usually spoken of aa *' Up 



AN EAKLY MAP OF ATHERINGTON MANOR. 

Ak before stated, the N. transept of the Parish Cliui-ch of 
Ciyiiiping aeenis to have been appropriated to the Bailiff, 
his servants and tenants. 

The ehapel contains evident traces of its original 
Noraian foundation in stones, beaiing the hatchet tooling 
of that period in its extoraal quoins ; but it was apparently 
rebuilt, perhaps on a larger plan, about 1270, The 
work is an evident anticipation, of course on a mucli 
humbler scale — -both in design and detail — of the beautiful 
early Decorated Lady Chapel of ChicheHter Cathedral." 
But though it is interesting to compare these successive 
links in the chain of Gothic art, it is even more so to 
trace the same hand at work in a distant Sussex church 
— that of Ditchling, 20 miles or so to the N.E. Although 
now forming a wing to the Iioukc the chapel was probably 
originally detached on three of its sides, the west wall 
abutting against the domestic buildings. These now 
take up the greater part of the north side as well, 
blocking the ancient windows. The south wall liatt been 
re-faced externally in tlie eighteenth century with red 
bricks, but internally and on the outside faces of the 
other walls the original construction of flints with sand- 
Btone and Caen stone di-essings remains. The roof 
appears to be coeval with the walls; the rafters, collars, 
wall-plates and tie-beams, although of poor scantling, are 
of oak, almost black with age, and tlie old healing of 
Horsham stone slabs remains on the northern half, adding 

freatly to the picturesque appearance of the exterior, 
nternally tlie building is a plain parallelogram in plan, 
measuring about 28-ft. by 14-ft., and externally 3'i-ft. by 
19-ft. There have been two doors, one in the west wall, 
■which may have served as the private entrance for the 

l)iiiU9i7 of AtheringUiii." Thcae lands were wufistated by Henry V., iipou the 
breaking nut of tlie tVuoli War, in 1415, and Bubsiiqueiilly trunstetTfd by hiin 
to lii« newly-fmiadDd Numiery of Hion (Rev. E. Turner, "S.A.C," Vol. XL, 

p. liO). 

" This Lndy Chanel is uctuoUy at three periods— (I) The Norman of Bp, Ralph, 
e. Mi'A, (2} Trone-Ntninan re-modelllnf;, and (3) the ext^nsiou imd eitenuil 
M-tectng under Bp. Uilbert de St. Lei'fani, c. 1290. Tbc two earlier ityloB are 
j^ainly visible in the walla, vaulting und TBult-Bhaft« of the Interior, The 

, ,._ .. ._-...! . — . — -..J i_„... . — 1 I t-carviug ol the fupitiilrt are 

it lieuutihil period of Uothii; 



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AN EARI.y MAP OK ATIIF.RINtiTON MANOR. 

Bailiff and his Iiousehold retainers ; and the other in the 
■western end of the north wall, which probably nerved 
for the tenants and dwellers in the handet. This door is 
much altered, and its ancient fomi is difficult to determine; 
T)ut the other, a plain specimen of pointed-arched work, 
i8 much more perfect. It in the only feature now visible 
in what is otherwise a blank wall. 

The chief interest of the little building lies in its 
beautiful windowB^two eacli in the N. and S. walls and 
one of three lights in the E. wall. The side windows 
are lancets, having deeply moulded drop-arches of a low 
pointed segmental form on the inside, over which are 
rough relieving arches of chalk. The lancet openings, 
of which one on the north, although partly blocked, 
remains fairly pei-fect, have had broadly splayed heads. 
The deeply cut moulding of the i-ear-arches and the 
slender attnclied angle-shafts, with their finely moulded 
bases and carved capitals, are well deserving of study. 
The latter, which are early exam](le8 of the mixture of 
the cfmventional foliage of the Early English style, with 
the imitation of natural forms that prevailed in the 
Decorated period, belj) us to fix the date of the building. 
I give a drawing of one of these windows, and detail 
sketches of some of the capitals, from which a .slight idea 
of their beauty — now sadly marred by the rougii treat- 
ment of centuries, and choked with wliitewash — may be 
gained. Both in the design and details these windows 
bear such a strong resemblance to tliose in the chaneel 
and chancel aisle of Ditchling Church that I have no 
doubt that the same architect and workmen were engaged 
upon both buildings. Possibly we have the link in one 
Theobald de la Bell, who was rector of Ditchling in 
1279."' 

Except that the arch -mouldings of these Ditchling 
windows are richer, and that tlie arch is crowned by a 

" Ditchliug IB well kuown, by tiiunp iit least, on W'uount <if ita neaniMs to tho 

*~ I DltcUing Beucon. It is far removed both In local HsHiciatiaaR and 

le from .Vtberin^rtKni. but the bond of union between Lewee Triors (in 
irhoce ffilt was the liviug of Ditchling) and the Abbey of Sei'x. with their foreij^ 
uaodatioiu, may account for thi' name urelut4*t being employed in Atheringtoa 
Dhapel and Diti^iig Church. 



AN EARLY MAP OF ATHKRINGTON MANOR. 

tood-moulding with carved corbel-heade,'* they may be 
said to be identical in design and dimensions with tnose 
at Atheriiigton. For comparison, I give sketches of the 
Ditchling capitals, from which it will be seen that 
while they bear considerable resemblance, the carving 
at Atherington is nmch more vigorous and original in 
character. The Ditchling capitals belong to the latest 
variety of stiff-leaf or conventional foliage, with here and 
there a hint of natm*al forms; but those at Athei'ington 
have got well on the road to an entirely naturalesque 
treatment — yet without losing that boldness and vigour 
which delights us in the purely conventional carving of 
the earlier periods. Note particularly the effective ivy 
leaf on Cap. No. 1 and the deeply undercut foliage of 
No. 5 on the drawing. I know of nothing to beat these 
in theii' own class and period. Notice also the variety 
given to the upper mouldings and neckings of these 
capitals, especially those of No. 5, which for beauty 
and effectiveness could not be surpassed. Those of the 
companion capital in the same window (not here illus- 
trated) are ([uite different, but equally good. The bases 
of these shafts are throughout of tne same section^ — a 
typical late thirteenth century moulding. 

The east window is of three trefoil-headed light.s, with 
a large trefoil a!x)ve, forming a graceful compositioii in 
■*' plate" tracery. The somewhat massive mulHons are 
chamfered and rebated (?for glazing in removable wooden 
frames), and the jambs of the main opening are furnished 
with a nouk-shaft, which feature also appears in the angles 
of the internal splay. These shafts have carved capitals 
and moulded bases, similar to the side windows ; and 
the internal ai*cli of the opening is of the same boldly- 
moulded section found in connection with the other 
windows. The ti-acery as it stands is jxtvtly a modern 
(and clumsy) attempt at restoration, but its form appears 
to be ancient, and the existing ancient stones wairant 
the general correctness of the renewal. By accident, or 
through some alteration in the plan of the muUions, these 

" Of a king, biahop ond Iny-folk, 



yiiferip^tor). 




j6c<jtibp iiftv Ct>epel look$ Eftai*. 



a.> 






AN EAKT.Y MAP OF ATHERINnTDN MANOR. 

latter do not tit the stools prepared for them in the cill. 
A small length of plain string course remains on either 
side of the east window, but is not continued along the 
side walls. 

In the eastern part of tlic south wall are the remains 
of a beautiful double piscina. The basins, central shaft 
and the middle portion of tlie trefoil arched heads are 
missing, but the outer halves of the deeply-moulded 
arches and the attaclied shafts in the jambs are quite 
perfect, and the piscina could easily be restored to its 
original design. The back has been hollowed out to 
make a rude recess, and the rest of this south wall has 
been cut into to form cupboards and a doorway to the 
gai*den, much to the injury of its ancient features. 

The gain would be great if the yellow-waah which 
covers the walls and chokes up the beautiful carving of 
the capitals could bo can-fully removed. Possibly remains 
of ancient colour decoration might thus be brought to 
light. But injudicious scraping would be a worse evil 
than the present hiding of the old stone work, as the 
surface of the Caen stone is soft and much decayed in 
parts. 

Some moulded stones of Norman and Early English 
date, built into the north wall of the house, are reKcs 
of the mediaeval Bailiff's Court-house, Probably many 
more are hidden in the substance of the walls of the 
present buildings, which are not older than the early part 
of the eighteenth century, 

To the same date the existing pigeon-house — successor 
to that shown on Norden's map — Ijelongs. It is a quaint 
octagonal structure, built of cobble-flints with rod brick 
dressings, and has a conical red-tiled roof." 

■' It would bi^ iateresting to compile a list with illustrations of tbe onciout 
liuuioii&l pi^on-UoiuvB, ouce «o nomeniiu in England. Various ortit-'loa doalln^ 



with these quuint survivolB of feudal tunes hnvc iippeared from time t< 
mrduBologlcBl nnd other publicutioiiH, t.g., " Culver-hoiweH," by Chancellor 
Fcrgtuou, In "The Arcbsologlcal Jouninl," Vol. XLIV., p. 10-5. One of the 
best of euch occouote fa that bj Sir. Alfred Watkiua, in "The English Ulaatrated 
Mogaxine " for 1892-3, p. 45, which is ehurmin^ly illuftrated, and treata of the 
dOTe-cotesof Eerefoidsblre — acountj still peculiarly rich in examples, Monuntic 
buildbus, B« well as the manor houses, commonl; possessed a great stone dove- 
tot«. Perhaps the most (Kjmplete, oa it is al»o almost the oldest remaining eiample. 
b tbat Htttuhpd to the I'receptoTj of (he Knights Templars, afterwui^s hnuded 



162 AN EARLY MAP OP ATHERINGTON MANOR. 

These pigeon-houses, dove-cotes or culver-houses, as 
they are indiflferently named, introduced with the feudal 
^stem from Normandy, must have been very common in 
Sussex. The following does not pretend to be more than 
a skeleton list of examples remaimng, aiTanged from west 
to east of the county : 

Trotton. — Manor House. Latter half of the sixteenth 
century. Large, square in plan. 

Treyford. — Manor House. Late fifteenth century. 
Square building, with a good ogee-arched door. 

Easebourne Nunnery. — I am informed that a pigeonry 
exists here of supposed sub-Reformation date. 

Burton. — A wooden example was in existence here. 

Atherington. — BailifPs Court. Octagonal. A Georgian 
rebuilding. 

Clapham. — Manor House. Fifteenth century. Square, 
with high-pitched roof. 

Kingston-by-Sea. — Manor House. Square, constructed 
of flints and chalk (now pulled down). 

'^ Trimmers," near Paxhill. — Square, with 700 holes. 

Swanborough, near Lewes. — ? Fourteenth century. 
Built as an annexe of gateway. These interesting 
buildings are supposed to have been part of the Sana- 
torium of the Monks of Lewes. 

Lewes Priory. — A large cruciform building (thirteenth 
or fourteenth century), demolished before the end of the 
eighteenth centur}\ It is described, and a drawing 
given of it, in ^^Archseologia," Vol. XXXI., pp. 431, 432. 

over to the Knights Hospitallers, at G^way, Herefordshire. An inscription, now 
almost illegible, on the tjmpanum of the doorway informs us that ** in the jear 
1326 this dove-cote was built by Brother Richard.** It is circular and still retains 
a curious domed roof, open at the top and originallj crowned with a pointed 
wooden outer roof. It has holes lining the interior, 666 in all — though whether 
this mystic number had any reference to the number of the name of the Beast in 
the Apocaljrpse, as some have supposed, is perhaps very doubtful. This Garway 
dove-cote is described, with excellent illustrations, in ** Archaeologia,** Vol. 
XXXI., p. 191, &c. The arrangements of the central ladder and pigeon-holes 
in these buildings display much curious ingenuity. 



AK EAHLY MAP OF ATHEEINOTON MANOtt. 



163 



There were between 3,000 and 4,000 holes, and the 
building in breadth and length measured about 90 feet, 
We8T Dean. — Manor House. Circular, in ruins. 

Alciston. — Manor House. Square, built of flints and 
[ chalk, with high-pitched roof. 

Berwick. — Manor House. A large square building, 
seemingly of flints and chalk, with a steep hipped roof, 
having open gables at the apex of either end for the 
entry and exit of the pigeons. Described and illustrated 
in " S.A.a," Vol. VI., pp. 232, 233. 

A few words as to the owners of tlie manor and ttie 
tenants whose names occur on the map. 

On the suppression of the alien priories by Henry V. 
this property was given to his newly-founded Nunneiy 
of Sion, in Middlesex, which latter establishment, witn 
all its possessions, was surrendered to the Crown in 1535. 

In the hands of the Crown the Manor of Atherington 
remained until Elizabeth granted it to Sir John Spencer, 
after whom it has since passed through the hands of the 
families of Edmonds, Morley, Barcroft and Boniface. 

The Walter Edmonds whose name appears so many 
times on the map was the principal lease-holder under 
Sir John Spencer, and in time appears to have become 
possessed of the manor and lands. Eighteen years before 
the date of our map he figures among the " Names of the 
nobility and gentry who contributed to the defence of 
the country at the time of tlie Spanish Invasion, 1588,"^^ 
as the giver of a very large sum for those days — £40. 
Among the one hundred and eight contributors tlie 
highest sum given was £100, while the average is 
considerably lower, £25 being a common figure. He 
must have been a man of some wealth and considerarion 
among his neighbours, one of that numerous class of 
thrifty yeomen who were pushing to the front in the 
great religious and social upheaval of the sixteenth 
century. 

" rrittted in ■• S.A.C.," Vol. I„ p. M- 



164 AN EARLY MAP OF ATHERINGTON MANOR. 

He was the second son of one John Edmondes or 
Edmonds, alias Baudwyne — as he is styled in his wiU.^ 
The original patronymic seems to have been Baldwin, as 
we should spell it now, or Baudewyne, as the curious 
and changeful spelling of those days rendered it. This 
surname appears to have been dropped in favour of the 
name Edmonds — perhaps taken from the Christian name 
of the founder of the family, Edmund Bawdewyn, ** de 
Little Hampton," as his will in 1523 describes him. The 
Walter Edmonds of our map would appear to have been 
the grandson of this Edmimd Bawdewyn and he had an 
elder brother, another John Edmonds, who in the first 
instance ^^ obtained the grant of lands in Yapton, with 
the manors of Bilsham and of Borecourt on the tenure 
of Knight's Service, and who commences the pedigree in 
our Sussex visitation of 1634."** This Walter Edmonds 
seems to have had many children, but the family never- 
theless would appear from a tablet in Yapton Church to 
have died out.^ This monument — a very elaborate and, 
according to the Pagan taste of those days, beautiful 
piece of work, in marble, with scroll-work, flowers, 
com, fruit and a scull with bat's wings — bears at the 
top an oval plaque, having on it the crest of the family : 
Gules, a fess vair; in chief, three martlets of the first; 
a crescent for difference. The inscription is as follows : 
^^ John Edmonds, Gent., who died March the VI., Anno 
Domini MDCLXXXVII. ^tat. XXXIV. Charity, 
his most beloved sister, wife of Laurence Eliot, Esqr., 
erected this monument."^ 

^ Quoted in that truly excellent paper by Chas. Gibbon, Eeq., Richmond 
Herald, in ♦'S.A.C.,*' Vol. XII., p. 92, ** Dedications of Churches, &c., in W. 
Sussex.** 

as Ibidem, 

a* Mr. Gibbon, however, states his belief that at the time he was writing, 1860, 
the family was not extinct in the male line. There is some mistime as to uie date 
and inscription on the mural tablet in Yapton Church, as given by Mr. Gibbon. 
1668 is given by him as the date of John Edmonds* decease, whereas the monu- 
ment gives it as 1687. 

** Within the last few months it has been found necessary to remove this 
monument (owing to the erection of a new organ) from its original place on the 
north wall of the chancel to the opposite wall. The removal disclosed the fact 
that the monument himg as by a thread to the old wall, and the marvel is that it 
had not long since fallen. 



AN EARLY MAP OF ATHERINGTON MANOR. 



165 



Another name appearing on the map, Edward Aylwyne, 
or Aylwino, is common to this day in West Sussex and in 
the locftlity of Athcringtoii, under the changed form of 
Ayling. Its Saxon origin is self-evident. An ancestor 
of these Aylwynes may have been one Robert Agwylun, 
whose name appears in a deed of 1274, relating to the 
fishery rights of the predecessors of tlie present Duke of 
Norfolk, in the neighbourhood of Arundel. Some of the 
other names given in the List of Tenants on the map 
are also still found in the neighbourhood and other parts 
of Sussex. The names are : Richard Englishe, John 
Mathcwe, John Wilston, John Shanckton, Joliu Gawen, 
John Goble, Thomas Bennett, Edward Cocke, Richard 
Rigato, William Rigate and Ricliard Greene. 



Note. — It may not be out of place here to draw 
attention to the number of chapels-ot-case whicli supplied 
the spiritual needs of our mediieval ancestors in this jmrt 
of West Sussex. Nearly every parish church of any 
conaequence seems to have had one or more of these 
haralet chapels— not to be confounded with the private 
chapel of a manor, such as that above described, but 
resembling it in its general character and dimensions, 
aud in being licensed only for specific uses. Thus, 
within a radius of about two miles of the Parish Church 
oE Yapton, were the chapels of Bilsham and Flansham. 
Another probably existed at Ancton, a little to the south, 
while to the west were Lidsey and Shripney and the 
chapel of North Bersted. Some of these have quite 
disappeared, but the sites are traceable and in some 
cases portions of the buildings remain entire. In pulling 
down a cottage during the last twelvemonth some of the 
stones of Lidsey Chapel were found. At Bilsham the 
little building has been rescued from a mass of cottages 
and partially restored. It is a parallelogram in plan, 
37-ft. 7-in. by 19-ft. internally, and the north, west and 
cast walls are of fourteenth century date, the south being 
of modern brickwork. In the north wall, which is built 



166 AN EARLY MAP OF ATHERINGTON MANOR. 

of flints with sandstone dressings, and has three good 
buttresses, are a plain narrow doorway with pointed 
head and a window of two lights, another two -light 
window of siniple decorated character occupying the 
east wall. Of Flansham Chapel, recently pulled down, 
only the foundations remain. It seems to have been a 
rectangular building of about the same size as that at 
Bilsham, but probably of twelfth or thirteenth century 
date. It stood in a field at the back of what is still 
known as Chapel House. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCEWAEDENS' 

ACCOUNTS OF ST. PETEE'S THE LESS, 

CHICHESTER. 



By Rev. V. H. ARNOLD, M.A., LL.D., P.S.A. 



Among the miscellaneous contents of parish cheets some 
of the most interesting are Books of Oiurchwardens' 
Accounts, an containing quaint and curious entries 
illustrative of the mannerB and customs of the times. 
They are often more valuable, in this respect, than the 
Registers themselves, although from the fly-leaves of 
tliese peeidiar information may often be gleaned. In 
some parishes, however, these accounts are lost from the 
church in-ecoverably, in others they probaljly yet linger 
in localities little expected. This dispersion may have 
arisen from tlieir having been considered, when con- 
cluded, as of little use, or through the negligence of their 
cuatodians. The Book of Churchwardens' Accounts of 
St. Peter's the Less, Chichester, from which the following 
extracts are taken, is fairly well preserved and bound in 
parchment. It came into the possession of the late W. 
Haines, Esq., some years ago, when residing in Chichester, 
who kindly gave it to me, suggesting that after its contents 
had been edited for the Sussex Archfeological Society the 
Tolume should be returned to the chest, which had been 
its resting place during several generations, there, it is to 
be hoped, long to remain. 

It commences in 1684 and ends in 1756. The hand- 
writing is generally good ; but less so in some of the 
later years, when the scribes were occasionallv' illiterate 
persons, and the spelling is often quaint. The entries 
relating to the appropriation of 2)ews— a very noticeable 
feature — are in a legal hand, and a point which strikes 



1 68 EXTRACTS FROM CHURCHWARDENS^ ACCOUNTS 

even a cursory reader is the amount of bell ringing which 
then prevailed, which frequently necessitated, new bell 
ropes and repairs/ The expenditures of the church- 
wardens also on themselves were apparently not unfre- 
quent. The extracts here given are those only which 
seem of special interest during the several years, since to 
print the greater portion of the entries would involve 
much needless repetition. The first page is quoted in 
extenso, as giving the names of the inhabitants of the 
parish two centuries ago. 

A Tax made by the Churchwardens and ovreseers for the poor and 
by the Inhabitants of the parish of 8^ Peeters the lesse in the City of 
doichester for the Church of The said parish May 15'^ 1684 

s d 
Sir Richard May* 01 10 00 

M' Richard Pechey 00 10 00 

Thomson Butterly 00 02 00 

The widow ffelder 00 01 00 

Margarey Willkeson 00 06 00 

M' William Scott 00 01 00 

Robert Smith 00 05 00 

Gregory Hurst 00 05 00 

Benjmen Benett 00 01 00 

M" Cumber Widow 00 10 00 

M' Richard Godmand 00 03 00 

M' Robert Hasell 00 03 00 

M' WiUiam BaUdwin 00 08 00 

M' William Hall 00 04 00 

M' William Short 00 02 00 

M' Faithfull 00 04 00 

M' Thomas Amall 00 04 00 

M' Georg Whaler 00 08 00 

M' Richard Bothwell 00 04 00 

The Widow Briday 00 02 00 

M' Austin for a Molthouse 00 05 00 

M"Valler 00 01 00 

M' Phillip Road 00 07 00 

M'Rablis 00 11 00 

Richard Deer 00 00 08 

1 The church bells of St. Peter's the Less appear to be the oldest bells in 
Chichester, one being an Ave Bell inscribed *' + + Ave Maria," bearing a spng 
with three leaves, and another, "Praysed be thy name O Lord 1580" ("S.A.C., 
Vol. XVI., p. 204). 

3 Sir Richard May, Knight, and George Gunter, Esq. , of Racton, were elected 
M.P.'s for Chichester in 1685. In the Charter of James II. to Chichester, in 1685, 
we have the following: **We do assign, nominate, cx)n8titute and xnake our 
beloved Sir Richard May Knight and one of the barons of our exchequer at 
Westminster to be the first and modem recorder of the said city." 



OP ST. PETER S THE LESS, CHICHESTER. 



John ffogden 00 02 00 

AronBenett 00 02 00 

Roliart Tayler 00 00 06 

Oliver Weeks Esq" 00 12 00 

M' Thornden Alderman" 00 10 00 

The widow Surkitt 00 03 00 

JohnMoae 00 01 00 

The widow Dixon 00 03 00 

Francis Marsh 00 03 00 

H' QeoTg Butterly for the pason Land . . 00 06 08 

M' Georg Buterly Jiin 00 04 00 

M' Nickfoe Moorey 00 03 00 

Jamen Turk 00 03 00 

M' Thomas Cooper 00 06 00 

John Lowfer 00 01 00 

The widow Ctofte 00 01 00 

W flflether 00 06 00 

M'Coverly 00 02 00 

Jasper Toley 00 02 00 

John VftToator 00 01 00 

Goodman Briger 00 00 06 

The Widow Taypr 00 00 08 

Jaaper Taylor Seu 00 00 08 

The Widow hildervy 00 00 08 

The Widow Sanders 00 00 08 

Goodman Briger 00 00 06 

M' Robert Hasell for a Molthous * 00 03 00 

If Thomdeu ^Uderman for a MolthouBe. . 00 03 00 

John Qrigg, for a molthouse .... 00 02 00 

Gorg Butterly for Mr Pethes Burn . . 00 02 00 

The Widow Adonsoa 00 00 06 

The Widow Beoat 00 00 06 

The Tas amounts in all 11 00 06 

Aaron Bennett 

Phillip Eeed 

Bichard Godman 01 13 10 
Nich: May 
James Turk 
John fogden 

Stean: Bacon 

Surrey : 

On the next page we have the paymenta for this year: 

i Hsyur of Cbicbeater in 1«S2 and 1691. 

* HalthouHCB are often mentioned. Tbcv were namcrouH in Chicheflt«T in the 
eigbteentb centurj. In "England and Wales Uliutrated, 1761," we hare tbu 
■tatanent ; " Fittdlgione qnantitieB of malt at« made in this place." 



170 EXTRACTS FROM CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS 

Disbursements layd out for the Kepairing of the Church of the 
parrish of S' Peter the lease and other Disbursments as follows for the 
jeare 1684 

8 d 

Inp" for the Oathe & ffees to the Office 9 8 

ffor buying of a New booke 1 

ffor Treding the bounds 10 

ffor expenses & fees to James Allen 6 

Item for A Sitaon to M' Manning 1 4 

ffor makeing the Booke 1 

paid to the Kingers when the Duke of Yorke was made 

General of Sea & Land 9 

Paid to James Turk for lodging of an old man & 

victualls 1 6 

Paid for Ringing at the King's Berthday 1 6 

For Bread & Wine on Trinity Sunday 2 5 

For James Allen more 3 

Goody Tilley for Whassing the Surples 1 

p** M' Janaway for A new booke 10 

p** to him for mending the old booke 3 

p** to Georffe Butterley 3 7 

p** for the dinner & Beere 3 

Disbursed at the Church at first 1 

p** more to M' Hall 1 

p** for Goodman Laurances Wifes shroude 5 

p** for Beere at her ffunerall 1 

p^ to James AUen for a psment Bill 1 4 

p** to the Ringers at Gunpowder Plot 2 1 

p** to Good wife Winbome for mending the Surples .... 1 

p** to the Ringers the 4^*' of ffeb 1 

p** for Ringing when his Matie was proclaimed 2 

p** to James Allen for A new booke 6 

p** to Richard Godman 4 9 

ffor Communion Wine & Breade 4 10 

ffor Candles at the Ringing 4 

Unpaid ' 2 10 6 

p** to Goodwife Tilley for washing the Surplis 1 

ffor writing the Disbursements 1 

Wine & Bread 2 5 

11 3 6 

Mending the Church 1 6 

Paid for Ringing on Crownation Day* 3 

During the years following only the more notable 
entries are extracted. 

* Bullcalf excuses himpclf to Folstaff thus : " I have a cold, Sir, a cough, Sir, 

which I caught with ringing in the King's affiiirs, Sir, upon his coronation dar, 
Kir."— i/enry /F., Act III., Scene 2. 



OF ST. PETER S THE LESS, CIIICHESTEK. 



Paid to thp Riiigera the 29'^ of May, Hi85 

Paid th" Eingers vhea the Lord Gray was takoa" . 
Paid more to the Ringers the Thankegiring day. . . 

Paid to the Ringers Kiny Jamee Berttday 

Paid to a man for his losee at sea 

Spent Tvhen the Church Tvardens was chosen 



1686. 

ffor Treding the Bounds 1 

Att the Visetation to M' Manning 

fior ft IWnner 

Paid Doctor Brigge ' 

Paid to Rich. Lee for new Bell Bopes 1 

Paid for Higon's wifea CoflSn (I 

Spent more when wee came from the SeBsions at Arundel 

ffor II horse to Mundham 

flor heere & firing 

ffor beere more 

Out of Pookett last yeare 1 1 

1690. 

Dinner & oxpencea 1 

Paid SI' Meachen for Muscadin & breade 

Paid to him more for the like 

Paid to M' ffogden 



2 5 

2 7 8 



1691. 
Spent upon the Parishioners & other oxpensoe about 

the woman la 6 

Paid to Armstrong for a proclamation & prayer book. . 01 

• It is obserrnble that no mention i* made of the Duku of Monmouth. Lord 

3rey waa taken on Tu«f<d^, July 7th, the day dtter thu Battle of fiedgumoor, I17 

ibe »cout« of the tjuattex Militfa, about Sve in the morning, near Uolt Lod^. iu 

Donetabire, fotu- miles to the ver-i of Kinffwood, in the attempt to reach the New 

forest. The career of Ford Lord Urey, who was bom and buried at Uarting, hua 

oh to do with SuHsei. He hunted with the Duke of Monmouth at Clmrlton, 

IT Gwdwood, and accompanied him on hin viait to CliichcBter in 1679. He wiw 

mpriioned for hin share in the Rye House Plot, in lt!83, the object of which wa« 

a hare |mt tbe Duke on the throne. He landed with MomnoutU ut Lyme KegiH, 

' s 11, 1685, ond omnmiuided the covalry at Sedgemoor on July 5th, the &st 

je toaght on English soil, from which he wa« one of the first to fly. His life 

1, howerer, Bpared by James II. Out of two nooses, the Rye House Plot and 

Sedgemoor Hebellion, it is mid, did Ford Lord Grey extricate his mack— twice 

two years, the last time by paving £40,000 to the Prime Minister 

smaller sums to other courtiers. Under'WiUiom III. he was made Enrl of 

" andGlcndftle, and in 1699 became Lord Privy Seal. The worst crime 

f hii Ufe waa bis scandalous intrigue with his aister-in-law, Harriet Berkely. for 

rhldi he was tried bi'fore the Comt ot Uueen's Bench iu 16Ma. He wb* known 

ipeuker of great abilitj, and died, aged il. June ii4. 1701.— ( Vide Evelyn, 

[uet, Mncaulay, the Rev. U. D. Gordon's excellent "History o{ Hurting," and 

[J.A.C.," Vol«. vn. and XV.) 

' Tboraas Briggs, Doctor of I-aw, was Cliaucellor of the Bishop's Consistory 
nut. His name and signatureu often occur iu this book, the last eutry being in 
70» : *' Allowd this Church Rate Tbo. Briggs." 



172 EXTRACTS FROM CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS 

8 d 
Paid to Alderman Burry for one quart of Muscadine 

for the Saerement 02 6 

for one Wliiteloafe 00 1 

ffor a Strutt for the pulpitt 00 6 

Paid at Christmas when we chose Waywardens for the 

Parish 03 

Paid the Clark of the Parish for minding the Church 

& washing the Surplice & ringing the bells .... 09 1 

1692. 

It is ordered by the Inhabitants of the said parish that the Church- 
wardens of the same should pay to 4 Briefs to each of them severally 
one shilling and sixpence apiece. 

1693. 

For 3 new bell roopes 6 6 

Payd to 4 breefes 6 

Payd to M' Toope for the silyer plate 13 

1695. 
April 1 1. for Kinging the Kings Birthday 2 

1700. 

Paid for 3 bell ropes 9 

For Carpenter's work & goods 2 17 4 

1705. 

ffor Kinging of the Bells on the Queen's Crownation Day 3 
July the 15"* for Kinging of the BeUs for Molborows 

Victory over the French® 3 

Paid Henry Horsey for a Sartificate & a Book for the 

passon 2 6 

for three new Bell ropes 1 

November the 5"* for Kinging of the Bells 3 

February the 6"* for Bellringing for Queen Anns Birth 

Day 2 6 

March the 8'** for Bellringing for Queen Anns Proclama- 
tion Day 2 6 

Paid ffor Nayles, Staples, & Iron worke about the Bells 7 6 

1706. 

For six foot six inches of Steep for bound stones and 

cutting of the Letters 15 6 

For Treading of boundes* 2 2 6 

for Charatable moneys 5 8 

« The Battle of Blenheim. 

• ThiH large expeuditure for treading the bounds seems to have provoked some 
comment, for on 2Gth April, 1709, *' it is unanimously agreed that from henceforth 
not mon; than Ten shillings be allowed once in Three years for charges in Tread- 
ing the boundes.*' 



Out of pockit for the yeare 1 71)7 

Out of pookit for the yeare 1 705 

Out of pockit for the yeare 1 706 

Due to me Edmund Bordman 



Id the tax made this year it is notod at the uide tliat 
Ihere were eight roalthouses in the parish."' 



In this year commences a series of entries on the 
erection of pews in the church, an interesting subject, 
to which I make the following digression. 
Contentions about seats and pews are by no means of 
recent origin. Thus, in the twelfth century, of a synod 
held at Exeter by Bishop Quivil, we have the following : 
*'Item audivimus quod propter sediHa in ecclesia rixantur 
multitoties parochiani, duobus vel pluribus unum sedile 
vindicantes, propter grave scandalum et divinum sapius 
impeditur officium,"" and in consequence the Bishop 
decreed that none should call any seat in the church his 
wn, except noblemen and patrons ; but he who should 
come in first was to take his place where he chose. At 
his early period no trace of any feminine origin of these 
nseeraly disputes is assigned, and to surmise such to 
ave been often the case is unwai-rantable. Tlie vestry 
Records of St. Saviour's, Southwark, of the seventeenth 
centurj', however, seem to hint at this later on; " 1603. 
Feb. 14." For the placing of the vestrymen and thoir 

" In drjing mult there had at that time been u dfLngerouii practice iu Chicheater, 
id itvaa ordered by the Town Council that "NoperBon do d^ malt with buruiiie 
IKW, for the bt'tter preeerving this City from the duigeni of Are (from which Qod 
mnt tbsit it msj be tor ever preserred) Ten ehilliuge to be paid for everj duj of 
icb oSeucti aud all straw tor such purpusc to be burned." 

Haf (" Hiet. of Chiuheater ") meotioUR that about the beginniug at the fifteenth 
itUTj the Chichester malt began to lie in reputf throughout the greateet part of 
_j«ex and part of Uampuhlre and Surrey. Al»o that malt mode in the city was 
exported to Ireland ami elsewhere to the amumit of seTeml thousand quarters 
atutually, and etatea that several malting houseH were standing in Chichueter bo 
Iste BB the jear 1770. of which the timbers, generally of ouk, aud their plan and 
mumer of building bore witness to their antiiuity. Its manufacture was then on 

u WillcinB' " Concilia." " " Notes and Querias," Deo., 1868, 



174 EXTRACTS FROM CHURCH WARDENS^ ACCOUNTS 

wives." ^® ^^ 1610. The pews towards the south where 
the vestryroen's wives sit shall be made larger into the 
aisle and that no man shall stand in that aisle, but onlv 
maidservants & women kind." In Laud's time, it is 
stated that ^^ William Lock, registrar to the Archdeacon 
of Surrey, inhibited Craft's wife from sitting in his pew," 
and when, in 1639, the Wardens of St. Saviour's, South- 
wark, presented a paper to the Bishop of Winchester 
with reference to the erection of a pew for the wife of a 
parishioner, the reason assigned against it had reference 
to the grade of the occupant : ^^ We assure your Lordship 
that the pew wherein one M" Ware sits & pleads to be 
placed is & always hath been a pew for women of far better 
rank & quality than she & for such whose husbands pay 
far greater duties than hers & hath been always reserved 
for some of the chiefest women who dwell in the borough 
side of the said parish." The first entry in these 
Chichester Accounts relative to pews occurs in 1710. It 
is engrossed in a legal hand and speaks of a joint 
occupancy : 

Memorandum that the seat or pew in the Northeast comer of the 
Church of 8* Peter the lesse was built & made at the coste of George 
Oglander Esq'" Nicholas Covert gent and Katherine Tauko widowe. 
To whom only and to the temporary inhabitants of their respective 
now dwelling houses it doth belong to sit there. Witness our hands 
15"' June 1701. Eichard Deare, John Bull, Churchwardens, and ten 
others. 

The example of appropriation thus set was soon 
followed : 

7 April 1713. Whereas the seat or pew under the Pulpit which 
Alderman Smith** and his family have used to sit was erected sett up 
and built at the costs and charges of this parish. And whereas M' 

^* Among the Roxburghe Ballads in ** The Answer to the New Married Man " 
we read : 

** His wife shall then be seated 
In Church at her desire, 
Her husband he is sidesman 
And site within the quire ; 
Then he is made churchwarden 
And placed somewhat hier.** 

1* ** George Oglander, Esq., Madam Tawke and Mr. N. Covert" were the 
chief ratepayers in the parish at this time. Mr. Covert and Mr. Oglander were 
chosen Churchwardens iu 1716. 

w Robert Smith's signature occurs frequently. 



OF ST. PETER'S THE LESS, CHICHESTEH. 



175 



Sichard Dittiell haviug uoe seat or pew in the said Churrh for himselfe 
and family liatb applj'ed himaelfe to the parisli to bo placed in some 
convenient seat or Pew. Whereupon it was and is unanimously agreed 
ty UB whoae namea are hereunti) aubflcribed That in cousideracfm of 
Ten shillings by the s'' M' Dobell paid to the Churchwardens for the 
use of the Parish That the e,' M' Dobell shall at all times hereafter 
have and enjoy and have a Bight to one halfe of the n'' Seate or Pew 
under the pulpit for hiniaelf and family and for the Temporary 
Inhabitants of the now dwelling house of the s" M' DoheU to sitt in 
the whole seat being soe built at the publick charge aa aforesd. 

Henry Hearsy Churchwarden 
William Page Churchwarden 

Other entries are as followtt : 

Uemorandnm. That the Seat or Pew in y° Body of the Cliurch of 
B" Peters the less adjoining to that now used by M' Wells was Itepaired 
& Enlarged at the Costs & Charge of Henry Hearsey, William Booker 
Jno Bowley & Thomas Cass. To whom only & to j-" Temporary 
Inhabitants of their respective now dwelling housea it doth belong to 
sit there. Witnees our hands y* 2S Mar. 1713. 

John Bowley Churchwarden &o. 

Uemorandum that the Seat or Pew next adjoining to that now used 
ty M' Ayiward was Built at the Costs and Charge of M' Wntta To 
irhom only & to y' Temporary Inhabitants of his now dwelling hs it 
duth belong to sit there Witness our hands Mar y* 25 1713. 

John Bowley Churchwarden &c. 

Memorandum that the Seat or Pew in the Ohur<?h of S' Peter the 

ue adjojTiing to the Seat or pew above mentoned to be built at 
the cost of George Oglander Esq* Nicholas Covert gent & Katherine 
Tauke widow was budt & made at the only cost of Heniy Ayiward 

Sent. To whom only & to the temporary Inliabitauts of his own 
welling House it doth belong to sit there. Witness our hands the 
15«d.yof Ju»el715. Hich.rd D«u« 

Hen Hearsy Cliurch warden 
Continuing tlie "Disbursements," the following entries 
are noticeable : 

1714. , a 

Aug. 3. Paid for Bell Hinging for the proclaming of 

King George 02 

Oct. 10. Paid for a book to pray for Qoorge Prince of 

Wales 01 

y* 20 paid for bellringing for the Crown Nashun Day 2 6 
1715. 
Aug. 14 Paid for Washing ySurpIe8& Sheet 4 Lining I 3 

Nov. 5. For a lock for the Chuith Chest For Mending 

the heng of tlie Doar & a hoard 1 

Dec. 18 For two pound of Candles 1 1 



176 EXTRACTS FROM CHURCHWARDENS^ ACCOUNTS 

1718. 8 d 

Jan. 7 For Fees of the Court 00 4 4 

For One Dinner y* same Day 00 5 

25 Paid Passon Baker 00 1 

1719. 
Not. 21. Paid for the Sequestration 4 6 

1720. 

Dec 5 p** Henry Hersey for a ThanksgiYing book for 

16*'» Day of December 10 

1721. 

June 21 p* M' M' Hen. Hearsey for a book concerning 

the Holy Trinity 6 

1725. 
Mar 29 For a Comm» Napkin 1 2 

1728. 

28 May Paid y* Apparitor for a Prayer Book & an 

Order for altering the Prayers for the Boyal Family 2 

1733. 
July 18 A Vane with Carriage 2 3 6 

1734. 

M' Peckham Paid Pechys bill for work done at puting 

up the Dragon** 6 6 

W° Smyth paid M' Bowly for a dore 1 

To Richard Godman a bill for putting up the Pulpit & 

Reading Desk 1 9 2 

1738. 
pd M' Lodger for painting y* pulpit & commandments . . 2 11 

1742. 

Nov. 4 Paid for a book for a fast to be held the 25*** 
Instant 

1744. 

Gave a bagore (beggar) 1 

p** for a Wayewardins warant 8 

1745. 
For digin of Grave for Mary Coledine's child 2 

In 1744 we find Way wardens appointed, whose expenses 
were incorporated with those of the Churchwardens, and 
in 1754 is an entry : 

10 April 1755 Paid M' John Gtites sen' his waywarden 

biU £1 18 11 

^^ The Dragon as a vane is still to be seen above St. Peter*8 the Less. 



OP ST. PETEB's the less, CHICHESTER. 177 

On 22nd Sept., 1756, we have a rate made higher 
than any previously mentioned: 

At a yestry this day held of the Inhabitants of the Parish of S' 
Peter the Less when the Bills for the nessary Bepairs of the Church 
& Highways & other expenses were produced amounting to £19 4 6^ 
& allowed of towards the Discharge whereof It is agpreed that a Tax 
of 9' in the pound be forthwith made & collected. 

William Burrow Churchwarden 
John Knight Overseer & ors 

The book here came to an end, and I am now pleased 
to be able to return it to safe custody in the place whence 
in some way or other it escaped long ago. 

To the Rev. Chancellor Davey, F.S.A., Rector of St. 
Peter's the Less, I would express my thanks for permit- 
ting me to examine the Registers and other documents 
in the chest. 



XLIV. N 



THE PLAY ACTED BY THE "TIPTEERS'' AT 
WEST WIHERING, CHICHESTER. 



CONTRIBUTBD BY JAMES I. C. BOGER, M.A. 



Note. — The ^^Tipteers" consist of six boys or men, 
dressed in fantastic costume, and some carrying 
wooden swords. The play is acted at Christmas 
time and is said to be a very old custom in the 
village, being handed down by word of mouth. 

The First Man: 
Now your doors are open and we are come in, 
I hope your favour we shall win ; 
Whether we rise or whether we fall, 
We will do our best endeavours to please you all. 
Now the merry time of Christmas is drawn near, 
We will show our sport in the pastime you have not seen me (in) for 

one long year. 
None of your ragged swords, but some of your loyal train, 
We will cross the seas King George to please 
And home we will return again. 

If you have not (a) mind to believe what I have got to say. 
Send in Old Father Christmas and he will boldly clear the way. 

Second Man — Old Father Christmas : 
In comes I, Old Father Christmas, 
Welcome or welcome not, 
Sometimes cold and sometimes hot, 
I hope Old Father Christmas will never be forgot. 
Old Father Christmas (has) got but a short time to stay, 
He will show his sport in pastime before he goes away. 
Room ! Boom ! Ladies and gentlemen, room I pray ! 
For I am the man that leads the Noble Captain and all his men this 
way. 

Third Man — Noble Captain: 
In comes I, the Noble Captain, 
Just lately come from France ; 
With my broad sword and jolly Turk (dirk) 
I will make King George dance. 

Fourth Man — King George : ^ 
In comes I, King George, 
That man of courage bold, 

1 This personage is of course St. George ; it is an interesting variation on the 
usual Chnstmastide Play. 



THE "TIPTEERS" AT WEST WITTERING. 179 

With my broad sword and sphere (spear) 

I haye won ten tons of gold. 

I fought the fiery Dragon 

And brought it to gpreat slaughter, 

And by that means I wish to win 

The ]^g of Egypt's daughter. 

Neither unto thee will I bow nor bend. 

Standoff! standoff! 

I will not take you to be my friend. 

Noble Captain: 
Why, sir, why, have I done you any kind of wrong ? 

King Oeorge : 
Yes, you saucy man, so get you gone. 

Noble Captain: 
You saucy man, you draw my name, 
You ought to be stabb'd, you saucy man. 

King Oeorge: 
Stab or stabs, the least is my fear ; 
Point me the place 
And I will meet you there. 

Noble Captain: 

The plaice I point (appoint) is on the ground 
And there I will lay your body down 
Across the water at the hour of five. 

King Oeorge : 

Done, sir, done ! I will meet you there. 

If I am alive I will cut you, I will slay you. 

All for to let you know that I am King George oyer Ghreat Britain ! 

[Fight. King Oeorge wounds the Noble Captain.] 

King Oeorge : 
Ladies and gentlemen. 
Set in your chair ; 
See, I haye cut hun down. 
With a snare he is rose (risen) again, 
like a man of courage bold. 
And by him now I mil never be controlled. 

Noble Captain : 

For saying so you ought to be controlled. 

King Oeorge: 

Ajid now send in your Turkey Knight, 
Which (who) calls me on your guard to fight. 

Fifth Man — Turkey Knight : 

In comes I, the little proud and Turkey Knight, 

Just lately come from the Russian wars to fight, to fight ! 



King Gheorge, that man of courage bold. 

If his blood's hot I will quickly make it cold. 



N 2 



180 THE ^^TIPTEERS'' AT WEST WITTERING. 

King Oeorge: 
thou little proud Turk, do not yapour, 
Or else I will cut you down 
With my ruBty raper (rapier). 

Turk^ Knight : 

l^ng Oeorge, do not boast, 

Or else I will cut you down like the dust. 

[Fight. King Oeorge brings the Turk on to his knees.] 

Turkey Knight : 
Down on my bended knee I craye 
All for to be a Turkey slaye. 

King George: 
Aiise, arise, thou Turkey Knight, 
Get home unto thy Turkey land and fight ; 
Get home unto thy Turkey land (and^ tell 
What champions in old England dwell. 
Here goes 1 with my strict charge, 
Gt)d bless the Noble Captain, likewise King Oeorge ; 
Gt>d bless us all, for I must go. 
Because my orders are all so. 

First Man : 
Now he's ffone with his strict charge. 
Now send m King Qt)orge's guard. 

Sixth Man : 
In comes I, the Valiant Soldier, 
Bold and slather is my name. 
Sword and pistol by my side, 

1 wish to win the game. 
Ikly head is made with iron. 
My body made with steel ; 
Unto my hand and knuckle bone 
I will fight you in the field. 

I have been to Ireland, Scotland, France and Spain, 

Aboard a man-of-war and other merchant men. 

For what King George has done 

Shall have his right and will. 

But that Turkey dog 

I will fight and kill. 

Draw out your swords and fight. 

Pull out your purse and pay. 

For satisfaction I will haye 

Before I go away. 

Turkey Knight: 
No satisfaction shall you have. 
No money will I pay. 
For I mean to try my valour on 
Before I go away. 



THE ^^TIPTEERS'^ AT WEST WITTERING. 181 

Old Father Christmas : 

Stand off ! stand off ! both «word in hand, 
Now send in Prince Feather in hand. 

First Man : 
In comes I, Prince Feather, in hand, 
Bid my foe, sir, not to stand, 
But stand King George, 
The commander oyer the sea, 
The ruler oyer the land. 
Grant the hour and the power. 
The gallant must obey ; 
Let ny the storm and cheer the mom. 
Fight on, braye boys, Hussa ! Hussa ! 

(TaHant Soldier kills the Turk.] 

Ladies and gentlemen. 

Behold and see what I haye done, 

I haye cut that g^and Turk down 

Like the eyening sun. 

He and I and ten thousand more 

Would I boldly fight 

Unto (for to) maintain 

King George's right. 

Third Man — Noble Captain : 
fie, fie, my man is slain 
And on the ground his body lain ; 
My gold shall fly like chaff before the wind 
If there is a doctor to be found. 

Seventh Man — Doctor : 

yes, there is a doctor to be found. 
Well and good, 

And with my hands 

1 will stop the blood ; 
I will stop blood 
And heal the wound, 
And raise the dead man 
From the ground. 

Noble Captain (to the Doctor) : 

What parts did you come from last ? 

Doctor : 

All parts of Christ'dom. 

Noble Captain: 
What IS your fee ? 

Doctor : 

Ten pounds is my fee, 

But I can do with fifty pounds 

I can demand of thee. 



182 THE "tipteebs" at west wittering. 

Noble Captain: 
What can you cure ? 

Doctor : 

I can cure the hipsey, pipsey, palsey and the gout, 

A strain within and a strain without, 

A broken arm or a broken leg, 

All this I will maintain, 

If I break his neck I will set it again ; 

I won't charge you one single farming for my pain. 

Noble Captain: 

Doctor ! Doctor ! try your skill. 

Doctor : 

Behold, ladies and fi;entlemen, see I'm not like the mountebank 
doctors that run aoout from town to town and tell as many lies 
in one half -hour as you find true (truth) in me in seven years! 
Behold, ladies and gentlemen, see, I have a little box by my side 
which is called ** Jupiter Pills," and a little bottle in my waistcoat 
pocket which is called ** Golden Philosopher." Drops I one drop 
on his nose and another on his temple, which will strike a light 
in his whole body. Behold, ladies and gentlemen! See, he 
moves one leg already. If he has been dead for this two and 
fifty years it will bring his proper (body) all to right(s). Arise, 
arise, young man, and see how you can walk. 

Noble Captain: 
Pocany Pie lost his eye, 
Bottomsee broke his knee. 
Twice through the head this man's been shot. 
His brains will boil like any pot ; 
He and I and seven more 
Fought and beat eleven score ; 
K ever I live to get over this 
I will never fight no (any) more. 

Turkey Knight : 
More won't I. 

Noble Captain: 

And that's for you, Mr. Frog. None of your apples, pies, cheese, 
crust, nor curds ; but set us down to a good fat duck, and then we 
might pick a bone, whip it into our knapsacks, and be oS to the 
next rendezvous. 

King Oeorge : 

Ladies and gentlemen, standing by. 

See the noble valiant men fighting high ; 

We have gained the very victory. 

We have dyed our hands as white as snow. 

We will cover our gloves and sing you a song. 

And then from hence we will go. 



THE ^^TIPTEERS" AT WEST WITTERING. 183 

Old Father Christmas : 

In comes I, the Prince of Peace, 

Jnfit lately come from the Bussian Wars, 

To peace, pecu^e, peace, as my General calls, 

I hope, ladieR and genUemen, we have pleased you all ; 

Now onr sport it is all over, we will sing you a song 

And go a httle further. 

The Song. 

When I left my happy home 

In the world to (go and) roam 

My poor old Moder dear did sob and cry ; 

I can fancy see her now, 

As she fondly kissed my brow 

And clasped me to her heart and said good-bye. 

I was thoughtless,* young and gay. 

As the good ship sailed away. 

From weeks and months and years the time rolled on. 

I returned at last, but Oh ! 

What an agonizing blow. 

Was to find my poor old Mother dead and gone. 

Chorus — We never miss a Mother till she's gone. 
Her portrait all we have to gaze upon, 
We can fancy see her there, 
Sitting in her old arm chair ; 
We never miss a Mother till she's gone. 

When far across the sea 

How soothing 'twas to me 

To look upon her portrait day by day ; 

I think I'U soon go back 

And hear her say, ** 0, Jack, 

My darling boy, why did you go away?" 

I wish I'd never left her, 

I must have heartless been 

To leave her full of grief and (so) forlorn. 

What misery we bring 

If in youth we have our fling ;* 

We never miss a Mother till she's gone. 

* The original copy by the boy reads thoughtful I 
' Original reads ** in youth of our fling.** 



SOME NOTES ON THE LIFE OF SAINT RICHAfiD 

OF CmCHESTEE. 



By thb Eev. canon J. H. COOPEE, Vicar of Cuckfield. 



Since Mr. Blaauw's Paper on St. Richard's will in the 
first volume there has been hardly any reference in our 
** Collections" to the life of the man who, more than 
anyone else, won the affection of Sussex people. We 
are not given to an emotional display of enthusiasm, but 
St. Richard gained a popularity in our county which, 
considering the shortness of his episcopate, is astonishing. 
There was something, without doubt, winning in his 
demeanour,^ but was it not rather his strong sense of 
duty and his jpatience under cruel wrong which appealed 
to our forefathers' hearts and gained their love ? He was 
not, as some other mediaeval Bishops of Chichester, a 
statesman, a clever man of business, giving more time 
to the administration of the country and the improve- 
ment of the royal finances,^ but a true shepherd of the 
flock entrusted to his care. English people have a strong 
sense of justice, and a man they think hardly used is 
sure to find a place in their hearts. Hence we may 
well suppose that his untiring devotion to his duty, his 
gentle ways, and his endurance of wrong, made him what 
he certainly was, the most popular man in all Sussex, 
and gave him his place in the English Calendar. 

The authorities for the life of Bishop Richard are : 

1. ^' Vita Sancti Ricardi auctore Radulfo," Brit. Mus., 
Sloane MS., 1772, f. 25,« a MS. of the thirteenth 

1 " Ricardus etymologice potest did quasi, Ridens, Cams, et Dulcis.** Acta 
Sanctorum: ** His very name the record of his smile, 

And of his sweetness andhis chann '* (Warren). 

« Trevelyan's " Age of WiclifEe," p. 107. 

• Hardy *s ** Descriptive Catalogue," III., p. 136. A MS. note says of the 
author that he was ** alumnus Southsaxie de civitate vel territoria Cicestrense 
natus, vir pietatis et eruditionis titulis insignis, floruit 1270. quod coUigo a Jo. 
Pitsio qui in libro de illustribus Angliae Scriptoribus huic attribuit." 



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ON THE UFE OF ST. RICHARD OK CHICHESTElt. loo 

century, wntten soon after his death, by Ralpli Bocking, 
a ChicneKter man and a Dominican Fnar. It was com- 
posed at the request of Isabella, daughter of William, 
6th Earl of Warrenne, and widow of Hugh d'Albini, 
Earl of Arundel; her husband died In 1243, and she 
BUi'vived liini 40 years. 

2. An abridgment of Booking's Life in MS., Cott. E., 1 
(sadly injured by the fire of 1731), printed in 1516 iu 
Capgrave's "Nova Legenda Anglie," f. 269/ 

3. " Vita S. Ricardi Ep. Cic. incerto quideni authoro 
Bed fideliter conscripta," iu " De probatis Sanctorum 
historiis" (Vol. II., p. 486), by T. Laurence Surius, a 
Carthusian, printed at Cologne, 1571. 

4. A life in English, Lansdowne MS., 340, written, 
according to a note at the end of the volume, " by my 
dear brother Richard Clito Stevens. God give his soul 
eternal rest. Catharine Sabina Stevens. 1692." 

5. A life in Italian, "Vita di S. Ricardo, Vcscovo di 
Cicestria, Prottetore dell' Universita di Cocchieri dulla 
Citta di Milano. 1706" (British Museum). There is a 
singular fi-imtispiece, in which the Saint, distinguished 
by a nimbus, is shown driving a coach and four, while 
above he is to be seen in the clouds vested as an Italian 
Prelate, How our Sussex Bishoj) came to be jjatron of 
the Milan Coachmen's Union is beyond conjecture. 

6. A life In the series known as Newman's "Lives of 
the Saints." 

7. A life by Mrs. Tout in the " Dictionary of National 
Biography." 

Richard de la Wych was the younger son of a small 
landowner, who farmed his own estate, called Burford,* 
in the vicinity of the town till recent years called Wych, 
from its saltworks," and now Droitwich. He was born 

* "Imp. Londouiiisdomiun Winadide Wotdo ud SignumSuli» the Bete atreet." 

* " lIiH funllj had Innds ui Wjoli that retniii the name of Biirfocd to this diiy " 
ploah's " Uiator; of Worccstotshire," I., p. 3-20; »ee oIho p. 50). The aata^ 
cannot now be traced. 

* Wic hiNorsewas a bay, and BBwdtwanotigiiiuIly obtjiiiied by the evnporatiou 
t>( ult water in ahaUow liuyH, or wu.'s. Itie uiuue vrnt givuii to plaueit fur the 
a mmifai- i.nm ol salt, eveu if for inlatid. 



186 ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHAHD OF OHICHESTEB. 

in 1197, two years before John landed at Shoreham to 
be crowned at Westminster. The family name appears 
to have been Chandos, for this is the name given to his 
brother Robert in the Bishop's will.'' His father's name 
was also Richard and his mother's Alice ; they both died 
while their two sons were but lads. Their little property 
was so badly managed by their guardians that the elder 
on succeeding found himself in absolute poverty. Richard, 
who, while yet a boy, showed promise of his tuture learn- 
ing, gave up his hopes and designs for study, and to 
bring round their farm, literally put his shoulders to the 
wheel and toiled early and late in the fields. Aubrey 
tells us that ' ' this St. Richard was a brisk young fellow 
that would ride over hedge and ditch,"** and dancing is 
especially mentioned among the amusements he put aside 
that he might work the harder. As soon as he had seen 
his brother comfortably mamed and settled he went to 
Oxford. So poor was he that he lived with two other 
scholars, equally poor, in one room on the simplest fare ; 
they were never able to afford meat or even a fire ; they 
haa but one coat apiece and one gown between the three, 
which served them all in turn. "They thought so much 
of the apparel of the mind that they had no thought for 
this apparel of the body."® Richard s lecturer and friend 
was Ldnmnd Rich, of Abingdon, who used to gather his 
students for prayer in the N. transept of St. Peter's in 
the East — the first College Chapel. 

Richard then made his way to the great University of 
Paris, where his learning attracted so much notice that 
he was offered " the honour of his degrees," but he 
preferred to return to Oxford for his M.A. His thirst 
for knowledge drew him to Bologna, the most ancient of 
Univerisities, renowned for its teaching of Canon Law. 
After studying there for seven years a professor selected 
Richard as his substitute during his illness, and made 
him lecture in his place; he then proposed to him to 

7 "S.A.C.," Vol. I., p. 173; Dalluway, p. 46. Papworth's "Ordinary** gives 
the fame coat : Erni. a jyile gu. to Chandos and to Kichard de la Wich. 

8 Ijansdowno MS., 231 ; Camden Society's ** Anecdotes and TraditionB,** p. 93. 
« "Stevenu' Life.*' 



ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHAHD OF CHICHESTEK. 



187 



settle at Bologna, and, to secure Iiih doing bo, tried to 
persuade liim to marry his daughter. Alarmed at this 
proposal, Ricliard haskmod back to Oxford; this, was in 
1335. The fame of his goodness and learning had 
preceded him, and he was almomt immediately made 
Chancellor.^" liut not for long. The waintly man who 
had been liis lecturer in his student days, Ednmnd Rich, 
was in 1234 consecrated Arclibishop of Canterbury, and 
found himself called to preside over a troubled Cnurch. 
Pope Honorius took advantage of his being guardian to 
the young Henry 111. to interfere in English aft'airs. 
Italians invaded the national cathedrals and the national 
castles until clergy and laity were united in their indigna- 
tion at the spoifing of chur(,h and realm by foreignei-s. 
A national party arose, whose cry was "England for the 
EngUsh," and the new Archbishop placed himself at its 
head. He was an old man, and the troubles of the times 
caused him to look for a wise and prudent counsellor;" 
such a one he found in Ricliai'd, wliom he called from 
Oxford to be his Chancellor — the Judge of Iiis Courts, 
and the chief authority in his Province : Richard received 
"minor orders" on accepting this office." 

Pope Gregory IX., however, was not willing to let go 
tlie hold on the English Church the King and his father, 
John, had given to his predecessor, and in 1240 sent an 
■der to Archbitthop Rich to provide 300 Italian clergy 
with the first vacant benefices." When 24 foreign priests 
ippeared at his gate, clamouring for livings, it was too 
much for the old man, and he fled ; he came to Slindon, 
thence to Cliichester, and sailed to France. He sought 

w In the thirteeiitli century there were mouiu-terieB at Orford and lecture- 
onu in which tht WnchtTB guthcrf?d their pupils, but uo wilipges. The Btudeiil* 
nuuibeied Bomi' thimjands— jouiig noble:', with retiuuEs of iierviuits, and poor 
flOholMs, who lodged anywhere they could— u turbulent community, kept in check 
bf the King's Court iit Woodstock, llie Chancellor, at head of Uie UniverKity, 
<Blect«d by Uiti DiMterB, had his work cut out fur him in maintohiing onler and 
wefngthutthu teavhiug WW ot the right sort (Oreen'B" Short History," Ch. 111., 
dIMtTlv.). 

u Hook's " Liven of the Archbifihopa," III., p, 211. 
>* " Chrintian Uchoohi and Scholan," II., p. 163. 

>• Bouk'c " I,irc«," ni,, p. 213 ; Slat. Puris, 532 ; Dean SU'phena' " Iliatory 
«t Uis Englivh Church," p. 232. 



188 ON THE LIFE OP ST. RICHARD OP CHICHESTER. 

a quiet retreat in the Cistercian Monastery at Pontigny," 
near Auxerre, where his predecessors, Stephen Langton 
and St. Thomas, had found asylum. Richard accompanied 
him in his flight and remained with him till his death, 
in November, 1240. Among the *' Pieces originales 
de la Bibliotheque des P^res de S. Edme a Pontigny""^ 
is preserved a letter from Richard, attesting that Edmund 
Rich in his will asked to be buried in the Church of 
Pontigny ; it is signed, ** Ric. de Wichio apud Aurelias 
A.D. 1242." Overwhelmed with sorrow and having no 
heart to return to the troubled Church at home, Richard 
retired to a house of the Black Friars, the new preaching 
Order of Dominicans, at Orleans ; there he studied 
Divinity and prepared for Ordination. ** Edmund's 

giety led Richard on from the law to the Gospel." As 
is earliest biographer says, '* Edmund was not dead, 
but lived again in one who sought by every effort 

Serfectly to follow his example. He left the tomb so 
ear to him at Pontigny to go to Orleans, in order to 
prepare for the priesthood ; when ordained he obtained 
for Bishop William de Bussy the privilege of erecting a 
chapel in honour of his master, and there he would pass 
long hours in prayer."^® He appears, however, soon to 
have retm'ned to his native country and taken charge of 
the parish of Charing, in Kent.^^ He was not left long 
in peace, for the new Archbishop, Boniface of Savoy, 
Queen Eleanor's uncle, knowing his learning as a jurist, 
and his worth as a representative of the patriotic party, 
insisted on his resuming his old office of Chancellor of 
the Province of Canterbury. 

On Feb. 1st, 1240, died the munificent Bishop of 
Chichester, Ralph Neville, Chancellor of England for 18 

1* In Mediaeval Calendars in Primers, &c., is found on June 6 and Nov. 20, 
" Seynt Edmond Pownteneye, or Pountney.'* 

i» *• Vie de S. Iklme par Le R. L. F. Maas^, Paris and Auxerre, 1858," p. 441. 
There i» al»o No. 65 a "Vidimus," given by Walter, Bishop of Norwich, and 
Richard of Chichester, of Archbishop Langtou's Charter of 1222, giving to the 
Abbey of Pontigny 50 marks a year. 

^^ ** Vie de S. Edme," p. 374. Richard was the only English Bishop who took 
part in the translation of Edmund on 5th June, 1246, in the presence of S. Louis. 

" *' Annales Monastici, Waverley," 11., p. 339 ; ** Papal Regesta," XXI., p. 215, 
2nd Innocent IV. 



ON THE UFE OK ST. RICHARD OF CHICHESTEH. 

years, the firm champion of the independence of the 
English Cliuich against the encroachnients of Pope and 
King alike. He died in the niansion^^ which he had built 
and left for his successors in the See. Its site is now 
Lincoln's Inn ; its memory is retained in " Chancellor's " 
or " Chancery Lane," and the little passage still named 
" Chichester Rents." A aeries of letters to Bishop Neville 
from his steward at Aldingboume was found 60 years 
ago in a bundle of the State correspondence of Henry 
III." They seem to have got mixed up with the 
Chancellor's public documents and have therefore been 
preserved, fortunately, as they throw much light on 
Sussex farming in the first half of the thirteenth century. 
On the death of Bishop Neville the Chapter of 
Chichester elected at the instance of the King one of 
their number, Robert Passolewe, who had just (March, 
1243) been appointed Archdeacon of Lewes. It must be 
remembered that in those days the King gave the Chapter 
of a vacant Bishopric "license" to elect, and sent with 
the license a letter mentioning the name of the candidate 
he wished to see elected. When the election had taken 
place it was for the Archbishop to see that the canonical 
rules had been observed and that the elect was a fit and 
proper person to be consecrated. If disputes arose 
t)etween King and Chapter and Archbishop an appeal 
was made to the I'opc.*' Passelewe was a great favourite 
of Henry III., for as Forest Judge he had collected vast 
Bums of money for the King by an oppressive abuse of 
his office, so that, as Weaver says, " multitudes of people 
were utterlie undone." As early as 1219 Honorius III., 
probably at the King's request, directed the admission 
of *' Robert Passelewe, King's clerk, who has boldly 
opposed the King's enemies, to the Church of Bordingham, 

K Lansdowne MS., I. ; Charter 13, Heniy III. (1228), grantiug tbi« Kite to 
Bisho]) Neville. 

" " Rojol and Other Hutmiual Letteis," cdit«d for the Muster of the HoIU, 
tythoRer.W. Shirley; see "S.A.C." Vol. III. p, 85. 

■• Cape«' " History of the EngllBh Church," pp. «0, 220. " The Httempta of 
Henry "I- to iufluenoe the chiroterB were gtnenuly lawucteBflful ; hin iiouiinees 
were riii«lr accepted, aiid the Pope eonnequiiatly reaped a plcntitul harreat of 
■ppeala. Between 1'216 and 1264 thirty caseH of disputed electioUB were carried 
.toSomo (or dedsion (Stephens' ■' Bietory of the Englinh Church," p. 2%i}, 



190 ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHARD OF CHICHESTER. 

SufPolk, notwithstanding other benefices he holds."" 
He was sent in 1224 to Rome by the Earl of Chester 
and others to rewesent their grievances against the 
patriotic minister, Hubert de Burgh.** The Archbishop 
elect, Boniface, and the other Bishops strongly objected 
to such a man being made a Bishop and, as they could 
not well say that it was because he had done such service 
to the King, they gave as the ground of their objection 
Passelewe's want of scholarship. They said that he must 
pass an examination and a very stiff one they gave him. 
On June 2nd, 1245, he was summoned before the Arch- 
bishop and five other Bishops at Merton." As might be 
expected, he failed and his election was quashed (cassata). 
The King was furious and appealed to his friend Pope 
Innocent IV., who to his great credit confirmed the 
judgment of the Bishops in a Bull addressed to the 
King." Passelewe was consoled by an Indult sent to 
him by the Pope in April, 1245, from Lyons, desiring 
that he might be ' * elected t^ the honour of tlie Episcopacy 
notwithstanding the Archbishop elect cancelled his elec- 
tion to the See of Chichester, and promoted R. rector of 
Chen'inges to be Bishop which cancelling was confirmed 
by the Pope."^ Nothing, however, came of this and 
Weaver tells us that, being ''called to a strict account 
for the King's treasure ill spent, he was constrained to 
seek odd corners for his safety."*® He was ordained 
Dec, 1249, by the Bishop of Ely, who gave him the 
living of Dereham, in Norfolk, where '4ie lived privately, 

21 1219. May. " Regesta," Bliss' ** Calendar of Papal Letters," I., p. 63. 

** Hunt's Life in the " Dictionary of National Biography." 

M The Chronicles of the Abbey of Waverley, Surrey, from 1219 to 1266, are 
contemporary of each year, and give the account of the examination: " Cougregati 
sunt apud Meritonam, dom. Bonifacius, electus CantuariaB, et cum eo quinque 
episcopi Suffraganii sui ad examinutionem faciendam de Koberto Passelewe electo 
Cicestriae. ... In crastino . . . cassata est electio R. Passelewe, et ipso cassato 
statim electus est mngister K. de Wiccio ad sedem Cicestrensem, et ab electo 
Cantuariap cum magna solemnitate, Dei inspinmte dementia, confiimatus" (** Ann. 
Mon.," II., 333). 

»* Rymer's "Fadcra," a.d. 1245, 29 Hen. III., Vol. I., p. 266. ** Bulla Regi 
Angliffi de ciissatione electionis R. Passelewe in ecclesia Cicestr." 

M *'Rege»ta," 2 Innocent IV., Vol. XXI., Bliss' ** Calendar," I., p. 215. 
There are no Registers at Lambeth before Archbishop Peckham's 1280; tiie earlier 
ones are supposed to have been carried to Rome. 

» ** Funeral Monuments," p. 644. 



ON THE LIFF, OF ST. RICHAKD OF CIIICHESTF.n. 

bnt died in his house at Waltham in June, 1352." 
Camden says that "he was alluded to while he was ia 
the sunshine as Pas le eau — surpassing the pure water."" 

Now that Richard was elected, the King opposed his 
consecration, as also that of the Archbishop. They had 
therefore to go to Lyona, wliere Innocent TV. was holding 
a Council, and, in spite of Henry's angry opposition, 
Boniface was consecrated in January, 1245, and Richard 
on March 5th, the First Sunday in Lent.* So for once, 
at any rate, the Pope did the Church and people of 
Su-ssex a good turn. 

Of the Pope's other interferences with our Diocese we 
cannot speak in terms of praise, e.g., in 1247 Innocent 
IV. gave an "indult" to one Peter to hold besides the 
rectory of Sclaham [Slaugham], the value of which was 
28 silver marks, another beneSce; in 1250, to Master 
NichoIa.s de Plimton, papal archdeacon, clerk of R, 
Passelewe, Archdeacon of Lewes, to hold besides the 
Canonry of Staning other benefices ; in 1256, Alexander 
IV., to Master Thomas de Sorhani, papal archdeacon, 
rector of Birdham, to hold an additional benefice ; in 
1258, the flame to Richarde de Clitforde, rector of Slindon ; 
in 1259, the same to Master John de Chyselle, rector of 
Brawetere [Broadwater]; in 1262, Urban IV. gave a 
dispensation to James de Hastings, rector of Heatliurste 
[Hurstmonceux], value 25 marks, to hold also the church 
of Westhurst [Hurstpierpoint]. Worst of all was the 
upholding by John XXI., in 1376, of Tedisius de Camilla, 
cousin of Cardinal Ottebon, in the rectory of Terringes 
[Tarring], against the msh of the Archbishop, residence 
and ordination not being required. 

When our Bishop returned to England he found Henry 
bitterly incensed against him. The property of the See 
had passed, as usual during a vacancy, into the King's 
hands; he refused to restore it; his officers had possession 
of houttes and lands. Richard found himself homeless 

' ''Kiinoiiu." p, Ifll. 

• '• M. Pnfis," IV., 42«. " R. de Wicoio cirou Qiiinqungetiimiuii couwcrutiu a 
ninn Papo " (■■ Ann. Mouaat., WtiTi-rlL-.v," II.. jj. 23.)). ■■ K. de WEthio coub. 
m. post cinerea " (■' Wigorn," IV,, p. 436). 



192 ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHARD OF CHICHESTER. 

and penniless in his Diocese. He was not a man to 
desert his post or shirk his duty. He set to work at 
once to do what he could. He travelled on foot all over 
Sussex ; he walked from parish to parish, over the Downs, 
through the forest and along the sea board, inspiring his 
clergy, visiting the sick, preaching to the whole, and in 
all ways quickening the spiritual life of our county. He 
was the guest of his clergy and repaid their hospitality 
not only by assisting them in their parish work, but by 
helping them to improve the cultivation of their glebes 
and gardens. His old training on the Droitwich farm 
stood him in good service, especially his practical acquaint- 
ance with methods of grafting. His great friend and 
most frequent host was Simon, the parish priest of Tarring 
— for two years the parsonage there was his nearest 
approach to a home. In his will he leaves his best 

Salfrey and a Commentary on the Psalms to ** Sir Simon 
e Terryng," and 40s. to ** the lad Henry nephew of Sir 
Simon. *^ There is a tradition that he first planted the 
standard fig trees for which the village is famous.** The 
Archbishop had a palace there (some of its thirteenth 
century work still remains) and the parish was in his 
Diocese, as his ^' Peculiar," so that Richard might have 
felt himself under the protection of his stedfast friend 
Boniface as long as he was at Tarring. 

After two years the King was prevailed upon to admit 
our Bishop into favour and relax his hold on the property 
of the See,®^ but the houses were in ruins, and the land 
going out of cultivation. Richard sent for his brother, 
Robert Chandos, and persuaded him to act as his bailiff, 
in order that he might give his whole time and thought 
to the care of his flock. One anecdote illustrates his 
self-denying generosity as soon as he had anything to 

» ** S.A.C.,** Vol. I., p. 178, where see note. 

» The author of the ** Life of St. Richard *' in Newman's ** Lives of the Saints," 
and the authoress of "Christian Schools and Scholars" (II., p. 160), as well as 
the inscription under Bemardi's portrait of Richard in the Cathedral, mention 
Ferring as the village in which the Bishop made his home with Simon ; but all 
the older Lives have ** Simon de Terring," i.e., Tarring. 

81 <« 1246. Doniinus rex admisit in gratiam suam episoopum Cicestrenfiem et 
restituit ei temporalia " (** Ann. Monast., Wigom.," IV., p. 437). 



ON THE LIFK OF ST. RICHARD OF CHICHESTER. 



193 



give away. His brother remonstrated with him, nayiog, 
" Yoii give away more than your income." The answer 
'Then sell my silver, it will never do for us to 
drink out of silver cups wliile our Lord is suffering in 
His poor. Our father drank heartily out of common 
crockery, and so can I. Sell tlie plate." 

Two copies of St. Richard's episcopal seal are extant ; 
one, in the British Museum,^ affixed to hi.s exemplification 
of a Bull of Innocent's, dated Feb., 1246, giving certain 
privileges to the Abbey of Robortsbridge ; the other to 

'Vidimus donne par S. Richai-d" at Pontigny, dated 
Sept., 1252."" Oh.: The Bishop in vestments holding his 
Staff in his left hand and blessing with his right, on a 
diapered ground under a canopy — Ricardus Dei qra. 
CiCESTBENsis Epc. Rev.: Our Lord enthroned under a 
canopy, on either side a candlestick, the Bishop kneeling 
iielow — Te Ricarde reoo Trinus et unus Ego. We can 

3 here the germ of tlie present arms of the See. 

Richard's coat of arms, tliat of Chandos or Wyche, 
I az. a pile erm ,** but on his becoming a Bishop he 
took for his coat gu. a cross between four cups m-g. This 
's given in Sir Ch. Barker's Heraldic Collection of " Lcs 
inciens Annes des Nobles d'Angleterre ; Seynt Richai-d 
ie Chichester," Harl. MS., 4,632, f. 28 (52); also by 
Bedford, "Blazon of Episcopacy; " Husenbeth, "Emblems 
of the Saints;" and Walcot, "List of the Arms of the 
Bishops of Chichester," in the Cathedral Library ; this 
scat also appears on a boss in the roof of the choir from 
irhich now hangs a chandelier. 

The only copy of the Statutes (Statuta Synodalia) 

piled by him for the clergy of Sussex is in MS. (No. 

48), in the Library of University College, Oxford, 

hence they were transcribed by Wilkins(" Concilia," p. 

"iS). This is a MS. of Richard's time and belonged to 

' Escrton Churtera, 378; Bltcli'B "Cfitjdogiie of Scala"; " Archfeologin," 

v., p. 445. 

' " Pndt paichemin macule et tron^." Amon^ the " Pieces On^noles do In 

Jioth*()Ue dcB Peres de fi, FMroc," No. 5,i ; Massis" '" Vie de 8. Edme." 
•* PniiwortVa "Ordinary of Artne," p. 1031; and in n MS. of the Arms of 
*-' -j« iu the liibrarj of the College of Arms, Idndlj- slmwu me by W. A. 
vy, E8«i., Wiad«.r Herald; see olso Harl. MB., I3B6, f. GO. 



194 ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHARD OF CinCHESTER. 

John Croucher, Dean of Chichester, 1225 — 1260, and in 
the seventeenth century to Gerald Langbaine, Provost of 
Queen's. Dean Stephens has given an account of these 
Statutes in his ^^ Memorials of the South Saxon See," p. 
88. They prove the Bishop's care that everything con- 
nected with the churches and the services should be 
decent and in good order. The vestments are to be clean 
and not shabby; the chalices of silver or gold. The 
clergy when they carried the Eucharist to a sick person 
are to wear a surplice, unless the sick lived a long way 
o£P. The services were to be said rotunde et distincte. 
He founded ^acarages in parishes which seemed to be 
neglected by the monks who had charge of them, as at 
Stoghton in the west, Icklesham in the east and Brighton 
and Cuckfield in the middle of the county — not without 
some difficulty, as appears by the entry in the * ^ Annals of 
Lewes Priory," referring to a great dmerence (distantia) 
between the Bishop and Prior about the church of 
Brietemistone in 1251.*^ 

It seems probable that Richard, at any rate, set on foot 
a scheme for a ^^ Hospital" for sick and infirm clergy at 
Shermanbury and connected it with his old tutor and 
friend, for in the account of ^^ Peter's Pence," in Bishop 
R. Rede's '^Collections" (E., f. 260), it is spoken of 
'^ Hospitalis Sci Edmundi de Wyndeham ex fundatione 
Scti Ricardi et Johis Episcoporum Cicestr. in honore 
domini sui Scti Edmundi archep. habet banc ecclesiam." 

'^ To keep alive the sense of union in the whole 
church," ®® and the influence of the Mother Church as the 
centre of Diocesan life, he directed in 1247 that every 
parishioner should visit the Cathedral in Whitsun week. 
Among the sixteenth century MSS. of Archbishop Parker's 
Library at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, are extracts 
from Bishop R. Rede's and other Chichester Registers. 
One of them is a '^Charta Sancti Ricardi episcopi de 
comparicione facienda in Festis Pasche et Pentecostes," 
MS. 101, No. 53. Richard argues from ^^ the law of the 

^ *'S.A.C.," Vol. II., p. 25. *' Magna clistancia inter Episcopum et Priorem 
propter ecolesiani de Brietemistone.'* 

8« Canon Capes' " History of the English Church," p. 268. 



ON THE UVr. OF RT. RICHARD OF CHICHESTER. 

Lord," requiring every male to appear three times a year 
in the place wliich the Lord liad ciiosen, and not to appear 
empty ; that it was only right and proper that every 
parishioner should visit the Cathedral church, " the 
mother and miHtresB," at least once a war and bring an 
oflFeiing with liim, and that vi«it nhould he paid during 
the solemnity of Pentecost. He further states that this 
was the general custom in the English Church. The 
next year — April, 1248 — he issued a special injunction 
that the ofienngs made by those who, when unable to 

i'oin the processions to Chichester, visited Hastings or 
jewes, should \ye collected and paid to the Cathedral ; in 
1476 these "Richard's Pence" amounted to £6, and in 
1494 each Residentiary Canon received 7s. 7d. as his 
share of the pence given in the Archdeaconry of Lewes." 
The Annals of Tewkesbury state that on 13th Aug., 
1252, Richard confirmed to the church of Tewkesbury 
the tithes of Kingston Manor on payment of " 100 shillings 
io the mother church of Feriiiges, and the tithes of our 
domain of Wyke."** 

In 1252 came tlie news of the terrible fate of the lird 
crusade — St. Louis of France taken prisoner — his army 
^^estroyed and Jerusalem at the mercy of the Iniidel. 
The Pope strove to rekindle the fast ayiug enthusiasm 
if Europe for the Holy Land,^* and to send forth another 
irmy of crusaders. He appealed to our Bishop for 
lelp, and besought him to rouse the zeal of the English, 
lenry IIL gave his full approval to the effort and wrote 
the archbishops to say tliat at his instance and witli 
he authority of tne Apostolic See the Bishop of Chichester 
Ad kindly undertaken the laborious office of preaching 
he cross. *^ The Pope also sent his mandate to the 

rsgatione in Lewes et Hoatingx." 
40. SwainBon. p. 106. 
■ " Ana. Moniut," I., p. 14B. 
" Dean Slcpheua' " South Soxoa See," p. 91. 

•■ Pat. BnU, 37 Ilemy III., m. 22. "EeiArch Ep». Ciun TeDenbllis patet 

im. Cyo. oA Lustoatiiuii noBtram de CoihtUIo nostro aaetoritRte apimtoHcA beiiigTie 

>.*r Di'um et Sulutem auimaruiu, Terra 8ttucte BubBidium, et tidiiorem noatrum 

ipurit ODUH et ufflciuQi pnuBdivatiunii Cracta CbrieCi pieqiiendum .... 

Mctlebetge. 13 Nov., 1252,"— Kyiner'a " Fmdora," I,, p. 28M (edit. ISIO). 

2 



196 ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHABD OF CHICHESTER. 

Archbishops to assist our Bishop in collecting the Holy 
Land subsidy.*^ Thus urged by King and Pope, Richara 
left Chichester, passed along the coast, preaching in town 
after town, until in ten days' time he reached Dover. 
He lodged at the Maison Dieu,** a hospital lately founded 
for the benefit of pilgrims travelling to and from the 
Continent. He was evidently ill, but confirmed some 
boys, consecrated a church and churchyard, and preached 
a sermon, in which he referred to the near approach of 
his death. Next morning he grew rapidly worse; his 
old friend, Simon of Tarring, was with him and minis- 
tered to him. Peacefully and hopefully Richard de la 
Wych died in the 56th year of his age and the ninth of 
his episcopate.*" '^ Sir Kichard . . . leafte behind him, 
as Dr. Godwin reporteth, a reverent fame not only for 
hys ffreate leaminge, but also for hys diligence in preach- 
ing, hys manifold virtues, and above thease hys integrity 
of conversation" (Habington, ^^ Survey of Worcester"). 
According to his directions he was buried in the Cathedral 
of Chichester, ^' near the altar of the B. Edmund [Rich] 
the confessor against the column," i.e., the N.E. pier of 
the central tower. A copy of his will is among the 
'' Collections" of Bishop Rede (E, f. 169), in the Bishop's 
Registry, and was printed with most valuable notes in 
the first volume of our ^' Collections." Another copy is 
in the CCCC. Library (MS., 101).*^ A brief abstract of 
the will in the Wharton MSS. (585, f. 76), at Lambeth, 

" 1252. 16 Kal., Nov. 8, lunocent IV. Bliss' «* Calendar of Papal Letters," 
I., p. 262. 

*^ King John is said to have done homage to Pandulph within its walls in 1210. 
At the Suppression, Henry VIII. took it for a victualling office for the Navy, and 
stores of biscuits were made and kept there. It was purchased by the Corporation 
in 1834 and now forms part of the Municipal Buildings. 

*« **Obiit Magister Ricardus de Wyce ep. Cyc. idus ApriUs** (Ann. Winton). 
"R.de Wizobiitl253" ('* Ann.Oseney;'* ** Ann.Wigom;'* "Ann. Monast.,'' XL. 
p. 93 ; IV., pp. 103, 442). The Calendar commemorates him on April 3rd, but the 
MS. account of the Bishops at the College of Arms has — ** S. Richara dyed y* 2 April 
. . . but his day of death and commemoration (as most writers say) was y* 3" of 
April, but Matth. Paris who was theu living (whom I follow) testifieth that it was 
the second day of April." This MS. bears the inscription : **Tho. King of Gray's 
Inn, bought at Tho. Sclater Bacon's Auction March 170f ." 

** This enables a correction to be made in **S.A.C.,'* Vol. I., p. 170 : ** Ozeth" 
should be Ezech. Boulogne, on p. 166, should be Bologna. May the ** domus de 
Windeham," p. 172, refer to the Hospital at Windham, in Sussex? 



ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICnARD OP CHICIIEBTEE. 197 

and in Bishop Kennetfs "Collections" in the British 
Kuaeum (Lanndowne MS., 1,000), is printed in the 
"Testamenta Vetusta'' (p. 762). 

Ill the later years of Henry III.'s reign his son Edward 
paid a visit to Chichester and there found crowds of sick 
and infirm folk thronging tho humble tomb of Richard 
de la Wych, who, it was reported, worked for his beloved 
Sussex people after, as before, his death. They impressed 
on the Pnnce tliat their popular Bishop was indeed a 
Saint " canonised in their hearts " and ought to be 
declared a Saint by the Church. They persuaded him 
to write a letter to tlie Pope to this effect, and two of tho 
Canons, one being' Nicholas de Wych, a kinsman of 
Richard, *° carried it to Italy. In consequence Alexander 
IV., in July. 1256, issued fi-om Aniagni a "mandate to 
the Bishop of Worcester (Walter Cantilupe), to the 
Prior Provincial of the Friar Preachers (Dominicans) in 
England, and to Adam de Marisco,*' a Friar Minor, to 
examine the life and miracles of Richard late Bishop of 
Chichester, in order tliat, as the King and several Bishops 
of the realm have prayed, he may be placed in the 
Catalogue of the Saints."" On the 22nd of January, 
1262, in the Franciscan Church at Viterbo, Urban IV. 
declared Richard of Chichester to be enrolled among the 
Saints of the Church.* On March 1st the Pope issued 
Tlis mandate to celebrate the Feast of St. Richard, Bishop 
of Chichester, on JJrd Non. April, he having been placed 
in the Catalogue of Saints on o Kal. Feb., after examina- 
tion of his life and miracles, the cause having been 
)romoted by the King and magnates of England." 
loger Lovel, Henry's Proctor at the Roman Court, 
■wrote on Feb. 6th to announce the canonisation in these 
terms: " Ricardus felicis recordationis in ecclesia Fratrum 

•* Dena StepliMiH' "South Saxou See," p. 94. 



' Adftm Warsh, the teraouii Otfonl lecturer aiid preacher. 

» " PRpttJ Lettere," I., p. 332, 2 Alei. TV, 

'The Bull IB given by WUkins, "ConciJiB," I.. 713. d«Ud Feb. 20, VX 

• ■' I'mpal Letters," 1, Lrbuu IV., p. 37(1. 



198 ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHARD OF CHICHESTER. 

Minorum Viterbii canonisatus est, et festum par universum 
mundum tertio nonas Aprilis — ilia die in qua de hoc 
seculo niigravit ad Dominum — solemniter observatum."" 
On April 27th a licence was given to the Dean and 
Chapter of Chichester to translate the body of St. Richard. 
But owing to the war between the King and Barons, in 
which the new Bishop of Chichester, Stephen de Berk- 
stede rSouth Bersted), took the popular side, the transla- 
tion did not take place until June 16th, 1276." On that 
day (the King and the Bishop being now reconciled) in 
the presence of Edward I., his Queen, many earls and 
barons, and a vast multitude of people, the Archbishop 
(Kilwardby) and nine Bishops, carried the remains of 
the new Saint from the humble grave he had chosen for 
himself to the splendid shrine prepared behind the 
High Altar.^* The King made costly offerings on this 
occasion, and frequently in after years, as if to evidence 
his sympathy with the national feeling of respect to a 
patriotic Englishman, who had suffered for the cause, 
and to make some amends for the wrong-doing of his 
father. Some of the precious stones presented by the 
King seem to have been stolen, for in 1280 he issued a 
mandate to Stephen, Bishop of Chichester, and the Dean 
and Chapter, to cause to be re-affixed to the shrine of St. 
Richard certain jewels lately affixed thereto, and after- 
wards removed (subfracta) therefrom, since it is alleged 
that the said Bishop is imwilling to cause them to be 
replaced without having asked permission of the King, 

50 '* Royal and other Historical Letters," by Rev. W. Shirley, II., p. 204. 

'^^ In the meantime the Bishop required the Chapter to supply 10 candles to 
bum at the Feretrum, or bier (Walcot, ** Statutes of Chichester,'* p. 31). 

w ** Annals of Waverley Abbey." ** 1276, xvi. Kal Julii facta fuit translatio 
beati liicardi quondam Episcopi Cicestrensis, confessoris ; ubi domlnus rex 
Iklwardus, et dominus archep. Cant, et novem alii episcopi et plures comites, 
interfuerunt ; in quA translationc plurima operatus est Dominus miracuia, ut 
dictum est ("^\jm. de Win ton"), xvi. Kal. Julii celebrata est solemniter 
translatio S. Riciirdi a dom. Roberto Cant, archepo, domino rcge cum multi- 
tudine procenun praestant^ (*' Anuales Monast.," II., pp. 122, 387 ; see **S.A.C.,'* 
Vol. I., p. 166 ; Willis* *' Architectural History of Chich. Cath.," App.). "Annals 
of Osney." *' 1275, xiv. Kal. Julii translatum est corpus almificum S. Ric. Cic. 
Ep. et conf . a veuerabile patre fratre Rob. Cant. Arch°, et multis aliis episcopis 
abbatibus, et regni prolatis in prepsentiA domini regis Edwardi et regina, circimi- 
stantibus nonnullis comitibus, baronibus, et aliis regni proceribus, cum multitudine 
cleri et populi ac cenientibus tam mirabile et gloriosum spectaculum ad laudcm 
et gloriam Jesu Xti, et confessoris sui Ricardi (*' Ann. Monast.," IV., p. 268). 



ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHARD OF CHICHESTE 



199 



and the King believes that the recovery of the jewelH 
lias happened by Divine interposition."*' In 1280 
Edward gave clasps of gold," and three more in 1286 on 
behalf of his children, and in 1297 sent hia gilts all the 
way from Newcastle. The King, says Prot'essor Tout, 
"was deeply and unaffectedly religious; his piety was 
shown, not only by his regular church-going pilgrimages 
and charitiefi, but in the whole tenor of his daily life." 
..." Like a good Englishman he reverenced most of all 
Saints of Englisli hii-tli, above all S. Edward the Con- 
fessor.""* On June 28, 1299, he made three offerings^ — • 
(1) to the original burial-place, (2) to the new shrine, 
(3) to the saint's head which was placed in St. Mary 
Magdalene's Chapel at the E. end of the S. aisle."" This 
chapel was adorned with paintings, setting forth the 
history of St. Richard, which have perished long ago." 
Its walls, however, once mure teach his Sussex fitury, as 
■well as that of St. Mary Magdalene. In 1297 Edward I. 
gave "Love! the harper" 6s. 6d. for singing the praises 
of St. Richai-d. 

The "Barons" of Hastings used to give theii" share 
of the Coronation Canopy to the shrine.^ An appeal 
for the shrine was made to Richard's old county ; in the 
Register of liishop Giffard of Worcester is the entry : 
1269, June. "An indulgence was granted to a proctor 
of the chapter of Cliichester to ask alms of the iaithl'ul 
in the Bishopric of Worcester for making the Shrine of 
the Blessed Richard." 

In 1461 Edward IV., " in consideration of the slender 
endowment of the church, and in honour of the ever- 

Diviaitiu " (pBt, Koll, 8 Edw. I,, p. 3Ua, m. Ti). 

S.A.C.." Vol. II.. pp. 138. LIB; "flrmacuk" (Fat. HoU. 13 and U Edw. 
I J.). It is iuUreetlnR to u* to nee tbut iu tlirse m;ul iwijoitiiU ore eut<md parmeiits 
for 15 guide* thmugh Saetex (MS., Q. K. Wardrobe, 8, 13]. 
•• Tmit'B •■ Edwnid I.,'' pp. 89, U«. 

•• K. Wdlcofa "Early Stututcs o( ChiehcBtcr Cathedral," p. 27; '•».A.C.." 
n., p. 151. At Bialiiip IVatT'B VitrftHtion, in 1441. u complaint wae mude 
" CuntuiiriH, ubi cuput ItiiWdi poultur, vatavit diu " (Smiiusoii'e " Cuthe- 
I," p. 88). 

W The will of Bp. dc In U'liiw, 1373, mpntioun ■■ ad BiniBtrum partem in quft 
tput B. Ititordi reponitur dc hist^iriil II. Ricardi " (Iteg. Wittlesaj, f. 13U}. 
" Wutcot. ■■ L'jithi'drii! MututeB," p. 32, 



200 ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHARD OF CHICHESTER. 

blessed Trinity and of the gentle confessor, Bishop 
Richard, whose body and relics are buried there, con- 
firmed a grant by Henry V. to Master John Waynfleet 
the Dean and the Chapter of Chichester of the alien 
Priory of Wylmyngton and the Prebend of Wylmyngton, 
to pray for the good estate of the King, ana Cicely his 
mother . . . and- his kinsman Henry V., and Nicholas 
Mortemer, whose body lies in the Cathedral."** It did, 
but was among those ^'removed" to form the vault 
beneath the Lady Chapel. 

On 14th Dec, 1538, Henry VIII., when at Hamptou 
Court, appointed Sir William Goring and William Emely, 
Esquire, as his Commissioners, "to repair to the Cathedral, 
to take away the bones, shrine &c. of a certain Bishop 
of Chichester which they call S. Richard with all the 
ornaments and all jewels, and see them securely conveyed 
to our Tower of London and to see the place of the Shrine 
destroyed with all other images in that church whereabout 
there is any notable superstition." ®° It is signed by 
Thomas Crumwell. The list of the spoil is still preserve 
and is as follows : ^^ 

Hereafter foUoweth the parcels of Gold, Silver, Relicks, omainents, 
and other Jewels taken from the Shrine in the Cathedral Church of 
Chichester the friday the xx'** day of December the xxx*** yere of the 
rayno of the most dred Soveraign lord King Henry VIII. by William 
Goring, Knight,** and William Emely, Esquire, Commissioners — the 
said shrine to be rasyd and destroyed as more playnly appeareth by 
the said Commission — the which 

Gold, silver, relicks remayneth in vi. coffers, and a caskett, and one 
litell boxe. 

Item, fyrst in the Shyppe cofer lv images silver gilt. 

Item, in the long (iophyn wherein Bishop Richard's bones wer, 
LVii images of silver gilt. 

Item, 3 cofers full of broken silver. 

Item, a cofer with 3 lokkes that was delyvered by the dean and 
archdeakyn with relicks and other Jewells parcel of the said shrjrne. 

fi9 Pat. RoU, 2 Hen. V., p. II., m. 14 ; 1 Edw. IV., pt. 4, m. 20 ; see *« JS.A.C," 
Vol. IV., p. 55. 

GO "Cal. State Papers," Dom., 30 Henry VIII., No. 1,049, p. 449; Wilkins* 
*' Concilia," III., p. «40. 

61 Given in full from Wilkins' ** Concilia," by Dean Stephens, " South Saxon 
See," p. 214; Walcot, *' Statutes, &c.," p. 34. 

«^ Sir W. Goring, of Burton, Master of the House to Henry VIII. ; d. 1553. 



ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHARD OF CHICHESTER. 20 1 

Item, in one littol boxe xjcxi rj-ngs with Btonys and 3 other jewels. 
Item, in e. taskett li Jewels sett with stonjH and i^earlys."" 

Last of all amoug' the King's payments in Dec, 1538, 
occurs the entry : 

Sir Will. Goriiige, and M" AVill [Earnly] charges sustained at the 
King'n commandment for disgarnieliing' of the shrine at Chichester, 
Bnd briu^Dg of the same to the Tower of London f lO." 

Before "the great pillage" fi-agments of our Saint 
were dispersed and were to be found in at least four 
places. The Cathedral of St. Paul was said to have two 
ribs, and a bone was bequeathed by Edmund Mortimer, 
Earl of March, to his Abbey of Wigmore.*^ In an 
'inventory of the Prior of Selborne, made 5 Henry VI., 
tl'anscribed by Gilbert White,"" there are enti-ies of " 2 
flilver cruetts presented by John Combs, chaplain of 
Chicliester, a *'junctorium (joint) of St. Ricliard, also 
his comb and calefactor. This special favour shown to 
Selborne Priory may be accounted for by the fact that 
its first Prior, John, was a native of Wych and a fellow 
student of Ricliard, and the grant of lands for its endow- 
ment by Henry HI. in 1234 was made out by Richard 
when Chancellor. 

Some relics were conveyed to his native place, where 
he has until recent days been held in grateful honour, 
Leyland writes that " the principal salt spring did fail in 
the time of Richard de la WicK, or Burford, Bishop of 
Chichester, and that after Iiis intercession it was restored 
to the profit of the old course." In token whereof, or 
for the honour that the Wichenien or salters bore unto 
this Richard, their countryman, they used of later times 
on his da)' to hang about this salt spring with tapestry, 
and to have revels at it." ^ Camden says : " If I should 
write that the learned Canonist Richard de la Wicli, 

■ Record Office. Clinptcr House BookB, l.M, f . 2JS, 

• "State Piipers," Dom., No. 1,280, p. n37 (Arundel MS.). 

• " Testainenta Vetusta," III. 
' "Tho Antiquities of Selborne." Letter XVIII. " Indent ura priorui de 

SbUmtdc " " Mucraf'a Charters and DociuneutE relating to Selborne and ite I'riorj 
~~ raerred in the Muniment Room at St. Hary Magdalen College," pp. Ill, Hi. 

' BinMlngtou, in " Uistoric Worceeterahire," saj-s that Itiutiard went book to 

oitwich In 1335. 

• ■■ lUuerary," IV., p. M [noU] ; NuoU's " WorcoatiTBhire," I., p. 305, 



202 ON THE LIFE OF ST. RICHARD OF CHICHESTER. 

Bishop of Chichester, here bom, obtained with his fervent 

frayer these salt springs out of the bowels of the earth 
fear me lest some might think me both over injurious 
to the providence of God, and too credulous of old wives 
traditions. Yet were our ancestors in their pious devotion 
so hasty of belief that they yielded to that prelate in 
some such divine honour, when Urban IV. had for his 
sanctity, and sincere integrity of life, canonised him."^' 
There can be no doubt tnat in 1264 there was such a 
failure in the salt wells at Droitwich as to threaten the 
ruin of the town, for in the December of that year the 
King directed the sheriff to assemble 12 discreet personts, 
and discuss what could be done to set them to rights. 
Soon after the springs began to flow again, and have 
been flowing ever since. St. Richard was unquestionably 
connected with the resuscitation or re-discovery of the 
brine, and his memoiy in consequence held in grateful 
esteem by the Droitwich people. Aubrey has the follow- 
ing in his '^ Collection of Anecdotes" :''° '^ On the day of 
S. Richard they keep holiday at Droitwich and dress the 
well with green boughs and flowers. One year, 1 646, in 
the Presbyterian time, it was discontinued, and the well 
dried up : so afterwards they revived their annual custom 
(notwithstanding the power of the Parliament and the 
Soldiers) and the salt water returned again and still 
(1680) continues." In the last century the Wakes were 
kept on June 27 to 29, '^ in celebration of the finding of 
the salt springs," and the salters went about the town 
fantastically dressed, dancing the morris dances, but the 
memory of St. Richard seems to have faded away, and 
Droitwich has now forgotten him. 

The Church of St. Andrew at Droitwich had its chapel 
of St. Richard beneath the tower, and here some of his 

^ Nash, I., p. 308. Thomas Habiugtou, Cofferer to Queen Elizabeth, in his 
"Survey of Worcestershire,*' comments on Camden and Leland thus: ** M' 
Camden might have spared hvs labour in repelling the traditions of old wrfes, 
saying howe S' Richard dyd by hys prayers obteygne thease salt works of God, 
synce wc; have ould records to testify to the contrary. . . . But S. Richards feast 
is to thys day celebrated in Wych. Searching therefore the ground whereupon 
this solemnity is founded, I fynd none more lykely than that which M' Iceland 
wrytteth/' 

w British Museum ; Lansdowne MS., 231. 



ON THE LIFE OF ST. KICHARD OF CHICHESTER. 



203 



relics were preserved. It is now the vestry, Tliere is a 
singular lancet aperture {6-ft. 6-in. high hy 19 iuches 
broad)," througli which it is supposed that pilgrims 
viewed whatever there was to be seen of St. Richai'd. 
Nash" transcribes the following deed relating to the 
shrine : " Y, syr Richard Mortymer, parson of the parish 
church of Seynt Andrewys yn Wych, send greeting. . . 
Forasmuche as Thomas Walker, and Isabell his wyfe . . . 
at their costis and expensis have newly made and repayred 
two ymages there, ou of Seynt Richarde, and another of 
Kynge Henrie by the whicne there is the more I'esort of 
pylgrymmes and offerynges to the said seynt, to the use 
of the said parsonne, and many other necessarye things 
by them there done, wherebye the benefyce of the sayde 
parsonage is more better valued and increased ; wherefore 
know ye me tlie said Sir Richarde by licens of the ryghte 
reverend fader Robert [MortonJ bishoppe of Woi-cester 
do graunte unto the chaplain of the said Thomas and 
Isabell ... to eujoie everything comprehended within 
his composicions. Yevyn at Wyche 2(1. June 5. Heury 
VII " [1490]. The next Henry gave, in 1541, whatever 
there wa.s to give to the parson in these terms: " We of 
our especial gi-ace . . . graunte to our dayly orator and 
Buhject Sir Richai'd Cornewall, clerk, for temie of his 
natural lyf, our service of Saynt Richard within our 
churche of S' Andrews in Draytewiche with the profit 
thereunto belonging, that is to wit four bullaryes™ of 
Bait-water othei-wise called seynt Richard's vautes being 
in our saltewell in Upper Wiche."" 

Vor tlie above information respecting Droitwicli I am 
indebted to the kindness of the Rev. J. H. L. Booker, 
Vicar of Kliubridge. Thi-ough the kindness of the 
authorities of the British Museum we are enabled to 
illustrate this paper with the Frontispiece and Title-page 
of the curious Italian Life of St. Richard. 

" Finn) tho Hppeurunce of the dll it is probable (hat it is &n ufttr udtUtion. iiud 
that tbv DpeniUK originally come dowu to tJie floor of tlie church. 
w " Woreesltmhlre," I., p. 322. 
1* RoilerlM, where noil a bnllcd, Haltpmiri. 
" Bjmer's ■■Fredern," XIV.. p. 717, :t3 lieu. VIII. ; Niub, L, i>. J18. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Tha Editors leill be glad b> receive short Notes on Disameriet and MaUert of 
Interest relating to tht Antiquities and Hitlory of the County, for iruertum 
in the "CoUeetiom," such commanicationt to be addreaaed to Ui*m at The 
CoitU, Levies. 



No. 1. 
MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CBURCBES. 

One or two inaccuracies in tlie communications for which the writer 
is pereoDall; responsible occur in the First Report of the Committee 
on this subject; also several additions may now be made to the 
information there given. 

BaIiSdeah. — The paintings belieoed to have existed in this interesting 
little desecrated chapel are not, I find, still to be traced, except a mere 
tiDge of colour hore and there in the whitewash 

Chithurst — A visit recently paid has satisfied one that modem 

flastonng has destroyed whatever ancient paintings may once have 
eeu on the walls 
Elsted — By the lourtesj of the Rector, the Rev J A Moffat, 
M A , I haio been able to estabbsh the fact that paintings of more 




x:/sied Cfy: 



«\'^ 



'V 



1$ 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



I one period, but in a very fragmentary state, exist under the 
colour-naHU on tlie N. and E. walls of the nave. Among these, the 
earliest is a border immediately uudemeatb the wall plate at the N.E. 
angle, consisting of a simple chevron and pellet ornament, coeval with 
the Early Norman wall, and therefore of some interest (see illustration). 
Over the painting of this period on the west face of the thancel arch 
wall are the reniains of an elaborate subject of early fourteentli century 
date (? a Doom)- One little head is very perfect. Unhappily the walls 
were roughly scraped many years ago and then washed over with a 
thin coat of Ume and colour, so that little more of the anciout decoration 
is recoverable. Judging from this small face (here reproduced) the 
wori must have been of a Iiigh cla^, and the little figures must have 
been drawn with the delicacy and minuteness that one associates with 
the stained gloAS of this, the best, period. 

Kardham. — Some of tlie particulars as to date and subjects of the 
paintings given in the short description are inaccurate. See the full 
account, illustrated, in the present volume. 

Habtinb, South. — I am indebted to the Hector, the Eev. A, J. 
Roberta, for photographs of two interesting pieces of domestic niural 
decoration recently brought to light in his parish. The earlier of 
theee, which is now at the Rectory, couaista of a piece of half-timber 
framework, part of the wall of a cottage belonging to the CHd Smithy. 
This is divided into four panels, winch are filled up fiush with good 
tough plastering, and over the whole (wood and plaster), wliiih is 
about 7-ft. square, is a good arabesque pattern of the period of Henry 
VIII., bold yet refined in character. The design is based upon the 
quatrefoil. The medium is distemper, the colours used being black, 
brick-red and blue. The date may be about 1540. 

The other painting also in distemper is on the wail of a bedroom in 
a small farm-house at East Hailing. It represents a landscape with 
chestnut trees, rabbits, a stag and other animals, also a man in the 
costume of the latter half of the seventeenth eentury. The drawing 
is free and good. 

UiDnuRST.— By the kindness of Miss Barker, fif Cocking Rectory, 
I have been favoured with a tracing of the fragment of ancient 
painting still remaining ou the wall of the late twelfth century tower. 
This shows a head of the Blessed Virgin crowned with the Child upon 
her knee, both nimbed. When this was uncovered there are said to 
have been traces of an inscription and other figures, Colours, black, 
red and pink. Date c. 127(). 

Wmtmrbt m ®^ ^''^ paper on Hardbam in this volume. 

The paintings in Tbeyfohd CunitCH are gradually disappearing, 
owing to the roofless and semi-ruinous state of the building. It may 
not be out of place here, however, to express ihe thanks of the Society 
to the llatlur of the united parishes of Elated, Treyford and Didling 
for clearing out the rubbish and undergrowth from the interior of the 
building and thus bringing to light the original floor and the ancient 



206 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

altar-slab. It is greatly to be desired that further steps may be taken 
to preserve what remains of this interesting church. 

Trotton. — Durine the spring I had an opportunity of searching the 
walls of this church for the remains of ancient painting and was 
successful in finding (1) a Consecration Cross, on the tympanum of the 
W. door of the nave (leading into the tower) ; (2) coloured borders 
round arches of doors ; and (3) extensive traces of large figure subjects 
on the walls s^enerally. These await further investigation, but much 
damage has been wrought to many of the paintings by the modem 
mural tablets. The date of the whole of these paintings is probably 
the same as that of the church, viz., c. 1300. 

Westbourxe. — That excellent little guide, Brabant's "Sussex," 
states in the notice of this church that there are 'traces of wall- 
colouring round E. window." 

Aldrington Church was by inadvertence placed among those "in 
ruins" in the list at the end of the Committee's report. This was its 
condition until recently, but it has been very carefully restored by the 
late incumbent and is now once more used for Divine service. 

Philip M. Johnston. 

♦ 

No. 2. 
FORD AND ITS CHUBCH : ADDENDA d CORBIOENDA. 

I wish to make a few additions and corrections to my paper on the 
above in Vol. XLIII. ** S.A.C." 

On p. 126 I stated that I had not met with any notice in our 
** Collections," or elsewhere, of the finding in other Sussex churches 
of similar earthenware pots embedded in the walls to those found at 
Ford Church. In saying this I had overlooked the instance recorded 
in Vol. XXI., p. 202. In the account there given of a ** Fictile Vessel 
found in Buxted Church," by the late Eev. Edward Turner, there are 
certain obvious points of resemblance to one at least of the pots found 
in the walls of Ford. The learned writer demonstrates the almost 
certainty that this little vessel found below the floor at Buxted —a thin 
pink earthen pot with a cover — was the place of deposit for the heart 
or viscera **of someone connected with Buxted." He compares it 
with the discover}', recorded in ** S.A.C," Vol. XIII., p. 309, of two 
pots or urns containing chaiTcd bones, under the floor of East Blatch- 
ington Church, Seaford, and with one found low down in one of the 
walls of the chancel of Sutton Church, near Petworth ; both of these 
Mr. Turner considered to be Koman or British— not mediaeval either 
in actual make or adaptation to a use. But another found at Slaugham, 
near Cuckfield, though perhaps mediaeval, differed essentially from the 
Buxted pot — ** being nothing more in appearance than an ordinary 
upright crock, of coarse red pottery, differing in no respect from the 
crocks usually made use of in farm and other houses for putting down 
butter or lard for winter consumption." 

Possibly this last instance may have been one of that class known 
as acoustic jars or pots, to which I adverted in my paper on Ford, 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



207 



: of which are said to hare been found close under the wall 
plate of the chancel of that church in 1879. But the Buxled pot 
iKTttiinij- correspoads in i-haracter am! probable use with the little 
block vaae embedded in the Early Nurraan niche in the western part 
of the north wall of the chancel at Ford, and with the other which I 
discovered in the western part of the north wall of the nave. It ia 
quite likely that either or both of these hod contained the heart or 
viscera of some early founder or beoefa<!tor of the church, although 
in the case of the ohancel pot, which is said to have contained charred 
bones, the relic theory is more oonsistpnt with the carefully formed 
stone niche in which it was embedded. Mr. Turner in the paper above 
quoted gives instances furnished by the late Matthew Holhoi^he Blosam 
—fncile prittceps on all such [K)ints as these — of heart and viswra 
burials in Normandy and England, concluding with that distinguished 
antiquary's opinion that the vase found at Buxted belonge<I to the 
eanie class, 

In the latter part of my paper I gave " a skeleton liat of incumbenta 
of Ford." I have since had the advantage of comparing tluH with 
the list given in the very valuable compilation, "Chichester Diocese 
Clergy Lists," by the Rev. George Hfnnessy, published by the St. 
Peter's Press, Muswell Hill, N. ; and by the kindness of that gentleman 
I am permitted here to quote his much fuller, and in some particulara 
(where Dallaway had misled me) more correct, list. I liave, however, 



added two or three names that do not o 

1306-S. WUUom ia rector. 

1380. John Hnj'wanl is"(ihapLuu, 

I3S3. Robert DuBch. 1661. 

1»t»T (died). John Unutfdd. 

1397. Walter Bat^jlk. 

HOO-1. John WhjtBrd. 

1427 (tj^changedj. Richard Dalby. 

WIT. William Canon. 

1429. John Colmorde. 

1530-1, WUliani Croaso. 

1520. Kicholaa ChUton. 

1631. Robert Holnifa. 

1S31-2. Alexander HuryNtn. 

153^ (died about). John Korbe. 

1S48-9 (resigned). Laurence Shawe. 

1648-9. John l>ough. A.M. 

15G2. AugUfltine BradbridKe. 

1567. William Smith. 

ISlM-5. John EUvB, B.A. 

1817. John Lew«s. 

1U35-U. John MiunlmU. 

Mr. Hennessy reminds 
only date froi 



1 Mr. Hennessy' IK 
Alexander Brndlej-. 
Richard Meggott, 



>, A.M. 



16CH-0. JohnBftj 

1670. Christophei 

16711. Richard De. . 

1695-6. Conjers Richardium. 

1715. Phineas Pett, A.M. 

1720. NicholiiB LeBter. 

1747. George Percival.M. A. 

1772. OwenErans, B.A. 

1763. NiohoLiB Heath, LL.B. 

1807. William Stevcus Bajton. 

1815, Wm, SWivenn Bayton. 

1848. John Atkins, M.A. 

18-55. David Evoiif, M.A. 

1874. George Jocknoli, B.A. 

1888. John Wm. Liiles Loder Cotlier. 

1900, Henry Wynne, M,A, 

in his preface that the Bishops' Hegisters 
i6-7, as explaining the rare occurnmce in 
these lists of the names of earlier incumbents. 

In the Appcn/li.T to my paper I drew iip a tentative list of Sussex 
Ohurclies containing renmins of pre-Conquest, or at any rate eleventh 
century, date. By an omission which, although palpabli', is none the 
less iinfurluuntc, the well-known Saxon Church of Worth was not 
included. In revising the proofs this omission escaped me, and I must 
express regret for the error. 



208 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

By way of reparation let me add to this list, as pre-Ck)nque6ty or 
perhaps belonging to what has been termed ** the Saxon overlap " — 

Elsted Nave, N. and E. walls, with fine horse-shoe chancel arch. 

Ferring Blocked window, S. wall of nave. 

Balsdean .... Blocked window and door in N. wall of desecrated chapel. 

Bexhill Western parts of N. and S. walls of nave, pierced by Trans- 
Norman arches. 

Philip M. Johnstoh. 

No. 3. 

A PRE -REFORMATION VICAR OF CUCKFIELD. 

The year after the murder of Adam Moleyns, or Molyneux, Bishop 
of Chichester, and the accession of Bishop Pecock, there died at Oxfora 
a Vicar of Ouckfield, M.A. of St. Mary Magdalen's Hall. His will is 
preserved in the '* Acta Curiae Cancellarii " (A. aa. 94) and is printed 
in Anstey*s **Munimenta Academica" (II., p. 608). "Henry Caldei 
Vicar of Cookfelde, Dioc. Chichester," leaves his body to be buried in 
St. Martin's Church (Carfax) before the crucifix ; his lands, &c. in 
Ireland to his nephew Nicholas; ten marks for the celebration of 
masses, &c., **to my fellows at the Hall lately called Maudelen Hall" 
(made a college shortly after) ; 13/4 to the Bell Tower of Merton College 
(completed in 1450) ; 6/8 to the Church of St. Martin for his buridi; 
IB'* to St. Mary's and 2/- to St. Peter in the East. The will was proved 
6th May, 1451. Appended is the valuation of his goods made by J. 
Moore, stationer, and J. Mathu^h, tailor, and is interesting as the first 
list we have of the possessions of a pre-Reformation Vicar of Cuckfield. 
His library, of which 25 volumes are specified, is first given. Amongst 
them are " Libri de Potentia Dei, et malo XLir iv^. Psalterium 
Glossatum vi* viii**. Homilia3 Gregorii Papa3 vi* viii**. Commentariiun 
super libros propheticos iii" iv^. Liber Anselmi vocatus Cur Deus 
Homo II' iv^. Martial xii"^. Plato in Timseo vi**." Then the furniture 
— a ** bolster de plumis " viii', an old mattress xvi' and 3 blankets, a 
counterpane ii* viii'*, a chair xii**, a table vi**, 2 chests without locks, 
5 gowns. The sum total of the valuation comes to viii" xviu' vT*. 

J. H. Cooper. 



No. 4. 

MSS. RELATING TO THE SEE OF CHICHESTER IN 

C.C.C. LIBRARY, CAMBRIDGE. 

Among the MSS. bequeathed by Archbishop Parker to his old 
College at Cambridge is one of the sixteenth century, containing 
extracts from ** the Register of the Church of Chichester " (Corpus 
Christi Library MS., CI.), as they differ iu some respects from those 
given by Precentor Walcot in **S.A.C.," Vol. XXVIII., from Bishop 
Rede's **Cathalogus Verorum Illustrium," it may be useful to give 



NOTES AND QIIEKIES. 209 

a place in " S.A.C.," Vol. XLIV. Tlie first relates to the trans- 
ference of the See, reepet^tin^ which a paper of great research and 
intereBt was printed in our last volume. 

" Stigaadus ultimus episcopus Selisie et primus Ciceetrie. Hie 
sdicto regis Willelmi Bastard Couquestoris Auglie eedem seliciensem 
que a primo Wilfrido usque ud istum ultimum Sttgandum sub xxi 
episcopis per OCC xxxiu annos prius duraverat od Cicestriam trans- 
ferebat. Cujua et regis et Lanfranci Archiepiecopi Cantuar' ac alioruni 
proverum regui consilio Ijondoa' oelebrato b-anslkte sunt do villuliij ad 
urbea celebres sei episcopaleH sodes subscriptte, viz. sedes Cridiensis 
et Coruubiensis ad Exon', Wellea' ad Batbon', Bamesbur' et Sher- 
buruen' ad Sarisburi', Dorceater ad Lincoln', Lichdeld ad Ceatriam, 

Teiifoi'den' ad Norwic'." 

The next extract records the generosity of Biflhop Eanulph of 
"Waroham (1218 — 1222) in stocking the manors of the See; it is 
Suterestiug to see the kind and number of animals considered requisite 
for a large Sussex farm— 259 oxen, 100 cons, 10 bulls, 3,150 sheep, 
ISO goata, 6 he-goats, 1 horses for ploughing. These were distributed 
on the 1 manors of the Bishop, but the goats were all at Aldingboume. 
Hay caprea be roe deer? This gift was confirmed by Henry III. in 
these terms ; 

Universis hoc scHptum visuris Kanulphus divina miseratione 
Oicestren ecclesie minister humilie salutem in domino; ad omnium 
Volumus noticiam pervenire no3 intuitu divina retributionia, et pro 
wlute anime aostre, et unte(.>esaorum et successor um nostrorum, 
oonsiderata diligenter utilitate totius episcopatus Cicestr. pro nullius 
Toluntate in posterum minuend' vel aliquo modo amovend . . . Nos 
Tero staurum [Stock] predictura per maneria episcopatus feoimus 
iaveniri . . . Aucturilate Dei Patris omnipotentis, et Fiiii, et Spiritua 
Bttncti, et beatorum Petri et Pauli apostolonuu ejus, ilium vel illos 
escommnnicantes qui numerum averiorum suprascriptorum in aliquo 
minueut, vel amovebunt ... Si quis autem hoc attemptare presumn- 
serit sit ills anathema maranatha. Actum apud Beause V non. Julii 
Pont, nostri auno tercio [1221] et banc chartam Rex confirmavit anno 
regai Bui xvu [r2;W]." 

' Beause, or Beaubush, was a park of the Bishop's in St. Leonard's 
'oreat, now belonging to HoImbuBh [" S.A.O.," Vol. III., p. 49). 

Bishop John of Clymping (1254—1262) in like fashion stocked his 

lOor of Durringgewyk (now Drungewick in Wisborough Green) with 

oxen, 10 cows, 1 bull, to be kept up for ever. 

J, H. COOPKB. 

No. 5. 

PRESENTMENT OF THE CHUBGHWARDENS OF 

WOOLLAVINOTON, 1681. 

The original Presentment, a copy of which is annexed, is preserved 
mongst the parish register rgturus for Woollaviugton in the Bishop's 
tegiatry at Cnichester. 

R. Gahraway Rice, F.S.A. 



210 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

The P'sentment of Henery Carver and John Kackcrill O^wardens for j* P'ish 
of Woollayington iu the County of Sussex, made July y* 25. 1681. 

Imp. Our Church & Chancell are Tnaintaind in good sufficient repair, k j* 
Ornaments belonging thereto are provided. 

2. Our C^jard is so well fenced that it Cannot easilie be annojed w^ Cattle, 

k none of the dues belonging to j* Church are with-held from j* Minister 
as wee know ot. 

3. Our Minister is very Comformable to j* Laws and Orders of the Church of 

England ; he is of an Elzemplarj life and Conversation, and to be com- 
plaSnd of in nothing. 

4. Our Parishoners are all Orthodox, & to j* best of our knowledge do Confonn 

to 7« Laws & Orders of y* Church of England, but manj of them do not 
receive j* Sacrament of uie Lord*s Supper so often in j* year as is required. 

5. Our P'ish Clerke is a Man of honest Conversation and sufficiently able to 

P'form what he has undertaken. 

6. Wee have no Hospitall, School, Physician Chirurgeon or Midwife in our 

Parish. 



Henry Carver 

his 
John J Mackcrill 
marke. 
The Presentment is endorsed : 

Woolavington, 1681. 



C»**wardens. 



No. 6. 

POLL FOB THE ELECTION OF TWO BABONS TO 
BEPBESENT THE TOWN AND POBT OF SEAFOBD, 

TAKEN 25th MABCH, 1761. 

It appears from the Minute Book of the Corporation of the **Town 
and Port of Seaford " that " At a Court of Assembly there holden on 
Wednesday,'* 25th March, Ist Geo. III., 1761, a poll was taken by 
James Chambers, Esq., Bailiff, for the election of two Barons to 
represent the Town and Port in Parliament. The poll, which is 
recorded on pp. 401 and 402 of the book, does not appear to have 
been printed. I am indebted to Mr. W. H. Pawson, Clerk to the 
Seafom Urban District Council, in whose custody the Minute Book 
now is, for kindly giving me facilities for making the copy printed 

^®^^^- E. Garraway Rice, F.8.A. 

[p. 400.] At the Election of Two Barons for the Town and Corporation of 
Seaford afores** the Candidates were : — 

The R« Hon'ble William Hall, Lord Vise' Gage for the Kingdom of 

Ireland. 
James Peachey, Esq'. 
George Medley, Esq'. 
James Evelyn, Esq'. 

And a Poll being demanded the same was taken and the Numbers thereon were 
for Lord Gage 26, for M' Peachey 27, M' Medley 12, M' Evelyn 11, wheieapon 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



211 



the said Lord Viac^ Gage Sc M' Peachey were by the said Bajliif e declared to be 
dulj Elected, and were returned accordingly. 





[pp. 401. and 402, 


Copy of the Poll.] 






Votfln Names. 


Gage. 


Peaohey. 


Medley. 


Evelyn. 


1. 


Bobert Palmer. Esq' 


1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

1 

1 


^ 




2. 
3. 


Lancelot Hariflon, Esq' 

Robert Stone. Eso' 








4. 


Henry Beane 




1 
I 
1 

1 

1 

1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

1 
1 




5. 


Thomas TQtman 




6. 


Richard Hursell 




7. 


Georffe CoDpard 


1 


8. 


John Hwftine .................... 




9. 


Joseph Stevens 




10. 


W» Simmons 




11. 


Israel Midhurst 


1 


12. 


Robert Rice 




13. 


William Baker 




14. 


Thomas Washer 




15. 


Thomas Hide 


1 


16. 


James Michell 




17. 


Thomas 8waine .*.*.... 




18. 


Charles Scrase 




19. 


Thomas Alworke 


1 


20. 


Edward Spice 


1 


21. 


Rev<* Tho : Hurdis 




22. 


James Cook 




23. 
24. 


Samuel French 

Williftrn Towner 


1 


25. 


William Towner, Jiin' 


1 


26. 


Samuel Winter 


1 


27. 


Richard Ockenden 


1 


28. 


John Osborne 


1 


29. 


John Hasting 




30. 


Thomas Woolger 




31. 


Joseph Stevens 




32. 


CTiarles Winter 




33. 


John Jordan 




34. 


Thomas Baker 




35. 


Jeremiah Pattenden 


1 


36. 


William Dunton 




37. 


Philip Townshend 




38. 


James Chambers, Bayliffe 




Total 


26 


27 


12 


11 



No. 7. 

SUSSEX FONTS : ADDENDA. 

At Ewhurst there is a Norman font with a square bowl of local 
marble, the sides of which slope upwards and outwardd ; they are 
quite plain, but the upper surface is carved with incipient foliage, 

r 2 



212 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

slightly sunk, which is an unusual feature in an otherwise plain bowl. 
The stem is simplj a circular pillar of stone. 

At the adjacent churches of Becklej and Northiam there are white 
marble vases of Classic design, probably of late seventeenth century 
date, and replacing other fonts destroyed during the Commonwealth. 

J. Lewis AxDKk, 




Bt thfl lamented death of the subject of thia memoir the Sukhcx 
ArchfBological Society han lost one of its warmest supporters and one 
of tlie ablest coatributors to its "Collectiuns," It ie a loss that seema 
well nigh iri'cparable, for Mr. Andr4 excelled not in one, but in many 
branches of arubteological science. 

Born in Londoa in 1833, of Huguenot desceut, James Lewis Andr^ 
early evinced a strong beut for architectural and antiquarian pursuits. 
In his boyhood he commenced taking notes and sketches of old 
churches, and in due course was introduced to the profession of 
architecture, serving his oppren lice ship in the office of the late Mr. S. 
Teulon, under whom he was employed to carry out the details of many 

the church restorations entrusted to that architect. He retired 
whilst still in active life from architectural practice and devoted himself 
to archeeology. 

Mr. AndrS became a member of the Sussex Archreological Society 
in 1875, having a few years previously come to live in Horsham, in 
which town he continued to reside till the day of his death. His 
archeeological activities were not, however, conHned to Sussex. Since 
1880 he has been an active member and contributor to the sister 
society of Surrey, and for many years his papers have appeared in 
the Journal of the Boyal Archaeological Institute; while in 18<J1 he 

I elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquai'ies. Althoug-h he 
deyoted himself chiefly to the antiquities of Susses and Surrey, he 

s familiar with those of other counties. Several articles from liis 
pen have apiieared from time to time in various archtoological publica- 
tions, dealing with the churches of Norfolh and Somerset. 

Mr. Andre's contributions to Sussex nrchatology have been very 
numerous, and will take their place among the most valuable in our 
''Ooliections," Briefly, they are as follow: — Vol. XXXII., "Jjeaden 
Pontfl in Sussex ;" Vol. XXXm. (written in coujunition with Mr. E. 
Bsrra way Bice), "Wamham: Its Church, Monuments, Registers and 
Vioare;" Vol. XXXIV.. "Susses Domestic Architecture in its Humbler 
Lapecta;" Vol. XXXVL, "Notes on Three Susses Brasses;" Vol. 
jCXXVIL. "Heraldry and Sussex Monuments;" Vol. XXXVIII., 
" Mural Paintings in Sussex Churches," and " Wust Qriustead 



214 OBITUARY. 

Church ;" Vol. XXXIX., "The Chancel Screens of Parish Churches, 
illustrated chiefly by Sussex Examples ;" Vol. XL., ** Slinfold ;" Vol. 
XLI., "Sompting Church," and "West Tarring Church;" Vol. 
XLII., "Female Head-Dresses ; " Vol. XLIII., "Two Farmhouses 
at Wamham " and " Halnaker House." And in the present Volume 
his very able paper on the Ancient Fonts of the County possesses for 
us a melancholy interest, as being the last contribution from his pen 
and pencil. These papers were nearly all illustrated by Mr. Andre's 
own skilful drawings. 

This is hardly the place to speak at length of Mr. Andre's personal 
qualities. He was greatly beloved, not only in his own immediate 
circle, but by his numerous friends. His real goodness of heart, his 
deep, yet unostentatious, piety, his rare modesty and humility, will 
leave an abiding impression on all who have had the privilege of his 
friendship. But there is one characteristic that especially calls for 
mention in this notice — his delight in imparting to others the stores 
of his own deep knowledge. He was always accessible, even to the 
very humblest student, and he made it an object of his life to popularise 
archaeology, not only among the well-to-do, but with the labouring 
classes. With himself the study was not a mere hobby, but had its 
root in the religious convictions which moulded his life ; and the same 
high principle impelled him to share with others the fruits of his own 
learning. 

By his fellow-workers on the Council of this Society Mr. Andr^ 
will bo sorely missed. Still more, perhaps, will his loss be felt at our 
Annual and General Meetings, where his genial presence always added 
to the enjoyment of the day. The last occasion of his leaving his 
house was to assist in the preliminary arrangements of this Summer's 
Meeting, at which it was hoped that he would read one of the papers ; 
but in this very service to the Society he hastened on the illness which, 
after two months of suffering, terminated his life here. 

Since his early manhood Mr. Andr6 had been a devout adherent 
of the Eoman Catholic Church ; and after a solemn Bequiem in the 
little Church at Horsham, his remains were laid to rest in the Cemetery 
of that communion at West Grinstead, on August the 9th, 1901. 

P. M. J. 



INDEX TO VOL. XLIV. 



INDEX TO VOL. XLIV. 



A. 



Abbey, Annals of Waverley, 198, 

note. 
Abergayenny, Henry, Earl of, 43. 
Acle, Norfolk, 42. 
Adenson, the Widow, 169. 
Agwjlun, Robert, 165. 
Albini, d', Hugh, 185. 
Albini, d', Isabella, 185. 
Alboume, 10. 
Alciston Manor House, the pigeon house 

at, 163. 
Aldhelm (Saint), 94, note. 
Aldingboume, 34, 209. 
Alfriston, 41. 
Allen, James, 170. 
Allington, 140. 
Alworke, Thomas, 211. 
Amberley, 34. 
ANDRi, J. Lewis, F.S.A., on Fonts in 

Sussex Churches, 28-44. 
Anne (Queen), 53. 
Appledram, 34, 42. 
Apseley, John, 20. 
Apslej, John, 20. 
Arnall, Thomas, 168. 



Arnold, Rev. F. H., M.A., LL.D., 
F.S.A., Extracts from the Church- 
wardens' Accounts of St. Peter's 
THE Less, Chichester, 167-177. 

Ashurst Church, description of a font 
at, 37. 

Atherington, 148, 149, 150, 152, 159, 
163, 165. 

Atherington, Manor of, 148. 

Atkins, John, M.A., 207. 

Atte Doune, see Doune. 

Atte Wode, see Wode. 

Attree, Edmund, 135. 

Attree, John, 130. 

Attree, Lieut. -Col. F. W. T., R.E., 
F.S.A., Notes on the Family op 
Chaloner of Cuckfield, 116-139. 

Ambrey, Mr. Doctor, 24, 25. 

Aurelian (Emperor), 2, 3. 

Austin, Mr., 168. 

Aylmer (Bishop), 20. 

Aylward, Henry, 175. 

Aylward, P. Henry, 146. 

Aylwin, Richard, 145. 

Aylwyne, Edwaid, 165. 



B. 



Bacon, Lord Keeper, 14. 

Bacon, Stean, 169. 

Bacon, Nicholas, 18. 

Bailie's Court Chapel, the remains of a 

beautiful double piscina at, 161. 
Bailie's Court Chapel, the pigeon house 

at, 161. 
Baker, Thomas, 211. 
Baker, William, 211. 
Balcombe, 134. 
Baldwin, John, 132, 135. 
Balldwin, William, 168. 
Balsdean, 118. 
Balsdean Church, pre-Conquest remains 

at, 208. 
Banwell, Somerset, 32. 
Barckley, Doctor, 20. 
Barcomoe, 41. 
Barkley, Henrie, 16. 
Barneys, Sir Raffe, 72. 
Bamham, 34. 

Barton Steeple, Oxford, 121. 
Barttelot, Robert, 20. 
Barttelot, William, 20. 



Batevlle, Walter, 207. 

Battle, 34, 36. 

Battle Church, a font at, 43. 

Bawdewyn, Edmund, 164. 

Bayeux Tapestry, 86, note, 94, notCf 98, 

note, 100, note. 
Baynley, John, 207. 
Bayton, Wm. Stevens, 207. 
Beane, Heniy, 211. 
Beast, the Widow, 169. 
Beckley Church, the font at, 212. 
Beddingham, 41. 
Bell, Theobald de la, 157. 
Benett, Beiijmen, 168. 
Bengeo, Herts, 81, note. 
Bennett, Aaron, 169. 
Bennett, Thomas, 165. 
Berkstede, Stephen de, 198. 
Berwick, description of the font at, 32. 
Berwick Manor House, the pigeon house 

at, 163. 
BcxhiU Church, pre-Conquest remains 

at, 208. 
Biddulph, William, 146. 



BIGNOR. 



[218] 



CAPPADOCU. 



Bignor, 29. 

Bigot, Roger (Earl of Norfolk), 47. 

Bi&jnghurst, Francis, 15. 

Bilsham, 165, 166. 

Bishopstone, 34. 

Bluett, John, 128. 

Blumers, Henry, 72. 

Blundell, William, 13. 

Board, George, 14. 

Booking, Ralph, 185. 

BOOEB, J. I. C., ON THB PlAY AcTBD BY 
THB **TlPTEEB8*' AT WBOTWrTTBRINO, 

Chichkster, 178, 183. 
Bolney, 132, 135, 137. 
Bolney, a bequest to the poor of, 137. 
Bologna, 186, 187. 
Boniface of Savoy, 188, 191. 
Bonyface, John, 15. 
Book, a singular frontispiece to a, 185. 
Booker, wSliam, 175. 
Bord, John, 125. 
Bordingham, Church of, 189. 
Borell, Ralph, 119. 
Bosco, Simon de, 10. 
Bosco, Will de, 9. 
Bosham, 140, 142, 143. 
Bosham, Church of, 143. 
Bothwell, Richard, 168. 
Bouillon, Godfrey de, 102. 
Bowley, Jno., 175. 
Bowyer, Henry, 14, 15, 16, 22, 130. 
Boxall, Thomas, 137. 
Boxgrave, an account of the revenue 

received from the Priory bf , 69. 
Boxgrave, inventory of the Priory of, 

159. 
Boxgrave, payments to the servants of 

the late Priory of, 63. 
Boys, Richard de, 9. 
Bradbridge, Auguntine, 207. 
Bradfeld, John, 207. 
Bradley, Alexander, 207. 
Bradshaw, Ellys, 71. 
Brereton, Cecil, 115. 
Briday, the Widow, 168. 
Briger, Goodman, 169. 
Briggs, ITiomns, 171 and note. 
Brighton, 29, 140, 194. 



Brighton, description of a font at, 

30. 
Brighton, St. Nicholas' Church, 96, 

noUf 110, note, 111. 
Brinsop, Herefordshire, 98, note, 
Bristow, Ursula, 117. 
Broadwater, 191. 
Brodbryge, Wyllyam, 72. 
Brok, Ralph de, 10. 
Bromley, Sir Thomas, 19, note. 
Brooke, Elizabeth, 128. 
Brooke, Ellynor, 128. 
Brooke, Jane, 12is. 
Brown, Sir Richard, 125. 
Brasher, Richard, 129. 
Bryant, Anne, 134. 
Brytt, Johes, 13. 
Buckhurst, Lord, 18. 
Bullock Down, Eastbourne, 1. 
BulverhjTthe, 148, note, 
Bungay, Jolm, 118. 
Burgh, Hubert de, 190. 
Burrell, Ninian, 127. 
Burrell, Rauffe, 127. 
Burrell, Robert, 15. 
Burrell, Thomas, 13, 127. 
Burrell, William, 127. 
Burrell, Sir William, 138. 
Burtenshawe, Joan, 128. 
Busch, Robert, 207. 
Bussy (Bishop), William de, 188. 
Butcher, John, 138. 
Burleigh, Lord, 147, note. 
Burpham, 34, 39. 
Burrow, William, 177. 
Burry, Alderman, 172. 
Burtenshaw, Thomas, 129. 
Burton, 29. 
Burwash Church, description of the 

font at, 39. 
Bury, 29, 39. 
Butcher, Richard, 137. 
Butterly, Georg, 169, 170. 
Butterly, Thomson, 168. 
Biixted Church, a *' Fictile vessel ** 

found at, 206. 
Buxted Church, description of a font 

at, 37. 



c. 



Cadbury, Master, 125. 

Cade's Rebellion, 118. 

**Caisnedde," Ralph, 140, 141. 

Caisueto, Alice and Emma, 141. 

Caisneto, Jolm dc, 141. 

Caldecott Museum, Eastbourne, 1, 2, 4. 

Caldei, Henry, extract from the will of, 

208. 
Calthorpe, Norfolk, 42. 
C<&milla, Tedisiua de, 191. 



Canner, Christopher, 207. 

Canon, William, 207. 

Canopy at Coronations, description 

of, 52. 
Cantabrygg, John de, 11. 
Canterbury Cathedral, 113, note. 
Canterbury Cathedral, Trinity Chapel 

of, 95, note. 
Cautilupe, Walter, 197. 
Cappadocia, St. George of, 97. 



CARLETON. 



[ 310 ] 



CHTleton (BUhnp), ». 

Cairn, Henery, a 10. 

C&M, Thomne, 175. 

CaTendlah, t^ii Williain, 12. 

Cecdl, waiiAm, Lord Uurghlpy, IQ. 

Cell, description of a retlUBo's. SI. 

Chalnn, John, 118. 

Chaldon Church . Snrre;, 85. 

ChaleuuT, tte Chaloncr. 

ChnlenorF, annB of thu Susbi-x family 

ot. 117. 
ChnlUnof. Fortune, 132, 135, 
Challoner, Margaret. 121. 1-27, 
L'halloner, Ricliard, the will of. 120. 
Chaloucr, Alice, 123, 124, 126. 
Chalouer, Alice, the will of, 124. 
Chalouer, Anne, 134, 136, 137, 130. 
Chnloner, Benet, 123. 
Chsloner, Charity, 133, 
Cbaloner, Dorothy, 12S. 
Chaloner, Edmoiid, the viU of, 128. 
Chalouer, Edtniand, 15, 127, 128, 129. 

130, 131, 132, 135, 136. 137, 138. 
Chaloner, Elijiftbeth. 134, 135, 136, 13a. 
Chalouer, Francic, 125, 130, 133, 134, 

13SI. 
Chaloner, Buunnh, 120. 
ChalonOT, Henry, 133, 
Chalouer, Isabel, 127. 
Chaloner, Jneob, 120. 
Chaloner, Jamee. 136. 
Chaloner. Jane. 132. 134, 135. 136, 130. 
Chaloner, Joan, 192, 123, 124, 132. 
Chaloner. John, 15, 118. 119, 120, 121, 

122, 123, 124, 126. 127, 138, 129, 130, 

133, 134, 135, 136, 137. 13H, 139. 
Chalouer, John, of Undfleld, will of, 

123. 
Chaloner, John, Senr., extract from the 

will of. 122. 
Chaloner, Lewye, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 

13». 
Chaloner, Lewyw, extract from the will 

of, 124. 
Chalouer, Madoe de. 116. 
Chaloner, Margaret, 116, 117. 
Chaloner, Slane. 134, 
Chaloner. Mary, 126, 132, 133. 13.^, 136, 

ISB. 
Chaloiiel, Nathnnlel, 120. 
Chaloner, Xicholiu, 31, 119, 120, 131, 

133, 124, 126. 
Chaloner, Ninion, 14, 15, Hole. 21, 22. 

U», 120. 121, 127, 128. 1211, 130, 131. 

Ch&loner, Wchel, 128. 129, 130. 
Chaloner. Richard, 119, 120, 133, 123, 

126. 138, 129, 131, 132, 134. 135, 136, 

137, 139. 
Chaloner, Richnrd, will of, 123, 134. 
Chtdoner, Robert, 116, 117. 118. 119, 

133. 



Chalouer, Robert, of London, will of, 

123. 
Oinloner, Roger, IIG, 124, 125, 126. 
Chaloner, Susanun, 133. 
Cboloner, Thomas, 116, 117, 110, 120, 

121, 122, 133, 124, 125. 126, 120, 133, 

134, 135, 138, 130. 
Chaloner, Thomaa. inquisition token 

after the death of. 123. 
Chalouer, Thomwi, the will of, 116. 
Chaloner, Sir Tliomaa. 116. 
Chaloner, Walter, 138, 129, 131, 133, 

134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139. 
Chaloner, Walter, of Bolney, the will 

of, 137. 
Chalouer, Walter, of Twineham, tho 

will of, 136. 
Chaloner, William, 15, twU, 127, 130, 

138, 130. 
Chaloner, William, of Cuckfield, the 

will of, 127. 
Chaloner, fiuuily arms of, 116. 
Chambers, Jnmefl, 210, 311. 
Chondo*, Robert. 192. 
Chapman, Robert, the, 10. 
Choriug, Kent, 188. 
Charlwood, Surrey, 117. 
" Chcisneto de," Half, 140, 141 . 
Cheltey, Homereet, 32. 
Cheney, PhiUp de, 141. 
Chester, Earl ot. 100. 
Chichester, 70, 71, 133, 138, 187. 
Chichester, St. Petw's the Less, 167, 

168, 170, 174, 175. 
Chichester. An biventory of the goods 

remaining in the house of the Grey 

Friars of, 71, 72. 
Chichester, extracts from the register 

of the Church of, 208. 
Chichester, Richard, Bishop of, 16, 26. 
Chiehester, (Stephen, Bishop of. 198. 
Chicheater. Cathedral of, 196. 
Chichester Cathedral, Lady ChaucI of. 

155. ^ 

Chichester Cathedral, specinl injunc- 
tions to thone attending, 103. 
Chilton, Nicholas. 207. 
(^pping Ungar. 81. tiolt. 
Christ Chnrch, Canterbury, 4H. 
Chyselle, John de, 191. 
Cinquu Ports, the Barons of the, 45, 46. 

47, 48, 52, 53. 
Cistercian Monastery, Pontiffuy. 198. 
ClaphamMauor House, the pigeon house 

at, 163. 
Claudius Gothicus (Emperor), 2, 3, 4. 
Ckyton, 11. 

Clayton Church. 88, note. 03. note. 
Cleeves, Princess Anne of, 11, 12. 
Cliftord, Walter de. 46. 
Cliflorde, Richarde de, 191. 
Closse, George, 33, note, 21. 



CLINTON. 



[ 220 ] DE CLIFFORD. 



Clinton, Edward, Lord, 19, note, 
Clymping, 39, 154. 
Clympiug, Bishop John of, 209. 
Clymping Church, 77, note, 152, 155. 
Clymping Church, description of the 

font at, 39. 
Coates, 34, 36. 
Cobden, William, 145. 
Cocke, Edward, 165. 
Cocking, 32. 
Cogger, Johanne, 123. 
Corns, description of some Roman, 3, 4, 

5, 6, 7, 8. 
Coins, discovery of a hoard of, 2. 
Cokefeld, see Cuckfield. 
Coledine, Mary, 176. 
Colmorde, John, 207. 
Combe, John, 201. 
Commission to enquire into a Vicar's 

conduct, 19. 
Commission, request by a Vicar for a, 

to enquire into his conduct, 15, 16. 
Confessor, King Edward the, 51, 102, 

noU, 142. 
Conqueror, William the, 143. 
Conyers, Richardson, A. M., 207. 
Cook, James, 211. 
Cook, William, 137. 
Cooke, EUz., 20. 
Cookefeild, see Cuckfield. 
Coombes, 32. 

CoombeH Church, 77, note. 
CooPKH, Rev. Canon J. H., Vicar of 

Cuckfield, on Pre - Reformation 

ViCARH OF ClCKFIELD, 9, 11 ; ON 

Elizahbthian Vicars of Cuckfield 
(continued from Vol. XLIII.)^ 11, 27 ; 
Some Notes on the Life op Saint 
Richard of Chichester, 184, 203. 

Cooper, Thomas, 169. 

Copford, Essex, 95. 

Coppard, George, 211. 

Cornell V, Cornwall, 30. 

Comew'all, Sir Richard, 203. 

Coniewalle, John, 115. 

Comey, Huntingdon, 128, 129. 



Comey, Himtingdon, Hastings, 121. 
Comey, John, 121. 
Comey, Margaret, 121, 128, 129. 
Coronation, description of the silken 
doth carried over the King and Queen 

Cother, J. W. Giles Loder, 207. 

Coverly, Mr., 169. 

Covert, John, 20. 

Covert, Nicholas, 174, 175. 

Covert, Richard, 124. 

Covert, Walter, 20. 

Cowfold, 39. 

Cowfold Church, description of the 

font at, 39. 
Coxe (Bishop), 13. 
Cresey, Peter, 128. 
Cresweller, John, 61. 
Cripps, Richard, 128. 
Crofts, Sir James, 19, note, 
Crosse, William, 207. 
Crossweller, John, 70. 
Croucher, John, 194. 
Crowhurst, 101, note, 
Crumwell, Thomas, 200. 
Crwm, Madoc, 116. 
Cuckfield, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 

19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 32, 

37, 120, 121, 124, 125, 127, 128, 129, 

131, 132, 133, 134, 139. 
Cuckfield, a pre-Reformation Vicar of, 

208. 
Cuckfield, contents of a library of a 

pre-Reformation Vicar of, 208. 
Cuckfield Church, bequest to, 128. 
Cuckfield Rectory, the annual value of, 

12. 
Cuckfield, sale of the Rectory of, 11. 
Cudlow, 148, 149, 153, note. 
Cumber, Mrs., 168. 
Curteys, Edmund, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 

19, 20, 22, 23, 24. 
Curteys, fklmimd, a testimonial as to 

favourable preaching, 14. 
Curteys, Richard, 13, 22. 
Curteys, Richard, arms of, 13, note. 



D. 



Dalby, Richard, 207. 

Dawson, Charles, F.8.A., &c., on The 
Services of the Barons of the 
Cinque Ports at the Coronation of 
THE Kings and Queens of England 

AND THE PrECKDENCY OF HASTINGS 

Port, 45, 54. 
de Albiiii, see Albiiii. 
De Banco Roll, 10. 
de Berkestcde, see Berkstede. 
de Bosco, see Bosc^o. 
de Bouillon, see Bouillon 



de Boys, see Boys. 

de Brok, see Brok. 

de Burgh, see Burgh. 

de Bussy, see Bussy. 

de Caisned, see Caisned. 

de Camilla, see Camilla. 

de Cantabrygg, see Cantabrygg. 

de Chaloner, see Chaloner. 

de Cheisneto, see Cheisneto. 

de Cheney, see Cheney. 

de Chvselle, see Chvselle. 

do Clifford, sec CliUoixl. 



DE CLIFFORDE. [ 2* 


1 ] EU5TED CHURCH. 1 


de Clifforde, ate Cliflorde. 




de EchiDgham, tee Ec;biiiKbani. 


Di»lev. lUchurd, 12il. ^^^^H 


de HastiBgs, tee HasUnp. 


D tchling, 155. ^^^H 


de Hayle, »« Hajle. 


Ditchling Chun^h, 157. 159. ^^^H 
Duon. Widow, lUO. ^^^^H 


de Keynes, Me Keynes. 


de LeofoTd, see Leoford. 


Doune. Thomas atte, 118. ^^^^^1 




^^^^H 




Dover, Banma of, 4B. ^^^^H 


de PliffitoD, see Plimtoa. 


Dover Castle, 50. ^^^H 


de Say, «e Say. 


Droitwich, 185. ^^" 


de Sorhom, ate tSorham. 


Droitwich, Church of St. Andrew at, 


de StoDore, tte Stouore. 


202, 203. 


de Tertrng, «« Tetryug. 
Dean. fiiXrd, A.M., 207. 


Dudley, Ambrose, 19, note. 


Dudley, Robert, 19, noU. 


Deanlands, HuretpierpcFiiit, 123. 


Duuton, William. 211. 


Dear. Johem, U«. 


Uuriord, inventory of the late Priory 


Deare, Richard. 175. 


or Abbey of, 61. 


Deerliji. Joba, 146. 


Durtord, payment* tti the sprvants of 


de la BcU, «« BeU. 


the late Priory of, 64. 


de In Uore, tee More. 


Durford Priory, 67. 


de la Wyolj. ue Wyeh. 


DycoHson, Richard, Mtract from the 


Deer, Kichard. 168, 


wm of. 120. 


Denton, 29. 30. 


Dygou. Richard, 10. 


I>erehftm, KurMk, 1!K). 


f 


Easebornc, an account of the revenue 


LincoluBhiro man. In 1570, 13. His 


Kcelved from the Priory of, (il. 




JESaaebome, inventory of tbe late Priory 


a rebuke from his nqldre ; a petition 


of, 61. 




[Fiirti , '11 




^H^SdMome NDimer^, the pigeon hou»e 


14. An appeal from the Vicar to the 




Lord Chief Justice as to the wrong 


^^BBBJ^tehlngton Church, discorery of 


done him by Henry Bovfyer. 15, A 




request for a commission to enquire 


BMtOriii»Wad, 119. 122. 


into hia conduet, 16, A letter from 


Bait Kundhum, HI. 


the squire to the Bishop reuueating 
the removal of the Viear, 17. The 


East Witteriug, iS. 


Vicar's answer to the charges, 18. 


Eastern Cinque Pnrt«, 4(i, 47. 






19. Deprived of his living and his 


Echingham, Katherine de. 


refusal to leave the Vicarage, 20. A 


Bdunehom. Will de, 10. 


protest from some of Ms parishioner* 


Edbnrton, 36. 


astohiaremoval,21. Another enquiry 


Edmonds, monument to t«mfly of, KM. 


by the Privy Council into tha Cuckfietd 


Edmondes, John, HH. 


affairs, 22. Anattt-mptby the Bishop 


Edmonds. Walter, 150. 151, 152, 153, 


to make Edmund Curteys a rcsiden- 


163, \U. 


liary of the Cathedral ; a protent from 


Edvard 1. (King). 48, 52, 19S, I»!l. 


the Dean and Chapter, 23. Two 


EdwHnl III. [King], 102. nott. 


otaime to the Vicarage and an enquiry 


Edimtd rV'. (King), 19S. 




Ediniid the Confeasoi (King), m, mte. 


fortunate matter for the parishioners, 
25. Tlie admittance of John Wat^r- 


Edmuds. Elizabeth, 137. 


EUUBBTHA-t ViCUls OF ClIKFIKLU, ThI 


houae in 1581 : description of his coat 


Bar. Casoh J. H. Coopbk. \icar of 


of arms; an eulogy written by the 


Parish Clerk on his death, 26. The 


CUOkflald, U-aT. The »alB of the 


register of his burial. 27. 


Beotory in 1559, 11. The annual 


Ellys. John, B.A., 207. 




Elated Church, pre-Conquest remains 


appodutment of Edmund Curtcys, a 


at, 208. 



ELSTED CHURCH. [ 222 ] 



FUNN£LL. 



Elated Church, the mural paintings at, 

204. 
Ely, Biflhop of, 190. 
Exiglishe, Kichard, ld5. 
Erlje, John, 72. 
Emeley, William, 200, 201. 
Etchingham, 29. 
Etchingham Church, description of the 

font at, 37, 42. 
Ettonburj, John, 69. 
Evans, David, M.A , 207. 
Evans, Owen, 207. 
Evelvn, James, 210, 211. 
EweJjue, Oxfordshire, 43. 
Ewhurst Church, the font at, 211. 



Elzchequer, the Red Book of the, 45, 
48, d. 

Extracts from thb Chvbchwardknb' 
Accounts op 8t. Pbtkb*b the Lns, 
Chichester. By Ret. F. H. Arnold, 
M.A., LL.D., F.S.A., 167-177. The 
book commenced in 1684 and con- 
cluded in 1756, 167. A tax made by 
the Churchwardens, 168. The pay- 
ments for repair, &c., to the church, 
170. Peculiar items paid in various 
years, 171. A series of entries on the 
erection of pews, 173. Payments for 
work, &c., done in connection wiUi 
the church, 175. A rate made in 
1756, 177. 



F. 



Faithfull, Mr., 168. 

Falconer, John, 134. 

Faulkner, Henry, 134. 

Faulkoner, William, 134, 135. 

Fawkenor, John, 57. 

Fawlkner, Elizabeth, 129. 

Felpham, 34. 

Femhurst, 32. 

Ferrall, Nicholas, 128. 

Ferrers, Earl, 47. 

Ferring, 37, 195. 

Ferring Church, pre-Conquest remains 
at, 208. 

Father, Mr., 169. 

Filiol, John, 10. 

Filiol, Paulina, 10. 

Filkes, Robert, 129. 

Fishboume, 154. 

Fittleworth, 39. 

Fitzulan, John, 46. 

Fitzwilliam, William, 62. 

Flanshnm Chapel, 165, 166. 

Fletcher, GUes, 26. 

Fogdeu, John, 169. 

F0NT8 IX 8U88BX Churches. By J. 
Lewis ANDRt, F.S.A., 28-44. The 
font one of the fittest subjects for 
architectural design, 28. The 
majority of fonts in Sussex churches 
with square bowls of Koman date ; 
the circular fonts of two classes, the 
tub -shaped or tumbler, 29. The 
subjects generally seen on fouts, 30. 
Descriptions on some of the fonts, 
32. A remarkable enrichment on the 
base of Salehurst Church, 33. The 
probable reason of this chimera ; also 
the reason for the use of square bowls 
by the Normans, with names of 
churches where same are found, 34. 
Description of some quadnmgular 
bowls ; a font supposed to be formed 



of two bowls, 36. A good example 
of the Decorated style to be found at 
Etchingham Church; many Per- 

Sendicular fonts to be found in 
ussex, 37. A peculiar ornamental 
panelling on the font at Cowfold 
Church ; aa extract from the church- 
wardens' account, showing tiie cost 
of erecting the same ; description of 
other ornamental fonts, 39. No 
known examples of sixteenth century 
fonts, 41. The cost of a marble font 
at Glynde in 1763 ; in modem times 
many fonts shifted from their original 
position, 42. Canopied covers for 
fonts not introduced until the fif- 
teenth century ; at Ticehurst Church 
a magnificent example of the font 
canopy; also one at Kotherfield 
Church, 43. Particulars of some 
modem fonts of remarkable char- 
acter, 44. 

Forbe, John, 207. 

Ford, 34, 153. 

Ford and its Church: Addenda and 
corrioenda, 206. 

Ford Church, 75 and notey 84, note. 

Ford Church, a list of the incumbents 
at, 207. 

Forde, Doctor, 18. 

Fordington ('hurch, Dorset, 100. 

France, St. Louis of, 195. 

French, Samuel, 211. 

Fryeming, Essex, 32. 

Fullam, Edward, 131. 

Fullam, Grace, 128. 

Fullam, Mary, 128. 

Fuller, Mary, 139. 

Fuller, John, 139. 

Fuller, Ann, 139. 

Funnell, John, 129. 



[ 23.'i ] HARDiiAM ciriritcit. 



G. 



Ga^, Viacount, nO. Sll. 

Gainiiboroiigb, Yorlulilre, IIG. 

GalUenuB (Emperor), i, 3. 

Guuell, Elizabeth. I'JH. 

CiRmell, Henry, 12H. 

Uanton, .Tohii, ISJ. 

Gantoii, WalWr, 138. 

Qarwaj, HeretorcUhire, IH'J, note. 

Gates, Mr. John, 176. 

Gawen, John, 163, 

Geere, Thomiui. 137. 

Genuyns, Nicbolua, 5S. 

GeoigelV. (King). 15. 

Ghent, Abbey of St. Bavim, 111, nofc. 

Glynde Cburch, the font at, H. 

tioble, John, 1115. 

Oodmim, Richard, 1U8, 1G9, ITO, ITU. 

Oodwiae, Eatl, 142, 143. 



Gofte. Widow. 169. 

Goring, George, 18. 

Goriue, tUr William, 2O0, 201. 

Gnitwick, Philip, 138. 

Greene, Anne, 128. 120, 131, 135, 137. 

Greene, JuDP. 138. 131. 

Greene, Mary, 128, 129, 131. 

Greene, Klchard, 165. 

Gregory IX. (Pope), 187. 

Grene, Edmund, 72. 

Greuear, John, 72. 

Greaham, Norfolk, 33. 

Grey Ford, Lord, 171, nott. 

GrigR, John, ItiO. 

Urindal (Archbishop), 19, note. 

GrulbH, HobBrt, 10 and luiU. 

Gnnter, George, 168. 

Gyuner, Frandu, 126. 



HaUngton, Thomas, 202, tioU. 

Halcolm, Thomas, 125. 

Hall, Mr.. 170. 

Hall, William, 168. 

Holaey, Jobeni, 146. 

Uamuond, Jotin, 19. 

Homond, Roger, 146. 

Hamsey, 140, 141. 

Uordewyke, Jomeg, 11. 12, 1.1. 

Uardham, ijt. Uotolph, 73. 

ilAiiiiHiH Chibcb a-vu m Eaulv 
Pa»ti.vos. By Phild- Maihwakiso 
JoiiHHTOH, 73, 113. Dimeusionn of 
the oharch, 74. Home of the original 
feature* remaining, 75. Dencription 
of the obnncet arch and windown, 77. 
An nncborlte'e sBcnuneut squint to 
be Been in the S. wall of the chancel, 
with the dimensIonB of the mme, 78. 
Probable date of the di«use of the 
cell, 79, Some beqneata to recluses, 
SO. Probable position of the wiudow 
for the supply of food, &c.; ncuriooH 
document relating to an " ankeress," 
81. DeTotionit performed lu hu nnker 
oell ; the font, a plidn one, of the 
15th century, 82, The Hiirdham 
poiutinga omougst the oldest remain- 
ing in England, probably through 
the Tarnished or eiu'auetic face, 83. 
The medium used in the preparatjou 
of the puntingg, 84. The colours 
u«ed on the same ; description of 
those on the west wall of the nave : 
description of the «ubject, "The 
Tormeute of Hell," 83. Descriptiou 



of the polntinn on the east wall of 
the nave, with description of the 
painting of ■' The Annunciation," 88, 
()n the right of tbie pointing the 
subject of "The Salutation " to be 
seen. 87. A curious inscription on 
the borders of these pictures, 88. 
Particulars of the inscription ; prob- 
able reason of this inscription, 89. 
Description of the pictures on the 
west wall of the iinve, the subjects of 
"The Nativity and Visit of the 
Shepherds," "The Appearance of 
the Star" and "The Magi on their 
Journey," being treated. 90. A very 
curious picture of "The Magi pre- 
senting their Gifte" to be seen on 
the west end of the north wall. 91. 
Also a description of "The Flight 
into Egypt." a singular adjunct iu 
respect to this scene, 92. " The 
Massacre of the Innocents " anri 
" The Circumcision " also to be seen, 
93. A circular medolliuu, once orer 
the chancel arch, but now no longer 
Tisible, 94. Pnibable decorations 
destroyed from the sofHt of the arch, 
95. Description of the subjecta on 
tbu lower tier of the nave; a series at 
"Moralities" to be seen: also the 
subject of " LozaruB carried by the 
Angels into Abraham's Bosom," US. 
Faint remains o( an inscription to be 
seen over this picture ; the paintings 
of the lower tier on the north wall of 
the nave sadly injured : amongst tllQ 



HARDHAM CHURCH. [ 224 J 



HUS8EY. 



remainfi the earliest existing repre- 
sentation of '* St. George of Cap]^- 
docia,'* our patron saint, 97. Descrip- 
tion of the picture of *' St. George at 
the Battle of Antioch '* to be seen, 
98. The painting strikingly similar 
to one at Fordington Church, Dorset, 
100. A bequest to ** Sajnt George's 
light at Hardham,*' 101. The paint- 
ings in the chancel in two tiers and 
founded upon the twin ideas of *' The 
Fall " and " The Regeneration ; " a 
picture of "The Fall" treated in 
imitation as a piece of tapestry, 103. 
Description of the picture and colours 
used, 104. Description of the picture 
** Adam and Eve after the Fall,'* 106. 
A difficulty 'of deciphering some of 
the pictures, 107. A picture of the 
Elders to be seen on tne east wall of 
the chancel, a curious type of crowns 
on their heads, 109. Tne picture of 
"The Last Supper** on the north 
wall, 110. A singular point that 
there are no representations of ^e 
Crucifixion and Ascension amongst 
these series of paintings. 111. " Ae 
Saxon overlap,*' a phrase to describe 
the period to which these paintings 
belong ; the similarity of these paint- 
ings to those in other churches appear 
to point to their work being that of a 
travelling guild, 112. Probably the 
work of those from abroad, 113. The 
Priory of Lewes probably the means 
of bringing a host of foreign artificers 
over, 114. 

Hardham Church, a bequest to, 101. 

Hardhom Church, a peculiar anchorite's 
sacrament squint at, 78, 82. 

Hardham Church, inscription on one of 
the bells at, 115. 

Hardham Church, description of, 74. 

Hardham Church, description of the 
font at, 82. 

Hardham Church, the colour of the 
paintings at, 85. 

Hardham Church, the mural paintings 
at, 205. 

Hardham Church paintings, description 
of the, 83. 

Hardingstone, near Northampton, 11. 

Hardwyke, Elizabeth, 13. 

Harison, I^ancelot, 211. 

Horshote, John, 122. 

Harte, Thomas, 128. 

Hartfield, 39. 

Harthill, Yorkshire, 27. 

Hartiug, South, description of mural 
paintings at, 205. 

Haryson, Alexander, 207. 



Haseliug, Richard, 128. 

Hasell, Robert, 168, 169. 

Haselor, Mr. Geo., 146. 

Hasting, John, 211. 

Hastings, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52. 

Hastings, James de, 191. 

Hastings, Barons of, 48. 

Hastings, Port of, 49, 52. 

Hastings Priory, 67. 

Hastings, the Priory of, inventoiy of, 

65. 
Hastings, payment to servants of the 

Priory of, 62. 
Hastings, All Saints, 39. 
Hastings, St. Clement's, 29, 39. 
Havbrfibld, F., M.A., F.8.A., Scot., 

On a Hoard op Roman Coins pound 

NEAB Eastboubnb IN 1899, 1-8. 
Hay, Vicar, 145. 
Hayle, WiU de, 11. 
Hayward, John, 207. 
Hearsy, Henry, 175, 176. 
Heath, Nicholas, 207. 
Heaver, Richard, 128. 
Heneage, Sir Tho6.> 21, note. 
Henfield Church, description of the 

font at, 39. 
Henley, Anne, 20. 
Henry II. (King), 51. 
Henry in. (Kmg), 48, 187, 189, 190, 

191, 195, 197, 201. 
Henry V. (King), 163, 200. 
Henry VIII. (King), 12, 49, 55, 62, 66, 

68, 69, 70, 196, note, 200, 201. 
Henslowe, John, 21. 
Hide, Thomas, 211. 
Highfields, Hurstpierpomt, 124. 
Hilderoy, the Widow, 169. 
Holland, Thomas, 129. 
Hollingboume, Kent, 126. 
Holmes, Robert, 207. 
Holmsted, Cuckfield, 121. 
Holmwoode, John, 13. 
Holt Lodge, Dorsetshire, 171, note. 
Holy Cross, the Prioiy of the, 73. 
Honorius (Pope), 187. 
Horsham, 39. 

Horsham Church, the font at, 42. 
Horsted Keynes, 39. 
Hovenden, Roger of, 46 and notef 47. 
Hover, Sarah, 133. 
Hurdis, Rev. Thos., 211. 
Hursell, Robert, 211. 
Hurst, Gregory, 168. 
Hurstmonceux, 41, 191. 
Hurstpierpoint, 32, 101, note, 137, 138, 

191. 
Hurstpierpoint, description of the font 

at, 32. 
Hiissey, John, 13, 21 and note, 
Hussey, Nathaniel, 128. 



ICKLE8HAM. [ 225 ] 



LTMINSTEK. 



I. 



Iddesham, 194. 

Ifflej Church, OzforcUhire, 95, note. 

Ifield, 34, 36. 

Iford, 37. 

Indictment, order against an, in 1581, 

21. 
Indults by yarious Popes in respect to 

Chichester Diocese, 190, 191. 
Innocent IV. (Pope), 190, 191. 



Inthtturibs op Gk>0De of thb Smallis 

MONASTBUISS AND FkXA&XBS IN SrSSBX 
AT THE TiMB OF THBUl DISSOLUTION, 

55-72. 
Ipingbury, John, 56, 57. 
Isabel (Queen), 47. 
Isleham, 154. 
Item, a curious, relating to the 

Mortuaries due to the Vicar, 145. 



J. 



Jackson, George, B.A., 207. 

James II. (King), 51. 

Jechester, Kichard, 125. 

Jenner, Henrj, 137. 

Jevington, 41. 

John (King), 47, 52. 

Johnston, Philip Mainwarino, on 
Uaudham Chuuch and its Early 
Paintings, 73, 115 ; on Notbh on an 
ELlrly Map op Athbrinoton Manor, 



with some Rbmarks upon the Ancibnt 

Chapel attached to Bailie's Court, 

147, 166. 
Jokes, William, 128. 
Jones, Robert, 115. 
Jones, William, 1. 
Jordan, John, 211. 
Jumidges, Robert of, 90, notef 92, note^ 

94, note. 



K. 



Kempley, Gloucestershire, 95, 

note. 
Kejnes, John de, 142. 
Kingston -by- Ferring, 148. 



113, 



Kingston-by-Sea Manor House, the 

pigeon house at, 162. 
Kniffht, John, 177. 
Knollys, Sir F., 19, note. 
Kokefeld, see Cuckfield. 



L. 



La Warre, see Warre. 
I^acy (Bishop), 82, note. 
Laeliaiius (Emperor), 3. 
Lancing, 34. 

Lancing Church, the font at, 42. 
Lands, distraint on a bishop's, 11. 
Lanfanc, Archbishop, 114. 
Langbaine, Gerald, 194. 
Laugford, Anne, 135. 
Langford, Jane, 135. 
Langford, John, 137. 
Langford, Joseph, 137. 
Langford, Mary, 129, 137. 
Langton, John (Bishop), 11. 
Langton, Stephen, 188. 
Lashsford, Henry, 117. 
Lashsford, Mary, 117. 
Leofard, GUbert de St., 155. 
Lester, Nicholas, 207. 
Lewes, 29, 132, 138. 
Lewes, John, 207. 
Lewes, Archdeaconry of, 195. 
Lewes, Prior and Convent of, 114. 

XUV. 



Lewes Priory, 114, 140. 

Lewes Priory, Annals of, 194. 

Lewes Priory, the pigeon house at, 

162. 
Lewes, St. Anne's, 30. 
Lewkenor, Johan, 124. 
Lewkenor, John, 124. 
Lewkenor, Thomas, 22. 
Leycrofte, William, 120. 
Lidsey Chapel, 165. 
lindfleld, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 

125, 126, 127, 136, 139. 
lindfleld Church, bequests to, 123, 124. 
Lindfleld Church, descriptdon of the 

font at, 37. 
lintott, Anne, 136. 
Littlehampton, 154. 
Lock, William, 174. 
Lodsworth, 32. 
Lough, John A. M., 207. 
Lovd, Roger, 197. 
Lowfer, John, 169. 
Lyminster, 34. 



HACKERILL. 



[ 226 ] 



NOTES. 



M. 



Mackerill, John J., 210. 
MadenweU, William, 70. 
Maisou Dieu Hospital, 196 and note. 
Maresfield Church, description of the 

font at, 37. 
Marisco, Adam de, 197. 
Marius (Emperor), 2, 3. 
Marsh, Francis, l69. 
Marshall, John, 207. 
Mascall, Fortune, 132. 
Mascall, John, 119. 
Mathewe, John, 165. 
Mathugh, J., 208. 
Mautravers, Lord, 58, 69. 
May, Nich., 169. 
May, Sir Richard, 168 and note, 
Mayfleld, Vicarage of, 118. 
Mayfleld Church, the font at, 42. 
Meachen, Mr., 171. 
Medenwell, William, 60. 
Medley, George, 210, 211. 
Meggott, Richard, 207. 
Mellor, Hugonis, 13. 
Meyor, Wyllyam Bradbryge, 71, 72. 
Michelham, inventory of the Priory 

of, 56. 
Michelham Priory, 67. 
Michell, Ciceley, 119, 130. 
Michell, Edmund, 15, note, 119, 130, 

135, note. 
Michell, Elizabeth, 130, 135, noU. 
MicheU, Henry, 129. 
Michell, James, 211. 
Michell, Jane, 20. 
Michell, Joane, 130. 
MicheU, John, 123, 130. 
Michell, Justice, 135. 
Michell, Thomas, 15, note, 125, 126, 

127, 129. 
Midhurst, 34. 



Middleton, 148. 

Midhurst, Israel, 211. 

Midhurst Church, a mural painting at, 

205. 
Mildmay, Sir Thomas, 19, note, 
Millam, Anthony, 128. 
Mitchell, Thomas, 21, noU, 22. 
Moleyns, Adam, 208. 
Monasteries, cost of a commission taking 

the inventories of, 64, 65. 
Money, claim for, in 1311, 10. 
Monmouth, Duke of, 171. 
Montgomerie, Earl Roger de, 73. 
Montgomery, Roger de, 114, 143. 
Moore, J., 208. 
Moorey, Nicklos, 169. 
More, Benett a, 124. 
More, Henry de la, 9. 
Mores, John, 55, 56. 
Morley, Anne, 129. 
Morris, John, 65, 66, 68. 
Mortemer, Nicholas, 200. 
Mortimer, Edward, 119, 201. 
Mortimer, Rudolph, 46. 
Mortimer, Sir Edward, 121. 
Mortimer, William, 119. 
Mortymer, Richard, 203. 
Mose, Anne, 133. 
Mose, John, 169. 
Mountfield, 29. 
Mountfleld, description of the font at, 

32. 

MSS. RELATING TO THB SeB AtChICHESTBE 

IN C.C.C. Library, Cambridge, 208. 

Mural Paintings in Sussbx CnrRCHES, 
204. 

Mural Paintings, an interesting inscrip- 
tion of Roman letters on some, 89. 

Mychelham, payments to the servants 
of the late Priory of, 62. 



N. 



Neale, Richard, 137. 

Neles, Richard, 124. 

Nelson, Alice, 128, 129. 

Neville, Ralph, 188, 189. 

Newman, John, 146. 

New Shoreham, 34. 

Norden, John, 147, 148, note. 

North Mundham, 29, 32. 

North Mundham, description of the font 

at, 32. 
Northeye, 51 and note. 
Northiam, Church, the font at, 212. 
Norwich, Walter, Bishop of, 188. 
Notes on an Early Map of Athering- 

TON Manor, wrrn some Remarks upon 



the Ancibnt Chapel attached to 
Bailie*8 Court. By Philip Main- 
waring Johnston, 147-166. The 
map made in 1606, 147 ; and drawn 
upon two pieces of parchment, made 
to a scale of 16 inches to the mile, 

148. Its accuracy to present measure- 
ments ; names of fields on the same, 

149. The plots all marked out, with 
cottages, &c.; the colours denote the 
use to which the ground was put, 150. 
The peculiarity of some of the names 
denoted, 151. One plot probably 
used for providing a l^arht before an 
image, 152. Also the names of other 



[ 327 ] 



fields. 153. The chajwl at " Baylie'a 
Court;" several nectlonB of a moat 
siuTounding to be traced, 134. Traces 
o( Korman vork to bo seeu in the 
(ouudutiuns ; probablj cebiiilt about 
1270; dimensiouBof the building, 155. 
DeBCriptiou uf the beautiful windows ; 
B, Etrong resemblance to thoee at 
Ditchliug Church, 157. The enrt 
window a graceful componjtioii m 
"plate" traoery; nttflmpt at restora- 
tion seen in this window, 159. In the 
eastern part of south wall remaiua 
of a double niscinii; probable remains 
of oncif nt ooloiu* decoration ; a pigeon 
house qIbo remnining, 161. List of 
flimilar pip'on houaeB, 163. The 
name of Edtnonda on the map the 
prineipol leaseholder of Sir John 
Spencer, the owner of the taanor ; 
SicJohn Spencer one of tbecontribu- 
tivs to the defence of the Spanish 
inTosion, 16^1. ParticulorB of the 
Edmondit' famil;, 1S4. Some of the 
names on the map ntill found in the 
viciilitj; onaccouutof eimllorchapels 
of ease in Suhsbi, 165. 

NOTEI OS TBI FAMILH at GhAI.ONKH OF 

CucKiiBLo. B5 LiKUt.-Coi., F.W.T. 
Attmki, R.E., F.S.A. 116-139. The 
names of Chalenor between the I5tb 
Mid 16tb centuries one of wealth and 
distinction; one branch of the family 
descended from the famous Dlodoc 
Crwm ; arms of this branch, ulso the 
orms of the Yorkshire family of 
Chaloner, 116. Will of Thomas 
Chalmirr,wtthdes*!riptionof the arms 
of the family, 1 17. The similarity of 
the charges show u oonnection betwepn 
the Yorkshire oudSuBsex families, 118. 
A pedigree of the Chaloners of Holm- 
Bt«d, in Cuckfield, in the Harleian 
HB. and also at Heralds' College, 110. 
Detween the Cuokfleld and Lindfleld 
fruniUes n close relationship, ViO. A 
chronological order of aiMtiui'ts of 
wills of the earlier members of the 
Chaloner (amilies of Cuckfield and 
Lindfleld. 121. Inquisition on the 
death of Thomas Chaloner; will of 
John Chaloner and will of Eichiird 
Chaloner, 122. Will of Hubert Chal- 
oner; will of John Chaloner, of Lind- 
Beld, 123. Will of Alice CTialoner; 
Abstract from the will of Lcw^i 



William Chaloner, 127. Kegister of 
the burial of Mr. John Clialoner and 
the will of Edmond Chaloner, 12S. 
Register of the burial of Margaret 
Turner and the will of the same, 129. 
A bond token in 1574 from Nynion 
Chaloner (or £2,000 not to found or 
sell ordnance without license from 
theQucen,I30. Kegisterof thebuiial 
of Kinion Chaloner, 131. Registerot 
the burial of the sons of Richard 
Chaloner ; the children of Richard 
Chaloner, 132. No further traces 
foundofthcsechildren,133. Abstract 
of the will of Richard Chaloner, 134. 
The children of Walter Chaloner,135. 
The baptisms, marriages and biiriali 
of the Chaloner family ; will of Walter 
Chaloner, of Twineham, 138. Will 
of Walter Chaloner, of Bolney ; es- 
tracta from the Court Rolls relatiDg 
to the family, 137. Extract from the 
will of Edmund Chaloner: the family 
gradually aimk into insignificonce ; 
another branch at Cuckfield not to be 
traced in connection with the parent 
stem, 13». Names of the children of 
this family, 139. 

Noras os thk Subsmx Dokksdat. By 
J. H. Rovno, M.A., Hon. Member, 
140-143. The only mention in the 
Domesday Book of the surname " de 
Quesnaj ' ' found under Bosham ; 
proof that Saddlescombe was held in 
1086byRaU"deCusned."140. An 
extract from the " Testa de Neyill " 
relating to Hsmsey : the tracing of 
the lands of John de Caisneto, 141. 
The hides of land in relation to Bos- 
ham widely scattered, there being 137 
in Sussex and 10 in Hampshire, 142. 
The majority of this bestowed by 
Edward the Confessor on Bishop 
Usbem, 143. 

NoTBs ASD QiBttiw, 204-212. 1, Mural 
Paintings in Sussex Churches ; 2, 
Ford and its Church : Addenda and 
Corrigenda ; 3, A Pre-RefonnaWon 
Vicarof Cuckfield; 4, MSS. Relating 
to the See ot Chichester in C.C.C. 
Library. Cambridge; 5, Presentment 
of the Churchwardens of Woollaving- 
ton, 1681 ; 6, Poll for the Election ot 
Two Barons to Represent the Town 
and Port of Seaford, taken 25th 
March, 1761 ; 7. Susbi;i Fonts, 
Addenda. 

Numieiy of Siou, Sliddlesei, 163. 



OBITUARY. 



[ 228 ] 



RAYLEIGH. 



0. 



Obituary, 213-214. 
Ockenden, Richard, 211. 
Oglander, George, 174, l75. 
Old Shoreham, 34. 
Orfold, Suffolk, 42. 
Osberu, Bishop of Exeter, 143. 



Osborne, John, 211. 
Ottebon, Cardinal, 191. 
Overton, Doctor, 16. 
Oving Church, description of the font 
at, 37. 



P. 



Page, Jane, 129, 132. 

Page, Mary, 129. 

Page, William, 129, 175. 

Pagham, 34. 

Palmer, John, 59. 

Palmer, Robert, 211. 

Pancras, Lewes, Cluniac Priory of St., 

114. 
Parham Church, description of the font 

at, 37. 
Paris, Mathew, 48. 
Parson, Richard, 137. 
Paris, University of, 186. 
Parker (Archbishop), 19, 208. 
Passelewe, Robert, 189, 190, 191. 
Pasy, Anne, 125. 
Patching, 39. 
Patching Church, description of a font 

at, 43. 
Pattenden, Jeremiah, 211. 
Patching, John, 26. 
Payne, John, 118. 
Peachey, James, 210, 211. 
Pecock, Bishop, 208. 
Pcchard, John, 125. 
Pechey, Mr. Richard, 168. 
Peckham (Archbishop), 9. 
Pelhnm, Anthony, 57. 
Pelham, Sir John, 16. 
Pelling, John, 129. 
Perciviil, George, M.A., 207. 
Peterborough Cathedral, 95, note. 
Petricus (Emperor), 4. 
Pett, Phineas, 207. 
Pews in a Church, curious appropriation 

of, 174. 
Phillips, John, 146. 
Piccube, Michael, 10. 
Piddinghoe, 34. 
Piecombe, 36. 



PUbeame, John, 128. 

Pitsford, Northants, 98, note. 

Play, a curious old, acted at West 
Wittering, 178. 

Plimton, Nicholas de, 191. 

Plumpton, 142. 

Plumpton Church, 83, 86, 87, 88, note, 
89, noU, 92, note, 93, noU, 94, 95, 
112, 115. 

Pole, GeofErey, 70. 

Poll for the Election of Two Barons 
TO Represent the Town of Seaford, 
210. 

Porchester, Hants, 30. 

Portslade, 39. 

Postumus (Emperor), 2, 3, 4. 

Powell, Rowland, 127. 

Poynings Church, description of the 
font at, 37. 

Prattenton, Edward, 115. 

Pre- Reformation Vicars of Cvckjibli). 
By the Rev. Canox J. H. Cooper, 
Vicar of Cuckfield, 9, 11. An agree- 
ment between the Priory of I^wes 
and St. Richard for the erection of a 
vicarage at Cuckfield ; the name of 
the first Vicar ; the institution of a 
Vicar ; a complaint of a Vicar of the 
carrying off of his cattle, 9. The 
founding of a hospital ; an interest- 
ing entry relating to one of the Vicars^, 
10. Claim for money due and dis- 
traint on the Bishop^s lauds, 11. 

Prksbntment of the Churchwardens 
of woollavinoton, 1681, 209. 

Probus (Emperor), 2. 

Provence, Eleanor of (Queen), 48. 

Pulborouffh, 34, 36, 73. 

Putnam, Alary, 128. 

P}i;t, Nicholas, 70. 



Q. 



Quintillus (Emperor), 2, 3. 
Quivel (Bishop), 42. 



Rablis, Mrs., 168. 
Randall, Richard, 70. 



Queeche, Robert, 11. 



R. 



Rayment, John, 115. 

Rayleigh, Essex, the font at, 44. 



[229] 



KVKEK. 



Reader, JoUu ChaJonor, UB. 
Readei', Robert Choloner, Itli. 
Reed. Philip, 1611. 
Kemembniuce, a Special liill of, ill 

reapect to Corouulions, 53. 
Rundtteld, Catherine, 129 
BicB, B. Gakhaway, F.S.A., ou A 

TSHUIBH rUK TlIK V'lt'AILAai IIP We8T- 
DEIX, 1TITH Bl^CUEUTON Ak.M.XI!I>, 141- 

146. 
HicB, Robert, 211. 
Rii'h. Edmimd. 18ti. 187. 18H. 
RIchaid I. {King), 102, tioIc. 
Richard I. (King), de»criptiou of the 

canopy at the Coronation of, 4U. 
Richard U. (King), 45. 
Riehaidin, (King), 53. 

RltKAKU or CHrCHESTEH, SuXE NuTKS ON 

TiiB LiTK UF Sai!it. Uj ibe IlBV. 
CjUioh J. H. CuuPBU, Vicar of Ciick- 
fleld, 1S4-203. Diflereut authoriliee 
on the life o( Saint Richard. 184. 
Richanl de U W.voh. the oon of a 
small loudowuer, 185. The family'^ 
name appeon to hare been Chaudos ; 
bis entry to the great Uuireraity of 
ruriB, \iiG. His R.-tum to England, 
where he was uiade a ChauceUor, 187. 
UiH retnhi to a toreiga load and 
^epoiatiuu for the priesthood, 188. 
Death of Bishop Neville ; the appoint- 
ment of Robert Paaselewr as Uiithop, 
189. Great objection to hin appoict- 
ment and hit) election ijUnahed, lIHj. 
The appointment of Riohiird at 
Bishop : Papal interfereuceti with the 
Dioceec ; the poTerty of Itichutd, IHl. 
A beqnefit in his will ; hie admittance 
to the King's (nvour, li'i. An 
anecdote relating his generosity ; 
poTticalari' of his episcopal eeid ; alHu 
his coat of arms, 1Q;1. Aii tU-'cuimt 
of the iitatut(» compiled by him tor 
tie clergy, 194. A conliriuiilion by 
him to the Church of Tewkesbury of 
the tithes of Kingston Klauor, 195. 
His old in coUectiog the Holy Land 
subsidy, and death, 19<i. The pil- 
^image to hifi tomb, and an examina- 
tion an to hin life luid miracles in 
order that he might be placed on ttie 
Catalogue of l^^t«, 197. USeriug 
byKingEdwordl, tohUahrine, 198. 
Also an offering by the " Barons" of 
Hasting* of a portion of the Corona- 
tlou canopy to the shrine, 199. 
Oeseoratiou of the xbriue and grave 
by Hen^ V'lll., and a list of the 
aptdl taken, euo. Hia remains at 
TariouB pliitea ; his mimcle in respect 
lo a Hiilt HiJi'Iug, 2U1. A curious old 



custom hi respect to the salt xprings, 
202. A singular lancet window from 
which it is supposed Uie remains of 
the Saint were viewed. 303. 

Richard (Saint), 47. 184, 185, 18ti, 187, 
1S8, 190. 191. 

Richard (Saint), an anecdote of, 193. 

Richard (Saint), an account of the 
funeral of, 198. 

Richard (Saint), a list of the spoil taken 
at the destruction of the shrine of, 
300. 

Richard (Saint), an eitract from the 
will of, 192. 

Richard (Saint), the coat of urma of, 
193. 

Richard (Saint), description of bi» epis- 
copal aeal. 193. 

Richard (Saint), the early life of, 186. 

Rigate, Richard, lliS. 

Rigtite, WiUiam, 165. 

Ripa, family of De Alta, 114. 

Road, Phillip, 168. 

Roberta, Johauue, 128. 

Roberta, John, 131. 

Roberta, Mrs. TccIb, 135. 

Robbia, UeUa, 8G, ttole. 

HobiiiMin, John, 17, nole. 

Rodmell, ;M. 

Rogate, 39. 

Roger. Earl, 13-1 

Ruiun CoisH Foi'Mi yfjLU EAsTUutimi, 
ON A HoAKt) Of. By F. Havbufibiji, 
M.A.,f.8.A. Scot., 1-8. Dewription 
of plaix where coins were found, the 
coins wholly of the "Third Brass" 
period, 1. Simihir hoards found; 
names of Emperors ou coins ; H com- 
parison of theae tn a similar hoard 
found in the vidnity, i. Details of 
Ihla hoard, with name* of Emperors 

iu the recent find; complete cutalugiie 

of the coiiia, J-8. 
ICotberfield. 39. 
Rottiiigdeou, IIS. 
R..i..yu, J. H., M.A., Hon. Member, 

A XOTU UN TnK SiaiikX DuKKSUAT, 
110-14:1. 

lluorduau, UloueeBlershire, 9H, note. 

Rufus, William. 86, note. 

Rusper Church, 110. 

Ilusper, inventory of the Priory of, 

RuBper, payments to the Bervante of 

the lat* Priory of, 63. 
Rusper Priory, 67. 
Ruaper Priory, rent roll of. 111. 
Rustington, 151, VA. 
Rye, tbe Mayor of, 54. 
Hjkcr, Richard, 119. 



SAINTS. 



[ 230 ] 



STEYNINO. 



S. 



SaintSy catalogue of, 197. 
Salamander, description of a, 33. 
SalehuTBt, 29, 32, 33, 42. 
Salisbury, Earl of, 47. 
Saloninus (Emperor), 2, 3. 
Sandes (Bishop), 19. 
Sanders, the Widow, 169. 
Sandham, Jas. Munro, 115. 
Sandys, Edwin, 19, note. 
Saunder, Master Nicholas, 125. 
Saunders, John, 145. 
Savage, Alan, 136. 
Savage, John, 12, 13. 
Savage, Ursula, 130. 
Savadge, Allen, 137. 
Savin Abbey, Church of St., 88, note. 
Say, Willelmus de, 141. 
Sayer, Joan, 122. 
Sayer, John, 123. 
Scott, William, 168. 
Scrase, Thomas, 211. 
Seaford, incorporation of, 49. 
Seddleecombe, 140, 142. 
Seez, Abbey of, 153, 154, 157, note. 
Sele, an inventory of the goods remain- 
ing in the Priory of, 72. 
Selham, 29. 
Services of thb Bahoxs of the Cinqvb 

POHTH AT the CORONATION OF THB 

Kings and Queens of Enoland and 
THE Precedency of Hastings Port. 
By Charles Dawson, F.8.A., &c., 
45-54. Tim earlier phases of the 
history of the Barons' services ; 
description of the silken cloth carried 
by the Barons at the Coronations, 45. 
The first indication of the privilege 
at the Coronation of Richard I. ; 
description of a pall given by a Monk 
in 1189, 4(5. The division of the 
canopy after the Coronations ; the 
privilege of the Barons often ignored 
and questioned, 47. The privilege 
coiiflnned by Edward I. ; an account 
of the privilege by Matthew Paris, 
the chronicler, 48. Tlie precedency 
of the Port of Hastings, 49. The 
precedency of the oflBce of ** Speaker- 
ship'* one of geographical order, 50. 
The right assigned to Hastings of 
bearing the right hand spear or staff, 
but nothing recorded why this should 
be, probably through the marshalling 
of the ships of the Ilastings port, 51. 
The represent*! tives of the Hastings 
Port styled *' Barons," not ** Men ; " 
also the arms of the port show a 

Srecedency over the other ports ; 
escription of the dress of the Barons 
at the Coronations ; the canopy, Arc, 



provided b^ the Lord High Steward, 
52. Description of the ceremonj, 53. 
And a hope that the same may be still 
continued at the forthooming Coro- 
nation, 54. 

Shanckton, John, 165. 

Shawe, Laurence, 207. 

Shelbrede, inventory of the IMonr of, 
60. 

Shelbrede, payments to the servauts of 
the late Priory of, 64. 

Shelbrede Priory, 67. 

Shelbrede Priory, an account of the 
revenue received from the Priory of, 
70. 

Shelwood, Surrey, 117. 

Shepway, Court of, 49, 50. 

Sherburne (Bishop), 10. 

Shermanbury, 39. 

Sherringham, Norfolk, 42. 

Shirley, Sir Richard, 126. 

Short, William, 168. 

Sidlesham, 34, 42. 

Sidney, Sir Henry, 21, note. 

Singleton, 39. 

Simmons, Wm., 211. 

Slaugham, 29, 34, 119. 

Slaugham, Rectory of, 191. 

Slaugham Church, description of the 
font at, 36. 

Slaugham Church, discovery of a vessel 
at, 206. 

Slindon, 187, 191. 

Smith, John, 139. 

Smith, Robert, 168. 

Smith, William, 207. 

Smyth, Wm., 176. 

Somerleyton, Suffolk, the font at, 44. 

Sompting, 32, 151. 

Sompting Church, a font at, 43. 

Sorham, Thomas de, 191. 

St. Pancras, see Pancras. 

Southease, 41. 

Southwick, Alexander, 24, 25, 26. 

Spencer, Sir John, 148, 150, 163. 

Spencer, Sir John, one of the contri- 
butors to the fund raised for the 
defence of the coimtry at the Sjumis^h 
Invasion, 163. 

Spice, Edward, 211. 

Springam, John, 10, 11. 

Stanbridge, Richard, 15. 

Standeu, John, 127. 

Standen, Thomas, 129. 

Standon, Thomas, 128. 

Steeple Claydon, Bucks, 116. 

Stevens, Catharine Sabina, 185. 

Stevens, Joseph, 211. 

Stevens, Richard Clito, 185. 

Stcyning, 34. 



STONE. [ -231 ] VITERIIO. 


Stone, Robert, 2U. tjuBaei, on account of the rercnuM 


Btonore, John de. 11. from Bome of the late PrioHe» in. 87. 


Stopbam, 43. 


SueeejL Farm, number of animals requi- 1 


Stoughton, IM. 


site for a, in 1218, 209. J 


Stretford-upon-ATon, some ancient 


Kuth. Lucde. U. ■ 


tonUat. «. 


gntton Church, deacription ot the font ■ 


StTpet. 140, Ul. 


at, 37. *^ ■ 


SiiUingUin. 39. 


Swaine, John, 211. ■ 


Siiriiw, T. Laurence, 18.). 


Swainc. Thomas, 211. ■ 


Surldll, Widow, 169. 




Sl'wkx Fu^-th -' Addknda," 211, houBc at, 1U2. ■ 


T 1 


TftcitUB (Emperor), i, 3. Tortington, 32, 34, 154. | 


Tarring. Simon of, m. 


Tortjugton, payments to the serranta 
ot the late Priory of, 63. 


Tuuke, Katherine, 174, 17.^. 


Tayer. the Widow, 169. 


Tortynglou, inventory of the Priory of, 


Taj-ler, Kobart, 169. 


58. 


Tuylor. Jasper, een., 169. 


Tortynglon Priory, 67. 


Terrey. Marj. IW. 


Towner, Willium, 211. 


Thhbibr fdu trb ViciftAoR or WasT- 


Townshend, Philip. 211. 
Treagose, Ridiord. 145. 


DEAN, WITH BlSDRHTOS AXMRKRn, 


1615. CoMMUniCATBD RT K. tilLKBJ.' 


Treytord Church, the mural painting! 


w*r Ric«, F.S.A., 144-146. 


at, 205. 


Terrjug, Sir Kimon de, 192 and note. 
Te^cuB (Emperor), 2. 


Treytord Manor House, the pigwon 
bouse at, 182. 


Tewkesbury, the annals ot, 105. 
Thaccher. John, 124. 


Trimmers, near Paihill, the pigeon 


house at, 182. 


Thaccher, Joan, 139. 


Trotton, 101, no(f. 


Tbakebam. 39. 


Trotton Church, description of the font 


"The BrodhiiU" ami "The Guwt- 


at, 39, 


llng," 45, 49, 50, 54. 
The Play Acted bt the " Trpriaaa " 


Trotton Church, tmces of mnial paint- 


ings at, 206. 


AT Wb«T WlTTEKOa, UhIOHEOTKB. 


Trotton Manor House, the pigeon 


Bi Ja«™ I. U. BooKE, M.A., 178-183. 


house at. 162. 


Thomey, Prebend of. 13, 22. 


Trybe, John, 61. 


Thomden. Mr. Alderman, 169. 


TuUert, Peter, 128. 


Thomden. Nicholas. 12S. 


Turk, James, 18B, 170. 


Tioehunt Church, description uf a font 


Tumagaln, Elcauor, 139. 


at, 43. 


Turner. Margnret. 138. 129, 131. 132, 


Tilley, Goody, 170. 


Turner, Margnret. the will of, 129. 


Ttllington. 39. 


Turner. Thomas. 119, 127. 


Tlltman, Thomas, 211. 


Twinebam, 135, 138. 


Toley, Jasper, liiO. 


Twinehani, abcouesttotliepoorof. 137. 


Toope, Mr., 172. ■ Tynkeni, John, 124. J 


a 


UniTMBity Cullegr. Oxford. 19.^. | Urban tV. (Pope). 202. ^^^H 


\ 

Valerinn (Emperor), 2, 3. 
VaUer, MrB.,T(!8. 


1 
Vicar, letter to a BUhop reipecting a, 


VRTOStor. John, 169. 


Viuarage, noUw to give up a, 20, 21. 

VictoriuuB (Emperor), 2, 3. 


Venuer, Itychnrd, 127. 


VerraU,Tliomas,130. 


Vieune, CUuroh ot St. Sarin at, »S, 


VerroU, William. 131. 


nou, 105. 


Vlcan, Thomiu, 9. 


Vincent, Sara, I2H. 


Vlcnr, a protest ogainrt the appoint- 


Vindon, William, 120. ■ 


ment of a, in 1569, 23. Vitcrbo, Franciscan Church at, 197. M 


_^^^^^M 



WADHUR8T. 



[232] 



YOBK. 



W. 



Wadhunt, 89. 
Walker, Thomas, 203. 
Warbleton, 39. 
Ward, Henry, 120, 128, 136. 
Warminghorst Church, the font at, 43. 
Wamecamp, John, 9. 
Wamhom, 34, 36. 
Wamham, Bishop Ranulph of, 209. 
Warre, Lord La, 59, 69. 
Warrenne, Earls of, 11, note. 
Warrenne, Gundrada de, 114. 
Warrenne, William de, 114, 140, 141. 
Washer, Thomas, 211. 
Waterhouse, John, 26, 27. 
Waterhouse, John, eulogy on, 26. 
Waterhouse, John, the arms of, 26. 
Watson, Robert, 115. 
Waverley, Abbey of, 190, note. 
Waverley, the late Monastery of, 68. 
Waverley and Easebome, an account 

uf the revenues received from the 

Priories of, 66. 
Waynfleet, Master John, 200. 
Webbe, Elizabeth, 128. 
Weekes, Oliver, 169. 
Welham, Edmund, 115. 
Welshe, William, 130. 
Wendover, Roger de, 81, note. 
Westboume Church, curious end of an 

old font, 44. 
Westboume Church, traces of mural 

paintings at, 206. 
West Chiltington, 113, note. 
West Dean, 41. 
West Dean, Chichester, 39. 
West Dean Manor House, the pigeon 

house at, 163. 
West Dean, Vicarage of, 144. 
Western Cinque Ports, 47. 
West, George, 56. 
West Grinstead, 34, 101, note. 
Westham, 39. 
Westhampnet Church, 74. 
West Hoathly, 34, 134. 
West, Joseph, 137. 
West, Richard, 144. 
West, Steven, 145. 
West Tarring, 44. 



Weat Wittering, 29. 

Weatmeston Church, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 

noU, 89, 93, noU, 94, noU, 95, 101, 

102, 105, 112, 114, 115. 
Wharton, Birs., 145. 
Whatliugton, Mary, 138. 
Wheeler, Jane, 129. 
Wheeler, John, 137. 
Wheler, George, 168. 
Whitby, Oliver, 207. 
Whitgift (Archbishop), 14, 25. 
Whytord, John, 207. 
Whvtgyft, Doctor, 18. 
Wich, John de, 197, note. 
Wiggonholt, 34. 

Wight, William, Earl of the Isle, 47. 
Wigmore, Abbey of, 201, and note. 
Wifiiam, William Fitz, 66. 
Willingdon, 41. 
WUlkeson, Margarey, 168. 
Wilston, John, 165. 
Winchelsea, the Mayor of, 54. 
Winchelsey (Archbishop), 43. 
Winchester Cathedral, 33. 
Winter, Charles, 211. 
Winter, Samuel, 211. 
Wisborough Green, 34. 
Wivelsfield, 130. 
Wode, atte Richard, 10. 
Woolbeeding, 32. 
Woolger, Thomas, 211. 
Woolly, Hannah, 133. 
Worth, 34. 
Worth Church, description of the fonts 

at, 36. 
Wulfric (Saint), 81, note. 
Wyatt, Francis, 132. 
Wych, Nicholas de, 197. 
Wych, Richard de la, 80, 81, 185, 196, 

197, 198, 201. 
Wych, bequests to the shrine of Richard 

de la, 199. 
Wyndham, Hospital of St. Edmund at, 

10. 
Wyn, Henry, 129. 
Wynn, Rose, 129. 
Wynne, Henry, M.A., 207. 
Wynne, William, 128. 



Yapton, 29. 

Yapton Church, 164, 165. 

Yarmouth, 51, 52. 



Y. 



Yew tree, a remarkable, 73. 
York (St. Margaret's), 95, note. 



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